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2
votes
1answer
145 views

Learning German from scratch in order to read mathematics?

I heard that learning basics of French and German, especially in order to read mathematics, is not difficult. It's verified by my experience of learning French: it's much easier to read mathematics ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Endliche Anzahl

In a vaguely mathematical context, could the 'endlich' in 'endliche Anzahl' ever not mean finite but only something like 'limited', so as to maybe include some transfinite cardinalities?
7
votes
1answer
546 views

Writing mathematical texts in German

I am looking for something like an "encyclopedia" of practical guidelines on writing mathematical papers/texts in German (lists of common phrases in mathematics in German, common sentence ...
6
votes
2answers
111 views

„Tail“ in der Statistik

Im Englischen gibt es tail für die beiden Enden einer Wahrscheinlichkeitsverteilung. Gibt es dafür eine Übersetzung? Z. B.: The probability distribution has a long tail. Wenn ich das wörtlich ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is n! called “n Fakultät”?

I’m trying to conciliate the noun Fakultät in its meaning of Fachbereich with its meaning of the function Faktorielle, n! (i.e. Γ(n+1)). Even easier, maybe as follows. On the second meaning, ...
7
votes
1answer
271 views

How to read in German these mathematical symbols (f′,f″,f‴,∘,ã ,â,…)?

How to read the mathematical notation of the small list below, say in a blackboard-talk. Notice that I'm not asking for the meaning, but the name of the symbol attached to "the letter" is what ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What does the abbrevation “o.E.” stand for?

Reading a mathematical paper written in German, I can’t understand the following abbrevation: o.E. f(x) := 0 für x ∈ M, sonst löse … (proof of theorem 2.4.5 in this diploma thesis; page 57) It ...
3
votes
3answers
116 views

Wie übersetzt man “interventions”?

Der Kontext ist eine Akademie über Kausalität (Mathematik). Hier ein Auszug aus https://stat.ethz.ch/people/jopeters/index/edit/causalityHomepage/causality_files/scriptChapter1-4.pdf: Causal ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Meaning of a German idiomatic phrase in mathematics

Softball question here.... Does Dabei sollen G1 und G2 einen Winkel einschließen, der zum vollen Winkel 2π in einem irrationalen Verhältnis steht. mean the following? Thereby, (lines) G1 ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Descriptive purpose of 'absolut genommenen' when applied to line segments (translating a math paper)

The statement is Dann besteht zwischen den absolut genommenen Verbindungsstrecken dieser Punkte die Beziehung ... and then an inequality is presented (this is from a math paper by Wilhelm ...
11
votes
5answers
341 views

How do you say “handwavy proof” in German?

In English language there is a beautiful colloquial usage, which describes the way a proof is done ie a "handwavy proof". A handwavy proof is a kind of proof, in which you use no/very little ...
6
votes
1answer
298 views

How do you say “act on” in a quantum-mechanical context in German?

My German is pretty good but I know very little of the terminology in Quantum Mechanics. In Quantum Mechanics one often say something like the momentum operator p acts on the ket |ψ>. How ...
3
votes
3answers
326 views

Logic structure versus grammar rules

When it comes to the some words in a logic or math context, say implizieren and enthalten for sake of concreteness, the grammar rules and the logic structure do not always seem to peacefully coexist. ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Wie beugt man das Adjektiv „irreduzibel“?

Wie dekliniert man das Adjektiv irreduzibel? Die Endung -ble bei verschiedenen Fällen verwirrt mich. In etwa diesem Wikipedia-Artikel kann man sehen, worum es geht. Aus demselben Artikel lässt sich ...
3
votes
2answers
536 views

How to read “modulo” (Math) in German? About the preposition it induces

In English there exists the proposition modulo (see also the Wiktionary entry) or modulo the fact. Any of these, however, are not proper from English, but have their origin in mathematics, presumably ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

How to read mathematical “union” in German

How is the set "A union B" read in German? Is it "Die Vereinigung von A und B" or "A vereinigt mit B"? (Also, is there some place that describes how mathematical expressions are read in German?)
6
votes
2answers
197 views

German “Man beweise …” for “Prove that …”

I see that in mathematics text, “Prove that” is translated to German as “Man beweise, dass”, and “Determine” is translated as “Man bestimme”. What kind of construction is this? It reminds me of the ...
0
votes
1answer
684 views

Most efficient way to learn German? [closed]

There have already been a few duplicates regarding how to learn German efficiently; however, my question may be a slight variant. (If it's not distinct enough, please let me know and I will delete.) ...
5
votes
3answers
172 views

German word for “probability score” or “likelihood”?

Ich suche Leute, die sowohl eine gewisse mathematische Grundbildung als auch gute Deutsch- und Englischkenntnisse haben. Speziell geht es um folgende Frage: Wie bezeichnet man im Deutschen einen ...
2
votes
2answers
110 views

“Reconstruction theorem” auf Deutsch

Ich suche das richtige deutsche Wort für das englische „Reconstruction“ im englischen mathematischen Ausdruck „Reconstruction theorem“. Ich denke „Wiederherstellungstheorem“ kingt nicht so geeignet, ...
15
votes
3answers
449 views

How are mathematical expressions of this kind read in German (with fraction and root)?

        My guesses are: ein fünfte Wurzel aus a plus c Quadrat-tel / ein Kubikwurzel aus p-tel eins durch fünfte Wurzel aus a plus c Quadrat / eins durch ...
4
votes
3answers
214 views

Writing about systems of linear equations in German

I'm a beginner German learner and a mathematician. I've been trying to write solutions to simple linear algebra questions in German in order to practice writing mathematics in German. I keep on having ...
4
votes
1answer
230 views

How do I express these group-theory concepts in spoken German?

I'm always having trouble talking about my mathematics in spoken German. For instance: ℤ/nℤ ("the cyclic group "z over n z" or "z mod n z") (ℤ/pℤ)× (the group non-zero elements of "z over p ...
7
votes
3answers
203 views

Deutsche Bezeichnungen für Begriffe aus der Typtheorie

In der Informatik hat man Variablen verschiedenen Typs, wie z.B. Bool (Typ von True), String (Typ von "abc") oder Maybe. Manche Programmiersprachen unterscheiden neben Typen jedoch auch kinds, ...
6
votes
4answers
13k views

Warum nennt man in Deutsch die Zahlen 0, 2, 4 … “gerade” Zahlen?

Auf Deutsch werden ganze Zahlen, die ohne Rest durch 2 teilbar sind – also die Reihe ... -4, -2, 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 ... – als gerade und die Zahlen ... -3, -1, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 ... als ...
15
votes
4answers
255 views

Konjunktiv in mathematics without subject at the beginning

A follow-up question to the use of "sei" in mathematics. Compare the two following sentences, which are both common: Es sei f eine stetige Funktion. Sei f eine stetige Funktion. Would ...
25
votes
6answers
1k views

Why use Konjunktiv I in mathematics?

Konjunktiv I is mostly used for indirect speech and wishes. The following sentence is neither: Die Funktionen ψn(x) seien Eigenfunktionen eines Hamiltonoperators Ĥ. Why is the Konjunktiv I used ...
9
votes
2answers
309 views

Zweistellige Zahlen und Stellenwertsystem

Im Deutschen werden ja bei den zweistelligen Zahlen die Einer vor den Zehnern ausgesprochen, während das für die höheren Stellen nicht mehr gilt, sodass es zu der unsystematischen Reihung ...