The case of a noun or pronoun is an inflectional form that indicates its grammatical function in a phrase, clause, or sentence

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100 views

What case is being used in a sentence like “Kaltes Bier!” or “Guten Morgen!”?

I know the ending is the same in both nominative and accusative for feminine, neuter and plural, but I'd like to know which case I'm using because the ending changes in the masculine. For example: ...
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3answers
77 views

Is “einen der” in “Hinter mir seht ihr einen der berühmtesten Imbissstände” accusative or genitive?

I'm a bit confused about this sentence because Imbissstände is plural, but einen is singular accusative and I'm not sure if der is plural genitive or masculine nominative.
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1answer
41 views

How can I tell the German cases apart (nominative, accusative, dative, genitive) and how do adjective endings work? [closed]

It has been puzzling me for quite a while and no online explanations seem to give me a thorough understanding can someone help please?
2
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1answer
38 views

what is “ein-” in the construct “Ein- nach d- ander-” [duplicate]

Could someone explain in the following examples, how the declension of "ein-" works? "die eines nach dem anderen einschlafenden Kinder" "die einer nach dem anderen durchstartenden Halbstarken" "die ...
3
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4answers
3k views

Meaning of nominative, genitive, dative and accusative

Here are the declensions of the word "ich" in 4 different cases: nominative: ich genitive: meiner dative: mir accusative: mich Three questions: What are the English equivalents? In my native ...
2
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2answers
112 views

Dative prepositions and seit

I am learning via Duolingo and struggling to understand why this was the correct answer: Ich habe einen Hut, seit du einen Hut hast. Why is it “… du einen Hut hast” and not “du einem Hut hast”? ...
8
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1answer
127 views

„als …“ in Fragesätzen

Oft höre ich in der Umgangssprache Fragen wie Darf ich Ihnen als Experten eine Frage stellen? Ist diese Frage überhaupt korrekt oder müsste es eigentlich ohne das n in Experten geschrieben ...
2
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2answers
75 views

Präposition “an”: Dativ oder Akkusativ?

Es gibt eine Frage in meinem Buch. Lesen Sie. Nehmen Sie in einem Brief an die Zeitung Stellung. Soll es nicht Lesen Sie. Nehmen Sie in einem Brief an der Zeitung Stellung. sein ?
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4answers
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What are the syntactical parts of “Ich bin ein Berliner”?

Are these the correct syntactical parts of the sentence “ich bin ein Berliner”? Ich — subject; bin — verb; ein Berliner — direct object. But if they are, shouldn’t ein Berliner have declination, ...
2
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1answer
173 views

How to know Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Genitive Verbs in German?

I am learning German, perhaps I am A1 level but I really wish to raise my level to B1 and as far as my experience goes, the verbs are quite important to know and for not only verb but for grammatical ...
2
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2answers
2k views

“Ich bin fertig mit der Arbeit” or “Ich habe fertig die Arbeit”?

Ich bin fertig mit der Arbeit. or Ich habe fertig die Arbeit. if there is more explication for "fertig"
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3answers
172 views

Must one use ‘wir haben’ to express the date rather than ‘es ist’?

In my exercises I’m reading through it says: Wir haben den dritten Oktober — It is the third of October Is this the common way to express the date in German? would no one say: Es ist der ...
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4answers
8k views

Why it is “Eines Tages” and not simply “ein Tag”?

In a story I read recently, there was a sentence: Eines Tages fand Peter eine Schatzkarte! And I wonder why it is eines Tages and not ein Tag, because ein Tag is what I would say normally. Is ...
2
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2answers
4k views

When to use das/die/der and when ein/eine?

I'm just starting with German and got a bit lost when one should use der/die/das and when ein/eine. I suppose it should be something like "a" or "the" in English depending if we're talking about ...
3
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1answer
97 views

Is *trotz + dative* avoided in academic writing (for the sake of style)?

I checked out the case-government issue of trotz in Duden's Richtige-und-Gutes-Deutsch and Langenscheidt-Großwörterbuch-Deutsch-als-Fremdsprache; both references mark its dative government as ...
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1answer
46 views

Apposition of Eintönigkeit and Schwarz in this translation of Camus's The Stranger

The question is on the use of (grammatical) cases in the highlighted sentence below. (The passage is from Georg Goyert and Hans Georg Brenner's translation of Camus's The Stranger.) Es schien mir,...
11
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1answer
99 views

“Gehen” with genitive?

I saw this in Der treffende Ausdruck: Die Nachbarin grüßte ihn kurz und ging ihres Weges, aber der Kollege unterhielt sich mit ihm, während sie auf den Bus warteten. I’ve never seen a gehen plus ...
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1answer
79 views
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55 views

Im Herbst/im Herbste: reasons to use the old dative ending?

I read in the first chapter of Auf Den Marmorklippen (Ernst Jünger, 1939) the following sentences (edition: Ullstein Taschenbuch, 9. Auflage 2008): Zweimal im Jahr ließen wir indessen das rote ...
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1answer
75 views

Which of the following phrases is grammatically correct?

Which of the phrases is grammatically correct: ,,ein Saal voll von Menschen'' or ,,ein Saal voll Menschen''? If ein Saal voll Menschen be acceptable, of which grammatical case is Menschen here, the ...
4
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1answer
42 views

„von zwei Pfund grünen Erbsen“ (apposition) or „von zwei Pfund grüner Erbsen“ (genitive)?

According to my grammar texts (Hammer’s Grammar by Martin Durrell or Modern German Grammar by Dodd, Klapper, etc.), the noun phrase that denote what is measured should stand in apposition to the ...
3
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1answer
77 views

Of which grammatical case is the „Menschen“ in the following sentence?

In this sentence Der Saal war voll Menschen. I am wondering: Of which grammatical case is the Menschen here: the nominative, the genitive or the dative?
2
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1answer
70 views

When does ‘trotz’ govern the dative case?

It is said that trotz historically went well with both the dative and the genitive cases, while in contemporary usage the genitive becomes the norm and the dative survives only in idiomatic ‘frozen’ ...
0
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1answer
87 views

Dativ oder Akkusativ mit ‘eintragen’ und ‘sehen’ bzw. nach ‘in’?

If I register something in a database, is this dative or accusative? Ich trage die Daten in die Tabelle ein. Ich trage die Daten in der Tabelle ein. I have noticed that the verb sehen ...
4
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1answer
91 views

What does “wäre er nicht” mean?

I do not understand the structure of this sentence from the book Harry Potter: Tante Petunia wäre er nicht ins Haus gekommen. Could you translate this sentence and explain these things? Are ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Wie wähle ich das korrekte Einleitewort eines Relativsatzes?

Ich will sagen: "There are many certificat(ion)s, which I would take". Es gibt viele Zertifikate, die ich machen will/wollte. Oder Es gibt viele Zertifikate, deren ich machen will/wollte. ...
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1answer
57 views

When to put '-s' or -'es' after a noun in genetiv case? [duplicate]

What I know is that, when there are more than two vowels , we put "-es" but in "Arzt" we put -"es", but what about "Zahnarzt" oder "Tierarzt"? We'll put "-es"? Or is there some other logic behind this ...
3
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2answers
90 views

Why do some German dictionaries list the genitive case ending?

I recently read that some German dictionaries list the genitive case ending for an entry but no explanation was given as to why some publishers choose to do this. Anyone happen to know?
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2answers
79 views

Genitiv-S bei Krankheitsbezeichnungen

Ich habe kürzlich die Phrase gehört wegen meines Rheumas und mich dabei gefragt, ob ein Anhängen des Genitiv-S' in diesem Fall korrekt ist. Ich bin mir bei dem aus dem Griechischen kommenden ...
8
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2answers
215 views

“An jedem Tag” vs. “Jeden Tag”

Ich suche nach einer Antwort auf die Frage, was der Unterschied zwischen diesen beiden Formen ist. Beispiel: An jedem Montag gibt es Fisch. Jeden Montag gibt es Fisch. Im Speziellen wären ...
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4answers
173 views

Why do some adjectives have the same ending as the article, but others don’t?

I understand that in the sentence “ich möchte den blauen Regenschirm haben”: the adjective changes from blau to blauen as it is applied to a masculine object of the sentence. It takes the -en ending ...
6
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5answers
23k views

Why is it “es tut mir leid” and not “es tut mich leid”?

I have been learning German for about a month now, and I am trying to understand the grammatical cases. I read that we should say es tut mir leid to say I am sorry which I take to mean it makes me ...
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0answers
36 views

Ist “Zuhause” ein Relikt eines nicht mehr existenten Kasus? [duplicate]

Jemand erzählte mir mal, daß „Zuhause“ ein Überbleibsel eines Kasus (Lokativ?) ist, der aus dem modernen Deutsch längst verschwunden ist. Ich weiß, daß Protogermanisch noch ein paar Kasus mehr ...
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3answers
123 views

Why does “unter” not take dative case in “unter etwas fallen”?

I’m going crazy because all my dreams and rules are falling down. As far as I know the preposition unter takes dative but the following examples don’t seem to be using dative. (1) Unter welches ...
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2answers
105 views

„Und” zwischen zwei Verben mit unterschiedlichem Kasus

Ich werde dem Chef die Unterlage durch E-Mail zuschicken und/oder telefonieren. oder Ich werde dem Chef die Unterlage durch E-Mail zuschicken und/oder ihn telefonieren. Welcher Satz stimmt und,...
5
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3answers
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Accusative or dative for verbs of movement

My doubt is with respect to this sentence (in perfect) Er ist zum Büro gegangen. My teacher taught me that we have to use the verb sein as helping verb whenever there is a movement. However, why ...
11
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2answers
218 views

Why Mitternacht, not Mittnacht

I was wondering, middle of the day is Mittag, middle of the week is Mittwoch, but why midnight is called Mitternacht! I searched a little, and found the explanation behind middle of the week being ...
1
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1answer
114 views

du seiest vs du seist? [closed]

I'm just starting out in Deutsch, mostly on my own. I was writing out verb tenses, when I came across "du seiest" and "du seist". Both are listed under Konjunktiv I, Präsens. What's the difference ...
4
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0answers
90 views

Kanonische Reihenfolge der Kasus [duplicate]

Die morphologisch sinnvolle Reihenfolge der Kasus im Deutschen ist Nominativ, Akkusativ, Dativ, Genitiv (NADG). So wird meines Wissens auch in den meisten Fachtexten und im DaF-Unterricht sowie seit ...
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3answers
194 views

Difference between “accusative” and “direct object”

I always thought accusative case is used for the direct objects of a verb, until a few minutes ago when I found in German grammar in a nutshell, that Can you please explain the subtle difference ...
4
votes
4answers
165 views

Explain the motivation for cases for speakers of languages without them [closed]

This might be a general question but I've just re encountered cases again while learning German. How would one explain the purpose of cases? In German there are 4, there are languages with more... ...
11
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2answers
328 views

Numbering cases

Sometimes I see a case referred to by number instead of by name. Now that's fine if there's an official, definite order. But while I see in tables mostly the order Nominativ Akkusativ ...
12
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3answers
746 views

Was ist richtig: „viele anderen Fragen“ oder „viele andere Fragen“?

Was ist korrekt: viele anderen Fragen oder viele andere Fragen ? Es handelt sich dabei um folgenden Satz: Es stehen noch viele andere Fragen offen. Ich habe sowohl im Internet,...
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2answers
163 views

Des „Skriptes“ oder „Skripts“

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: Nouns with 2 genitive forms (-s/-es). When to use each? Welches von beiden ist korrekt: „Optimierung des Skriptes“ oder „Skripts“? Wie ...
2
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1answer
344 views

“Ich sehe in das Bild, dann denke ich dran” or “Ich sehe im Bild, dann denke ich dran” [closed]

It’s clear to me that we use accusative for movements from place to place, and dative for being at a place. But for such verbe like sehen as above, should we use accusative or dative?
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0answers
39 views

An easy way to remember if a verb’s object requires accusative or dative case? [duplicate]

I am finding it difficult to find out which verb takes which case (accusative/dative). Please can somebody suggest a way to ease this?
7
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2answers
235 views

“Einer deiner Lehrer” – is this sentence correct?

Okay so I am reading through Harry Potter in German and I have come across this sentence: Harry, Professor Quirrell ist einer deiner Lehrer in Hogwarts. I do not understand why it is "einer ...
2
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5answers
330 views

“Willst du der Schülerin helfen?” why dative case “der Schülerin” but not “die Schülerin”?

I saw this sentence and don't understand why Schülerin is dative but not accusative. helfen is transitive verb so the object must be direct object so why it is dative? Willst du der Schülerin ...
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3answers
303 views

Cases in “Das sind meine Mutter und mein Vater”

Mutter and Vater being the objects of the sentence, shouldn’t the preposition (?) mein for Vater change to meinen? Meaning, why is it only correct to say: Das ist meinen Tisch. but not correct ...
6
votes
2answers
143 views

Warum ist der Akkusativ rein maskulin?

Gibt es eine gute Erklärung dafür, dass der Akkusativ ausschließlich im Maskulinum vom Nominativ unterschieden wird? In der Flexion der Adjektive, Artikel und Pronomen weisen Femininum, Neutrum und ...