Grammatik - Questions on rules for composing clauses.

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Explaining case and usage of “Richtung”

Just curious. How would you explain to someone the proper use and appropriate case of Richtung as a directional indicator, in simple terms? whether showing movement or simple location or direction ...
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138 views

“um.. zu” or “zu” in “help me wash my car”

Suppose I want to say I want to find someone who can help me wash my car. Can I say Ich will jemand/jemanden finden/suchen, der mir helfen kann, mein Auto zu waschen. Do I need an "um" ...
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204 views

Nominativ-Ergänzung und Passiv

Im Deutschen ist es möglich, einen Passivsatz ohne Subjekt zu bilden: Hier wird gearbeitet. Das ist immer dann der Fall, wenn die Aktiv-Situation intransitiv ist. Die Abwesenheit eines ...
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183 views

Deklination eines Adjektivs zwischen Zahlwort und Nomen

Wenn in einem Satz die Rede von sämtlichen Dingen (plural) ist und zwischen sämtliche und dem Nomen ein Adjektiv ist: Endet dieses auf -en oder auf -e? Beispiel: Heisst es XY erfüllt sämtliche ...
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Wann wird “Telegrammstil” heute noch benutzt?

"Telegrammstil" ist eine aus Platzgründen eingeführte grammatikalische Verknappung in Telegrammen. Heute gibt es aber keine Telegramme mehr; dennoch ist der Telegrammstil weit verbreitet. "Bin ...
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144 views

Is the title of the “Vincent will Meer” grammatically correct?

I just watched the film Vincent will Meer and enjoyed it. The only thing bothering me is the title that does not seem to be grammatically correct in the absence of an article before meer. Is it some ...
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Translating “He hurts her more than she does to him.”

I am German learner at an intermediate level. The superlative sentence should pose no problems to me. However, I can’t translate this following sentence well: He hurts her more than she does to ...
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4answers
2k views

Is “Ich bin gut” a valid reply for “How are you”?

I know you have to say Es geht mir gut. but Ich bin gut. sounds good to me. Can I say that?
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696 views

Der Nacht oder die Nacht?

Rammstein sings "Sie kommen zu euch in der Nacht" in "Mein herz brennt" song, but to my knowledge "Nacht" is of female gender and it's supposed to be "die Nacht". So what am I missing? And also ...
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Difference between “euch” and “du”? And some insight into words like “Spiel”?

I've enrolled at the institute of language to learn German (my family is mostly German, but I've grown up in Australia). I lived in Germany for about 2 years when I was a kid and picked up enough to ...
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5answers
241 views

Why does “neu” become “Neues” after “etwas”?

I found this sentence in a German children's book: Jeden Tag entdeckt Katrin etwas Neues. Neues is a noun here? How can that be? I'd think that 'new' was an adjective. As a noun, I found Neue ...
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3answers
108 views

Is there any difference between “Vermögensteuer” and “Vermögenssteuer”?

In Reiche bereiten sich auf die Vermögensteuer vor, Vermögensteuer is spelt with a single -s-. But in the online dictionary that I use, the word is spelt with a double -ss-: Vermögenssteuer. Is this ...
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6answers
201 views

Is “Ich gehe nach Kartoffeln” correct?

Wenn ich z.B. zum Essen Kartoffeln machen will und die Kartoffeln sind im Keller, sage ich dann: Ich gehe in den Keller nach Kartoffeln. Kann man "nach" verwenden oder muss da ein anderes Wort ...
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2answers
371 views

German verbs vs English verbs

Why do all English verbs have to start with "to" and German verbs don't? In English we say "to play" but in German we would just say "spielen". why don't we say "zu spielen"? Why don't we do this in ...
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357 views

Accusative vs. nominative case ambiguity?

First, let me say that I'm new to German. I see that the article of a feminine noun isn't inflected when the case is changed from nominative to accusative, i.e. in both cases the definite article is ...
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3answers
269 views

When do we use “Hose” like a plurale tantum?

Unlike "trousers" in English we use "Hose" in both, singular and plural forms. This also includes situations where we use it like a plurale tantum (even though it is none in German). Sometimes we can ...
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2answers
506 views

Do all nouns from verbs nominalized by the suffix “-ung” have a female gender?

By suffixing verbs with "-ung" we can build nouns, e.g.: prüfen - Prüfung meinen - Meinung richten - Richtung All those nouns seem to have a female gender. Is that always true or do we have ...
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einem vs. einen

I'm a German native speaker and was asked to explain the difference between "einem" and "einen". I found it very hard to generalize the usage and formulate a rule of how to use those two. Examples: ...
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94 views

Using a clause as subject

When using a clause as a subject, does one need to use a comma to delimit the clause? And should the verb be conjugated in plural or singular? Or is it preferable to use another kind of construction? ...
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3answers
117 views

Wie kann man optimal drei Tempora in einen Satz verschmelzen?

Wieder mit einem grammatischen Distributivgesetzproblem. Wie kann man optimal gleichzeitig die folgende drei Sätze in einen Satz umwandeln? Ich bin unterwegs gewesen. Ich bin unterwegs. Ich ...
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3answers
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Why does 'geben' break the TeKaMoLo rule?

When learning German, you usually get the whole TeKaMoLo thing drilled into your subconsciousness. My German friend claims the following is a very natural word order: Warum gibt es hier immer so ...
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97 views

Where does “Gaußsche” and “Fresnel'sche” come from and which is correct?

In German physics literature, I often see adjectives like “Gaußsche” and “Fresnel'sche”. I know what they mean in the context, that Gauß (or Fresnel) invented something or that it is named after them. ...
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4answers
241 views

How to say “the start of my new life”?

My attempt: der Anfang meines neuen Lebens. I just want to make sure I’ve got the grammar perfect here. Also, is der Anfang the best-sounding word here, or do you think der Beginn is a better choice? ...
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503 views

Positions of verbs in clauses

e.g. when we use wenn the verb goes to end. If the sentence starts with wenn, the second clause starts with verb as follows: Wenn es morgen regnet, gehe ich ins Kino. I think it is similar for ...
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543 views

When to use bei, bei der, beim and in, im, in der?

Our lecturer split it into Institution: bei der, beim Firma: bei Stadt/Land: in Haus/Gebäude: im, in dem But I mix things up. How can "in Büro" be correct (is it a Stadt?)? Can anyone ...
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What's the grammatical difference between “trotz” und “trotzdem”?

"Trotz" is usually used as "despite", and "trotzdem" is "nevertheless", but: What is the grammatical difference? Where does the verb go for "trotz" and where does it go for "trotzdem"? Do Germans ...
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2answers
148 views

When to use the future tense?

One of the things I've been struggling with as a relative newcomer to German is when to use the future tense. It appears that, as in Russian, there isn't a lot of circumstances in which one would use ...
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1answer
183 views

“Selbst ist der Mann” - kann mir das jemand auseinandertüddeln?

Mich würde mal interessieren, wo die Redewendung "Selbst ist der Mann" herkommt, und wie sich dieser Satz grammatikalisch korrekt zusammensetzt. Insbesondere die Rolle des Wortes "selbst" ist mir ...
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How do you say “like after 2 hours” in German? [closed]

So nach 2 Stunden standen meine Frau und meine Kinder auf, um das Frühstück zuzubereiten. Like after 2 hours my wife and my kids woke up to make breakfast. Based on my book "so" has many ...
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87 views

Article to go with plural accusative noun

I found this sentence in a magazine: Herr Minister, sind Sie mit den Ergebnissen des EU-Gipfels am 28. und 29. Juni in Brüssel zufrieden? I understand this as: Minister, are you happy with ...
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1answer
643 views

“ich hätte früher dort gewesen sein müssen” zeit

In dem Beispielsatz oben kommen vier Verben zum Einsatz. Hat diese Form einen eigenen Namen, oder ist das eine Kombination aus verschiedenen Formen (z. B. Perfekt und Konjunktiv II)? ...
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2answers
361 views

About an “unusual” sentence structure?

In German, most sentences have a simple structure: subject, verb, object. Ich liebe dich. But there are some verbs such as gefallen or gelingen, where this structure doesn't apply. Instead, the ...
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444 views

What Does the Use of “S” Mean In Certain Contexts?

Examples: Der Fall: The case. Fall(s): In case of. Das Mittel: The means. Mittels: By means of. As an English speaker, I think of an s as a "pluralizer." But in these instances, the meaning of the ...
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58 views

The conjunction “dass” and “wenn”

Ich weiß nicht genau, dass, wenn er in den Supermarkt ohne sie geht, sie sauer auf ihn wird. Can "dass" be with other conjunctions be in one sentence? My book says that " dass" should be followed ...
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122 views

Where should we put the verb when we have two coordinated objects?

Is the following sentence grammatically correct? It sounds ok to my ear; but on second thought, I'm not really sure whether it's not missing a verb for the second long main clause. [...] Außerdem ...
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98 views

“scheinen … zu teilen” structure

I was watching a TV show and encountered this sentence (if heard correctly): Dieses Glück scheinen an dem Abend viele zu teilen. It is not hard to guess the overall meaning, which must be ...
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318 views

When to use “bei”, “in” or “an” with a job description?

The following three sentences use the definite feminine nouns in dative case: Der Mann arbeitet an der Tankstelle. Sie arbeitet in der Bank. Er arbeitet bei der Post. Questions: ...
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On the dativ with and without “zu” (pt. 2)

The answer to an earlier question explained that both sentences below are grammatically correct, although they differ slightly in meaning: Was hat er zu Ihnen gesagt? Was hat er Ihnen gesagt? ...
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775 views

Two-way prepositions used with non-movement verbs.

The two-way prepositions are all the prepositions that can take both the accusative and dative case. When they are used together with a verb indicating movement there is a simple rule for figuring out ...
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On the origin of “guten Rutsch ins neue Jahr” // Wie deutsch ist „guten Rutsch“?

Ich hatte nie die Bedeutung von „guten Rutsch“ verstanden. Ich habe das DWDS nachgeschlagen und das gefunden: Rutsch m. im Neujahrswunsch Guten Rutsch (ins Neue Jahr)! (Anfang 20. Jh.). Wohl aus ...
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71 views

mit “zu” oder ohne, wenn eine Verbalphrase als Subjekt fungiert

Zwei Beispielsätze. Es kann aber sein, dass da Fehler bei der Groß- und Kleinschreibung sind. kaputte Weblinks Reparieren ist echt anstregend.... kaputte Weblinks zu reparieren ist echt ...
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259 views

Infinitive with “zu” after modal verb?

In an exercise, they ask to translate I like to sleep in my bed which I'd translate as Ich mag in meinem Bett schlafen However according to them my translation is wrong, and they give ...
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257 views

Konjunktiv 2 Plural von kennen

Neulich las ich in der "Zeit" einen Satz, der mich im Lesefluß stocken ließ. Ich kann mich nicht genau an den Satz erinnern, daher hier eine "in etwa-e" Wiedergabe: Die Behauptung vieler ...
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208 views

How do we use perfect tense in passive voice?

Was wird am meistens gebraucht in der Passivform der Vergangenheit? Präteritum oder Perfekt? Perfekt habe ich noch nie gehört im mündlichen Gebrauch. Oder habe ich nicht gut aufgepasst? Also, was ...
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Doppelter Akkusativ in 'Ich schere mich einen Dreck darum'

Betrachten wir folgenden Satz: "Ich schere mich einen Dreck darum!" Offenbar sind sowohl "mich" als auch "einen Dreck" Nominalphrasen im Akkusativ. Das erscheint mir sehr ungewöhnlich. ...
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99 views

How do I build subordinative clauses relating to genderless nouns?

In German there are few nouns that have no article and thus seemingly no gender: Examples Google Nahost Nord Allerheiligen In the example "Nord" we could overcome this by using "der ...
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Books like “English Grammar in use” for the German language

"English Grammar in Use" - Cambridge University Press is amazing. Is there any similar books for the German language? [Update]: "English Grammar in Use" is amazing because each unit spans ...
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Subordinate clause with two verbs

He suggested that tomorrow we find something to do together. How to say this? Er schlug vor, dass wir morgen finden, etwas zusammen zu tun. or Er schlug vor, dass wir morgen etwas ...
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164 views

When does one require “dass” and when can it be omitted?

There seem to be some examples where dass does not seem to be needed but I don't know how to differentiate when it's required or not. For example: Wollen Sie ihm sagen, er sollte es mir so ...
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Contraction of prepositions and definite articles in German

I could not find a table of the contractions of prepositions and definite articles in German, so I made one by my own: Is this an exhausting table of all the contraction there are?