It's not unusual for me not to be able to find some German word in any dictionary (or dictionary-like resource) I try. Since such words are often of the form PREFIX+STEM, I figure I'm not finding them in the dictionary for the same reason that I would not find, for example, the word "superobvious" in any English dictionary: its meaning is superobvious to any English speaker1.
Does anyone know of a reference work that explains various word-forming German prefixes sufficiently thoroughly2 that, given this explanation, and a definition of STEM, one would be able to figure out the meaning a word of the form PREFIX+STEM?
Note that I wrote explanation above rather than definition. This is an allusion to the fact that the keyword-definition format of typical dictionaries does not lend itself to the type of elucidation that I'm after. Hence, for example, many dictionaries define super, or even super- (i.e. explicitly as a prefix), but this definition is not complete enough that one could use it to guess what superimpose or superlinear means. Rather than a stereotyped, highly condensed definition, what one needs is a mini-treatise on the prefix super-.
That said, I stress that I'm looking for a work of reference aimed at the non-specialist, and meant to be consulted "at random", not a monograph on German morphology aimed at professional linguists, and meant to be read sequentially from beginning to end.
I realize that the kind of reference I'm looking for may not have enough material to warrant its publication as a self-standing work. It is more likely that it would appear as an appendix to some larger work, such as a dictionary. If so, I'd love to know the name of the latter.
1Of course, there are still words that begin with super- that do not readily lend themselves to such ready interpretation (e.g. knowledge of what a "vise" is would be superfluous when confronted with the word "supervise", and good luck finding "fluous" in your typical English dictionary), but these cases that do not conform to the superobvious interpretation are precisely the ones that one would find in a typical German or German-English dictionary.
2For example, a "sufficiently thorough" explanation of super- would enable one not only to decipher superobvious and superquickly, but also give one a clue of what superscript, superpose, and superfamily may mean.