Modalverben – Questions on special auxiliary verbs ‘dürfen’, ‘können’, ‘mögen’, ‘müssen’, ‘sollen’, ‘wollen’

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When does one use the past participle of modal verbs?

I recently learned that the perfect form for modal verbs uses the infinitive rather than the past participle, for example: Ich habe lernen müssen. My question is when does one use the past ...
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0answers
20 views

What’s the difference between “er möchtet” and “er will”? [duplicate]

What’s the difference between er möchtet and er will? I am confused because the verb mögen seems to have two different forms: er mag er möchtet
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2answers
167 views

machen sollen werden soll?

Obwohl ich ein deutscher Muttersprachler bin, habe ich mit der Formulierung von Pflichten, die erst in der Zukunft entstehen, manchmal Probleme. Ein ganz konkretes Beispiel: Eine Kundin möchte, dass ...
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2answers
62 views

Tensed verb preceding infinitive verb in modal relative clauses?

In the recent Ohrwurm "Geiles Leben" by Glasperlenspiel, the following verses can be heard (at 0:24): Was du heute kannst besorgen Das schiebst du ganz entspannt auf morgen (cf. songtexte....
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2answers
88 views

»aufweichen« vs. »aufweichen lassen«

Gibt es einen prinzipiellen Unterschied zwischen: aufweichen und aufweichen lassen; auftauen und auftauen lassen. (Es geht mir dabei um den Einfluss von lassen und nicht um den Unterschied ...
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2answers
119 views

wollen + Passiv

Zum Beispiel: Mein Kreditkonto will aus meinem Giro kompensiert werden. Was ich damit sagen will: Eine Absicht, das Giro aus dem Kredit zu kompensieren existiert, aber ich habe das Subjekt ...
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0answers
72 views

Which verbs use the Präteritum in spoken language(Northern Germany)? [duplicate]

I would like to know which verbs(besides sein, haben, and the modals) are commonly spoken in the Präteritum in Northern Germany, specifically Berlin(state). This question was answered partially here ...
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2answers
52 views

Stative passive with ‘vertreten’

I read this sentence: Auf der Hochzeit war jedes Alter vertreten. This seemed odd to me, because I would have said wurde vertreten instead. A German-speaking friend said that wurde would sound ...
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2answers
113 views

Using modal verbs with the Perfekt tense

How do I use a modal verb (e.g. sollen) in the perfect tense? As the perfect tense already changes the word order, does the modal push the haben/sein to the back of the sentence? i.e. Ich solle es ...
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1answer
103 views

Idiomatic usage of “müssen”

I’m watching “Deutschland 83”, and one of the characters said “Du musst geh nach Berlin”, which confused me because I had always learned that modal verbs always kicked the second verb to the end of ...
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2answers
42 views

Modal and separable verb [closed]

Suppose I am building a modal sentence with a separable/trenbare verb. Does the verb at the end of the sentence still get separated ? Is it "Ich muss gehen zurück" Or "Ich muss zurückgehen" ?
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1answer
148 views

How do we say “The house must have already been bought! We should have come earlier.” in German?

In English, we often use the ‘must + have + p.p’ to draw a conclusion about a particular situation we are witnessing. For instance, arriving at the gate of an house which has been on sale for a while, ...
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1answer
226 views

What is the word order for a sentence with with Modal Verbs in Futur II (Future Perfect)? [closed]

I am trying to summarise word order in sentences of different tenses and moods using the following table: +-----------------+-----------+--------+--------------+---------------+-----------+ | ...
4
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1answer
176 views

Difference between “etwas zu trinken” and “etwas trinken”

I would like to know the difference between the following two sentences: Ich möchte etwas zu trinken. Ich möchte etwas trinken.
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2answers
109 views

Do I have to state “am Wochenende” in my answer?

So if I am asked the question: Was sollen Sie am Wochenende alles tun? I respond with: Ich soll schwimmen gehen. Where can I put Wochenende in my answer, or don't I need to?
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1answer
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“Was dürfen Sie alles nicht tun?” [closed]

How can one answer this question? So from my understanding the question is asking "What should you not do?". I want to say that I shouldn't go to bed late. How would I say it in German? Ich darf ...
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1answer
56 views

“I can speak three languages” [closed]

I want to say the following in German: I can speak three languages. I am wondering if what I came up with is correct: Ich kann drei Sprachen sprechen.
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2answers
87 views

Ungewöhnliche Kombination der Perfekt-Form und der Modalverben

This question also has an answer here (in German): Different meanings / usages of Konjunktiv II in combination with the past form Was ich gelernt habe: Modalverbe gehen nicht mit Perfekt. Ein ...
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3answers
100 views

How to answer the following question “Was mögen Sie alles nicht?”

The question is basically saying what you never like to do, right? So, I will answer Ich mag nicht so viel fernsehen. I basically want to say I don't like watching a lot of TV. Are the ...
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2answers
158 views

How “So was brauchst du dem Herrn doch nicht zu erzählen” means what it means

In Camus's The Stranger, there is a passage in which the caretaker of the nursing home compares, for the benefit of the bereaved young Meursault, how long a body may be left above ground in the hot ...
3
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3answers
95 views

Simple past vs. Subjunctive of 'sollen' and 'wollen'?

I'm having difficulties working out how you would identify the meaning of a sentence such as: Manni sollte die Tasche nicht vergessen Is that the indicative simple past for "Manni was not ...
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1answer
96 views

why have they used “müssen” instead of “sollen” here?

I've read through this post on the differences between müssen and sollen: Difference between “sollen” and “müssen” I was trying to decide how to say "you should have told him" (e.g. that jumping ...
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1answer
64 views

How do you go from “wollen” in Konjunktiv II in indirect speech to direct speech?

Consider the use of wollen in these passages. A: Da erzählte er [der Königssohn] ihr, er wäre von einer bösen Hexe verwünscht worden, und niemand hätte ihn aus dem Brunnen erlösen können als sie ...
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2answers
85 views

Can you use “wollen” in Konjunktiv II simply to mean what will happen (no volition)?

In Der Gevatter Tod, Death instructs his godson, the doctor, to say certain things when making a call, as follows. Wenn du [der Arzt] zu einem Kranken gerufen wirst, so will ich [der Gevatter Tod] ...
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Does “wollen” ever function like English “will” to signal a future event (no volition)

Question Does "wollen" ever function like English "will" (or "be going to" if in the past tense) to signal a future event without any element of volition? Question Explained I came to have the ...
2
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1answer
194 views

The position of a modal verb when not adjacent to the finite verb

Are these grammatically well formed German sentences? A: Er wird{0}* es erledigen{3} können{2} haben{1}. B: Sie sagt, dass er es werde{0} erledigen{3} können{2} haben{1}. (*Bracketed ...
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2answers
83 views

Perfect + modal verb + list – how do I expand this?

The question is on the highlighted verb in this quote from Rotkäppchen. Es wird auch erzählt, dass einmal, als Rotkäppchen der alten Grossmutter wieder Gebackenes brachte, ein anderer Wolf es ...
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3answers
603 views

Is “lassen” a modal verb?

In a lot of sentences lassen has the same grammar structure of modal verbs for example: Kundenanfragen lassen sich schneller und effizienter bearbeiten. If it’s a modal verb, when should we use ...
11
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2answers
617 views

Is ‘mögen’ plus verb an indication of ‘maybe’?

I have been encountering some of the new concepts that I was not able to grasp. That is, I used to know that the usage of mögen only refers to the concept of to like or want (may be more inclined to ...
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1answer
69 views

Wortreihenfolge im Perfekt von Modalverben

Ist es korrekt zu sagen Ich habe gewollt das zu lernen. (vielleicht ohne zu?) Ich ahne, dass es seltsam klingt, auch wenn es korrekt ist. Aber ist es korrekt oder muss man sagen: Ich habe ...
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2answers
139 views

“hat arbeitet müssen” or “hat arbeiten müssen”?

He claims that he [had to]/[has had to] work on this book for 3 years. 1) Er behauptet, dass er an diesem Buch 3 Jahre hat arbeitet müssen. 2) Er behauptet, dass er an diesem Buch 3 Jahre ...
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2answers
145 views

Modal verb used for probability in german

"Mag er mich?" is translated as " Does he like me?" My question is does "Mögen" is used also for probability... so my sentence about it I am confused "May she missunderstand me by that? " is ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Which is the conjugated form for “müssen” in the present tense? Is it “ich muss” or “ich muß”?

I learned it from my German teacher as muß. But I'm reading a lot of notes on the Internet that say it's muss and others that it's muß. Has there been an official change in the German language ...
0
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1answer
71 views

How much focus is put on German modality when it is taught?

I can remember how much focus we put on tense and aspect when learning English: endless lessons on when to use which tense and which aspect (mainly progressive/continuous of course). There is a term ...
2
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1answer
82 views

What is the meaning of various 'haben + modal' or 'modal + haben' constructions?

Background: Of the following possible constructions, I found explanations of 1A, 1D and 2A in grammar books. (1A) Er hat mir einen Brief schreiben können : He was able to write me a letter ...
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3answers
200 views

Sentences with same modal verb occuring twice

Sein Führerschein wurde letzten Monat abgenommen, aber er dürfte wieder fahren dürfen. His driver's license was taken away last month, but he most likely is allowed to drive again. Is the ...
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3answers
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Meaning of “dürfen müssen”

From Focus: Dank dieser Gerüchte dürfte Marco Reus zum ersten Mal in seiner Führerschein-Affäre schmunzeln müssen. What does "dürfte ... schmunzeln müssen" mean? Is he allowed to smile, or must ...
2
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1answer
99 views

How to know when to place the helper verb prior to the end vs at the very end of the sentence?

I have noticed when one forms a more complicated sentence, that the helper verb seems to either go prior to the last 2 verbs, or at the very end of the sentence. These examples may help clarify what I ...
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3answers
83 views

Konjunktiv in “Wer sich etwas wünscht, müsste …”

Aus dem Spiegel-Magazin: ..., aber es fällt auf, dass die Generation Merkel im Spiegel der Umfragen zu großen Teilen eine Haltung zeigt, die mit Merkels Politikstil korrespondiert. In gewollt ...
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2answers
92 views

Meaning of “eine Debatte, die keine sein dürfte”

From the Frankfurter Allgemeine: Apples und Facebooks Angebot, ihren Mitarbeiterinnen künftig eine Frist-Freikarte für die Reproduktion zu spendieren, hat eine Debatte ausgelöst, die keine sein ...
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3answers
122 views

Bedeutung von “mögen” in “mögen die Hürden auch noch so hoch sein”

Aus Angela Merkels Rede am 9. November: Träume können wahr werden. Nichts muss so bleiben, wie es ist – mögen die Hürden auch noch so hoch sein. Diese Erfahrung wollen wir mit unseren Partnern in ...
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5answers
374 views

“Es soll/sollte … geben” as in “There should be …”

Suppose I want to say This software is so complicated to use that there should be a PhD in it. Which of the two versions is correct? (a) Diese Software ist so kompliziert zu benutzen, dass ...
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1answer
179 views

Modal verb sentence order

I am learning German and we got our first modal verb today, können. We have to put the sentence in order. The sentence pieces are: Die Schüler/gut/Deutsch/können/? Is the sentence suppose to be 1....
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2answers
157 views

Modal verbs: why those endings?

Ich muss - wir müssen Ich mag - wir mögen Ich kann - wir können Ich darf - wir dürfen Why are the singular persons so different from the infinitive form, for these verbs? It's clearly not umlaut, ...
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3answers
1k views

Difference between “Das sollst du nicht” and “Das solltest …”

What are the differences between Das sollst du nicht. Das solltest du nicht. Am I correct in understanding that the "solltest" version sounds more polite than the "soll" version, like you'...
9
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1answer
434 views

What are the linguistic/historical reason of different conjugation of modal verbs?

I'd like to know whether any deep reason exists why conjugations for ich and er,sie,es are the same.
8
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3answers
163 views

Meaning of “mögen” as “dürfen”

From Der Spiegel: Mindestens so gefährlich wie der gesellschaftliche Reformeifer des Kreml-Chefs ist für die DDR ausgangs der Achtzigerjahre Gorbatschows Aufforderung, die Ostblockstaaten mögen ...
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2answers
2k views

Infinitiv + »zu« + Modalverb?

Glücklich, wieder Fußball spielen zu können! Ich freue mich, heute hier sprechen zu dürfen. Je länger man es schafft, die Figur rennen zu lassen, desto mehr Punkte erhält man. Die Form ...
6
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2answers
263 views

Using “wollen” in passive

I came across this sentence Auch 25 Jahre nach dem Fall der Berliner Mauer gibt es noch viele Barrieren, die überwunden werden wollen. My question is: Can things, like barriers, "want to be ...