Generally, my understanding of the use of dative and accusative is a bit opaque. I am getting better at deciphering which prepositions call for which case. I have also seen that motion is another indicator. If I am not clear, however, is there a resource which I can use to look up a particular word? (I use dict.cc a lot and I don't think it specifies.) Usually I Google "German dative verbs" and use CTRL+F to search for the verb, then assume that if it's not found, it's accusative.
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Half of the answer has been given (
Here two other points to consider.
By the way, don't neglect genitive-objects ;) Not the best way to perform the search, but this one gives you lot of them. Their register is usually gehoben.
You can also look up the verb in the free Pons online dictionary. (Pons is one of the better known publishers of dictionaries in Germany). It will list many (but not all) verb patterns, with "jdn/jdm" or "Akk./Dat." etc. for the cases. I recommend learning the patterns and the associated meaninings instead of just the verb (in the same way English students have to learn "to put up with s.th." instead of just "put", you learn "sich (Akk) mit jdm/etw abfinden" instead of "abfinden").
For prepositions that don't belong to a specific verb pattern, mein-deutschbuch has some good lists.