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In English the title "Doctor" is the same whether or not the person is male/female, but in German there are two different words for this.

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Not sure about that plot device, but it should work the same in German. Yes, there is Doktor and Doktorin in principle, but Doktorin is rarely used.

In practice, when addressing either male or female doctor by name and with title, you would in both cases say, for example, Doktor Müller. If you address a Doctor only by title, then you would say Herr Doktor for men and Frau Doktor for women.

If you talk about a doctor in his/her absence, then you have the choice between all three forms: Doktor Müller, or der Doktor/die Doktorin or "Herr/Frau Doktor".

Also, now the word Doktor, having it written so often in so few sentences, has lost all meaning and just sounds really weird...

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+1: I'd say "Doktor Müller" would allow the most natural translation of the plot device. –  Joachim Sauer Aug 22 '11 at 13:33
    
Very often, when a doctor is female both gender and title are used "Frau Doktor Müller" as opposed to just "Doktor Müller" in case he is male. To overcome this obvious discrimination some always use "Herr Doktor Müller" as well, but this still is far from general practise. "Doktorin" is not used very often. –  Takkat Aug 22 '11 at 16:18
    
Is 'Doktor' a title or is it a 'Grad'? Afaik, it is a 'Grad', not a 'Title'. –  user unknown Aug 23 '11 at 0:44
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@Hackworth: A bit off topic: "has lost all meaning" This is called semantic satiation (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Semantic_satiation). –  musiKk Aug 23 '11 at 6:40
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@user unknown: In ordinary conversation "Titel" is used for "Grad". –  Phira Aug 24 '11 at 9:17
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