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I would like to translate this simple sentence into German. Are the following translations correct?

  1. Fehlt er Dir?
  2. Vermisst er Dich?
  3. Vermisst Du ihn?

Is there a different usage of fehlen or vermissen?

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up vote 7 down vote accepted

The 1st and the 3rd are correct.

The more literal translation would be

Vermisst du ihn?

The 2nd is wrong. It would mean

Does he miss you?

Both fehlen, and vermissen are synonymously used in this context but note the change in grammatical case:

Du Nom. fehlst mir Dat..
Ich Nom. vermisse dich Akk..

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