Grammatik - Questions on rules for composing clauses.

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Sentence construction of “Süßer die Glocken nie klingen?”

This is about the construction of the title of the popular German Christmas song: "Süßer die Glocken nie klingen." My understanding is that the verb is supposed to go into the second position in most ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Article to go with plural accusative noun

I found this sentence in a magazine: Herr Minister, sind Sie mit den Ergebnissen des EU-Gipfels am 28. und 29. Juni in Brüssel zufrieden? I understand this as: Minister, are you happy with ...
4
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2answers
140 views

Is it “einige vor den Kopf stoßen” or “einigen vor den Kopf stoßen”?

The whole sentence is: Mit dem Glauben an einen hinsichtlich der Präzision und Allmächtigkeit abgeschwächten Laplace'schen Dämon scheint man immer wieder einige(n?) Leuten vor den Kopf zu stoßen ...
4
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2answers
465 views

About an “unusual” sentence structure?

In German, most sentences have a simple structure: subject, verb, object. Ich liebe dich. But there are some verbs such as gefallen or gelingen, where this structure doesn't apply. Instead, the ...
4
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1answer
519 views

What Does the Use of “S” Mean In Certain Contexts?

Examples: Der Fall: The case. Fall(s): In case of. Das Mittel: The means. Mittels: By means of. As an English speaker, I think of an s as a "pluralizer." But in these instances, the meaning of the ...
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1answer
226 views

Construction of “Eine zum Lieben?”

Years ago, Berlitz taught me the construction, "eine zum Lieben" as "someone to love." I'm a bit confused by this. There appears to be an alternate construction, "um eine zu lieben". But the one ...
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3answers
105 views

What is a good book for learning (introductory) logic in the German language?

I need a logic book in the German language, preferably introductory rather than a focus on symbolic logic. The book should show how one constructs different sentence structures and how one expresses ...
4
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2answers
111 views

'es' as a “delayed subject”?

I am trying to learn the various uses of es and poking around in Duden and Wiktionary, I came across this sentence for usage as a "delayed" subject. (1) Es fielen die ersten Tropfen, einzelne, ...
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199 views

Position of “aber” after first element of sentence

The following two sentences are typical. Ich bin krank. Aber ich gehe heute zur Schule. Ich bin krank. Ich gehe aber heute zur Schule. But is the following also fine? Ich bin krank. Ich ...
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178 views

Trying to simplify complex sentences with modals

When I am writing a complex sentence using a modal verb, is it acceptable to move the second verb, so that less advanced readers don't have to wait until the end to find it? Example: (this is my ...
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110 views

Usage of halber / halben

It is common to use halber to indicate a cause, a reason or an end for something. Der Einfachheit halber hier ein einfacher Beispielsatz. Now 'Einfachheit' is feminine, so 'halber' is ...
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3answers
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Literary passage: 'als zu + Infinitiv' construction

I am having a difficult time understanding the meaning of the following passage. Specifically, I do not understand the 'als zu + Infinitiv' construction at the end. Zum Schäkespears Tag [1771] von ...
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2answers
155 views

Welche Präposition gehört zu “ Synonym”?

Das Synonym zu "good" ist "superb". Gehört "Zu" zum Wort Synonym? Ich habe gelesen, dass das Wort "Synonym" mit der Präposition "zu" verwendet werden kann, manchmal mit der Präposition "für". ...
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2answers
159 views

The conjunction “dass” and “wenn”

Ich weiß nicht genau, dass, wenn er in den Supermarkt ohne sie geht, sie sauer auf ihn wird. Can "dass" be with other conjunctions be in one sentence? My book says that " dass" should be followed ...
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148 views

“scheinen … zu teilen” structure

I was watching a TV show and encountered this sentence (if heard correctly): Dieses Glück scheinen an dem Abend viele zu teilen. It is not hard to guess the overall meaning, which must be ...
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1k views

“I want that” in German

If I want to say, I want that, what do I say? Ich will das. Ich es will. Das will ich. Which one is the most correct? (And the most used, too.)
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185 views

What is/are the correct preposition/s to use with “Sicherheit”?

I cannot put my finger on why one of the following examples sounds right while the other sounds wrong: a) Der neue Reifen bietet Sicherheit vor Aquaplaning. b) Ein Deich bietet Sicherheit vor ...
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1k views

“ich hätte früher dort gewesen sein müssen” zeit

In dem Beispielsatz oben kommen vier Verben zum Einsatz. Hat diese Form einen eigenen Namen, oder ist das eine Kombination aus verschiedenen Formen (z. B. Perfekt und Konjunktiv II)? ...
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2answers
82 views

Exceptions to “no articles before professions” rule?

Pretty simple question. I came across a sentence Er ist zugleich ein Schüler und ein Lehrer. Questions of word choice aside, my gut feeling is that this is not correct usage of articles and ...
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2answers
312 views

Where can I place the word “jetzt” in a sentence

I have been learning German for only a few weeks and one of my frequent mistakes is with the word jetzt. I know it is possible to use it at the beginning of a sentence but I wonder if there is a rule ...
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2answers
260 views

Senden, Schicken, and Verschicken

It seems that senden, schicken, and verschicken all mean "to send" in some way. Senden is a little easier to distinguish since schicken and verschicken both share the definition "to dispatch," but ...
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4answers
134 views

Why the Konjunktiv in “Käme eventuell auch eine Osteonekrose in Betracht?”?

Käme eventuell auch eine Osteonekrose in Betracht? This sentence was used in the context of providing an alternative diagnosis for bone changes seen on MRI. I looked up in Betracht and found in ...
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3answers
2k views

“Darum” and the position of the verb

Where is the verb situated when we start a sentence with the word "darum"? What place does the verb occupy? Is it.. Darum bin ich krank. or Darum ich krank bin
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96 views

mit “zu” oder ohne, wenn eine Verbalphrase als Subjekt fungiert

Zwei Beispielsätze. Es kann aber sein, dass da Fehler bei der Groß- und Kleinschreibung sind. kaputte Weblinks Reparieren ist echt anstregend.... kaputte Weblinks zu reparieren ist echt ...
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984 views

Infinitive with “zu” after modal verb?

In an exercise, they ask to translate I like to sleep in my bed which I'd translate as Ich mag in meinem Bett schlafen However according to them my translation is wrong, and they give ...
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1answer
370 views

Konjunktiv 2 Plural von kennen

Neulich las ich in der "Zeit" einen Satz, der mich im Lesefluß stocken ließ. Ich kann mich nicht genau an den Satz erinnern, daher hier eine "in etwa-e" Wiedergabe: Die Behauptung vieler ...
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434 views

How do we use perfect tense in passive voice?

Was wird am meisten gebraucht in der Passivform der Vergangenheit? Präteritum oder Perfekt? Perfekt habe ich noch nie gehört im mündlichen Gebrauch. Oder habe ich nicht gut aufgepasst? Also, was ...
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119 views

How do I build subordinative clauses relating to genderless nouns?

In German there are few nouns that have no article and thus seemingly no gender: Examples Google Nahost Nord Allerheiligen In the example "Nord" we could overcome this by using "der ...
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6answers
5k views

Books like “English Grammar in use” for the German language

"English Grammar in Use" - Cambridge University Press is amazing. Is there any similar books for the German language? [Update]: "English Grammar in Use" is amazing because each unit spans ...
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91 views

Word order for subclause with double infinitive “lassen” in past tense

Ich bin froh, dass du mich das Auto waschen lassen hast. Es hat mir viel Spaß gemacht! Is the ordering of "waschen lassen hast" correct, or does it need to be "hast waschen lassen"? I wanted to ...
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121 views

Comma for introducing subclause?

(a) Thema des Schaubilds ist wie viele Stunden die Studenten an unserer Uni pro Woche arbeiten. (b) Thema des Schaubilds ist, wie viele Stunden die Studenten an unserer Uni pro Woche arbeiten. ...
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133 views

Subordinate clause with two verbs

He suggested that tomorrow we find something to do together. How to say this? Er schlug vor, dass wir morgen finden, etwas zusammen zu tun. or Er schlug vor, dass wir morgen etwas ...
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58 views

Article for “a book or two”

Suppose I want to say "a book or two" in German Ich werde morgen ein oder zwei Bücher kaufen. Is this okay? I'm wondering since "ein" doesn't go with "Bücher". If not, how could I say this ...
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2answers
995 views

How do I decline “jemand” or “niemand”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Beugt man jemand oder niemand mit Endung? The declension of indefinitve pronouns "jemand" or "niemand" seems not to follow strict rules. I can read all of the following: ...
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1k views

When do suffixes “-able” or “-ible” translate with “-bar” vs. “-lich”?

We can not simply translate the suffixes "-able" or "-ible" with "-bar" as there seem to be many examples where "-lich" is used instead. avoidable - vermeidbar vulnerable - verwundbar bootable ...
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111 views

Why the “dass” when comparing statements with “als dass”?

From the Süddeutsche Zeitung: Mein Bruder interessiert sich eher nicht für die Frankfurter Buchmesse, die nächste Woche beginnt. Er liest lieber, als dass er anderen zuhören möchte, die über das ...
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147 views

Adjective endings after a noun of measurement

I was looking through my grammar book and I came across this sentence: Mit einer Tasse heißem Tee I don't understand why heiß has an m at the end. I would have thought it would be: Mit einer ...
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98 views

Is there a formal (Chomsky) grammar AVAILABLE for the German language?

I'm looking for an actually downloadable Chomsky grammar (preferably a context-free one) capturing as much of the German grammar (on a sentence level) as possible. I am aware that there is no Chomsky ...
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3answers
109 views

Gerund vs. infinitive

From an infinitive (say wegwerfen), one can form a neutral, gerund-like noun (das Wegwerfen — and more complex constructions abound, e.g., das Deutschlernen, das Insbettgehen). Now on the one hand, ...
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288 views

“Have to” and “haben zu”

There is a construction which exists in both English and German and has about the same meaning: You have to do your homework Du hast Deine Hausaufgaben zu machen. I think there is a slight ...
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1answer
90 views

Leaving out “es” in clause with reflexive verb

Als sich abzeichnete, dass die Zahl der Asylbewerber in diesem Jahr auf mehr als 100 000 steigen würde, ... Is Als sich abzeichnete the same as Als es sich abzeichnete? Is it typical to leave out ...
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192 views

Regeln für mehrfache indirekte Rede?

Er sagte, dass sie gesagt hätte, dass sie ihn nicht lieben würde (niemals geliebt haben würde) Intuitiv würd ich das so formulieren. Bin mir aber unsicher, ob der Konjunktiv im zweiten Teilsatz ...
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du vs dir in “How are you?”

As far as I know, du is used to mention a direct object and dir is to mention an indirect object. If that is the case, why do they use "Wie geht's dir?" to ask "How are you?", when "you" is a direct ...
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8k views

Difference between “euch” and “du”? And some insight into words like “Spiel”? [closed]

I've enrolled at the institute of language to learn German (my family is mostly German, but I've grown up in Australia). I lived in Germany for about 2 years when I was a kid and picked up enough to ...
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2answers
20k views

Understanding die, der and das [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I learn noun genders better? A key thing I struggled with in German was the use of die, der and das. I vaguely understand that one means masculine, one means ...
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4answers
183 views

Ist der Satz “Ich kaufe einen Cheese Burger und einen Vegetarischen Burger” richtig?

Ist dieser Satz richtig? Ich kaufe einen Cheese Burger und einen Vegetarischen Burger. Wenn ja, warum haben wir dann kein -en am Ende von Cheese? Ist es, weil Cheese kein deutsches Wort ist?
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62 views

“sich schaden” mit Akk.- oder Dat. Ergänzung?

Ich habe eine Frage, wie sagt man in DEU: Du schadest dir der Gesundheit oder Du schadest dir die Gesundheit Das Verb "schaden" ist mit Dat. Ergänzung, also ist das reflexive Pronomen im ...
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Relative pronouns: der/die/das vs dass

I think understand the use of der/die/das and dass however I don't when to use which. For example, what is the correct translation of 'the apple I'm eating is tasty:' Das Apfel, dass ich esse, ist ...
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The difference between “mein” and “meine”

______ Hemden sind weiß. This was an exercise in the Duolingo app where you had to fill in the blank, and there were two options given: 1) Mein 2) Meine I selected Mein which I ...
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How do I ask “Can we speak German between us?”

I'm learning German and I'd like to ask my friend "Can we speak German between us?". I wrote this to him but I'm not sure I was right: Konnen wir Deutsch sprechen mit uns? Is this correct?