Dialekte - Questions on varieties of a language in different regions.

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9
votes
3answers
1k views

Woher stammt das schwäbische Wort “Gugg” für Tüte?

Im Schwäbischen hört man vor allem auf dem Land oder an Markttagen: "Brauchet Se a Gugg?" - "Noi, i hab mei Tasch derbei" "Brauchen Sie eine Tüte?" - "Nein, ich habe meine Tasche dabei" ...
5
votes
3answers
382 views

Was bedeutet “unfertsch”? Ist es Umgangssprache?

A friend described her university studies to me as "[major] unfertsch". I can't find this word in LEO or either of my dictionaries. I assume it means she didn't finish, because as far as I know, she ...
6
votes
1answer
183 views

When do we omit the trailing “-e” in 1st person singular?

When I hear Germans speak - but sometimes in writing too - I observe that the trailing "-e" from verbs in 1st singular person is often omitted: "Ich geh mal schnell zur Tanke." "Ich krieg noch ...
5
votes
2answers
75 views

Spittings, shellings, etc

One quaint usage we have in Yiddish is the suffix -echts which converts a verb to a noun. It is usually used with unsavory items like saliva (speiechts) or a pile of sunflower seed shells ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

Marmelade = Eingemachts?

A recent question on this site motivates me to ask if our Yiddish "eingemachts" has currency in any German dialect or regional variant?
3
votes
2answers
180 views

Hochdeutsch only or also regionalisms?

When making a sales call, for example, should you: only speak standard Hochdeutsch with the customer no matter what, use that customer's regional language or dialect if you know it to "get on their ...
4
votes
3answers
343 views

Why is “Zeile” but not “Zeiger” differently pronounced in the south?

For both nouns there is a similar pronunciation of "-ei-" in standard German: Zeile: [ˈʦaɪ̯lə] Zeiger: [ˈʦaɪ̯ɡɐ] When people in some southern German regions try to speak non-dialect German the ...
5
votes
2answers
282 views

Was “träumen” ever a reflexive verb?

This is another Yiddish-motivated question. I wonder if "träumen" was ever used in a reflexive construction, as in "es hat sich mir geträumt...". This is how the Yiddish phrase is constructed, except ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Does “passt scho” mean “passt so” or “passt schon”?

People say "passt scho" here all the time. Does that mean "passt so" or "passt schon"? Is there any difference between using "passt scho" and whichever of those two it means?
12
votes
6answers
618 views

What's the difference between “Dialekt” and “Mundart”?

Are "Dialekt" and "Mundart" exact synonyms, or is one more official, more colloquiel etc? Or are there regional differences in their use? Or maybe one is a broader term than the other and might cover ...
7
votes
1answer
227 views

Yiddish: common in Europe?

This answer introduced me to Yiddish. Is Yiddish taught and used in Germany/Austria/Switzerland/Lichtenstein? Is it a dialect of German or a separate but similar language?
3
votes
2answers
170 views

More Yiddish: “Es Lauft die Jauch, die Millech brennt…"

This couplet by Peretz (from "The Ballad of Monisch") describes how the Rabbi's wife has neglected to pay attention to her cooking on the stove: “Es Lauft die Jauch, die Millech brennt Un sie ...
-1
votes
1answer
205 views

Change of meaning: are words whose meaning has been “verschlechtert” preserved in Yiddish?

In a recent discussion Grimm was quoted who describes Jauche as a word whose original meaning has been "verschlechtert". Interestingly, Yiddish preserves the original meaning, "broth". I know a few ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Was bedeutet “es beielet”?

Passend zur kalten Jahreszeit kommt mir wieder ein altes, schwäbisches Kinderlied in den Sinn, bei dem ich ein Wort nicht kenne: Schwäbische Version: Es schneielet, es beielet, Es goht an ...
6
votes
1answer
453 views

Warum sächselt Erich Honecker, obwohl er aus dem Saarland kommt?

In all the speeches and interviews I know, Erich Honecker is speaking with what seems to me a notably east German accent (Apologies if "Sächseln" isn't entirely correct. I don't know much about east ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Is “Säegermacher” the Yiddish word for “watchmaker”?

I wonder if the Yiddish word "Säegermacher" (Seegermacher?) has a German origin. It seems obvious that it must, but I can't see it.
14
votes
3answers
344 views

Schibboleths für verschiedene norddeutsche Regionen?

Schibboleths sind Wörter, anhand deren Aussprache man die Herkunft des Sprechers zuordnen kann. Ganz allgemeines Beispiel für Muttersprachler vs. Ausländer: "Streichholzschächtelchen". Für den ...
5
votes
5answers
262 views

Are “Xylofon” and “xenophob” really pronounced with /ks/?

Pronunciation dictionaries suggest that words beginning with "x", such as "Xylofon" and "xenophob", should be pronounced with /ks/. This sounds awkward every time I try. How common is it for ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Wörterbücher der Uni Trier – umgezogen oder eingestellt?

Unter der Adresse der Uni Trier gab es noch bis vor kurzem, und über viele Jahre, mehrere Wörterbücher – teils zu dieser Region, namentlich ein Rheinisches Wörterbuch und ein Pfälzerwörterbuch, ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the difference between “moin” and “moin moin”?

"Moin" and "moin moin" both are popular salutations in northern Germany - I'm interested in the differences between them. Some say "moin moin" is intended as an answer to "moin", others will label ...
4
votes
6answers
861 views

Is Walliserdeutsch generally considered the hardest to understand German dialect?

I realize this question sounds a bit subjective but in the English-speaking world I feel pretty confident that most people would agree on Glasgow and Northern Ireland area accents being the most in ...
9
votes
3answers
523 views

Was bedeutet in der Schweiz “Sind Sie bedient”?

After dining in a Swiss restaurant in Bern I heard the waitresses asking Sind Sie bedient? Edit: Da es einige Konfusion gibt, möchte ich die Situation hier zunächst noch einmal ausführlich in ...
7
votes
3answers
263 views

What do we have to take care of when trying to learn grammar from spoken conversations?

In spoken conversations the grammar used is sometimes very different from the rules that we learn in textbooks or that apply to writing. This is even more so in regional dialects when sentences like ...
12
votes
5answers
9k views

What can “passt schon” mean?

I've heard the phrase "passt schon" used to mean: Never mind: „Ich denke... nee, passt schon.“ No problem: „Entschuldigung!“ „Passt schon.“ OK: „Wie geht's?“ „Passt schon.“ What can it mean in ...
15
votes
1answer
498 views

Does Swabian have English influences?

Many variations of the swabian dialect contain words and pronunciations that to me always subtly sounded like influenced by modern english. One of the more prominent examples is the pronunciation of ...