The case of a noun or pronoun is an inflectional form that indicates its grammatical function in a phrase, clause, or sentence

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Why is it “es tut mir leid” and not “es tut mich leid”?

I have been learning German for about a month now, and I am trying to understand the grammatical cases. I read that we should say es tut mir leid to say I am sorry which I take to mean it makes me ...
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1answer
766 views

Ist “was für” etwas Nominativ oder Akkusativ?

I was wondering whether the sentence using "was für" would be Nominativ or Akkusativ for example: Was für ein warmer Winter! Was für einen warmen Winter!
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2answers
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Case of “Geraden” in “auf einer Geraden”

I ran into the sentence Die Punkte A, B und C liegen auf einer Geraden. From the dictionary I understand that "Gerade" takes on the form "Geraden" for both plural and genitive. But here it looks ...
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4answers
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“An den Mann, den…” or “An dem Mann, den…” - Which one correct?

At the beginning of a letter on the Internet addressing someone, do we use accusative or dative? Which one is correct? An dem Mann, den... An den Mann, den...
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1answer
637 views

“Ich bin fertig mit der Arbeit” or “Ich habe fertig die Arbeit”?

Ich bin fertig mit der Arbeit. or Ich habe fertig die Arbeit. if there is more explication for "fertig"
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2answers
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in Genitive Singular for Masculine and Neutral nouns, it's added “-s” or “-es”? [duplicate]

In Singular Genitiv for the neutral noun "Das Buch" they wrote in Duden "des Buches, Buchs", is there a rule to choose if we must add "-s" or "-es" to the noun, or something else?!!
2
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2answers
262 views

How we use correctly “etwas für … halten” in sentence?

If for example we would say: I consider you as a brother. I consider you as my older brother. etc. How can we translate those sentences into German, because I don't know how "etw. für ... ...
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2answers
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“Vor rund eineinhalb Jahr, seitdem habe ich dich kennengelernt, warst du eine andere Person” is correct?

Grammatically, the sentence above is correct? I have hesitations for e.g. "vor rund eineinhalb Jahr" or "vor rund eineinhalbem Jahr", and whether "seitdem" is in the right position?
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2answers
801 views

Position of “nicht” in a sentence containing a “vollverb” and “modalverb”

Is it Ich kann nicht es dir sagen. oder Ich kann es dir nicht sagen. Sometimes I see "nicht" after "modalverb" directly and sometimes before "vollverb". Is there any difference and are ...
2
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3answers
163 views

The grammatical function of “-en” in “aus dem Französischen, Englischen” etc.

In the German phrase "aus dem Englischen ins Deutsche übersetzen", the language name, which is neutral in German, ends with "-en" after "aus dem", while after "ins" it ends in an "-e". Can anyone ...
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1answer
94 views

Case in expressions of measurement

If one wanted to say something like Er ist zwei Meter groß. He's two meters tall. (= 6' 6.7") Er ist einen halben Kopf größer als ich. He's half a head taller than me. Wouldn't the ...
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2answers
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Welches ist die Ordnung in einen Satz (Akk, Dat, TEKAMOLO)?

I weiss Te(temporal)Ka(kausal)Mo(modal)Lo(lokal), aber mit einem Satz mit Akkusativ und Dativ. A) Ich habe einen Deutschkurs letztes Jahr in der Sprachschule gemacht/gesucht. B) Ich habe letztes Jahr ...
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1answer
185 views

Adjective conjugation for nominative, masculine, singular? [closed]

Found this table: http://esl.fis.edu/learners/fis/german/kasus/caseTables.htm It appears to conflict with what I've learned. In the very top line, for instance, shouldn't it be as follows: der ...
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5answers
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Why “den Kindern” instead of “die Kinder”?

Den Kindern hat der Besuch ins Planetarium Spaß gemacht. (The children enjoyed going to the planetarium.) Why is it "den Kindern hat der Besuch", instead of "die Kinder haben den Besuch"?
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1answer
336 views

Is there a rapid online access to “feste Nomen-Präposition bzw. -Verb Verbindungen”?

Is it me, or is it difficult to find online, in dictionaries and so on, all the information about a "feste Nomen-Präposition Verbindungen"? Suppose you are writing in German and, for sake of ...
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2answers
65 views

Case for “The upcoming summer” [duplicate]

What should be the case for "the upcoming summer" as in the following sentences? Der kommende Sommer werde ich wahrscheinlich nach Deutschland gehen. or Den kommenden Sommer werde ich ...
4
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1answer
258 views

Does case carry into an appositive?

I'll ask this question in English, because I'm not sure I could articulate it well enough in German. So this question too is about my essay. The relevant part of the original sentence was «...die ...
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2answers
3k views

When to use “ins”?

I'm a little confused with the preposition contraction ins. As far as I know, it means in das, but I don't understand why it is used in this sentence: Sie fahren ins Theater. It feels like the ...
7
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2answers
175 views

Numbering cases

Sometimes I see a case referred to by number instead of by name. Now that's fine if there's an official, definite order. But, while I see in tables mostly the order Nominativ Accusativ ...
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1answer
2k views

aus, bei, mit, nach, seit, (usw)

"aus, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu, gegenüber" I vaguely remember this list of prepositions (I hope it's correct) which we had to learn by heart in my German class 30 years ago. But I don't ...
3
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2answers
478 views

How to determine the case of a dual prepositions apart from movement

I know that when a preposition can take both accusative and dative cases and there is movement, we will ask wo/wohin to determine the case. I also know that you will use accusative when you can ask ...
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2answers
147 views

Case confusion: “der ausgefüllten Dokumente” or “die ausgefüllten Dokumente”

I would like to reply to an email in formal context. I have doubts regarding the German counterpart of the English phrase: Please find attached the completed documents. Is the German phrase ...
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1answer
191 views

Tage wie diese/dieser/diesen

I've stumbled across two German songs with similar titles. First is Tage wie diese with phrases like: Tage wie diese (plural nominative?) Tagen wie diesem and second is Tage wie dieser with: ...
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1answer
132 views

Why is it “den zwei Autos” and not “die zwei Autos”?

I've come across the sentence Ich stehe zwischen den zwei Autos Google also gives me much more results when searching den zwei Autos than when searching for die zwei Autos. I've also found ...
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3answers
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How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
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2answers
312 views

Which of these two is the correct translation for “Silly me”?

Me is nominative here. So what it should be? Bin ich dumm! or Dumm ich!
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1answer
174 views

Temporal complement and its correct case

I'm confused about the correct case to use in a temporal complement: do you need the accusative? I'm asking about the expression of a well determined time (that does not continue). Examples may be: ...
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2answers
387 views

Schwarzer Kaffee vs schwarzen Kaffee

I need to know why do we say "schwarzen Kaffee, bitte" and not "schwarzer Kaffee, bitte". To me, it should be "schwarzer Kaffee", however, I am being told it is the other way around.
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2answers
86 views

Confusion in the usage of a case in a book sentence

I read this sentence in a book I'm using for exercises: Jener Mann war kein Dieb, und man setze ihn daher in Freiheit; sofort gab man seiner Frau die frohe Kunde seiner Unschuld. I don't ...
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4answers
800 views

“Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod”: is German really losing Genitiv? (evolutionary viewpoint)

"Der Dativ ist dem Genitiv sein Tod" is an interesting German phrase which originates this question. I'm interested in knowing how true is it/will it be. Has German always had four cases? Or were ...
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2answers
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Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces akkusativ or dativ? If there are direct object ...
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0answers
47 views

What case for time expressions? [duplicate]

What is the appropriate case for time expressions that don't involve a preposition? Letzten Monat sah ich ihn. (accusative) Letzter Monat sah ich ihn. (nominative)
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1answer
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Warum sagt man “letzte Woche” aber “in der letzten Woche”? [duplicate]

Warum gibt es einen Unterschied im Wort "letzte"?
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2answers
352 views

Welchen Fall benutzt man mit Phrasen wie “last year”?

Zum Beispiel im englischen Satz "Last year I visited Germany.", welchen Fall benutzt man? Letztes Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Letztem Jahr habe ich Deutschland besucht. Ich glaube ...
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2answers
239 views

Aufzählung: Numerus und Kasus

Es geht um folgenden Satz: Was ich habe, ist Mut, Entschlossenheit und der Drang, nicht auf die Nase zu fallen. Die "ist"-oder-"sind"-Frage. Ich habe mich des folgenden Threads bedient: ...
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1answer
418 views

Schreibst du einen Brief an deinen Vater?

Please explain what are the cases (accusative, dative) here and why exactly those. Schreibst du einen Brief an deinen Vater? I assume that schreibst is a verb, ein Brief is a subject the same ...
7
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2answers
439 views

Declination of adjectives after einigen

I learned that after words like "einige, mehrere, etc." the following adjectives also have the same declination. However, I got corrected when I said "mit einigen meinen Freunde" to "einigen meiner ...
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4answers
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Relative pronouns: der/die/das vs dass

I think understand the use of der/die/das and dass however I don't when to use which. For example, what is the correct translation of 'the apple I'm eating is tasty:' Das Apfel, dass ich esse, ist ...
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3answers
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Doppelter Akkusativ in 'Ich schere mich einen Dreck darum'

Betrachten wir folgenden Satz: "Ich schere mich einen Dreck darum!" Offenbar sind sowohl "mich" als auch "einen Dreck" Nominalphrasen im Akkusativ. Das erscheint mir sehr ungewöhnlich. ...
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2answers
135 views

Is it “einige vor den Kopf stoßen” or “einigen vor den Kopf stoßen”?

The whole sentence is: Mit dem Glauben an einen hinsichtlich der Präzision und Allmächtigkeit abgeschwächten Laplace'schen Dämon scheint man immer wieder einige(n?) Leuten vor den Kopf zu stoßen ...
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1answer
406 views

Genitiv vs Satzkonstruktion mit von

Es ist mir noch immer nicht klar, wann man den Genitiv verwenden muss und wann man auch einen Satz mit "von" und Dativ bilden kann. Auf Niederländisch (meiner Muttersprache) gibt es so etwas wie den ...
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5answers
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Are there non-trivial examples of sentences where the use of one case, instead of other, changes the meaning?

Are there examples of German sentences where the use of one case instead of other alters the meaning, but still being the sentence grammatically correct? Edit: I'm after sentences in which only the ...
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1answer
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Which one is correct: “dir” or “dich”? Dative or Accusative? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why isn’t “Ich danke dir” “Ich danke dich?” If when I'm talking with a German, and I want to thank him/her which one is correct? Ich danke dich is correct or Ich danke ...
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1answer
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Präposition 'wider' mit Dativ

Gibt es einen nachvollziehbaren Grund, etwa etymologisch, weswegen die Präposition 'wider' vor einem Akkusativ stehen muss? Der Gebrauch mit dem Dativ scheint sehr weit verbreitet zu sein. Des ...
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3answers
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Why isn't “Ich danke dir” “Ich danke dich?”

I believe that in the sentence Ich danke 'du/dir/dich' that: ich = subject danke = verb du = direct object. Wouldn't that mean that it would be "Ich danke dich"? I hear people say ...
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3answers
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Question about the dative case

I am studying using the book "Klipp und Klar" and in the lesson fifteen about the dative case there is a sentence that I didn't understand. The sentence is: Das Mädchen ist krank und den Frauen ...
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3answers
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Accusative or dative for verbs of movement

My doubt is with respect to this sentence (in perfect) Er ist zum Büro gegangen. My teacher taught me that we have to use the verb sein as helping verb whenever there is a movement. However, why ...
13
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5answers
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Why is 'Guten Tag' accusative?

Is it just an idiom, or is it a general rule? I'm wishing a good day to someone, so I guess there is some kind of metaphorical motion involved. Would it be similar if I wanted to say "vielen Spaß"?
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Erklärung der Beugung des Wortes „Erlenkönig“ im Gedicht Goethes

Das zu verstehende Wort ist „Erlkönig“, das im Nominativ vorliegt (falls ich es richtig verstehe). Woher kommt das Wort Erlenkönig? Was für eine Beugung ist das? Das ist vermutlich altes Deutsch. Aber ...
6
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1answer
191 views

Repetitive use of genitive (Genitivkette)

How many times one can use genitive to refer to an object? German sentences like: Das Fenster des Hauses der Mutter meiner Freundin u.s.w. are, in my opinion, strange and stylistically ...