grammar of a verb or voice – showing that the subject of a sentence is acted on or affected by the verb

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13
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1answer
385 views

Is 'ward' a form of 'werden' in this sentence?

Reading a book (written in the 19th century), I came upon this sentence: Es ward gar nicht mehr gesprochen. The form ward is unfamiliar to me, so I tried looking it up. I suspect it of being a ...
9
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6answers
1k views

Meaning of German verb “anflicken”

I have come across the verb anflicken in a German translation of Ars Poetica by Horace and have not been able to find the meaning or translation in English on the internet. I have found example ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What grammar form is “Es muss gemacht worden sein”?

I thought the following sentence was Perfekt Passive mit Modalverb (PPmMV): Es muss gemacht worden sein. But I just found a book which says that "PPmMV" is: Es hat gemacht werden müssen. ...
8
votes
3answers
198 views

“Ich wurde geboren” vs “Ich bin geboren”?

Today my conversation group had a heated argument about whether it is correct to say "Ich (or er, sie etc.) wurde (in Berlin, etc.) geboren" or "Ich (...) bin (...) geboren". I looked at a few links ...
7
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4answers
588 views

What's this structure called?

I don't understand the structure used in this exercise: What's it called?
7
votes
1answer
1k views

When does one use “von” and when “durch” to form the passive?

I've learnt that to form a passive sentence from an active one, one uses "von" and then one mentions the Subjekt of the aktiv sentence: Hans isst den Apfel. ---> Der Apfel wird von Hans gegessen. ...
6
votes
3answers
143 views

Is “Mitteilungen werden nicht gelesen” passive?

I know who would've been reading the email, there isn't an unknown agent; so is "Mitteilungen werden nicht gelesen" strictly correct? This was sent to me as an 'out of office' email response.
6
votes
3answers
835 views

What is the meaning of these grammatical forms involving “werden”?

Reading a book recently, I find myself wondering often about the usage of "werden" in many contexts, such as in these examples: (talking about a group of people smoking from a common pipe): Sam ...
6
votes
2answers
326 views

Reflexive constructions instead of the Passive in usage?

I find the passive construction quite fun to use. However I had not come across the use of a reflexive construction instead of the passive before. The reflexive constructions sound very unusual to my ...
6
votes
2answers
176 views

Using “wollen” in passive

I came across this sentence Auch 25 Jahre nach dem Fall der Berliner Mauer gibt es noch viele Barrieren, die überwunden werden wollen. My question is: Can things, like barriers, "want to be ...
5
votes
2answers
505 views

How to express that something was done not by me, but for/to me?

a. I have Windows installed b. I have my hair cut The only solution I found was the verb lassen. Still remains unclear how to use it, how to translate in an appropriate way. And also very ...
5
votes
3answers
303 views

“Der Hund will draußen bleiben”

I've seen such text on the doors to one shop: Der Hund will draußen bleiben I understand the meaning of the text, because from the context it was quite clear, that the dogs are banned from ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Ambiguity between passive and future

Take for example Ich werde vergessen From what I can see, that can mean either I will forget or I'm being forgotten (corrections welcome). Of course, there needs to be a verb whose ...
5
votes
1answer
216 views

werden-passive with reflexive verbs

In the sentence, Ich hab heute für euch ein Tutorial gebastelt, das wurde sich gewünscht. we seem to be dealing with a passive form of a reflexive verb. Guessing from the context, my ...
4
votes
3answers
95 views

Grammatik in Konjunktiv mit Passivform

Aus dem Spiegel-Magazin: Würde Deutschland die Sterbehilfe so umsetzen, würde dem Sterbetourismus zusätzlicher Aufwind beschert. Weil der zweiter Teil des Satzes ein Passivsatz ist, müsste man ...
4
votes
3answers
86 views

Grammatik in “bestaunt zu werden und befragt”

Aus Der Spiegel: Später hat mir einer der beiden Vettern erzählt, wie seltsam für sie diese erste Reise ins Grauland war, das mit ihrem Leben am Rhein so wenig zu tun hatte. Die Mauer war für sie ...
4
votes
1answer
457 views

How do we use perfect tense in passive voice?

Was wird am meisten gebraucht in der Passivform der Vergangenheit? Präteritum oder Perfekt? Perfekt habe ich noch nie gehört im mündlichen Gebrauch. Oder habe ich nicht gut aufgepasst? Also, was ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Passivform von “versprechen” mit “zu”

Aus dem Spiegel-Magazin: Selbstverständlich sei Moskau versprochen worden, die Nato-Truppen nicht “näher an das Territorium der ehemaligen Sowjetunion heranzurücken” Wenn der Satz von der ...
3
votes
3answers
546 views

Future and Future 2 + passive voice in subordinate clauses

If I want to say in German, This is a question that will be asked often I think the correct German translation will be: Das ist eine Frage, die oft gestellt werden wird. But if I want to ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Definition of Passiversatzform

Wenn man Informationen zu Passiversatzformen sucht, findet man verschiedene Definitionen bzw. Auflistungen, was denn nun alles darunter zu zählen sei. Konsens scheint jedoch einerseits zu sein, dass: ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the essential semantic difference between “sein” and “werden” for passive voice?

I know that in German the passive voice is formed with both sein and werden: Das Haus wird gebaut or Das Haus ist gebaut Are these two forms of the passive voice interchangeable?
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Sentences in passive

What is the difference between Die Rechnung ist noch nicht geschrieben worden. and Die Rechnung konnte noch nicht geschrieben werden. Why is it worden in the first case and werden in the ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

Konditional passiv

I have problems constructing conditional mood from these German sentences. When I want to say, forexample, "The letter would have been written if ..." I would translate it as Der Brief wäre von ...
2
votes
4answers
196 views

Is there any grammatical passive that applies to nouns? [closed]

I was trying to translate the following (technical) phrase: visualisation of light passing through a birefringent material ...and I came up with this: Visualisierung von die Übertragung ...
2
votes
1answer
266 views

Questions with passive voice

Consider translating this question: Whom is she dependent on? My try would be: Wem ist sie abhängig von? Unfortunately, my grammar book doesn’t cover questions with passive and examples ...
2
votes
2answers
794 views

German passive construction with 'Spaß' and 'machen'

In German, is there a correct way of saying we have lots of fun using the passive voice? I have trouble understanding the grammar behind this, because German used Spaß with machen for to be fun, ...
2
votes
0answers
90 views

“Es ist zu beobachten” als Passiv

Betrachten wir folgenden Satz: "Es ist zu beobachten, dass der pH-Wert steigt." So etwas könnte in einem wissenschaftlichen Paper stehen. Wenn es auf Englisch verfasst wird, dann schreibt der Autor ...
1
vote
3answers
400 views

Choosing between Zustandspassiv and Vorgangspassiv

To practise using the two different types of passive voice, I have referred to a post in german stack-exchange about the two types of passive as well as this webpage which emphasises when ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Can I use “sein” plus past participle to express the passive voice?

In German we use werden plus past participle to express the passive voice. For example: Das Buch wird auf dem Tisch gelegt. Could I also say the following? Das Buch ist auf dem Tisch gelegt. ...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

Passive sentence as a subordinate clause in Perfekt: arranging the verbal parts

Given the sentence: Everybody knows that money has always been loved too much by people, would you translate it in German as: Jeder weiß, dass das Geld von der Leute immer zu sehr worden ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Vergangenheitsformen des Vorgangspassivs im Konjunktiv

Ich kann nicht verstehen, ob auch das Vorgangspassiv nur eine Konjunktiv-I- bzw. Konjunktiv-II-Form für das Perfekt, Präteritum und Plusquamperfekt hat (wie im Aktiv). Wenn ja (oder nein), wie sind ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

How to recognise *when* to use a passive construction?

While I was reading articles about nature, I noticed that a lot of the descriptions are in the passive voice, i.e, they use werden instead of sein. If I were the author writing in English, I would ...
-1
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2answers
119 views

Are these passive sentences correct?

Do these passive sentences make sense or are they wrong? Mir wird nichts gesagt. – I’m not being talked to; nothing is being said to me. Bei den Kino wird geraucht, obwohl man es nicht darf. ...