Grammatik - Questions on rules for composing clauses.

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2
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315 views

What are examples of grammatical mistakes that native Germans make? [closed]

I'm curious to know what sort of grammatical mistakes are made by native German speakers. Are there errors in speech or writing that give a native away as being poorly educated? Native English ...
7
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4answers
275 views

Wer bestimmt, welche Regeln in der deutschen Spache gelten?

Wie der Titel schon sagt: Wer (oder was) hat das letzte Wort, wenn es um Regelfragen in der deutschen Sprache geht? Die angesprochenen Regelfragen können sowohl die Grammatik als auch die ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

“zu” phrase with separable verb

What is the rule on using a "zu" phrase with a separable verb? Between Ich fange an zu weinen. and Ich fange zu weinen an. Are both correct? If the "zu" phrase is long, would that mean the ...
5
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3answers
265 views

Literal meaning of: es ist noch kein Meister vom Himmel gefallen

I recently came across the expression: Es ist noch kein Meister vom Himmel gefallen There's still no master [that has] fallen from the sky I'm curious about the es ist part, which I ...
1
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4answers
83 views

Word order in run-on sentence with “zollen”

Vor zwei Jahren hatte sich Bromeis erstmals auf die 1238 Kilometer lange Strecke gewagt, nach knapp 400 Kilometern aber den Belastungen Tribut zollen und abbrechen müssen. Why is the word order ...
2
votes
3answers
137 views

Use of dative after “wegen” [duplicate]

This sentence is from the Frankfurter Allgemeine. Nicht nur wegen Athleten wie Reus oder den Kugelstoß-Assen Christian Schwanitz und David Storl blickt der Deutsche Leichtathletik-Verband ... ...
2
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1answer
182 views

Word order in a sentence

Last week I had an appointment with a notary public. How can I say it? Ich habe den Termin beim Notar am 28. Juli. I feel this sentence is not correct.
4
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3answers
489 views

Use of the word “had” more than once in a statement in the German language

Even though the question contains the word had, I am referring to any forms of the word have. In English it's easy to think of a sentence which has two haves in it. For instance: I have had enough ...
2
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2answers
54 views

relative clauses and relative pronouns

I want to combine 2 sentences with a relative pronoun. Example: Ich habe einen Hund. Mein Hund hat den Briefträger gebissen. Result: Ich habe einen Hund, der den Briefträger gebissen hat. ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Jemand, der oder die

To what extent is the common usage of "der" with "jemand" considered sexist now, and what ways are most commonly used to solve the sexist problem (if one exists)? An example sentence that I am ...
3
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1answer
78 views

Wortart von “w”-Fragewörtern in Kontext

W-Fragewörter können je nach Kontext sowohl als Fragewort als auch als Relativpronomen fungieren. Wo wohnst du? Das ist die Stadt, wo Goethe mal durchgefahren ist. Das erste Beispiel ist ...
4
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2answers
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Need grammatical help on a German phrase (romantic literature) involving “ward” (old form of “wurde”)?

While reading Heinrich von Kleist´s Die Marquise von O (very easy to read thanks to Kleist´s extensive usage of commas...), I stumbled upon a phrase which I couldn´t quite explain, even if the ...
3
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2answers
143 views

What kind of a phrase is “Haus zum Cavazzen”?

Haus zum Cavazzen is the name of a famous building in Lindau. More info here: http://www.kultur-lindau.de/museum/der-cavazzen/ But what does this name mean, and why zum is used together with what ...
8
votes
1answer
113 views

When to translate “ein” to describe people

I know that in German the words "ein" or "eine" are often dropped when referring to a person's occupation or role. Is this always the case from a grammatical point of view? Or is it a matter of style? ...
4
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2answers
84 views

Wo-Pronominaladverb und Satzbezug

Ich habe auf Cannoo.net folgenden Satz gelesen: Du hast gewonnen, worüber sich alle freuen. Ich denke, es soll ein Beispiel sein für ein wo-Wort, dass sich auf einen ganzen Satz bezieht. Hier ...
0
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2answers
428 views

Nächste Mal vs Nächstes Mal vs Nächsten Mal

Why is it that "Nächstes Mal" can have so many different variations on the "nächste" word? If I'm not mistaken, all of the below are correct: Nächste Mal. - I think there is an article missing. ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Trying to simplify complex sentences with modals

When I am writing a complex sentence using a modal verb, is it acceptable to move the second verb, so that less advanced readers don't have to wait until the end to find it? Example: (this is my ...
3
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1answer
104 views

Feminines oder maskulines Substantiv + “darin”

Das Adverb "darin" bezieht sich normalerweise nur auf Substantive, die (meines Erachtens) generell einen neutralen Genus haben. Meine Frage ist, ob man das Wort "darin" auch für feminine und ...
6
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1answer
100 views

“Unserer” oder “Unser” als eigenständiges Subjekt

Als Beispiel folgender Zusammenhang: "Unser Fernseher funktioniert nicht mehr." "Unser(er) auch nicht." Was ist hier richtig? Ich glaube, ich habe beides schon im Sprachgebrauch gehört. Streng ...
6
votes
2answers
185 views

In oder im Lotto gewinnen?

Wie wäre denn die korrekte Schreibweise? Beispiel: Ich würde gerne in/im Lotto gewinnen. Mein Sprachgefühl sagt mir, dass im richtig wäre, aber auch nur, weil ich es immer so höre. Ist denn das auch ...
2
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3answers
272 views

Difference between Ihr and Ihnen

I am doing an exercise (using Rosetta Stone) in the context of an airport, where a woman gets asked: Haben Sie ihr Flugticket? Haben Sie ihnen Reisepass? Why is this, if it is "der Reisepass" ...
3
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4answers
848 views

du vs dir in “How are you?”

As far as I know, du is used to mention a direct object and dir is to mention an indirect object. If that is the case, why do they use "Wie geht's dir?" to ask "How are you?", when "you" is a direct ...
0
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1answer
107 views

Are there any significant changes in German grammar since 1975? [duplicate]

I've decided to revise my German, after a pause. In home I came across a textbook called "Deutsch Intensiv - Grundkurs für Ausländer", VEB Verlag Enzyklopädie, Leipzig 1975 - with around 700 pages ...
5
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2answers
395 views

What is the difference between “Ich weiß nicht” and “Das weiß ich nicht”?

I think these two sentences have the same meaning, but which one should I use and why?
5
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3answers
252 views

A German relative clause that begins with “welchem in diesem”

Grammar books have taught me that 'der' words are the usual relative pronouns in German, and that 'welcher' words might work sometimes but would sound stilted and bookish. But I found a sentence in ...
12
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5answers
2k views

Most terrible-sounding mistakes in German [closed]

I was holding this question back because I suspected that it wouldn't be objective enough, i.e. there wouldn't be a scale to classify the awfulness of grammar mistakes. Well, there is no such a scale, ...
11
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5answers
343 views

The German 'Kommen + Past Participle' Construction

I encountered the usage of a German verb + past participle construction when in English one would have used verb + present participle. It is from the fairy tale 'The Frog King or Iron Henry' ('Der ...
7
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3answers
477 views

Does German “sollen” ever function like English “shall” to indicate a future or possibility (no element of expectation)?

I understand that "sollen" typically expresses what is expected of the subject of the sentence, and found excellent accounts of that usage of "sollen" in this other StackExchange page: Does “sollen” ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Grammatik von “es” in “es auf etw/jmdn absehen”

"Es" kann in Deutsch viele Funktionen erfüllen - "echtes" Pronomen, Dummy-Pronomen, Grammatikvehikel (Expletivum). Nun bin ich in einem Buch auf einen Satz ähnlich dem folgenden gestoßen: ..., ...
2
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3answers
242 views

Breaking down “also fangen wir an”

The meaning of also fangen wir an, according to Google Translate is: let's get started. While the individual translation of the words are: so, catch we, to. How did these combine to make that? "So ...
4
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1answer
93 views

Usage of halber / halben

It is common to use halber to indicate a cause, a reason or an end for something. Der Einfachheit halber hier ein einfacher Beispielsatz. Now 'Einfachheit' is feminine, so 'halber' is ...
3
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1answer
118 views

No article - why “Altes Rathaus”?

This page is about the old city hall of Munich. The title is Altes Rathaus and in the text it says Das Alte Rathaus entwickelte sich ... Now AFAIK the indefinite form is ein altes ...
1
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3answers
86 views

Sein Haus und Garten ist/sind schön

Which is correct grammatically? Sein Haus und Garten ist schön. Sein Haus und Garten sind schön. I tend to think the former is correct by taking Sein Haus und Garten as a singular subject. ...
2
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2answers
109 views

Searching for shopping items in German

Question: Does anyone have any advice, or know of websites or other resources that could inform me, on how Germans do web searches in their language? Background: We have a search engine for large ...
1
vote
1answer
359 views

When to use which preposition with “gehen”? “in” vs “zu” [duplicate]

I've always been confused about this: Ich gehe zur Haltestelle Einsteinstraße. Ich gehe in die Bank. Is there a rule on when to use zu/in with gehen?
5
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2answers
120 views

“In Kontakt, in Zukunft” without article?

I usually hear Wir bleiben in Kontakt. rather than Wir bleiben im Kontakt. and also in Zukunft rather than in der Zukunft Is there a reason why these words are not used with a ...
8
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3answers
105 views

Zugehörigkeit ausdrücken ohne »von«

Meine Frau und ich besitzen gemeinsam (zu gleichen Teilen) eine Wohnung. Ich kann also, während ich Gäste durch die Wohnung führe, folgende Sätze sagen: Das ist die Wohnung von meiner Frau. ...
1
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2answers
91 views

Konjunktiv II expressing likelihood vs. expressing unreal event

I tried to ask a question about the two meanings of Konjunktive II with a modal verb, but chose a bad example which led the discussion astray. Let me try a better one here. Look at the English ...
5
votes
4answers
536 views

How to include an English word in a German sentence? [duplicate]

I am currently writing my master thesis in computer science. The thesis is written in German, but due to the subject a lot of words are English. The thesis is about the deployment of an application ...
0
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3answers
162 views

Konjunktiv II with passive in perfect and modal verb

The English sentence He must have been killed. can mean two things: (1) He is now dead. It is likely that he has been killed. (2) He is alive. He deserves to be dead, but he isn't. (similar to ...
3
votes
3answers
221 views

“Wird oder werden” in A sowie B?

Diese Sache hier macht mich schon ganz verrückt. Verwendet man hier "wird" oder "werden"? In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird/werden das Design des Menschen sowie die entdeckten Gliedmaßen, die nach ...
4
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1answer
117 views

“Schnapp' sie Dir alle!”--why the apostrophe?

Why is there an apostrophe after the word schnapp in this Pokemon slogan?
2
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2answers
125 views

Individuell/Individual- and Generell/General- Phenomena

Can a native German speaker kindly explain this horrible inconsequence in his language? An adjective generell but a noun die Generalprobe Another example... An adjective individuell but a noun die ...
7
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3answers
235 views

Einzahl oder Mehrzahl verwenden, wenn beides im Satz vorher vorkommt?

Ich habe folgenden Satz: Physik und ihre Anwendungen zur Lösung quantitativer Problemstellung sind meine Leidenschaft. Nun meine Frage, ob man hier ist oder sind verwendet? Da es sich ja ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Adjective/adverb for Zustands- and Vorgangspassiv

(1a) Die Leute wurden viel betroffen. (1b) Die Leute wurden sehr betroffen. (2a) Die Leute waren viel betroffen. (2b) Die Leute waren sehr betroffen. (In all these examples, ...
4
votes
2answers
100 views

Konjunktiv I in old texts

From the lyrics of the song Die Gedanken sind frei Ich denke was ich will und was mich beglücket doch alles in der Still', und wie es sich schicket Are "beglücket" and "schicket" in ...
11
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5answers
224 views

Confusion with this ad by DB. Is it possible to omit the verb?

I got a DB ticket recently and went through the text. I took a pic of their 'Unser Angebot' text. Please note lines 1 and 2: Sie suchen Alternativen. Ich den besten Weg. Is it alright to ...
12
votes
4answers
158 views

Article when referring to noun in genitive case

A sentence from a Spiegel Online article: Der 60-Jährige steht ... an der Spitze eines neuen Gremiums, dem Rat für nationalen Frieden und die Aufrechterhaltung der Ordnung. Why is it dem Rat and ...
13
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3answers
769 views

von, aus or mit (or none)

If asking a shop keeper if they have any food (baguette, wrap etc.) having fish, what is the proper way to ask? I ask: Haben Sie etwas mit Fisch or Haben Sie etwas aus Fisch I am not ...
0
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1answer
105 views

Past-tense Translations - figuring rules [closed]

I'm trying to figure out a couple of grammatical rules, and the easiest way for me to do that would be if I had translations of the following sentences. He had wanted a cat. I think "er hatte ...