Deklination – Declension is the process of the inflection of nouns, pronouns, articles, adjectives and numerals: the changes of the ending or the stem in these word types to reflect grammatical case, gender and number. Use [conjugation] for the inflection of verbs.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

6
votes
1answer
242 views

How do I know which declension pattern a noun belongs to in the Langenscheidt pocket dictionary?

I have this somewhat-useful little yellow book sitting in my backpack, and I've noticed that it has a table in the back that gives 16 groups of noun declension patterns. For whatever reason, these ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How do unter, hinter, etc. become unten, hinten, etc.?

How do the prepositions unter, hinter, and ober (not sure if ober should be included) and the like become unten, hinten, oben? For example: Ich stehe hinten rechts. Hinter dir ist ein Hund. ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

Wie ist die korrekte Deklination eines Adjektivs und der korrekte Satzbau in einer komplex-verschachtelten Struktur?

In einer Antwort zu einer Frage hier, heißt es ursprünglich Der Film fängt mit einem einer Frau gewidmeten Brief schreibenden Mann an. Ich habe spontan die Deklination von gewidmet geändert und ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it “fröhliche” or “fröhliches” Weihnachten?

According to the dictionary, Weihnachten is neuter, yet the "fröhliche" variant seems to be widely used. That does not happen eg with "gutes Neues Jahr", which is as expected since Jahr is neuter.
7
votes
2answers
150 views

Is it all right to inflect magazine and newspaper names?

If I am reading the magazine "der Spiegel", should I say (a) Ich lese jetzt der Spiegel. or (b) Ich lese jetzt den Spiegel. ? It sounds weird to me to inflect a part of a proper name as ...
6
votes
1answer
660 views

“zustimmen” with pronoun

The verb zustimmen is used with a dative, whether you're agreeing to a person or to a statement. (a) What do we do if we want to say "I agree with that"? Would Ich stimme das zu be correct? ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

“Bei” followed by adjectives

I came across this sentence in a weather report: Bei schwachem bis mäßigen Südostwind wird es recht warm … I am aware that bei is followed by the dative case and that adjectives in this ...
4
votes
4answers
463 views

Adjective endings in accusative case and in comparison (neu/new)

This page suggests that neu/neuer is new/newer. This page suggests that "ein neuer Wagen" (a new car) is an identification of gender. Is it true that neuer can stand for both - and thus the only way ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

When to use which pronoun declination: mein, meiner, meine, meins, etc

I learned that a pronoun should take an ending in accordance with its gender, case, numerus, etc. whenever it refers to some noun in particular - 'Das Auto ist meins' for example. So in the following ...
6
votes
3answers
446 views

Why the “-es” in phrases like “etwas Nasses”?

I was listening to a German audiobook this morning, and I noticed two phrases: etwas Nasses etwas Großes I can't be sure of the capitalization, since I was hearing it, not reading it. They were ...
2
votes
3answers
528 views

How to tell date in German?

Is 14th of February vierzehnte zweite or vierzehnten zweiten? With the usage of the name of the month, is it vierzehnten Februar or vierzehnte Februar? Why is there an -n sometimes and sometimes it ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Genitive: which is the “right” form?

I keep reading many things about the genitive disappearing, and indeed it's not uncommon to see forms like das Buch von meinem Bruder whose correctness (or lack thereof) I haven't been able to ...
2
votes
2answers
927 views

Are German people always sure about the declension of a noun?

Talking about masculine nouns, German has the three categories weak/strong/mixed. Then the strong one is divided into three classes for the plural. A noun is placed into a particular category/class ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

Why isn't the adjective declined just as the corresponding noun is? [closed]

Adjectives are divided into three classes according to the presence/absence of an article. But I don't understand why a certain adjective does not simply take the ending of the noun it refers to or ...
4
votes
2answers
311 views

“Kindern”, dative plural - What other words reflect that flexion in the plural form

I practice German cases sentences to learn by heart, but I have stumbled across a form that I don't think it is so common. Ich sprach mit den kleinen Kindern. In this sentence, the plural form ...
3
votes
3answers
462 views

“Vor einer langen Zeit”: why einer and not einen?

In one lesson from the software Memrise, there is the sentence Vor einer langen Zeit. (but there are not so many matches when I google it) If ever the sentence is correct and common, I don't ...
9
votes
2answers
366 views

Adjective declension in “Wir haben große Fernseher”

I just started to learn German declension. According to that site an adjective should end in '-en' for plural nouns. But I also found this Wikipedia entry which says that attributive adjectives should ...
5
votes
1answer
281 views

Deklination eines Adjektivs zwischen Zahlwort und Nomen

Wenn in einem Satz die Rede von sämtlichen Dingen (plural) ist und zwischen sämtliche und dem Nomen ein Adjektiv ist: Endet dieses auf -en oder auf -e? Beispiel: Heisst es XY erfüllt sämtliche ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I decline “jemand” or “niemand”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Beugt man jemand oder niemand mit Endung? The declension of indefinitve pronouns "jemand" or "niemand" seems not to follow strict rules. I can read all of the following: ...