The tag has no usage guidance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

3
votes
1answer
77 views

Idiomatic usage of “müssen”

I’m watching “Deutschland 83”, and one of the characters said “Du musst geh nach Berlin”, which confused me because I had always learned that modal verbs always kicked the second verb to the end of ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Modal and separable verb [on hold]

Suppose I am building a modal sentence with a separable/trenbare verb. Does the verb at the end of the sentence still get separated ? Is it "Ich muss gehen zurück" Or "Ich muss zurückgehen" ?
1
vote
1answer
98 views

How do we say “The house must have already been bought! We should have come earlier.” in German?

In English, we often use the ‘must + have + p.p’ to draw a conclusion about a particular situation we are witnessing. For instance, arriving at the gate of an house which has been on sale for a while, ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

What is the word order for a sentence with with Modal Verbs in Futur II (Future Perfect)? [closed]

I am trying to summarise word order in sentences of different tenses and moods using the following table: +-----------------+-----------+--------+--------------+---------------+-----------+ | ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Difference between “etwas zu trinken” and “etwas trinken”

I would like to know the difference between the following two sentences: Ich möchte etwas zu trinken. Ich möchte etwas trinken.
0
votes
2answers
95 views

Do I have to state “am Wochenende” in my answer?

So if I am asked the question: Was sollen Sie am Wochenende alles tun? I respond with: Ich soll schwimmen gehen. Where can I put Wochenende in my answer, or don't I need to?
-2
votes
1answer
31 views

“Was dürfen Sie alles nicht tun?” [closed]

How can one answer this question? So from my understanding the question is asking "What should you not do?". I want to say that I shouldn't go to bed late. How would I say it in German? Ich darf ...
-3
votes
1answer
47 views

“I can speak three languages” [closed]

I want to say the following in German: I can speak three languages. I am wondering if what I came up with is correct: Ich kann drei Sprachen sprechen.
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Ungewöhnliche Kombination der Perfekt-Form und der Modalverben

This question also has an answer here (in German): Different meanings / usages of Konjunktiv II in combination with the past form Was ich gelernt habe: Modalverbe gehen nicht mit Perfekt. Ein ...
2
votes
3answers
60 views

How to answer the following question “Was mögen Sie alles nicht?”

The question is basically saying what you never like to do, right? So, I will answer Ich mag nicht so viel fernsehen. I basically want to say I don't like watching a lot of TV. Are the ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

How “So was brauchst du dem Herrn doch nicht zu erzählen” means what it means

In Camus's The Stranger, there is a passage in which the caretaker of the nursing home compares, for the benefit of the bereaved young Meursault, how long a body may be left above ground in the hot ...
3
votes
3answers
79 views

Simple past vs. Subjunctive of 'sollen' and 'wollen'?

I'm having difficulties working out how you would identify the meaning of a sentence such as: Manni sollte die Tasche nicht vergessen Is that the indicative simple past for "Manni was not ...
6
votes
1answer
86 views

why have they used “müssen” instead of “sollen” here?

I've read through this post on the differences between müssen and sollen: Difference between “sollen” and “müssen” I was trying to decide how to say "you should have told him" (e.g. that jumping ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

How do you go from “wollen” in Konjunktiv II in indirect speech to direct speech?

Consider the use of wollen in these passages. A: Da erzählte er [der Königssohn] ihr, er wäre von einer bösen Hexe verwünscht worden, und niemand hätte ihn aus dem Brunnen erlösen können als sie ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Can you use “wollen” in Konjunktiv II simply to mean what will happen (no volition)?

In Der Gevatter Tod, Death instructs his godson, the doctor, to say certain things when making a call, as follows. Wenn du [der Arzt] zu einem Kranken gerufen wirst, so will ich [der Gevatter Tod] ...
8
votes
3answers
232 views

Does “wollen” ever function like English “will” to signal a future event (no volition)

Question Does "wollen" ever function like English "will" (or "be going to" if in the past tense) to signal a future event without any element of volition? Question Explained I came to have the ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

The position of a modal verb when not adjacent to the finite verb

Are these grammatically well formed German sentences? A: Er wird{0}* es erledigen{3} können{2} haben{1}. B: Sie sagt, dass er es werde{0} erledigen{3} können{2} haben{1}. (*Bracketed ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Perfect + modal verb + list – how do I expand this?

The question is on the highlighted verb in this quote from Rotkäppchen. Es wird auch erzählt, dass einmal, als Rotkäppchen der alten Grossmutter wieder Gebackenes brachte, ein anderer Wolf es ...
3
votes
3answers
373 views

Is “lassen” a modal verb?

In a lot of sentences lassen has the same grammar structure of modal verbs for example: Kundenanfragen lassen sich schneller und effizienter bearbeiten. If it’s a modal verb, when should we use ...
11
votes
2answers
595 views

Is ‘mögen’ plus verb an indication of ‘maybe’?

I have been encountering some of the new concepts that I was not able to grasp. That is, I used to know that the usage of mögen only refers to the concept of to like or want (may be more inclined to ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Wortreihenfolge im Perfekt von Modalverben

Ist es korrekt zu sagen Ich habe gewollt das zu lernen. (vielleicht ohne zu?) Ich ahne, dass es seltsam klingt, auch wenn es korrekt ist. Aber ist es korrekt oder muss man sagen: Ich habe ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

“hat arbeitet müssen” or “hat arbeiten müssen”?

He claims that he [had to]/[has had to] work on this book for 3 years. 1) Er behauptet, dass er an diesem Buch 3 Jahre hat arbeitet müssen. 2) Er behauptet, dass er an diesem Buch 3 Jahre ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

Modal verb used for probability in german

"Mag er mich?" is translated as " Does he like me?" My question is does "Mögen" is used also for probability... so my sentence about it I am confused "May she missunderstand me by that? " is ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Which is the conjugated form for “müssen” in the present tense? Is it “ich muss” or “ich muß”?

I learned it from my German teacher as muß. But I'm reading a lot of notes on the Internet that say it's muss and others that it's muß. Has there been an official change in the German language ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

How much focus is put on German modality when it is taught?

I can remember how much focus we put on tense and aspect when learning English: endless lessons on when to use which tense and which aspect (mainly progressive/continuous of course). There is a term ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the meaning of various 'haben + modal' or 'modal + haben' constructions?

Background: Of the following possible constructions, I found explanations of 1A, 1D and 2A in grammar books. (1A) Er hat mir einen Brief schreiben können : He was able to write me a letter ...
7
votes
3answers
171 views

Sentences with same modal verb occuring twice

Sein Führerschein wurde letzten Monat abgenommen, aber er dürfte wieder fahren dürfen. His driver's license was taken away last month, but he most likely is allowed to drive again. Is the ...
5
votes
3answers
209 views

Meaning of “dürfen müssen”

From Focus: Dank dieser Gerüchte dürfte Marco Reus zum ersten Mal in seiner Führerschein-Affäre schmunzeln müssen. What does "dürfte ... schmunzeln müssen" mean? Is he allowed to smile, or must ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

How to know when to place the helper verb prior to the end vs at the very end of the sentence?

I have noticed when one forms a more complicated sentence, that the helper verb seems to either go prior to the last 2 verbs, or at the very end of the sentence. These examples may help clarify what I ...
3
votes
3answers
80 views

Konjunktiv in “Wer sich etwas wünscht, müsste …”

Aus dem Spiegel-Magazin: ..., aber es fällt auf, dass die Generation Merkel im Spiegel der Umfragen zu großen Teilen eine Haltung zeigt, die mit Merkels Politikstil korrespondiert. In gewollt ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Meaning of “eine Debatte, die keine sein dürfte”

From the Frankfurter Allgemeine: Apples und Facebooks Angebot, ihren Mitarbeiterinnen künftig eine Frist-Freikarte für die Reproduktion zu spendieren, hat eine Debatte ausgelöst, die keine sein ...
2
votes
3answers
116 views

Bedeutung von “mögen” in “mögen die Hürden auch noch so hoch sein”

Aus Angela Merkels Rede am 9. November: Träume können wahr werden. Nichts muss so bleiben, wie es ist – mögen die Hürden auch noch so hoch sein. Diese Erfahrung wollen wir mit unseren Partnern in ...
4
votes
5answers
319 views

“Es soll/sollte … geben” as in “There should be …”

Suppose I want to say This software is so complicated to use that there should be a PhD in it. Which of the two versions is correct? (a) Diese Software ist so kompliziert zu benutzen, dass ...
0
votes
1answer
165 views

Modal verb sentence order

I am learning German and we got our first modal verb today, können. We have to put the sentence in order. The sentence pieces are: Die Schüler/gut/Deutsch/können/? Is the sentence suppose to be ...
1
vote
2answers
149 views

Modal verbs: why those endings?

Ich muss - wir müssen Ich mag - wir mögen Ich kann - wir können Ich darf - wir dürfen Why are the singular persons so different from the infinitive form, for these verbs? It's clearly not umlaut, ...
8
votes
3answers
802 views

Difference between “Das sollst du nicht” and “Das solltest …”

What are the differences between Das sollst du nicht. Das solltest du nicht. Am I correct in understanding that the "solltest" version sounds more polite than the "soll" version, like ...
9
votes
1answer
408 views

What are the linguistic/historical reason of different conjugation of modal verbs?

I'd like to know whether any deep reason exists why conjugations for ich and er,sie,es are the same.
8
votes
3answers
154 views

Meaning of “mögen” as “dürfen”

From Der Spiegel: Mindestens so gefährlich wie der gesellschaftliche Reformeifer des Kreml-Chefs ist für die DDR ausgangs der Achtzigerjahre Gorbatschows Aufforderung, die Ostblockstaaten mögen ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Infinitiv + »zu« + Modalverb?

Glücklich, wieder Fußball spielen zu können! Ich freue mich, heute hier sprechen zu dürfen. Je länger man es schafft, die Figur rennen zu lassen, desto mehr Punkte erhält man. Die Form ...
6
votes
2answers
232 views

Using “wollen” in passive

I came across this sentence Auch 25 Jahre nach dem Fall der Berliner Mauer gibt es noch viele Barrieren, die überwunden werden wollen. My question is: Can things, like barriers, "want to be ...
3
votes
3answers
117 views

“Möchte” as real Konjunktiv II in “Man möchte meinen”?

The recent question about möchten reminded me of something I stumbled across: Man möchte meinen, sie sei schwanger. The following are results from COSMAS II (Corpus Database): man möchte meinen ...
5
votes
1answer
308 views

Brauchen as modal (again)

I found this Dilbert comic on a german website: ...
8
votes
3answers
125 views

Meaning of “will” + present perfect

Das Handy-Signal, das der türkische Geheimdienst in Syrien geortet haben will, könnte für die Eltern der beiden seit Tagen verschwundenen Österreicherinnen zur traurigen Gewissheit werden. What ...
5
votes
3answers
352 views

“Der Hund will draußen bleiben”

I've seen such text on the doors to one shop: Der Hund will draußen bleiben I understand the meaning of the text, because from the context it was quite clear, that the dogs are banned from ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Why does “ablecken” become “abzulecken” in this sentence?

I'm trying to take apart this sentence to understand how it's put together. It's from a children's book called "Wer will eine kleine Katze haben?" Here is the sentence: Als Mama die dicke Bella ...
2
votes
1answer
664 views

Need help with the usage of “ohne zu”

I'm studying German on my own and I would like some help with this sentence I read in my textbook: Deshalb möchte er im Urlaub möglichst viel an der frischen Luft sein, ohne sich zu sehr ...
4
votes
2answers
266 views

Suggeriert “brauchen” unterschiedliche Aussagen, wenn es als Pseudo-Modalverb verwendet wird?

Zusätzlich zur Frage Wann fungiert “brauchen” als Modalverb? eine weitere. Wie dort erwähnt, ist es für mich in manchen Fällen akzeptabel, das "zu" fallen zu lassen, während ich in anderen dies als ...
5
votes
2answers
331 views

Wann fungiert “brauchen” als Modalverb?

Canoo.net kennt einige Verben, welche ähnlich zu Modalverben verwendet werden können: Neben den Modalverben dürfen, können, mögen, müssen, sollen und wollen gibt es noch ein paar andere Verben, ...
4
votes
1answer
547 views

Nebensatz without verb at the last position (with modal verbs). Why?

The order in the following sentence is ok, right? (1) Ich glaube, dass er seine Hausaufgaben früher hätte machen können. Why is it so and not as the following variant? (2) Ich glaube, dass ...