Grammatik - Questions on rules for composing clauses.

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Translating “He hurts her more than she does to him.”

I am German learner at an intermediate level. The superlative sentence should pose no problems to me. However, I can’t translate this following sentence well: He hurts her more than she does to ...
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4answers
4k views

Is “Ich bin gut” a valid reply for “How are you”?

I know you have to say Es geht mir gut. but Ich bin gut. sounds good to me. Can I say that?
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100 views

Konjunktiv I in old texts

From the lyrics of the song Die Gedanken sind frei Ich denke was ich will und was mich beglücket doch alles in der Still', und wie es sich schicket Are "beglücket" and "schicket" in ...
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2answers
1k views

Der Nacht oder die Nacht?

Rammstein sings "Sie kommen zu euch in der Nacht" in "Mein herz brennt" song, but to my knowledge "Nacht" is of female gender and it's supposed to be "die Nacht". So what am I missing? And also ...
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486 views

Use of the word “had” more than once in a statement in the German language

Even though the question contains the word had, I am referring to any forms of the word have. In English it's easy to think of a sentence which has two haves in it. For instance: I have had enough ...
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2answers
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Difference between “euch” and “du”? And some insight into words like “Spiel”?

I've enrolled at the institute of language to learn German (my family is mostly German, but I've grown up in Australia). I lived in Germany for about 2 years when I was a kid and picked up enough to ...
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5answers
405 views

Why does “neu” become “Neues” after “etwas”?

I found this sentence in a German children's book: Jeden Tag entdeckt Katrin etwas Neues. Neues is a noun here? How can that be? I'd think that 'new' was an adjective. As a noun, I found Neue ...
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3answers
111 views

Is there any difference between “Vermögensteuer” and “Vermögenssteuer”?

In Reiche bereiten sich auf die Vermögensteuer vor, Vermögensteuer is spelt with a single -s-. But in the online dictionary that I use, the word is spelt with a double -ss-: Vermögenssteuer. Is this ...
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280 views

Use of “ja” in a sentence

In the following sentence: Na gut, dann kann ich ja ab sofort auf Deutsch schreiben. Why is ja used? What's its function?
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6answers
212 views

Is “Ich gehe nach Kartoffeln” correct?

Wenn ich z.B. zum Essen Kartoffeln machen will und die Kartoffeln sind im Keller, sage ich dann: Ich gehe in den Keller nach Kartoffeln. Kann man "nach" verwenden oder muss da ein anderes Wort ...
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444 views

German verbs vs English verbs

Why do all English verbs have to start with "to" and German verbs don't? In English we say "to play" but in German we would just say "spielen". why don't we say "zu spielen"? Why don't we do this in ...
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389 views

Accusative vs. nominative case ambiguity?

First, let me say that I'm new to German. I see that the article of a feminine noun isn't inflected when the case is changed from nominative to accusative, i.e. in both cases the definite article is ...
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3answers
293 views

When do we use “Hose” like a plurale tantum?

Unlike "trousers" in English we use "Hose" in both, singular and plural forms. This also includes situations where we use it like a plurale tantum (even though it is none in German). Sometimes we can ...
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2answers
648 views

Do all nouns from verbs nominalized by the suffix “-ung” have a female gender?

By suffixing verbs with "-ung" we can build nouns, e.g.: prüfen - Prüfung meinen - Meinung richten - Richtung All those nouns seem to have a female gender. Is that always true or do we have ...
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einem vs. einen

I'm a German native speaker and was asked to explain the difference between "einem" and "einen". I found it very hard to generalize the usage and formulate a rule of how to use those two. Examples: ...
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95 views

Using a clause as subject

When using a clause as a subject, does one need to use a comma to delimit the clause? And should the verb be conjugated in plural or singular? Or is it preferable to use another kind of construction? ...
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2answers
83 views

Wo-Pronominaladverb und Satzbezug

Ich habe auf Cannoo.net folgenden Satz gelesen: Du hast gewonnen, worüber sich alle freuen. Ich denke, es soll ein Beispiel sein für ein wo-Wort, dass sich auf einen ganzen Satz bezieht. Hier ...
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117 views

“Schnapp' sie Dir alle!”--why the apostrophe?

Why is there an apostrophe after the word schnapp in this Pokemon slogan?
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139 views

Wie kann man optimal drei Tempora in einen Satz verschmelzen?

Wieder mit einem grammatischen Distributivgesetzproblem. Wie kann man optimal gleichzeitig die folgende drei Sätze in einen Satz umwandeln? Ich bin unterwegs gewesen. Ich bin unterwegs. Ich ...
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3answers
2k views

Why does 'geben' break the TeKaMoLo rule?

When learning German, you usually get the whole TeKaMoLo thing drilled into your subconsciousness. My German friend claims the following is a very natural word order: Warum gibt es hier immer so ...
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1answer
110 views

Where does “Gaußsche” and “Fresnel'sche” come from and which is correct?

In German physics literature, I often see adjectives like “Gaußsche” and “Fresnel'sche”. I know what they mean in the context, that Gauß (or Fresnel) invented something or that it is named after them. ...
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2answers
31 views

Genitive in “alle des Staates Überdrüssigen”

From Der Spiegel 1985 war Wonnerberger von Dresden nach Leipzig versetzt worden -- und schafft nun für alle des Staates Überdrüssigen in der Nikolaikirche einen zentralen Anlaufpunkt, ... What ...
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2answers
149 views

Need grammatical help on a German phrase (romantic literature) involving “ward” (old form of “wurde”)?

While reading Heinrich von Kleist´s Die Marquise von O (very easy to read thanks to Kleist´s extensive usage of commas...), I stumbled upon a phrase which I couldn´t quite explain, even if the ...
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190 views

How do you say “like after 2 hours” in German? [closed]

So nach 2 Stunden standen meine Frau und meine Kinder auf, um das Frühstück zuzubereiten. Like after 2 hours my wife and my kids woke up to make breakfast. Based on my book "so" has many ...
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307 views

How to say “the start of my new life”?

My attempt: der Anfang meines neuen Lebens. I just want to make sure I’ve got the grammar perfect here. Also, is der Anfang the best-sounding word here, or do you think der Beginn is a better choice? ...
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3answers
822 views

Positions of verbs in clauses

e.g. when we use wenn the verb goes to end. If the sentence starts with wenn, the second clause starts with verb as follows: Wenn es morgen regnet, gehe ich ins Kino. I think it is similar for ...
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1answer
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When to use bei, bei der, beim and in, im, in der?

Our lecturer split it into Institution: bei der, beim Firma: bei Stadt/Land: in Haus/Gebäude: im, in dem But I mix things up. How can "in Büro" be correct (is it a Stadt?)? Can anyone ...
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1answer
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What's the grammatical difference between “trotz” und “trotzdem”?

"Trotz" is usually used as "despite", and "trotzdem" is "nevertheless", but: What is the grammatical difference? Where does the verb go for "trotz" and where does it go for "trotzdem"? Do Germans ...
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2answers
220 views

When to use the future tense?

One of the things I've been struggling with as a relative newcomer to German is when to use the future tense. It appears that, as in Russian, there isn't a lot of circumstances in which one would use ...
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92 views

Sentence construction of “Süßer die Glocken nie klingen?”

This is about the construction of the title of the popular German Christmas song: "Süßer die Glocken nie klingen." My understanding is that the verb is supposed to go into the second position in most ...
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1answer
89 views

Article to go with plural accusative noun

I found this sentence in a magazine: Herr Minister, sind Sie mit den Ergebnissen des EU-Gipfels am 28. und 29. Juni in Brüssel zufrieden? I understand this as: Minister, are you happy with ...
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2answers
385 views

About an “unusual” sentence structure?

In German, most sentences have a simple structure: subject, verb, object. Ich liebe dich. But there are some verbs such as gefallen or gelingen, where this structure doesn't apply. Instead, the ...
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1answer
478 views

What Does the Use of “S” Mean In Certain Contexts?

Examples: Der Fall: The case. Fall(s): In case of. Das Mittel: The means. Mittels: By means of. As an English speaker, I think of an s as a "pluralizer." But in these instances, the meaning of the ...
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106 views

Position of “aber” after first element of sentence

The following two sentences are typical. Ich bin krank. Aber ich gehe heute zur Schule. Ich bin krank. Ich gehe aber heute zur Schule. But is the following also fine? Ich bin krank. Ich ...
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126 views

Trying to simplify complex sentences with modals

When I am writing a complex sentence using a modal verb, is it acceptable to move the second verb, so that less advanced readers don't have to wait until the end to find it? Example: (this is my ...
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1answer
93 views

Usage of halber / halben

It is common to use halber to indicate a cause, a reason or an end for something. Der Einfachheit halber hier ein einfacher Beispielsatz. Now 'Einfachheit' is feminine, so 'halber' is ...
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119 views

Literary passage: 'als zu + Infinitiv' construction

I am having a difficult time understanding the meaning of the following passage. Specifically, I do not understand the 'als zu + Infinitiv' construction at the end. Zum Schäkespears Tag [1771] von ...
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91 views

The conjunction “dass” and “wenn”

Ich weiß nicht genau, dass, wenn er in den Supermarkt ohne sie geht, sie sauer auf ihn wird. Can "dass" be with other conjunctions be in one sentence? My book says that " dass" should be followed ...
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268 views

Ist “abonnierbar” ein gültiges Wort?

Im Zusammenhang mit der Benennung einiger Programmteile ist uns aufgefallen, dass es weder im Deutschen, noch im Englischen das Wort "abonnierbar" (bzw. "subscribable") zu geben scheint. Auf der ...
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1answer
112 views

“scheinen … zu teilen” structure

I was watching a TV show and encountered this sentence (if heard correctly): Dieses Glück scheinen an dem Abend viele zu teilen. It is not hard to guess the overall meaning, which must be ...
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173 views

What is/are the correct preposition/s to use with “Sicherheit”?

I cannot put my finger on why one of the following examples sounds right while the other sounds wrong: a) Der neue Reifen bietet Sicherheit vor Aquaplaning. b) Ein Deich bietet Sicherheit vor ...
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2answers
805 views

“ich hätte früher dort gewesen sein müssen” zeit

In dem Beispielsatz oben kommen vier Verben zum Einsatz. Hat diese Form einen eigenen Namen, oder ist das eine Kombination aus verschiedenen Formen (z. B. Perfekt und Konjunktiv II)? ...
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Why the Konjunktiv in “Käme eventuell auch eine Osteonekrose in Betracht?”?

Käme eventuell auch eine Osteonekrose in Betracht? This sentence was used in the context of providing an alternative diagnosis for bone changes seen on MRI. I looked up in Betracht and found in ...
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95 views

On the origin of “guten Rutsch ins neue Jahr” // Wie deutsch ist „guten Rutsch“?

Ich hatte nie die Bedeutung von „guten Rutsch“ verstanden. Ich habe das DWDS nachgeschlagen und das gefunden: Rutsch m. im Neujahrswunsch Guten Rutsch (ins Neue Jahr)! (Anfang 20. Jh.). Wohl aus ...
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77 views

mit “zu” oder ohne, wenn eine Verbalphrase als Subjekt fungiert

Zwei Beispielsätze. Es kann aber sein, dass da Fehler bei der Groß- und Kleinschreibung sind. kaputte Weblinks Reparieren ist echt anstregend.... kaputte Weblinks zu reparieren ist echt ...
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523 views

Infinitive with “zu” after modal verb?

In an exercise, they ask to translate I like to sleep in my bed which I'd translate as Ich mag in meinem Bett schlafen However according to them my translation is wrong, and they give ...
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1answer
306 views

Konjunktiv 2 Plural von kennen

Neulich las ich in der "Zeit" einen Satz, der mich im Lesefluß stocken ließ. Ich kann mich nicht genau an den Satz erinnern, daher hier eine "in etwa-e" Wiedergabe: Die Behauptung vieler ...
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271 views

How do we use perfect tense in passive voice?

Was wird am meistens gebraucht in der Passivform der Vergangenheit? Präteritum oder Perfekt? Perfekt habe ich noch nie gehört im mündlichen Gebrauch. Oder habe ich nicht gut aufgepasst? Also, was ...
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177 views

Doppelter Akkusativ in 'Ich schere mich einen Dreck darum'

Betrachten wir folgenden Satz: "Ich schere mich einen Dreck darum!" Offenbar sind sowohl "mich" als auch "einen Dreck" Nominalphrasen im Akkusativ. Das erscheint mir sehr ungewöhnlich. ...
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110 views

How do I build subordinative clauses relating to genderless nouns?

In German there are few nouns that have no article and thus seemingly no gender: Examples Google Nahost Nord Allerheiligen In the example "Nord" we could overcome this by using "der ...