The case of a noun or pronoun is an inflectional form that indicates its grammatical function in a phrase, clause, or sentence

learn more… | top users | synonyms (2)

3
votes
4answers
325 views

Possessive pronoun in subject vs. predicate

In our first lesson we learned sentences like Das ist mein Koffer. Now we're learning about the accusative, and the teacher told us that for both all cases the suffix of the possessive pronoun ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Collecting data on prepositions, looking for counter-examples

I’m collecting data on phrases with two-way prepositions. These are the prepositions that can go with either Dativ or Akkusativ case depending on the usage (an, auf, hinter, in, neben, über, unter, ...
3
votes
3answers
94 views

The definition of Zusammenfassung: Understanding the cases and its repeated articles

I got this definition of Zusammenfassung from de.wiktionary.org and it is as follows. Zusammenfassung: kurzer Text, der den Inhalt eines längeren Textes knapp wiedergibt. There is a lot of grammar ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Temporal complement and its correct case

I'm confused about the correct case to use in a temporal complement: do you need the accusative? I'm asking about the expression of a well determined time (that does not continue). Examples may be: ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Is it “einige vor den Kopf stoßen” or “einigen vor den Kopf stoßen”?

The whole sentence is: Mit dem Glauben an einen hinsichtlich der Präzision und Allmächtigkeit abgeschwächten Laplace'schen Dämon scheint man immer wieder einige(n?) Leuten vor den Kopf zu stoßen ...
3
votes
3answers
89 views

die Rechtstruktur in den/dem Katalog einbauen?

I know that I should say: Ich wohne in der Stadt. and Ich fahre in die Stadt. Because direction is involved in the second verb. However, should I say: Muss die Rechtstruktur im ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Welches ist die Ordnung in einen Satz (Akk, Dat, TEKAMOLO)?

I weiss Te(temporal)Ka(kausal)Mo(modal)Lo(lokal), aber mit einem Satz mit Akkusativ und Dativ. A) Ich habe einen Deutschkurs letztes Jahr in der Sprachschule gemacht/gesucht. B) Ich habe letztes Jahr ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

in Genitive Singular for Masculine and Neutral nouns, it's added “-s” or “-es”? [duplicate]

In Singular Genitiv for the neutral noun "Das Buch" they wrote in Duden "des Buches, Buchs", is there a rule to choose if we must add "-s" or "-es" to the noun, or something else?!!
2
votes
6answers
410 views

Struggling with case concept (the entire concept) [closed]

I've been learning German since 7th grade. It's been 4 years since I've graduated 12th grade. Though I can guess which words and what forms of the words to use, I can't figure out the case charts. ...
2
votes
5answers
494 views

Why “den Kindern” instead of “die Kinder”?

Den Kindern hat der Besuch ins Planetarium Spaß gemacht. (The children enjoyed going to the planetarium.) Why is it "den Kindern hat der Besuch", instead of "die Kinder haben den Besuch"?
2
votes
5answers
212 views

When to use dative or accusative object with “sitzen”?

I'm starting to learn German and I'm confused with usage of those two. Should I use accusative or dative in the following? In dem Kino sitzen Bürger. – dative or In das Kino sitzen Bürger. – ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Relative pronouns: der/die/das vs dass

I think understand the use of der/die/das and dass however I don't when to use which. For example, what is the correct translation of 'the apple I'm eating is tasty:' Das Apfel, dass ich esse, ist ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

When you say 'Ich möchte etw.', do you use the accusative or the nominative?

Is it 'Ich möchte ein Kaffee' or 'Ich möchte einen Kaffee'? I've only ever heard people say "Ich möchte ein Kaffee, bitte", but then again, Kaffee is the object, not the subject, so...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

How we use correctly “etwas für … halten” in sentence?

If for example we would say: I consider you as a brother. I consider you as my older brother. etc. How can we translate those sentences into German, because I don't know how "etw. für ... ...
2
votes
1answer
312 views

Ist “was für” etwas Nominativ oder Akkusativ?

I was wondering whether the sentence using "was für" would be Nominativ or Akkusativ for example: Was für ein warmer Winter! Was für einen warmen Winter!
2
votes
2answers
81 views

Confusion in the usage of a case in a book sentence

I read this sentence in a book I'm using for exercises: Jener Mann war kein Dieb, und man setze ihn daher in Freiheit; sofort gab man seiner Frau die frohe Kunde seiner Unschuld. I don't ...
2
votes
3answers
293 views

Unknown gender, known case, best guess for article would be? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I learn noun genders better? I have a habit of saying "dem" when I know something is dative but am not entirely sure of the gender. Would that be a good guess? ...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

Indicating case for proper nouns

Consider sentences of the form (correct me if I've got them wrong): Mir ist langweilig / Es ist mir langweilig. Dem Mann ist kalt / Es ist dem Mann kalt. It's important not to use the ...
2
votes
4answers
119 views

“An den Mann, den…” or “An dem Mann, den…” - Which one correct?

At the beginning of a letter on the Internet addressing someone, do we use accusative or dative? Which one is correct? An dem Mann, den... An den Mann, den...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Case for “The upcoming summer” [duplicate]

What should be the case for "the upcoming summer" as in the following sentences? Der kommende Sommer werde ich wahrscheinlich nach Deutschland gehen. or Den kommenden Sommer werde ich ...
2
votes
1answer
311 views

“Ich bin fertig mit der Arbeit” or “Ich habe fertig die Arbeit”?

Ich bin fertig mit der Arbeit. or Ich habe fertig die Arbeit. if there is more explication for "fertig"
2
votes
2answers
897 views

When to use “ins”?

I'm a little confused with the preposition contraction ins. As far as I know, it means in das, but I don't understand why it is used in this sentence: Sie fahren ins Theater. It feels like the ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

Is there a rapid online access to “feste Nomen-Präposition bzw. -Verb Verbindungen”?

Is it me, or is it difficult to find online, in dictionaries and so on, all the information about a "feste Nomen-Präposition Verbindungen"? Suppose you are writing in German and, for sake of ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Case of “Geraden” in “auf einer Geraden”

I ran into the sentence Die Punkte A, B und C liegen auf einer Geraden. From the dictionary I understand that "Gerade" takes on the form "Geraden" for both plural and genitive. But here it looks ...
2
votes
3answers
149 views

The grammatical function of “-en” in “aus dem Französischen, Englischen” etc.

In the German phrase "aus dem Englischen ins Deutsche übersetzen", the language name, which is neutral in German, ends with "-en" after "aus dem", while after "ins" it ends in an "-e". Can anyone ...
2
votes
3answers
110 views

Use of dative after “wegen” [duplicate]

This sentence is from the Frankfurter Allgemeine. Nicht nur wegen Athleten wie Reus oder den Kugelstoß-Assen Christian Schwanitz und David Storl blickt der Deutsche Leichtathletik-Verband ... ...
2
votes
1answer
288 views

Position of “nicht” in a sentence containing a “vollverb” and “modalverb”

Is it Ich kann nicht es dir sagen. oder Ich kann es dir nicht sagen. Sometimes I see "nicht" after "modalverb" directly and sometimes before "vollverb". Is there any difference and are ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Warum 'in die Türkei' aber 'nach Italien'? [duplicate]

Warum heißt es Ich fahre in die Türkei in den Urlaub. aber bei anderen Ländern Ich fahre nach Italien in den Urlaub.
1
vote
2answers
262 views

“without me” in German

I got confused while making a German sentence meaning: How you can enjoy your time without me? How can I translate the without me part? Does it depend on the case, like "wie"? For example: ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Why is it “den zwei Autos” and not “die zwei Autos”?

I've come across the sentence Ich stehe zwischen den zwei Autos Google also gives me much more results when searching den zwei Autos than when searching for die zwei Autos. I've also found ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Welchen Fall benutze ich in einem ob-Satz?

Ist "Artikel" hier Dativ oder Akkusativ? "Könntest Du bitte nachschauen, ob die Artikeln brauchbar sein könnten?"
1
vote
2answers
111 views

“Vor rund eineinhalb Jahr, seitdem habe ich dich kennengelernt, warst du eine andere Person” is correct?

Grammatically, the sentence above is correct? I have hesitations for e.g. "vor rund eineinhalb Jahr" or "vor rund eineinhalbem Jahr", and whether "seitdem" is in the right position?
1
vote
3answers
62 views

Case confusion nominative-accusative

In this sentence (from Beethoven's Choral Fantasy), I do not understand why "Menschen" appears to be in the accusative case: Wenn sich Lieb und Kraft vermählen, lohnt den Menschen Göttergunst. ...
1
vote
4answers
188 views

Accusative or nominative case after “wie”/“als”

What should be the case after "wie"/"als", as in the following examples? Er sieht aus wie ein/einen Amerikaner. Sie ist besser als ihr/ihren Freund.
1
vote
2answers
138 views

Nominative or accusative case for “ein Morgen”

To say "one morning in May I flew to London", should I say (a) Ein Morgen im Mai bin ich nach London geflogen. or (b) Einen Morgen ... or other possibilities?
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Nominative or accusative case for “ein Monat später”

If I want to say "a month later I came back home", should I say (a) Ein Monat später bin ich nach Hause zurückgekommen or (b) Einen Monat später ... or other possibilities?
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Case confusion: “der ausgefüllten Dokumente” or “die ausgefüllten Dokumente”

I would like to reply to an email in formal context. I have doubts regarding the German counterpart of the English phrase: Please find attached the completed documents. Is the German phrase ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Passt dem Verb „entscheiden“ nur die Präposition „gegen“?

Ich würde gerne wissen, ob man immer gegen für das Verb entscheiden benutzt. Beispiel Manchmal muss man sich gegen den eigenen Wunsch entscheiden.
1
vote
1answer
642 views

aus, bei, mit, nach, seit, (usw)

"aus, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu, gegenüber" I vaguely remember this list of prepositions (I hope it's correct) which we had to learn by heart in my German class 30 years ago. But I don't ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

When to use das/die/der and when ein/eine?

I'm just starting with German and got a bit lost when one should use das (or die/der) and when ein (eine/ein). I suppose it should be something like "a" or "the" in English depending if we're talking ...
1
vote
1answer
586 views

Warum sagt man “letzte Woche” aber “in der letzten Woche”? [duplicate]

Warum gibt es einen Unterschied im Wort "letzte"?
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Den Substantiv (AKK) -(e)n

Wieso ist -en in folgendem Fall nötig? (Warum ist den Student nicht richtig?) Zwei Freunde besuchen den Studenten. Gibt es Regeln für die Fälle, wo "den Substantiv (AKK) -(e)n" nötig ist?
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Where is the accusative? [closed]

I'm taking German as a second language class (to be admitted to German university) and they gave this sentence to find the nominative and accusative. "Martin and Petra like to read." I'm thinking that ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

What case for time expressions? [duplicate]

What is the appropriate case for time expressions that don't involve a preposition? Letzten Monat sah ich ihn. (accusative) Letzter Monat sah ich ihn. (nominative)
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Which one is correct: “dir” or “dich”? Dative or Accusative? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why isn’t “Ich danke dir” “Ich danke dich?” If when I'm talking with a German, and I want to thank him/her which one is correct? Ich danke dich is correct or Ich danke ...
0
votes
1answer
320 views

Schreibst du einen Brief an deinen Vater?

Please explain what are the cases (accusative, dative) here and why exactly those. Schreibst du einen Brief an deinen Vater? I assume that schreibst is a verb, ein Brief is a subject the same ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Adjective conjugation for nominative, masculine, singular? [closed]

Found this table: http://esl.fis.edu/learners/fis/german/kasus/caseTables.htm It appears to conflict with what I've learned. In the very top line, for instance, shouldn't it be as follows: der ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Usage of “dem” in “Dem Mädchen ist kalt.” [duplicate]

Dem Mädchen ist kalt. I was going through some German exercises and found this sentence. Can someone explain to me why this is not "das" instead of "dem"?