Nomen - Questions on words referring to an entity, person, or concept.

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0
votes
1answer
145 views

Demonstrative pronoun: does it have to match the subject? [closed]

I'm a little confused about German grammar, the demonstratives to be specific (this, that, these, those). Does the demonstrative pronoun have to match the subject being described? Example: Would ...
2
votes
1answer
294 views

Weak masculine nouns

Has anybody come across reliable ways to know if a masculine noun is weak or not? Der Präsident... Wir brauchen einen neuen Präsidenten. Der Held... Gotham braucht einen Helden. I have noticed ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Why is it “der Bikini”? Shouldn't the noun be feminine?

I can understand that some German nouns (e.g. Mädchen) might just always have been whatever gender the noun is, and the explaintion is lost to the mists of time. But Bikinis were invented in the ...
7
votes
2answers
150 views

What's the name of words such as “Fahrerei”, “Kocherei”, “Putzerei”, etc

I got a bunch of questions concerning these words: What's the name of words such as "Fahrerei", "Kocherei", "Putzerei", etc From which words can they be formed of? Only verbs? All verbs? Are ...
2
votes
3answers
148 views

Sind Pflanzennamen oder Musikinstrumente Eigennamen?

Bei Gesellschaftsspielen, in denen es um Sprache geht, gibt es oft die Einschränkung, dass man keine Eigennamen verwenden darf (Bsp. Scrabble). Gehören dazu eigentlich auch Pflanzennamen wie Salbei ...
6
votes
1answer
238 views

How do I know which declension pattern a noun belongs to in the Langenscheidt pocket dictionary?

I have this somewhat-useful little yellow book sitting in my backpack, and I've noticed that it has a table in the back that gives 16 groups of noun declension patterns. For whatever reason, these ...
7
votes
2answers
313 views

Bei Wörtern wie „Arztbesuch“, wie bestimmt man kontextfrei wie das Verb „besuchen“ wirkt? Wer besucht wen?

(Der Titel diser Frage ist katastrophal, ich gebe zu. Hoffentlich lässt sich bald ein besserer finden.) Hintergrund Die Frage ist eigentlich ein bisschen komplizierter. Natürlich wäre denn ein paar ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Do all German nouns start with a capital letter? [duplicate]

The title is auto-descriptive. Do all German nouns start with a capital letter? If no, when should I capitalize them?
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Zero article with countable nouns

I came across this sentence in Wikipedia: Eine Tasse ist ein Trinkgefäß mit Henkel, das vorrangig für Heißgetränke verwendet wird. Ein Henkel is a countable noun. In English, a singular ...
37
votes
10answers
38k views

Why is “Fräulein” considered offensive, as opposed to “Frau”?

Does Fräulein imply that the woman being addressed is not fully a Frau? Does it imply a lower class status?
0
votes
1answer
227 views

What are the differences between the german nouns for 'event'?

There are many nouns that describe an event, occation, or happenings They all can be translated to either; * der Anlass * das Geschehen * das Geschehnis * das Ereignis * die Veranstaltung How do ...
2
votes
2answers
267 views

“Benehmen” and “Verhalten”

What is the difference between Verhalten and Benehmen? Sein Verhalten meinen Eltern gegenüber ist schön. Mein Benehmen in der Deutschklasse war sehr gut.
12
votes
3answers
364 views

Nouns with 2 genitive forms (-s/-es). When to use each?

Wiktionary lists 2 genitive forms for a lot of nouns (e.g. Berg, Brauch), -es and -s. For these words and others, are these forms interchangeable or are they regional? Or is one more poetic sounding ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Gehirn vs. Hirn

Gibt es zwischen den beiden Begriffen Gehirn und Hirn eigentlich Unterschiede? (Außer in der Schreibweise) Ist Hirn einfach nur ein Kurzform? Gibt es Kontexte, in denen man einen Begriff bevorzugt?
2
votes
1answer
445 views

Is there a rapid online access to “feste Nomen-Präposition bzw. -Verb Verbindungen”?

Is it me, or is it difficult to find online, in dictionaries and so on, all the information about a "feste Nomen-Präposition Verbindungen"? Suppose you are writing in German and, for sake of ...
8
votes
2answers
781 views

When, if at all, should I add an e to the end of a noun in the dative case?

In the past, when a noun was in the Dativ case, one would add an e at the end of the verb. This would be an example: Das habe ich zu dem Kinde gesagt. This is obviously not the case anymore, and ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
2
votes
3answers
188 views

How to avoid repeating nouns, using an adjective?

I wanted to write Rather than famous writers, I like predominantly unknown ones. in German, and I was trying with Ich mag überwiegend/eher unbekannte Schriftsteller, mehr als bekannte ...
7
votes
1answer
134 views

How to know if the adjective corresponding to a name bears umlaut?

Among the adjectives derived from nouns there some which do not bear Umlaut: die Kugel - kugelig, der Monat - monatlich, usw. But sometimes they do bear Umlaut: das Jahr - jährlich, die ...
5
votes
1answer
309 views

“Braune Augen” to substantive or adjective

Is it possible to transform the phrase "braune Augen" into substantive or at least into adjective? How in that case a person with brown eyes could be called in one word? What's the mechanism of ...
6
votes
1answer
186 views

When can one create a “zusammengesetzes Nomen”? When should one use genitive or prepositions instead?

Long words is one of my favorite features in German. Is there a criterion, "eine grammatische Empfehlung!, to know when we can put nouns together? I'm not talking about creating significant words ...
2
votes
3answers
780 views

Einsamkeit und Zweisamkeit

I have just encountered the word "Zweisamkeit". Till this moment I knew only "Einsamkeit" und "Gemeinsamkeit". Do you know any other words like this?
3
votes
1answer
252 views

When to use Übernachten and when to use Übernachtung?

I thought both of them mean the same – to stay overnight. Which to use in which case? das Übernachten die Übernachtung
5
votes
1answer
140 views

Meaning and grammatical category of “Luftnummer”?

Opposition wirft Friedrich "Luftnummer" vor. wirft ... vor is, I think, the verb vorwerfen, which means to accuse. But I don't know what Luftnummer means. Is it a noun in this context? I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
277 views

Associate the possessive adjective to a neutral noun

You want to associate the possessive adjective to the possessor (noun). If you have a masculine noun, you use sein/seine/sein If the possessor is feminine, you use ihr/ihre/ihr What about ...
2
votes
2answers
891 views

Are German people always sure about the declension of a noun?

Talking about masculine nouns, German has the three categories weak/strong/mixed. Then the strong one is divided into three classes for the plural. A noun is placed into a particular category/class ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

Why isn't the adjective declined just as the corresponding noun is? [closed]

Adjectives are divided into three classes according to the presence/absence of an article. But I don't understand why a certain adjective does not simply take the ending of the noun it refers to or ...
5
votes
1answer
582 views

What's the meaning of 'erl'?

"Erlkönig" (also called "Der Erlkönig") is a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. By wiki I know that the word könig means 'king', but what's the meaning of erl? Is it devil, elf, or genie?
6
votes
3answers
207 views

“Film” verhält sich zu “Verfilmung” wie “Computerspiel” zu..?

Wenn ein Film produziert wird, der auf einer Literaturvorlage, Comic, Computerspiel etc. basiert, dann nennt man das "Verfilmung". Wie nennt man analog das Produzieren eines Computerspiels, das z.B. ...
6
votes
2answers
211 views

Why is it “der Presse” instead of “die Presse”

Der Presse zufolge war der Prozess unfair. Found this sentence while learning. The translation is: The press said the trial was unfair. Since Presse is feminine, why is it preceded by der?
6
votes
2answers
534 views

Rules for capitalizing adjectives after “etwas, nichts…”?

Why does one write "nichts Gutes", "etwas Besseres" and so on. The rules imply they are nouns. Wiktionary says they obbey an ,,adjektivischer Deklination", there is no plural for them, etc. But ...
7
votes
2answers
378 views

Difference between feminine and neutral colors

I've seen here, in the discussion after the answer by @sedden, that there exist two ways to substantivize a color (perhaps more adjectives). Is there any difference in meaning (or any aspect) ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

What percentage of German masculine nouns are weak nouns?

Just what the question says. One could restrict the domain of nouns according to a certain frequency or top-X masculine nouns.
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Is this the correct way to spell the slang term for 'toilet' in German — 'Scheißehaus'?

I'm after a particular slang term for 'toilet' in German but I'm not sure of the spelling of it. I think it's Scheißehaus. If this is the correct term, should it be written as one word, two words or ...
3
votes
4answers
839 views
3
votes
1answer
134 views

Bau von “der Monat Januar”

"Der Monat Januar" wird zu "the month of January" im englischen übersetzt. Aber soll es nicht "der Monat Januars"? Ich sage das, weil Genitive Form von Januar 'Januars' ist und die Bedeutung zu ...
1
vote
2answers
425 views

“Das Haar” oder “die Haare” als Kopfbehaarung [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When should one use singular form of “hair”, when plural? Nennt man die Kopfbehaarung "das Haar" oder "die Haare"? Ich trage mein Haar / meine Haare lang. Das ...
18
votes
5answers
558 views

Gibt es einen Unterschied zwischen “Haarspalterei” und “Erbsenzählerei”?

Die beiden Begiffe Haarspalterei und Erbsenzählerei lassen sich auch als Eigenschaften Personen zuschreiben. Er ist ein Haarspalter. Er ist ein Erbsenzähler. Gibt es Unterschiede zwischen ...
9
votes
2answers
222 views

What is a “Vorentscheidung”?

After the match Dortmund–Bayern München (1:0) of yesterday, I read that this victory has marked a "Vorentscheidung" for the race to the German football championship. But what exactly is meant by ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

“Nice summary +1”: Wie sagt man das hier?

Leo zeigt viele Möglichkeiten auf: der Abriss die Aufstellung die Auswertung der Auszug - Text die Inhaltsangabe die Inhaltsübersicht der Kurzbericht die Kurzfassung das ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Unterschied zwischen “Klamotten” und “Kleider”?

Mein Lehrer sagte, dass Klamotten ein anderes Wort für Kleider ist - aber gibt es einen Unterschied? Wann kann ich das Wort Klamotten benutzen, aber nicht Kleider? Beispiele für Klamotten und Kleider ...
9
votes
1answer
393 views

Warum heißt es “Ruderin”, nicht “Rudererin”?

Aus den Verben rudern und lehren ergeben sich Tätigkeitsbezeichnungen: Ein Mann ist Ruderer oder Lehrer. Eine Frau ist Ruderin oder Lehrerin. Naiv erwarte ich, dass die weibliche Form Rudererin ...
5
votes
3answers
515 views

What is the relationship between “Hochzeit” and “Hochmut?”

As I understand it, Hochzeit means "wedding", and Hochmut means "pride", while hoch means "high". Often, words with a common shared prefix are at least somewhat similar in meaning. But I can't relate ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How is the gender of new words established?

When words are borrowed into German, how is it decided what gender that word should be? I can think of examples with all three genders: der Latte, die Jeans, das Internet. Are there ever ...
8
votes
3answers
600 views

Ist irgendwo nachzuschlagen, mit welchem Adjektiv ein Substantiv “gemessen” wird (ist eine Geschwindigkeit hoch oder groß oder beides)?

Manchmal wissen auch einige von uns Muttersprachlern nicht genau, mit welchem Adjektiv ein Substantiv steht; ob eine Geschwindigkeit hoch oder groß ist, oder ob ein Adjektiv vielleicht nicht passt: ...
4
votes
2answers
787 views

Nouns and verbs which share the same form

Beside "leben" - to live and "Leben" - life, are there other nouns which have the same form as their verbs?
6
votes
2answers
750 views

What is the origin of “beziehungsweise”?

I can't understand "beziehungsweise" in the context of its two parts, "beziehen" and "weise". What is the logic behind its meaning?
9
votes
3answers
351 views

When are noun abbreviations written in capitals?

Some noun abbreviations seem to be written completely in capitals, while others only begin with a capital. Abb. (Abbildung) Bhf. (Bahnhof) Jh. (Jahrhundert) EL (Esslöffel) AKW (Atomkraftwerk) PLZ ...
12
votes
2answers
374 views

Pluralbildung von Musketier und Rentier

Wie kommt es, dass Musketier ausgesprochen und gesteigert wird (Musketiere), als würde es sich tatsächlich um ein Tier handeln, während Rentier (Person, die von regelmäßigen Zahlungen aus in ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Distinction “prüfen” vs. “überprüfen”

I just read a technical spec in which I found the following sentence: Weiterhin kann zum Überprüfen der geparsten Dateien ein XML-Schema verwendet werden. which translates into "An XML ...