Nomen - Questions on words referring to an entity, person, or concept.

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5
votes
2answers
82 views

Drinks as countable nouns?

I've seen the following sentence: Wenn du heute Abend nach Hause kommst, trinken wir einen Sekt auf deine Beförderung. Why is it that Sekt has an article einen even though we cannot really count ...
6
votes
2answers
381 views

Is there a way to form a “one who [verb]s” noun?

In English, I can take just about any verb (for example to crush), and form a noun which means "one who [does that verb]" by adding -er (for example, crusher). Is there a similar formulaic alteration ...
2
votes
2answers
143 views

How to get from the diminutive form to the root word (from Häuschen to Haus), and back?

Is there a rule (or best practice) on how to get from a "Substantiv" to it´s diminutive form and also back again? What I mean is i.e: How to get from Haus to Häuschen and back to Haus. It´s a ...
22
votes
7answers
9k views

How to translate Fernweh to English?

Is there a good English translation for Fernweh? dict.leo.org suggests wanderlust and itchy feet, but they are both more about travelling around rather than going away.
2
votes
1answer
164 views

Wie nennt man ein Produkt oder eine Dienstleistung, die ein Unternehmen nur anbietet, weil es “muss”?

Wie nennt man ein Produkt oder eine Dienstleistung, die ein Unternehmen nur anbietet, weil es denkt, andere erwarten dieses Angebot? Aber tatsächlich bestellt es kein Kunde, noch möchte das ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the best resource to find, e.g. the plural form of nouns such as “der Automatismus”?

I use LEO for looking up German words, but it often does not have the plural form of nouns, so for that I use Biolingus, but in the case of the noun "Automatismus", even Biolingus doesn't inform me ...
3
votes
1answer
405 views

Verb/noun pairs in German (collocation)

I am a native English speaker, relatively fluent in German - but something I continue to find quite difficult is to get a sense of which verb is appropriate for a given noun. It's possible this is ...
2
votes
3answers
158 views

Indicating case for proper nouns

Consider sentences of the form (correct me if I've got them wrong): Mir ist langweilig / Es ist mir langweilig. Dem Mann ist kalt / Es ist dem Mann kalt. It's important not to use the ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Individuell/Individual- and Generell/General- Phenomena

Can a native German speaker kindly explain this horrible inconsequence in his language? An adjective generell but a noun die Generalprobe Another example... An adjective individuell but a noun die ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Hassling the Hoff - Conjugating sein with two subjects

David Hasselhoff's number Du (featured in the movie Eurotrip) has these lyrics: Ich hab' ein Ziel und dieses Ziel bist du, bist du, bist du. I found the conjugation of sein here interesting ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Reference for accusative and dative forms

What is a good reference to look at the accusative and dative forms of nouns? I was looking at the word Wille in the dictionary, and while in this case I can deduce from the examples that the ...
4
votes
3answers
346 views

Schützengrabenvernichtungspanzerkraftwagen

My university German professor claimed (in 1989) that the original full name in German for a tank (of the armored vehicle sort) had been Schützengrabenvernichtungspanzerkraftwagen. This seems ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

“vor Kurzem” with capital “K”

Noch vor Kurzem sollte hier ... Why is "Kurzem" written with a capital "K"? How can it function as a noun here, and can we use the same structure with other adjectives (e.g., "vor Langem")? ...
7
votes
3answers
646 views

Which article do we use for countable units of uncountable things?

I have a question about the plural. There are countable nouns like die Banane, das Ei, die Birne, der Apfel as well as uncountable nouns der Wein, der Champagner, das Salz So when we put ...
1
vote
3answers
221 views

Substantivierung: “Mein Suchen war nicht von Erfolg gekrönt”

Dieser Satz steht in meinem Grammatikbuch als Beispiel für Substantivierung. Hier ist das Verb suchen substantiviert. Duden aber sagt, die Substantivierung soll die Suche sein, und Suchen besteht nur ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Demonstrative pronoun: does it have to match the subject? [closed]

I'm a little confused about German grammar, the demonstratives to be specific (this, that, these, those). Does the demonstrative pronoun have to match the subject being described? Example: Would ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Weak masculine nouns

Has anybody come across reliable ways to know if a masculine noun is weak or not? Der Präsident... Wir brauchen einen neuen Präsidenten. Der Held... Gotham braucht einen Helden. I have noticed ...
1
vote
3answers
890 views

Why is it “der Bikini”? Shouldn't the noun be feminine?

I can understand that some German nouns (e.g. Mädchen) might just always have been whatever gender the noun is, and the explaintion is lost to the mists of time. But Bikinis were invented in the ...
7
votes
2answers
128 views

What's the name of words such as “Fahrerei”, “Kocherei”, “Putzerei”, etc

I got a bunch of questions concerning these words: What's the name of words such as "Fahrerei", "Kocherei", "Putzerei", etc From which words can they be formed of? Only verbs? All verbs? Are ...
2
votes
3answers
118 views

Sind Pflanzennamen oder Musikinstrumente Eigennamen?

Bei Gesellschaftsspielen, in denen es um Sprache geht, gibt es oft die Einschränkung, dass man keine Eigennamen verwenden darf (Bsp. Scrabble). Gehören dazu eigentlich auch Pflanzennamen wie Salbei ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

How do I know which declension pattern a noun belongs to in the Langenscheidt pocket dictionary?

I have this somewhat-useful little yellow book sitting in my backpack, and I've noticed that it has a table in the back that gives 16 groups of noun declension patterns. For whatever reason, these ...
7
votes
2answers
204 views

Bei Wörtern wie „Arztbesuch“, wie bestimmt man kontextfrei wie das Verb „besuchen“ wirkt? Wer besucht wen?

(Der Titel diser Frage ist katastrophal, ich gebe zu. Hoffentlich lässt sich bald ein besserer finden.) Hintergrund Die Frage ist eigentlich ein bisschen komplizierter. Natürlich wäre denn ein paar ...
1
vote
1answer
467 views

Do all German nouns start with a capital letter? [duplicate]

The title is auto-descriptive. Do all German nouns start with a capital letter? If no, when should I capitalize them?
5
votes
1answer
434 views

Substantivierung von zusammengesetzten schwachen Verben

Beispiel: fertig machen, bereit machen, zusammen schreiben Wird hier eine Substantivierung ausnahmslos immer zusammen geschrieben? (das Fertigmachen, das Bereitmachen, das Zusammenschreiben) Die vom ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Zero article with countable nouns

I came across this sentence in Wikipedia: Eine Tasse ist ein Trinkgefäß mit Henkel, das vorrangig für Heißgetränke verwendet wird. Ein Henkel is a countable noun. In English, a singular ...
33
votes
10answers
28k views

Why is “Fräulein” considered offensive, as opposed to “Frau”?

Does Fräulein imply that the woman being addressed is not fully a Frau? Does it imply a lower class status?
0
votes
1answer
146 views

What are the differences between the german nouns for 'event'?

There are many nouns that describe an event, occation, or happenings They all can be translated to either; * der Anlass * das Geschehen * das Geschehnis * das Ereignis * die Veranstaltung How do ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

“Benehmen” and “Verhalten”

What is the difference between Verhalten and Benehmen? Sein Verhalten meinen Eltern gegenüber ist schön. Mein Benehmen in der Deutschklasse war sehr gut.
7
votes
3answers
264 views

Nouns with 2 genitive forms (-s/-es). When to use each?

Wiktionary lists 2 genitive forms for a lot of nouns (e.g. Berg, Brauch), -es and -s. For these words and others, are these forms interchangeable or are they regional? Or is one more poetic sounding ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Gehirn vs. Hirn

Gibt es zwischen den beiden Begriffen Gehirn und Hirn eigentlich Unterschiede? (Außer in der Schreibweise) Ist Hirn einfach nur ein Kurzform? Gibt es Kontexte, in denen man einen Begriff bevorzugt?
2
votes
1answer
351 views

Is there a rapid online access to “feste Nomen-Präposition bzw. -Verb Verbindungen”?

Is it me, or is it difficult to find online, in dictionaries and so on, all the information about a "feste Nomen-Präposition Verbindungen"? Suppose you are writing in German and, for sake of ...
8
votes
2answers
512 views

When, if at all, should I add an e to the end of a noun in the dative case?

In the past, when a noun was in the Dativ case, one would add an e at the end of the verb. This would be an example: Das habe ich zu dem Kinde gesagt. This is obviously not the case anymore, and ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
2
votes
3answers
164 views

How to avoid repeating nouns, using an adjective?

I wanted to write Rather than famous writers, I like predominantly unknown ones. in German, and I was trying with Ich mag überwiegend/eher unbekannte Schriftsteller, mehr als bekannte ...
7
votes
1answer
121 views

How to know if the adjective corresponding to a name bears umlaut?

Among the adjectives derived from nouns there some which do not bear Umlaut: die Kugel - kugelig, der Monat - monatlich, usw. But sometimes they do bear Umlaut: das Jahr - jährlich, die ...
5
votes
1answer
280 views

“Braune Augen” to substantive or adjective

Is it possible to transform the phrase "braune Augen" into substantive or at least into adjective? How in that case a person with brown eyes could be called in one word? What's the mechanism of ...
6
votes
1answer
164 views

When can one create a “zusammengesetzes Nomen”? When should one use genitive or prepositions instead?

Long words is one of my favorite features in German. Is there a criterion, "eine grammatische Empfehlung!, to know when we can put nouns together? I'm not talking about creating significant words ...
2
votes
3answers
576 views

Einsamkeit und Zweisamkeit

I have just encountered the word "Zweisamkeit". Till this moment I knew only "Einsamkeit" und "Gemeinsamkeit". Do you know any other words like this?
3
votes
1answer
200 views

When to use Übernachten and when to use Übernachtung?

I thought both of them mean the same – to stay overnight. Which to use in which case? das Übernachten die Übernachtung
5
votes
1answer
120 views

Meaning and grammatical category of “Luftnummer”?

Opposition wirft Friedrich "Luftnummer" vor. wirft ... vor is, I think, the verb vorwerfen, which means to accuse. But I don't know what Luftnummer means. Is it a noun in this context? I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
223 views

Associate the possessive adjective to a neutral noun

You want to associate the possessive adjective to the possessor (noun). If you have a masculine noun, you use sein/seine/sein If the possessor is feminine, you use ihr/ihre/ihr What about ...
2
votes
2answers
720 views

Are German people always sure about the declension of a noun?

Talking about masculine nouns, German has the three categories weak/strong/mixed. Then the strong one is divided into three classes for the plural. A noun is placed into a particular category/class ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Why isn't the adjective declined just as the corresponding noun is? [closed]

Adjectives are divided into three classes according to the presence/absence of an article. But I don't understand why a certain adjective does not simply take the ending of the noun it refers to or ...
5
votes
1answer
383 views

What's the meaning of 'erl'?

"Erlkönig" (also called "Der Erlkönig") is a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. By wiki I know that the word könig means 'king', but what's the meaning of erl? Is it devil, elf, or genie?
6
votes
3answers
199 views

“Film” verhält sich zu “Verfilmung” wie “Computerspiel” zu..?

Wenn ein Film produziert wird, der auf einer Literaturvorlage, Comic, Computerspiel etc. basiert, dann nennt man das "Verfilmung". Wie nennt man analog das Produzieren eines Computerspiels, das z.B. ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

Why is it “der Presse” instead of “die Presse”

Der Presse zufolge war der Prozess unfair. Found this sentence while learning. The translation is: The press said the trial was unfair. Since Presse is feminine, why is it preceded by der?
6
votes
2answers
473 views

Rules for capitalizing adjectives after “etwas, nichts…”?

Why does one write "nichts Gutes", "etwas Besseres" and so on. The rules imply they are nouns. Wiktionary says they obbey an ,,adjektivischer Deklination", there is no plural for them, etc. But ...
7
votes
2answers
320 views

Difference between feminine and neutral colors

I've seen here, in the discussion after the answer by @sedden, that there exist two ways to substantivize a color (perhaps more adjectives). Is there any difference in meaning (or any aspect) ...
1
vote
1answer
286 views

What percentage of German masculine nouns are weak nouns?

Just what the question says. One could restrict the domain of nouns according to a certain frequency or top-X masculine nouns.
11
votes
2answers
764 views

Is this the correct way to spell the slang term for 'toilet' in German — 'Scheißehaus'?

I'm after a particular slang term for 'toilet' in German but I'm not sure of the spelling of it. I think it's Scheißehaus. If this is the correct term, should it be written as one word, two words or ...