What is the difference between parlieren and sprechen? Both mean to speak, but when is parlieren used? Can it be another term for reden?
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Is an all-purpose verb when talking about using your mouth for communication ;) As you can see in the Duden (Reden) it has numerous examples of use. I think the best translation for "Reden" is "To Talk".
In contrast to the word
it is a neutral verb, which means that it does not imply a positive or negative form of valuation like "blabbering", with at least implies a less important kind of talking.
First of all, "Parlieren" is very antiquated and may sometimes be used in written language, but only in very rare cases in spoken language. As far as I'm concerned, I have never heared someone use "Parlieren".
Nonetheless, I would recommend to use "Sich unterhalten" or (the less serious version) "Schwatzen" instead of "Parlieren", because these words are more commonly used.
The loanword "parlieren" (from French "parler") is well established in elaborate code. It is used mostly in a cultural or political context for
Despite it being an old verb already known in medieval Middle High German it is reaching some popularity recently.
Examples of usage:
I put it straight off: parlieren is not used in conversations.
This statement is actually already covered in the other answers but with reservations (i.e. it may be used in some dialects). But many (if not most) Germans will not even be able to understand the word (as they don't know French and thus never heard of parler). (Side note: They will also not see the relation to Parlament where things are discussed[=speak, talk])
Well, what about quotes in newspaper? Yes, there are quotes for any word which is part of the German language. Even for those words that occur least. So, there's also a chance of encountering this particular word when reading newspapers (but only in those that claim themselves being 'sophisticated'). Again, the pure existence of a word does not prove its viability (=by which I mean that it is commonly used or understood).
So, to answer the question "When is parlieren used" in a harsh manner. In respect to spoken languages, the answer is plain: never.