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36
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4answers
33k views

When to use Perfekt and Präteritum?

What's the guideline as to when to use Perfekt and Präteritum? I was always taught that the simplest rule is Präteritum (mostly) for written forms, and Perfekt is most common in spoken language. But ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Usage of Perfekt and Präteritum in the spoken language

I have read the question When to use Perfekt and Präteritum? but it doesn’t answer my question. I am looking for a rule for beginner/intermediate level learners which tells when to use perfect ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Warum Infinitiv anstatt Partizip-Perfekt? (“Ich habe dich gar nicht kommen gehört” vs “Ich habe dich gar nicht kommen hören”) [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why no perfect participle? “Sie hat sich scheiden lassen” Die folgende Frage kommt von dem Einstufungstest des Goethe Instituts. Die richtige Antwort ist a) ...
2
votes
1answer
218 views

The Three(?) German Passive Past Tenses

It is my understanding that German has three passive past tenses and (I'm not sure about this) English has only two: Imperfekt: Der Euro wurde eingeführt. The Euro was introduced. Perfekt: ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

When to use “sein” and “haben” for verbs that allow both auxiliary verbs?

In some dictionaries, contrary to what Wiktionary states, one can find that, say, verderben allows both sein and haben as auxiliary verbs to form the Perfekt. That's the case for these verbs as well: ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Ungewöhnliche Kombination der Perfekt-Form und der Modalverben

This question also has an answer here (in German): Different meanings / usages of Konjunktiv II in combination with the past form Was ich gelernt habe: Modalverbe gehen nicht mit Perfekt. Ein ...
2
votes
2answers
482 views

Future perfect tense “haben” vs “sein”

I'm wondering how "haben" and "sein" are used in the future perfect tense. Say Ich werde gegessen haben means "I will have eaten" and it uses "haben". Then Wann werden sie gegangen sein? ...