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20
votes
8answers
3k views

Would a computer use ‘du’ or ‘Sie’ for the user?

Would a computer use du or Sie for the user? Example: “You have unsaved changes.”
18
votes
2answers
3k views

Kann man “erinnern” (ohne “an”) auch intransitiv verwenden?

Ich höre seit einiger Zeit immer wieder Sätze wie Ich erinnere, dass das Brot früher anders geschmeckt hat. ...und es rollen sich mir die Zehennägel hoch! Für mich fühlt sich das an wie ein ...
18
votes
2answers
4k views

When to use “der/die/das” instead of “er/sie/es”?

I see many times sentences like: Ich nehme diese schönen Äpfel. Die sind billig! (or: Wie schmecken die?) whereas I’d say: “Sie sind billig/wie schmecken sie?”, or Mark ist dort. Den will ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Sollte man „der/die/das“ oder „er/sie/es“ als Personalpronomen verwenden?

Ich hatte immer gedacht, dass man nur „er“, „sie“ und „es“ als Personalpronomen verwendete: Der Stuhl war nicht so billig. Er ist sehr alt. Allerdings habe ich den folgenden Satz in meinem ...
16
votes
3answers
300 views

To which extent should repetitions of “der”, “die” and “das” be avoided?

When I speak, it often happens that pronoun/article homonyms crop up after each other. So viele Katzen! Ich mag die, die den Hut trägt. Ich mag die, die die Mütze trägt. Welches ...
11
votes
5answers
239 views

Personalpronomen für „jedermann“?

Jedermann hat viel zu tun. __ muss priorisieren. Ich suche ein Personalpronomen, das oben passt. Die Sätze sollen die gleiche Bedeutung wie der folgende Satz haben: Jedermann hat viel zu tun und ...
11
votes
3answers
256 views

Donald schreit: “Die Palme des Sieges ist unser”, Warum “unser”?

In Carl Barks Geschichte Das harte Naturgesetz (ehapa, Barks Library 30, 1997) springt Donald Duck in die Luft und jubelt (bevor ein Nachbar ihn im nächsten Bild leider mit einem Blumenkohl auf den ...
11
votes
2answers
575 views

Relative pronouns replace “ich” or “du”

I am learning German relative clauses and I got stuck on how to replace personal pronouns such as ich, du, etc. For example in the sentence: Der Mann war 25 Jahre alt. Der Mann war nicht im ...
10
votes
1answer
152 views

Why isn't plural ihr used for Formal instead of Sie?

In most of the Indo-European languages that I know of, The T-V distinction applies, that the second plural form (referring to many people, vous, Bы, and you in English) is used in the singular as a ...
10
votes
4answers
764 views

Gender specific pronouns for animals

I have a female dog, and in English I would refer to her as she. Is it common in German to say Hündin instead of Hund, and could I use Hund and sie in the same sentence to refer to her or must I use ...
9
votes
7answers
12k views

Is “Mir ist kalt” correct? Did I hear it correctly?

While listening to Rammstein, in particular the song named "Keine Lust", I heard the phrase "Mir ist kalt, so kalt.". I thought it would have been "Ich bin kalt". Did I hear it incorrectly, or is ...
8
votes
5answers
366 views

How would one say 'I solved the Dirac equation.', and 'You solved the Dirac equation?'?

Given a statement and a question of nigh identical substance, I'm curious how each might be translated, specifically wondering: would they differ based on whether it is me or you concerned? For ...
7
votes
2answers
234 views

“Einer deiner Lehrer” – is this sentence correct?

Okay so I am reading through Harry Potter in German and I have come across this sentence: Harry, Professor Quirrell ist einer deiner Lehrer in Hogwarts. I do not understand why it is "einer ...
7
votes
3answers
149 views

Genitive prepositions plus personal pronouns: Does it sound strange?

I'm aware that one says, say, meinetwegen instead of wegen meiner (and wegen mir). But with other prepositions accepting genitive I cannot judge, because I've never heard nor read anstelle ...
7
votes
1answer
437 views

When do I use Der/Die/Das instead of Er/Sie/Es?

I know this has been asked earlier, but in the cases I read through, the answer didn’t, in my opinion, be quite about what I was after, as the discussion was mostly about relative pronouns, although ...
6
votes
3answers
587 views

Why genitive pronoun “des” used with proper nouns?

Is there a particular reason that one sometimes finds, for instance, Mit dem Werke des Angelus Silesius Die Leiden des jungen Werther Die Karriere des Jürgen Klinsmann instead of ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is it “mir ist übel” and not “ich bin übel”?

To express we feel nauseous we may say Mir ist übel. Mir ist schlecht. Mir ist schwindlig. What are the grammatical rules behind this? Why don't we say "Ich bin übel" when we say Ich bin ...
6
votes
2answers
842 views

“Ihr” as second person singular

I'm reading "Der Hobbit" and in their first encounter Bilbo and Galdalf address each other as "Ihr". I learned that it's either "du" or "Sie". Is it common to use "Ihr", in literature for instance? ...
6
votes
2answers
233 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”? Part I: Finding a substitute for the genitive for “man”

Part I In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen Fällen muss daher auf die Formen des Indefinitpronomens einer,...
5
votes
2answers
339 views

I thought “sie ist” always meant “she is” but here it means “they?”

This first sentence is for context and precedes the main sentence, the main sentence is the one that confuses me. Die Generalität ist ein Geschmeiß des deutschen Volkes! Sie ist ohne Ehre! ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Sie (you - formal), sie (she) and sie (they) / Ihr (you - plural), er (he)

How to differentiate pronunciation of these words? Sie (you — formal), sie (she), and sie (they) ihr (you — plural), er (he)
4
votes
5answers
3k views

keiner/jeder vs niemand/alle

When I speak or write in German and need to say something with either no one/nobody or everyone/everybody I always translate it to niemand- or alle- respectively, but I spent 4 weeks in Germany this ...
4
votes
5answers
154 views

Where do personal pronouns in subsequent sentences refer to?

Consider the sentences Der Mann jagt den Hund. Er fällt in ein Loch. Who drops into the hole, the man or the dog? The personal pronoun "er" in the second sentence matches both the flexion of ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

When can ‘dus’ be used in place of ‘du’?

Here are two usage examples of dus from dictionary.reverso.net: Wenn dus nicht besser machen kannst, dann mach es genauso. → If you can't beat them, join them. Wie hältst dus mit der ...
3
votes
2answers
35 views

Genitive relative pronoun vs. personal pronoun in this Kafka sentence

The question is on this sentence from Kafka's Der Prozess. »Was wäre denn zu sagen?«, antwortete K., der dessen müde war, die Augen des Fräulein Montag fortwährend auf seine Lippe gerichtet zu ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

How did the polite form “Sie” evolve? [duplicate]

In the German language you address other people politely using the capitalised 3rd person plural personal pronoun "Sie", rather than the 2rd person plural "Ihr". The logic behind the medieval ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

Pronouns in Freud's Totem and Taboo

Question What is the reference of der and seiner as occurring in this passage from Freud's Totem and Taboo*; or, if the question cannot be answered to satisfaction, do we perhaps have a corrupted ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Genitive preposition “wegen” and personal pronouns

I am wondering how to correctly form a genitive construction in German while translating a sentence from English to German. For example: English: It is broken because of you. German: Es ...
0
votes
3answers
155 views

How to identify accusative and dative with personal pronouns?

How to identify accusative and dative cases with personal pronouns? For example: Fährst du wirklich im Juli mit ihm nach Griechenland? In this case I find it easy because mit goes always with ...
0
votes
1answer
206 views

Use of personal pronouns (including the polite forms)

I need some help/sources for grammar exercises regarding personal pronouns. I don't know when to use Ihnen, ihr, ihrem, ihm and so on. For example: Ich habe Sie angerufen, um zu fragen, ob Sie ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

How to pronounce “ich” [duplicate]

I've been learning German since October 2013. I know at some point I must decided how to pronounce "ich". Any opinions that might help me make this decision? Danke...