Adverb - Questions on words that qualify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, or sentences.

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38
votes
3answers
6k views

Where is exactly the position of “nicht” in the sentence?

A question came to my mind while I was reading a conversation in German: Ich bin krank, Ich kann nicht einkaufen. Ich kann nicht mit Jonas zum Arzt gehen. Ich kann Anna nicht in den ...
12
votes
1answer
227 views

Grammaticality of “original italienisches Eis”

Something you will often find is a phrase like the one given in the title: original italienisches Eis. What kind of word is original here though? An adverb? Shouldn't this phrase either read "...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Zum „Hieressen“, „hier Essen“ oder „Hier-Essen“?

Wenn man was nicht in einem Restaurant, sondern anderswo bestellt, lautet oft die Frage: Zum Mitnehmen oder (zum) hier essen?¹ (Bestellt man z. B. einen Döner, so hört man ausnahmslos diese ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Position of “nicht” in following contexts

I went through the article The Position of Nicht and the question Where is exactly the position of “nicht” in the sentence?. I would like to know if I am correct in the following sentences and if ...
16
votes
4answers
10k views

What is the proper position of “gern”?

For example, which of these is correct: Ich esse gern Pizza or Ich esse Pizza gern
12
votes
6answers
561 views

How can I translate the adverb “doch” in sentences?

What is the difference between "Dann mach doch das Fenster zu" and "Dann mach das Fenster zu"? Further examples: Ich fahre doch nur 90. Sieh doch im Korb nach.
9
votes
4answers
8k views

Verb inversion with adverbs used at the beginning

I know that when adverbs are used in the first position, at the beginning of the sentence, the verb and subject position in German is inverted, such as in these examples with adverbs of place and time:...
13
votes
2answers
18k views

“Warum/darum”, “Weshalb/deshalb”, “weswegen/deswegen”, is there a difference in usage or meaning?

We may use "warum", "weshalb" or "weswegen" in seemingly the same way in questions as we can use "deshalb" or "deswegen" in answers. Warum stellst Du diese Frage? Weshalb stellst Du diese Frage? ...
9
votes
3answers
511 views

What is the etymology of “eh” in “Ich habe eh nichts zu machen”?

My question is straightforward: What is the etymology of eh? Could eh in Ich habe eh nichts zu machen be an abbreviation for eher? (I spelled eh with an h because the e seems to be pronounced ...
20
votes
3answers
11k views

How to use “hier”, “dort” and “da” properly in German?

In English "here" and "there" are typical pairs to indicate space and distance. The same is true of Hungarian ("itt" and "ott"). But in German it's a bit different: I have seen "da" many times in ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between “scheinbar” and “anscheinend”?

I often hear both variants: Der Zug ist scheinbar schon abgefahren. Der Zug ist anscheinend schon abgefahren. Is there a difference in meaning or can both expressions be used interchangeably?
8
votes
1answer
705 views

Was meinen wir eigentlich mit “eigentlich”?

Das Wort "eigentlich" wird sehr häufig und in vielfältigster Weise eingesetzt: Eigentlich sollten Sie diese Arbeit doch schon bis gestern erledigt haben. Kommt Ihr eigentlich morgen zu unserer ...
6
votes
2answers
279 views

What is the particle “irgend” used for, or what concept/sentiment does it convey?

I wonder what irgend means? I’ve seen so many words with it as a prefix, like irgendein, irgendwas and irgendwo. What do they have in common that irgend expresses? The explanations in the Duden ...
4
votes
1answer
318 views

Listing adjectives and adverbs qualifying adjectives: should they be declined?

Scroll down for English translation! Ich stelle hier mal eine Frage in allgemeiner Form, die hier regelmäßig in verschiedenen Variationen gestellt wird und ich habe auch gleich selbst die richtige ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Word order for “los” in “Was ist denn hier los?”

This quote, like many that I mention, is from the film "Der Untergang." "Was ist denn hier los?" My question is why "hier" comes before "los" and not the other way around? Please provide an example ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

“Eine schrecklich nette Familie”: why? [duplicate]

Why isn't it Eine schreckliche nette Familie ? I suspect it has to do with the adjective/adverb dualism, but even then I can't make sense of it.
9
votes
3answers
827 views

The difference between “auch wenn” and “selbst wenn”

What is the difference between auch wenn and selbst wenn: Auch wenn ich dir die Wahrheit erzählt hätte, würdest du mir übrigens nicht glauben. Selbst wenn ich dir die Wahrheit erzählt hätte, ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Unterschiede zwischen „wieder“ und „schon wieder”

Überall sehe ich sowohl wieder als auch schon wieder in verschiedenem Kontext, und die Wörterbücher geben dieselben Definitionen und Übersetzungen für beide Redewendungen. Gibt es Unterschiede ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Welche Wortart ist »genug«?

Welche Wortart ist genug? Der Duden sagt, es sei eine Partikel oder ein Indefinitpronomen. Wiktionary sagt, es sei ein nicht deklinierbares Adjektiv. Pons (De–En) sagt, es sei ein Adverb. DWDS sagt, ...
9
votes
3answers
598 views

Confused by “lange” as adverb

While learning German on Babbel, I came across this sentence: Ich muss lange beim Orthopäden warten. This confused me, because I thought that it should be lang instead of lange. My theory is: ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

“Fast” in “Ich habe den Fehler fast gemacht.”

I want to say I almost made the mistake. Is it correct to say Ich habe den Fehler fast gemacht. I'm not sure about the adverb "fast" here, since it is modifying the verb "gemacht" (as ...
6
votes
1answer
181 views

Can anyone explain this strange feature in the ratio in usage gern and gerne in late 1940s?

I was looking at some google N-grams and noticed that the ratio between usage for gern and gerne has a strange bump in the late 1940s. In particular, gerne gained in usage but then returned to the ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

“Mindestens” vs “zumindest”. Gibt es einen Unterschied?

Im Internet gibt es keinen klaren Unterschied dazwischen, aber meine Lehrerin hat mich mehrmals dafür verbessert (und danach habe ich den Unterschied wieder vergessen). Könnt ihr bitte auch ein paar ...
5
votes
2answers
524 views

What is the difference between “somit” and “deshalb”?

Below are the definitions provided by the Wiktionary: somit – therefore, hence, thus deshalb – hence, therefore Is there any difference between these two words in terms of their meaning or how ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

How do the “da-” and “wo-” prefixes work?

I don't completely understand the da- and wo- compound words. I have an idea of what they are and what they do but I'm not completely sure how they work and how to use them. If you don't know what I ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

When should you use “erst” rather than “nur”?

It seems that in many situations where I might use the word only in English, either nur or erst is used in German. I have the rather fuzzy idea that erst is used for only in the sense of something ...
11
votes
2answers
353 views

What is the role of “dr-” at the beginning of certain adverbs?

I'm referring to word groups like oben and droben, or außen and draußen. Does the "dr-" represent something in its own right, perhaps a contraction of "dr-"? Apparently, they lend some subtle ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

“Jetzt, wo…” - wie entstanden?

Wo und Wann sind als Lokal- bzw. Temporaladverbien stimmig, wenn es sich um Fragesätze handelt ("Wo kommst du her?", "Wann kommst du?"). In manchen Deklarativsätzen hingegen passieren seltsame Dinge. ...
7
votes
2answers
495 views

Was bedeutet “gerne” nach einem Verb in der Befehlsform?

Ich weiss schon, was "gerne" nach einem Verb im Indikativ bedeutet, aber was heisst es, wenn es nach einem Verb in der Befehlsform steht? z.B. Ich esse gern Pizza = I like to eat pizza aber ...
6
votes
2answers
148 views

Usage of zumute

Reading a children's book, I came across the sentence: Julian wird etwas mulmig zumute. Looking up the meaning of zumute on Duden and wiktionary, it seems that it means "feel", i.e. Julian started ...
4
votes
3answers
805 views

Usage of demzufolge and deshalb

Do demzufolge and deshalb have the same meaning? Here are a couple of sentences : Ich lerne Deutsch, deshalb bin ich in Deutschland. Ich lerne Deutsch, demzufolge bin ich in Deutschland.
2
votes
1answer
149 views

Why is the adjective 'staatlich' not inflected? [duplicate]

I wanted to say in German the following sentence: He is a state approved male nurse. Google translate came up with: Er ist ein staatlich anerkannter Krankenpfleger. I am wondering why '...
2
votes
2answers
559 views

Manner-adverb placement [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the proper position of “gern”? I find sentences with adverbs a bit confusing, as I don't know if the placement of a certain adverb is right or wrong. Consider the ...