Grammatik - Questions on rules for composing clauses.

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2
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76 views

Using “-lein” and “-chen” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Are there any rules how to build the diminutive? I was reading this article on Duden's webpage and began wondering about the diminutive forms of "-lein" and "-chen". ...
10
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2answers
554 views

“bis der Tod euch scheide” or “bis der Tod euch scheidet”?

In one of Rammstein's most famous songs, "Du hast", the lyrics go like this: Willst du bis der Tod euch scheide Treu ihr sein für alle Tage? Nein! Now, I am a bit puzzled why there is ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Contraction of prepositions and definite articles in German

I could not find a table of the contractions of prepositions and definite articles in German, so I made one by my own: Is this an exhausting table of all the contraction there are?
5
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1answer
172 views

Is the title of the “Vincent will Meer” grammatically correct?

I just watched the film Vincent will Meer and enjoyed it. The only thing bothering me is the title that does not seem to be grammatically correct in the absence of an article before meer. Is it some ...
5
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2answers
201 views

Welche Präposition nutzt man, um “das Bild gehört ihr” zu sagen?

Gibt es eine Präposition, die Zugehörigkeit vermittelt? "Das Bild von ihr" bedeutet, dass man sie im Bild sehen kann, oder? Wie sagt man, dass das Bild ihr gehört? Ist "von" richtig in folgendem ...
4
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2answers
430 views

About an “unusual” sentence structure?

In German, most sentences have a simple structure: subject, verb, object. Ich liebe dich. But there are some verbs such as gefallen or gelingen, where this structure doesn't apply. Instead, the ...
6
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3answers
371 views

How does one say “Five cubic metres”?

I found myself on the telephone today attempting to explain the volume that a bunch of furniture would perhaps occupy in a truck, and I used Fuenf cubisch Metern But it was fairly clear to me ...
4
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2answers
482 views

German verbs vs English verbs

Why do all English verbs have to start with "to" and German verbs don't? In English we say "to play" but in German we would just say "spielen". why don't we say "zu spielen"? Why don't we do this in ...
7
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3answers
203 views

Is “Für jeden ein Gewinn” grammatically correct?

Saw this on a flyer from a retailer advertising a contest. "Für jeden ein Gewinn" Question Is that grammatically correct? Shouldn't it be "Für jeden einen Gewinn"? Analysis Let's take it ...
-2
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4answers
358 views

Ist 'humanitäre Katastrophe' eine sprachliche Katastrophe?

Seit Jahrzehnten regt mich der Begriff "humanitäre Katastrophe" auf, so als sei die Katastrophe humanitär. Ist der Ausdruck sprachlich legal, oder so arm wie er mir vorkommt? Muss es nicht eine ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Sentence structure tips: verb placement

I'm having some trouble getting used to placing the second verb in a phrase at the end. Sie kann sehr gut deutsch sprechen Taking the above sentence as an example, I find it hard to read ...
7
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4answers
520 views

What's this structure called?

I don't understand the structure used in this exercise: What's it called?
5
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2answers
418 views

Accusative vs. nominative case ambiguity?

First, let me say that I'm new to German. I see that the article of a feminine noun isn't inflected when the case is changed from nominative to accusative, i.e. in both cases the definite article is ...
3
votes
2answers
894 views

Asking “Which [something]”

If someone is talking about something, saying: I don't like the [list] I'd like to ask "which list" in German. It's "die Liste", so I should ask: Welch-e [Liste]? Am I right? In general, ...
4
votes
2answers
268 views

When to use the future tense?

One of the things I've been struggling with as a relative newcomer to German is when to use the future tense. It appears that, as in Russian, there isn't a lot of circumstances in which one would use ...
3
votes
1answer
484 views

Books helping with most common mistakes of German learners?

Is there anything one could recommend to get rid of the most common mistakes the non-native German speakers make? I love the "Is That What You Mean?" series by Pinguin which features very nice ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

How do I build subordinative clauses relating to genderless nouns?

In German there are few nouns that have no article and thus seemingly no gender: Examples Google Nahost Nord Allerheiligen In the example "Nord" we could overcome this by using "der ...
5
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3answers
1k views

When is 'to' translated with “um zu”, when with “zu”

The infinitve marker "to" can not simply be translated with "zu". Apparently in most instances it translates with "um zu", wheras in other instances "zu" alone is used. 1 "Del" is the key to ...
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0answers
51 views

Origin of the “dem Mann sein Hut” construct [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: In welchen Regionen ist die dem-sein Form gebräuchlich? Does anyone know the origin of the street slang construct in the form of "dem Mann sein Hut" in place of the ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

When do we omit the trailing “-e” in 1st person singular?

When I hear Germans speak - but sometimes in writing too - I observe that the trailing "-e" from verbs in 1st singular person is often omitted: "Ich geh mal schnell zur Tanke." "Ich krieg noch ...
8
votes
1answer
316 views

Comma in infinitive construction

In "Lehr- und Übungsbuch der deutschen Grammatik", I found some sentences: Ich fürchte, dass ich bald entlassen werde. Ich fürchte, bald entlassen zu werden. Sie hofft, dass sie vom Bahnhof ...
6
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2answers
343 views

Why do you say “in diesem Sinne” if “Sinne” is a feminine noun?

The LEO page for "Sinne" shows that the noun Sinne is a feminine noun, yet is used in the phrase "in diesem Sinne". Shouldn't that be "in dieser Sinne"?
6
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2answers
1k views

Why is it “mir ist übel” and not “ich bin übel”?

To express we feel nauseous we may say Mir ist übel. Mir ist schlecht. Mir ist schwindlig. What are the grammatical rules behind this? Why don't we say "Ich bin übel" when we say Ich bin ...
3
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3answers
462 views

Are the subjunctives of “brauchen” and “verbrauchen” different?

There seems to be a difference when building subjunctives from the verb "brauchen" when used alone, or in the composite verb "verbrauchen". Hätten wir überall Energiesparlampen, verbrauchten wir ...
5
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1answer
267 views

Explaining case and usage of “Richtung”

Just curious. How would you explain to someone the proper use and appropriate case of Richtung as a directional indicator, in simple terms? whether showing movement or simple location or direction ...
6
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1answer
412 views

Articles for compound words

I was wondering, in compound words or "complex" ones, let's say, do the article matches with its last word? For example, "Kontrollakt". It's made of Kontrolle + Akt, the former being "die", and the ...
4
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2answers
809 views

Do all nouns from verbs nominalized by the suffix “-ung” have a female gender?

By suffixing verbs with "-ung" we can build nouns, e.g.: prüfen - Prüfung meinen - Meinung richten - Richtung All those nouns seem to have a female gender. Is that always true or do we have ...
5
votes
3answers
280 views

How do I say something is the superlative of a group in German?

What is the correct German way for the English construction involving identifying the superlative in a group? For instance Lake Michigan is the largest of the Great Lakes? or It was the ...
5
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2answers
2k views

gegen etwas austauschen or durch etwas austauschen

I'm not sure which form is correct in the following sentence. Ich beschloss, in das Geschäft zurückzugehen und das Tuch gegen ein schöneres auszutauschen. Is the gegen correct or should it be ...
7
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2answers
94 views

Gebrauch von “-wert” gegenüber “-würdig”

Gibt's einen deutlichen Unterschied zwischen den Wortendungen "-wert" und "-würdig"? Wie z.B.: "bemerkenswert" oder "merkwürdig" Ich spüre also dazwischen einen feinen Nuanceunterschied im ...
3
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1answer
492 views

“Could” phrases

As far as I know the word could is the subjunctive of "can/to be able to" which translates to "können". However I'm not sure about the subjunctive of "können", and how it affects German sentence ...
3
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1answer
181 views

What is the correct preposition for “Name” in following contexts

How would I say have a reservation under the name XXX in german ? Ich habe eine Reservation unter dem Namen XXX. or Ich habe eine Reservation auf dem Namen XXX.
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5answers
1k views

How is the equivalent of the English “Let's …” formed?

I read this part in a book: I wonder if this is correct because I always form such sentence like the English "Let's ..." with "lassen" ("lass uns ..."), for example: Lass uns gehen Lass uns ...
7
votes
3answers
291 views

“ist gefegt” vs. “hat gefegt”

I'm assuming "Sie fegte über die Bühne" could reasonably be translated as "She swept across the stage" and "Sie fegte die Bühne" as "She swept the stage". The conjugation in an online resource gives ...
5
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3answers
291 views

If “Brotaufstrich” is something they smear on bread, why “Fruchtaufstrich” is not smeared on fruit?

Another question here made me ask this question: if "Brotaufstrich" is something one usually smears on bread during breakfast, shouldn't "Fruchtaufstrich" mean something they smear on fruits? :) I am ...
9
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4answers
450 views

“Kommt ein Mann in eine Kneipe…” - Wieso haben Witze diesen besonderen Satzbau?

Wenn jemand einen Satz in der Form "Kommt ein Mann in eine Kneipe..." beginnt, kann der Zuhörer ziemlich sicher sein, dass gerade ein Witz erzählt wird. Aber wieso gibt es im Deutschen diese ...
5
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1answer
225 views

“Selbst ist der Mann” - kann mir das jemand auseinandertüddeln?

Mich würde mal interessieren, wo die Redewendung "Selbst ist der Mann" herkommt, und wie sich dieser Satz grammatikalisch korrekt zusammensetzt. Insbesondere die Rolle des Wortes "selbst" ist mir ...
7
votes
3answers
986 views

Verwendung von “zum” vs. “zu dem”

Gibt es noch mehr Regeln als die folgenden, wann nur die Kontraktion und wann nur die expandierte Form verwendet werden kann? 1. Wenn auf das "dem" eine Satzgruppe folgt, kann nicht kontrahiert ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views

Regeln für mehrfache indirekte Rede?

Er sagte, dass sie gesagt hätte, dass sie ihn nicht lieben würde (niemals geliebt haben würde) Intuitiv würd ich das so formulieren. Bin mir aber unsicher, ob der Konjunktiv im zweiten Teilsatz ...
12
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2answers
470 views

Spricht man über ein Mädchen/eine Frau mittels “sie” oder “es”?

Wenn man über ein Mädchen oder über eine Frau spricht, spricht man dann von ihm oder von ihr? Das Mädchen ist jung. Es ist schön. Sie ist schön. Ich tendiere ja zu der Bezeichnung sie, habe aber ...
10
votes
3answers
218 views

Donald schreit: “Die Palme des Sieges ist unser”, Warum “unser”?

In Carl Barks Geschichte Das harte Naturgesetz (ehapa, Barks Library 30, 1997) springt Donald Duck in die Luft und jubelt (bevor ein Nachbar ihn im nächsten Bild leider mit einem Blumenkohl auf den ...
5
votes
5answers
281 views

How to avoid using the relative pronoun “was” in this sentence?

I know that using "was" as a relative pronoun in written German is frowned upon, so I would like to avoid it, but how can I improve the following sentence so that it doesn't use "was"? I have the ...
6
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3answers
130 views

Is “Mitteilungen werden nicht gelesen” passive?

I know who would've been reading the email, there isn't an unknown agent; so is "Mitteilungen werden nicht gelesen" strictly correct? This was sent to me as an 'out of office' email response.
7
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3answers
2k views

Is it correct to write “mehr Informationen” or “mehrere Informationen”?

In this sentence is it correct to write mehr or mehrere? Kürzlich haben Sie sich auf unserer Website angemeldet, um mehr Informationen über __ zu erhalten.
3
votes
3answers
99 views

die Rechtstruktur in den/dem Katalog einbauen?

I know that I should say: Ich wohne in der Stadt. and Ich fahre in die Stadt. Because direction is involved in the second verb. However, should I say: Muss die Rechtstruktur im ...
11
votes
2answers
280 views

What is the role of “dr-” at the beginning of certain adverbs?

I'm referring to word groups like oben and droben, or außen and draußen. Does the "dr-" represent something in its own right, perhaps a contraction of "dr-"? Apparently, they lend some subtle ...
15
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3answers
5k views

Recommended ways to learn the cases?

My German tutor recently told me that the only real way to learn the cases - Accusative/Dative/Nominative/Genitive - is just to memorize which verbs are which. She suggests memorizing the Dative and ...
4
votes
2answers
937 views

How do I decline “jemand” or “niemand”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Beugt man jemand oder niemand mit Endung? The declension of indefinitve pronouns "jemand" or "niemand" seems not to follow strict rules. I can read all of the following: ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

When do suffixes “-able” or “-ible” translate with “-bar” vs. “-lich”?

We can not simply translate the suffixes "-able" or "-ible" with "-bar" as there seem to be many examples where "-lich" is used instead. avoidable - vermeidbar vulnerable - verwundbar bootable ...
10
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1answer
174 views

Morphologie - Werkzeuge, Datenbanken, Suchwerkzeuge?

Hallo allerseits, theis Frage zur Partizipbildung hat mich darauf gebracht, nach Werkzeugen zu morphologischen Fragen zu stöbern. canoo.net scheint ja eine Suche nach den Kategorien zu ermöglichen, ...