Nomen - Questions on words referring to an entity, person, or concept.

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1
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2answers
69 views

What are the rules to forming noun compositions like 'Hesse-Matrix'?

I stumbled over the term "Hesse-Matrix". A matrix is a mathematical object and a Hesse-Matrix is a particular matrix named after mathematician Ludwig Otto Hesse. My first question is whether this ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

The grammatical case of a “free-standing” noun phrase

The question is on why den Rücken der Türe zugewendet as occurring in this quote (from Kafka’s Der Verschollene) is in the accusative case. Am Fenster saß an einem Schreibtisch, den Rücken der ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Unterschied zwischen “Körper” und “Leib”

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen den Begriffen Körper und Leib? Ich meine in dieser Bedeutung (nach dem Duden): Körper 1. a. das, was die Gestalt eines Menschen oder Tieres ausmacht; äußere ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

What is the noun of the adjective “warm”? [closed]

I was practicing with this site and it ask for the noun of the adjective warm and I didn’t find it in any dictionary. Please help me.
4
votes
5answers
170 views

Unterschied zwischen “Grund” und “Ursache”

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen den beiden Wörtern Grund und Ursache?
4
votes
2answers
112 views

Unterschied zwischen Gesicht und Angesicht

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen den beiden Wörtern Gesicht und Angesicht? Der Duden sagt zu Angesicht, dass dies in der gehobenen Sprache gebraucht wird. Ist dies die einzige Differenzierung? Wann ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Sklave vs. Leibeigener

Wie unterscheiden sich Sklaven und Leibeigene? Laut Duden wurde der Begriff des Leibeigenen früher verwendet. Ist das die einzige Unterscheidung?
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Diener vs. Knecht

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen den beiden Begriffen Diener und Knecht? Hat sich die Bedeutung dieser beiden Wörter in der Vergangenheit (letzte 200 Jahre) verändert? Ergänzung Der Duden erklärt ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Spelling noun–noun compound words

I am translating my meatloaf recipe to German and am unsure about translating the meatloaf mixture from the sentence Transfer the meatloaf mixture into the loaf pan. I have: meatloaf → der ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Is there a comprehensive list of n-declensed nouns?

Is there a complete list of German n-declensed nouns in any book or on the web? I found some lists, but they do not seem to be comprehensive enough.
6
votes
2answers
367 views

What sort of correlation is there between “Abkommen” as a noun and “abkommen” as a verb?

I am pretty sure that those who are studying German must have encountered the following verb and noun: das Abkommen (Agreement, pact) and abkommen (to deviate) I am pretty sure the above ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

How to derive the despective-collective nouns from verbs?

Is there a general rule to derive this sort of colloquial despective nouns: schreiben → das Geschreibe rennen → das Gerenne schreien → das Geschrei I wanted to form that from ...
5
votes
3answers
272 views

The term “Mahlzeit”

I recently started working in a place in Berlin, Germany, and though my German is OK I guess, there's a common term that I don't understand. It's Mahlzeit. When people leave from work around lunch ...
5
votes
4answers
741 views

Genders of nouns [duplicate]

In learning the German language I find it very difficult to memorize the genders associated with nouns. The problem is, I am trying to logically look for a pattern or use tricks like "oh there is a r ...
9
votes
5answers
199 views

Why Berliner Sparkasse?

Hmm.. this is something I do not understand so far hmm. when I say I am from Berlin I could say (Ich bin ein Berliner) here I though Berlin became like an adjectival noun. But one thing I found a bit ...
8
votes
4answers
544 views

Vermögen eines Multimillionärs

Nach einiger Diskussion mit einem Kollegen gibt es zwei Arten, die finanzielle Definition eines "Multimillionärs" zu bestimmen: Multimillionär ist man, wenn man 1 Million EUR + min. 1 Cent besitzt, ...
7
votes
3answers
138 views

Was ist das korrekte Adjektiv zu Translation (math.)?

Ich muss gerade einige Affinitäten beschreiben und benötige die jeweiligen Adjektive, wie z.B.: Rotation: rotiert Skalierung: skaliert Scherung: geschert Allerdings finde ich, dass "translatiert" ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Plural von “Skript” und “Tumor”

Wieder einmal eine Frage, da mich mein sonst untrügliches Sprachgefühl getäuscht hat. Meine Kommilitonen verwenden Skripten als Plural von Skript (etwa im "Skriptenserver"). Der Duden sagt: ...
3
votes
2answers
112 views

Lehrer, Lehrerin, Lehrerinnen; das Suffix der Nomen

Ich möchte gerne wissen, ob es besonderen Regeln für das Suffix der Pluralform der Nomen gibt. Kurzum werde ich immer verwirrt wenn ich etwas benennen will! Zum Beispiel: Forscher - Mann ...
2
votes
3answers
229 views

Hyphen for compound nouns: Mathe-Wettbewerb or Mathewettbewerb?

I found a lot of Google results for both "Mathewettbewerb" and "Mathe-Wettbewerb". Is there a guideline that recommends one over the other? More generally, is there a guideline for when to use a ...
-1
votes
3answers
207 views

Why do nouns change gender in plural? [closed]

On this site http://german.about.com/library/anfang/blanfang15.htm nouns have different genders in plural forms, why?Also is there a site where I can check the gender of nouns?
2
votes
4answers
111 views

Kann “heute” ein Substantiv sein?

Ich wollte sagen: "Heute ist ein Beispiel für..." (This day/Today is an example for [...]) Ist das korrekt? Oder ist nur "Dieser Tag ist einen Beispiel für..." möglich?
13
votes
3answers
438 views

Groß- und Kleinschreibung und Bindestrich bei Substantiv-Adjektiv-Zusammensetzungen

Werden zwei Substantive mit Bindestrich zusammengefügt, wie z. B. im Druck-Erzeugnis, werden beide großgeschrieben. Bei zwei Adjektiven, wie z. B. das deutsch-französische Wörterbuch, werden beide ...
2
votes
4answers
123 views

“gegenüber etw. [Dat.] geduldig sein” or “mit etw. [Dat.] geduldig sein”

Which preposition can one use with Geduld or geduldig sein? Are they both the same? Example with geduldig: Sei geduldig gegenüber den Plagen or Sei geduldig mit den Plagen Example with ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Can I use a noun to describe another noun in German as in English?

In English, a noun can be used as an adjective to describe another noun in the sentence. Take flat screen TV as an example, what's its German translation? Ein flachbildschirm Fernseher Ein ...
2
votes
3answers
108 views

Heiliger Abend oder Heiligabend?

When talking to a native German speaker, should I refer to Christmas Eve as "der Heilige Abend" or "der Heiligabend" or are either appropriate?
5
votes
3answers
1k views

When to use “Der Reis” and when “Das Reis”?

According to translation site there is a two way for noun Reis, that is der Reis and das Reis. Der Reis is a form that is commonly used, but what is with other one? In what situation is it used?
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Synonym für “didaktische Kompetenz”

Ich suche ein Substantiv, das "die Fähigkeit, Wissen vermitteln zu können" bezeichnet. Ich habe bisher nur "didaktische Kompetenz" gefunden und suche bisher erfolglos nach einem einzelnen Begriff.
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Guidelines for the formation of compound nouns [duplicate]

When studying vocabulary, I have noticed some variations in the formation of compound nouns: Wirtschaft s wunder - an s is added between the two nouns. (Other examples: Alter s gruppe, Abteilung s ...
5
votes
2answers
87 views

Drinks as countable nouns?

I've seen the following sentence: Wenn du heute Abend nach Hause kommst, trinken wir einen Sekt auf deine Beförderung. Why is it that Sekt has an article einen even though we cannot really count ...
9
votes
6answers
402 views

What is a Lesepause?

I came across a bookmark in a German biography today with the word Lesepause written on the top. I assume this means bookmark, but I can't find any references to this word in any Wörterbücher. What ...
6
votes
2answers
403 views

Is there a way to form a “one who [verb]s” noun?

In English, I can take just about any verb (for example to crush), and form a noun which means "one who [does that verb]" by adding -er (for example, crusher). Is there a similar formulaic alteration ...
8
votes
2answers
237 views

What is the Singular of 'Ferien'?

In the last days I have come across the question: What is the singular of 'Ferien'? Plural: die 'Ferien' But what is the singular?
2
votes
2answers
159 views

How to get from the diminutive form to the root word (from Häuschen to Haus), and back?

Is there a rule (or best practice) on how to get from a "Substantiv" to it´s diminutive form and also back again? What I mean is i.e: How to get from Haus to Häuschen and back to Haus. It´s a ...
4
votes
2answers
807 views

Does the noun “Kärtchen” have a plural form?

My dictionary does not even have the word Kärtchen, and online translators have very little about this noun. I think that it's neuter (das), yet I would like to know if this word has a plural form and ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Wie nennt man ein Produkt oder eine Dienstleistung, die ein Unternehmen nur anbietet, weil es “muss”?

Wie nennt man ein Produkt oder eine Dienstleistung, die ein Unternehmen nur anbietet, weil es denkt, andere erwarten dieses Angebot? Aber tatsächlich bestellt es kein Kunde, noch möchte das ...
3
votes
1answer
436 views

Verb/noun pairs in German (collocation)

I am a native English speaker, relatively fluent in German - but something I continue to find quite difficult is to get a sense of which verb is appropriate for a given noun. It's possible this is ...
21
votes
10answers
5k views

How do Germans refer to people without caring about the gender

In German, a noun always has its own gender. However, there is a case I don't know. Suppose that there is a class with many students, both males and females, and then when I want to refer to all ...
2
votes
3answers
172 views

Indicating case for proper nouns

Consider sentences of the form (correct me if I've got them wrong): Mir ist langweilig / Es ist mir langweilig. Dem Mann ist kalt / Es ist dem Mann kalt. It's important not to use the ...
3
votes
1answer
140 views

Hassling the Hoff - Conjugating sein with two subjects

David Hasselhoff's number Du (featured in the movie Eurotrip) has these lyrics: Ich hab' ein Ziel und dieses Ziel bist du, bist du, bist du. I found the conjugation of sein here interesting ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Reference for accusative and dative forms

What is a good reference to look at the accusative and dative forms of nouns? I was looking at the word Wille in the dictionary, and while in this case I can deduce from the examples that the ...
4
votes
3answers
390 views

Schützengrabenvernichtungspanzerkraftwagen

My university German professor claimed (in 1989) that the original full name in German for a tank (of the armored vehicle sort) had been Schützengrabenvernichtungspanzerkraftwagen. This seems ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Individuell/Individual- and Generell/General- Phenomena

Can a native German speaker kindly explain this horrible inconsequence in his language? An adjective generell but a noun die Generalprobe Another example... An adjective individuell but a noun die ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

“vor Kurzem” with capital “K”

Noch vor Kurzem sollte hier ... Why is "Kurzem" written with a capital "K"? How can it function as a noun here, and can we use the same structure with other adjectives (e.g., "vor Langem")? ...
7
votes
3answers
667 views

Which article do we use for countable units of uncountable things?

I have a question about the plural. There are countable nouns like die Banane, das Ei, die Birne, der Apfel as well as uncountable nouns der Wein, der Champagner, das Salz So when we put ...
0
votes
4answers
221 views

How do you say “a runaway” in German?

A policeman found a runawaywalking along highway 75. Ein Polizist hat eine Fliehende auf dem Highway 75 entlang gehen finden. A lot of suggestions came up for the word "runaway" and I chose only ...
1
vote
3answers
264 views

Substantivierung: “Mein Suchen war nicht von Erfolg gekrönt”

Dieser Satz steht in meinem Grammatikbuch als Beispiel für Substantivierung. Hier ist das Verb suchen substantiviert. Duden aber sagt, die Substantivierung soll die Suche sein, und Suchen besteht nur ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Demonstrative pronoun: does it have to match the subject? [closed]

I'm a little confused about German grammar, the demonstratives to be specific (this, that, these, those). Does the demonstrative pronoun have to match the subject being described? Example: Would ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Weak masculine nouns

Has anybody come across reliable ways to know if a masculine noun is weak or not? Der Präsident... Wir brauchen einen neuen Präsidenten. Der Held... Gotham braucht einen Helden. I have noticed ...
1
vote
3answers
929 views

Why is it “der Bikini”? Shouldn't the noun be feminine?

I can understand that some German nouns (e.g. Mädchen) might just always have been whatever gender the noun is, and the explaintion is lost to the mists of time. But Bikinis were invented in the ...