Declension is the process of the inflection of NOUNS, PRONOUNS, ARTICLES, ADJECTIVES and NUMERALS: the changes of the ending or the stem in these word types to reflect grammatical case, gender and number. (About the inflection of verbs refer to → conjugation.) Terms: declension; to decline | ...

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9
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213 views

Warum ist der Apfel rot, und nicht rote?

Sage ich der rote Apfel dann hat das Adjektiv rot die maskuline Endung. In vielen Sprachen würde man nun analog sagen Der Apfel ist rote. sprich das Adjektiv wird dekliniert, auch wenn es ...
-1
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2answers
198 views

When to use “der” or “den”?

Die Frau isst der Apfel. Die Frau isst den Apfel. Are these both the same?
5
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4answers
152 views

Besser als meines – why “meines”?

I found myself in a situation where I wanted to say: I’m a beginner, your German is better than mine! My first attempt was wrong, because I said: Ich bin Anfänger, dein Deutsch ist besser ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

“Unserer” oder “Unser” als eigenständiges Subjekt

Als Beispiel folgender Zusammenhang: "Unser Fernseher funktioniert nicht mehr." "Unser(er) auch nicht." Was ist hier richtig? Ich glaube, ich habe beides schon im Sprachgebrauch gehört. Streng ...
1
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2answers
82 views

Why “meinem” is used in “Er glaubt meinem Kind”?

I saw this sentence in Duolingo. Is this supposed to be dative? If so, why?
5
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4answers
536 views

How to include an English word in a German sentence? [duplicate]

I am currently writing my master thesis in computer science. The thesis is written in German, but due to the subject a lot of words are English. The thesis is about the deployment of an application ...
7
votes
3answers
116 views

Declension of Latin nouns or phrases in German

When using Latin nouns or phrases in a German text, what is the best practice to decline them? Take, for example, the word Col­le­gi­um mu­si­cum, which is to be declined as follows: das ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

“folgende” or “folgendes”?

I am writing test instructions for a website. Which is (more) correct from these two sentences? Testanweisung ist folgendes: Testanweisung ist folgende: I know that it is die Testanweisung, ...
5
votes
2answers
79 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”. Part II: does the dative depend on the gender of the speaker?

Part II (Part I of this question verses on the genitive for man) In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen ...
6
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2answers
85 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”? Part I: Finding a substitute for the genitive for “man”

Part I In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen Fällen muss daher auf die Formen des Indefinitpronomens ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Demonstrative pronoun: does it have to match the subject? [closed]

I'm a little confused about German grammar, the demonstratives to be specific (this, that, these, those). Does the demonstrative pronoun have to match the subject being described? Example: Would ...
9
votes
1answer
769 views

What kind of construction is “eine Tasse Kaffee”?

I was a little surprised to not find more information about this kind of construction in German, e.g. eine Tasse Kaffee ein Glas Wasser My intuition said that this could be a genitive (in ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Zur schwankenden Deklination. Kriterien zur entsprechenden Wahl (stark oder schwach)?

Laut canno.net sei schwankende Deklination etwas zwischen starker und schwacher Deklination. Zum Beispiel gehöre das Indefinitpronomen andere zu dieser Gruppe, mit anderem gutem Bier oder mit ...
6
votes
1answer
160 views

How do I know which declension pattern a noun belongs to in the Langenscheidt pocket dictionary?

I have this somewhat-useful little yellow book sitting in my backpack, and I've noticed that it has a table in the back that gives 16 groups of noun declension patterns. For whatever reason, these ...
1
vote
2answers
330 views

How do unter, hinter, etc. become unten, hinten, etc.?

How do the prepositions unter, hinter, and ober (not sure if ober should be included) and the like become unten, hinten, oben? For example: Ich stehe hinten rechts. Hinter dir ist ein Hund. ...
11
votes
3answers
670 views

Warum wurde/wird empfohlen, einige Farbadjektive nicht zu beugen?

Wie in dieser Frage festgestellt, wird z. B. vom Duden (z. B. hier und hier) oder Bastian Sick (hier) empfohlen, diverse eingedeutschte Farbadjektive nicht zu beugen, und stattdessen Folgendes zu ...
4
votes
2answers
276 views

Adjectives that don't require adjective endings

I know that some adjectives like prima, lila, rosa, orange, and beige don't take adjective endings: Das prima Auto Ein beige Haus So is the rule that any adjective ending in a vowel doesn't ...
3
votes
2answers
150 views

Wie ist die korrekte Deklination eines Adjektivs und der korrekte Satzbau in einer komplex-verschachtelten Struktur?

In einer Antwort zu einer Frage hier, heißt es ursprünglich Der Film fängt mit einem einer Frau gewidmeten Brief schreibenden Mann an. Ich habe spontan die Deklination von gewidmet geändert und ...
2
votes
4answers
130 views

Is the genitive understandable when there's no article nor adjective?

I see this in a job advert: Gutes Verständnis von Netzwerken, Firewalls, Routern und Security However if we used the genitive, that would have to be: Gutes Verständnis Netzwerke, Firewalls, ...
7
votes
4answers
346 views

Is it “fröhliche” or “fröhliches” Weihnachten?

According to the dictionary, Weihnachten is neuter, yet the "fröhliche" variant seems to be widely used. That does not happen eg with "gutes Neues Jahr", which is as expected since Jahr is neuter.
6
votes
2answers
135 views

Is it all right to inflect magazine and newspaper names?

If I am reading the magazine "der Spiegel", should I say (a) Ich lese jetzt der Spiegel. or (b) Ich lese jetzt den Spiegel. ? It sounds weird to me to inflect a part of a proper name as ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

“Bei” followed by adjectives

I came across this sentence in a weather report: Bei schwachem bis mäßigen Südostwind wird es recht warm … I am aware that bei is followed by the dative case and that adjectives in this ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

“zustimmen” with pronoun

The verb zustimmen is used with a dative, whether you're agreeing to a person or to a statement. (a) What do we do if we want to say "I agree with that"? Would Ich stimme das zu be correct? ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Genitive: which is the “right” form?

I keep reading many things about the genitive disappearing, and indeed it's not uncommon to see forms like das Buch von meinem Bruder whose correctness (or lack thereof) I haven't been able to ...
2
votes
3answers
211 views

How to tell date in German?

Is 14th of February vierzehnte zweite or vierzehnten zweiten? With the usage of the name of the month, is it vierzehnten Februar or vierzehnte Februar? Why is there an -n sometimes and sometimes it ...
2
votes
2answers
570 views

Are German people always sure about the declension of a noun?

Talking about masculine nouns, German has the three categories weak/strong/mixed. Then the strong one is divided into three classes for the plural. A noun is placed into a particular category/class ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Why isn't the adjective declined just as the corresponding noun is? [closed]

Adjectives are divided into three classes according to the presence/absence of an article. But I don't understand why a certain adjective does not simply take the ending of the noun it refers to or ...
4
votes
4answers
247 views

Adjective endings in accusative case and in comparison (neu/new)

This page suggests that neu/neuer is new/newer. This page suggests that "ein neuer Wagen" (a new car) is an identification of gender. Is it true that neuer can stand for both - and thus the only way ...
5
votes
3answers
720 views

When to use which pronoun declination: mein, meiner, meine, meins, etc

I learned that a pronoun should take an ending in accordance with its gender, case, numerus, etc. whenever it refers to some noun in particular - 'Das Auto ist meins' for example. So in the following ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

“Kindern”, dative plural - What other words reflect that flexion in the plural form

I practice German cases sentences to learn by heart, but I have stumbled across a form that I don't think it is so common. Ich sprach mit den kleinen Kindern. In this sentence, the plural form ...
3
votes
3answers
352 views

“Vor einer langen Zeit”: why einer and not einen?

In one lesson from the software Memrise, there is the sentence Vor einer langen Zeit. (but there are not so many matches when I google it) If ever the sentence is correct and common, I don't ...
8
votes
2answers
265 views

Adjective declension in “Wir haben große Fernseher”

I just started to learn German declension. According to that site an adjective should end in '-en' for plural nouns. But I also found this Wikipedia entry which says that attributive adjectives should ...
1
vote
2answers
198 views

Is the plural form of “Oscar” “Oscars” or “Oscare”?

I was wondering how to decline an English loanword like "Oscar". I know that there are no fixed rules. Sometimes the native declination is adopted, sometimes words are declined according to ...
5
votes
1answer
203 views

Deklination eines Adjektivs zwischen Zahlwort und Nomen

Wenn in einem Satz die Rede von sämtlichen Dingen (plural) ist und zwischen sämtliche und dem Nomen ein Adjektiv ist: Endet dieses auf -en oder auf -e? Beispiel: Heisst es XY erfüllt sämtliche ...
6
votes
3answers
333 views

Why the “-es” in phrases like “etwas Nasses”?

I was listening to a German audiobook this morning, and I noticed two phrases: etwas Nasses etwas Großes I can't be sure of the capitalization, since I was hearing it, not reading it. They were ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the rule for adding -n in the dativ plural case?

I have the feeling that this is correct: mit guten Ergebnissen and this is not correct: mit guten Ergebnisse But I don't really know a rule here for other nouns, e.g. "mit guten Bäumen"? ...
4
votes
2answers
752 views

How do I decline “jemand” or “niemand”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Beugt man jemand oder niemand mit Endung? The declension of indefinitve pronouns "jemand" or "niemand" seems not to follow strict rules. I can read all of the following: ...