My German is very rudimentary (A1) and I have no regular exposure to the language except what I get listening to Bach. Recently, I have been very interested in Bach's cantatas. It uses text from the Luther Bible, I think. I am in the habit of looking at the text with translation as I listen. I'm curious about the German that Bach used and how it compares to modern everyday German. Is it good learning material for me?
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Bach used a German spoken at his time (1685-1750) which is considered as Neuhochdeutsch but it is not spoken any more today. Nevertheless it is still understood.
In addition to this a lot of changes to grammar and spelling were done for rhyming so that stanzas fit to the melody.
In this short choral we can already see many such expressions (modern German in brackets):
This makes me believe that we should not try to learn contemporary German from listening to Bach but listening to (or actively performing) Bach's cantatas may help learning pronunciation, which has not changed so much. He also created and used many idioms that are still valid today. These may be much better memorized when having a melody to them.
Enjoy Bach for his music, try to understand the vocals using a dictionary, but do not learn to speak this language as propably native Germans will not really get your point.
Just imagine somebody speaking like Shakespeare whose language is comparably off contemporary English as Bach's is from modern German.
Religious verses in a language of around 1750. This language will hardly help you to read a novel, newspapers or to understand everday German.