Präfix - A prefix is a part of a word which is placed before the root.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
1answer
121 views

Whats the function of “da” in connection with verbs?

As I figured, da has several meanings. How is it understood, when it comes together with a verb? Consider the following statements Und jeder Priester steht da und verrichtet täglich den ...
5
votes
2answers
129 views

Examples of the prefix “co–” (instead of “ko–”) in German

Gibt es im Deutschen Beispiele für die Verwendung von „co–“ als Präfix anstelle von „ko–“? Sind zumindest stets beide Verwendungen akzeptiert, auch wenn vielleicht eine Verwendung unüblich ist? ...
3
votes
3answers
67 views

Can 'top-' be prefixed to adjectives (e.g. 'topfit')

From Pokemon Schwarz: Dein Pokemon-Team ist wieder topfit! I can't find any reference to 'topfit' so I'm guessing 'top-' is just a prefix meaning 'sehr' or maybe something like the English ...
4
votes
6answers
689 views

What is the etymology of “sau-”?

I lived in Germany during half a year and when hanging out, I heard lots of times this word. I know it's quite an inappropriate word prefix and that it should only be used in a friendly setting, but ...
13
votes
2answers
332 views

Using verbs with same root but different prefixes in same sentence

Can I say something like Er kommt bei mir vorbei und um. to mean "he comes by my house and dies", thus expressing the verbs vorbeikommen and umkommen by using kommen only once?
8
votes
4answers
482 views

Is there a dictionary for verb meanings with different prefixes?

So my problem is that I find it slightly confusing that there are some verbs that change their meaning with different prefixes, and others that have the same meaning but are used in different ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

What is the origin of the prefix “be-”?

Let's take an example. besuchen => to visit someone suchen => search
6
votes
1answer
117 views

Warum wird “anerkennen” teils als untrennbar betrachtet

Das Verb "anerkennen" wird auch in Zeitungen in beiden Varianten gebraucht - trennbar und nicht trennbar. Hier 2 fiktive Beispiele. Ich anerkenne seine Leistung. Ich erkenne seine Leistung ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Kann man “blättern” auch ohne Präfix oder Präposition benutzen?

Ich blättere die Seiten des Buches von 1 bis 20 durch. Wird der Satz noch Sinn ergeben, wenn die Vorsilbe "durch" weggelassen ist: Ich blättere die Seiten des Buches von 1 bis 20 (durch).
3
votes
2answers
43 views

Die Regenwolke zieht sich nach Norden (hin?)

Is it necessary to write the prefix 'hin' in the sentence? Will it change the meaning of the sentence if it's added ?
0
votes
2answers
154 views

Zahlwörter für »1,5«

Ich kenne nur sesqui und anderthalb Gibt es weitere Zahlwörter für 1,5? Gibt es eine Verallgemeinerung für andere nicht-Ganzzahlen, die größer als 1 sind?
3
votes
3answers
147 views

How many words in “zuzulegen” or “zuzuschreiben”?

I am a native speaker born in Germany and still living here, but I have trouble with words as described in the topic. Do the words zuzulegen and zuzuschreiben consists of 1, 2 or 3 words? ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Wie kommt es zu den Präfixen “all-”, “alle-”, “aller-” und “allen-”?

Basierend auf der Wurzel all, einem alten Wort für "umfassend" und "ganz", werden eine ganze Reihe von Adjektiven gebildet. Interessanterweise ändert sich dabei das Präfix wie folgt: all-: ...
6
votes
1answer
124 views

“untervermieten” - trennbar oder nicht

Das Verb untervermieten wird teils trennbar teils nicht trennbar gebraucht. Ich vermiete, während ich weg bin, mein Zimmer unter. Ich untervermiete, während ich weg bin, mein Zimmer. Beides ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How do the “da-” and “wo-” prefixes work?

I don't completely understand the da- and wo- compound words. I have an idea of what they are and what they do but I'm not completely sure how they work and how to use them. If you don't know what I ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

How to use the “hin” and “her” prefixes?

I just realized that I don't know how to use hin and her. Beyond "woher kommst du?" I haven't learn to use them. As I understand, one can just juxtapose them to Ort prepositions: (he­r­ü­ber, ...
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Composite verbs with prefix zu: how to deal with infinitives

Suppose I want to write a sentence with the verb zumachen. It is composite, so in past participles and in constructs as zu + infinitive the added particles go between the prefix and the main verb. ...
4
votes
1answer
243 views

Is there a pattern in the formation of compound verbs via prefixes?

Compound German verbs are formed as prefix + basic verb So, if you have the verb X you can have its compounds by adding one prefix to it. I'm asking whether a certain prefix carries always the ...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

Wie entstand aus “Sicht” die “Zuversicht”?

Schon länger frage ich mich, wie man die Etymologie von "Zuversicht" erkärt. Im Duden wird knapp aufgeführt mittelhochdeutsch zuoversiht, althochdeutsch zuofirsiht Duden und auch das ...
5
votes
2answers
351 views

“Fehlen” weak, “empfehlen” strong. But “finden” and “empfinden” both strong. Cases when [some_verb] conjugates differently from [prefix+some_verb]?

Compare this pair: finden - strong conjugation empfinden - strong conjugation [exactly the same] With this pair: fehlen - weak conjugation empfehlen - strong conjugation ...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

German Pre-fixes - Do they carry meaning? [duplicate]

I frequently come across words like versprechen, erhalten, beliefern. Because my vocabulary is limited, i can detect that the verbs sprechen, halten and liefern were spoken but i do not know what ...
9
votes
2answers
395 views

The use of stand alone prefixes of separable prefix verbs

I've encountered an example of using a prefix of a separable prefix verb by itself, and I was wondering what is the right way to use such prefixes this way: A: Mach die Tür bitte zu! B: Sie ist ...
6
votes
2answers
393 views

Are “zu-” and “ein-” special prefixes widely used to form new verbs?

Are "zu-" and "ein-" special prefixes widely used to form new verbs in German language? Like the following two examples: schlafen (to sleep) einschlafen (to fall sleep) hören (to hear) ...
11
votes
2answers
415 views

Reference work on prefixes, suffixes, etc

It's not unusual for me not to be able to find some German word in any dictionary (or dictionary-like resource) I try. Since such words are often of the form PREFIX+STEM, I figure I'm not finding ...
18
votes
5answers
3k views

Explanation of the prefix “er”

I am finding verbs with the prefix "er" very hard to understand and remember the meaning of. I understand how it works with verbs like ertrinken and ersticken (partly because I used erstochen once to ...
3
votes
2answers
320 views

What is the difference between “belehren” and “lehren”?

I realize many verbs add the "be" to the beginning, which fundamentally changes the meaning, e.g., kommen and bekommen, or stehen and bestehen. However, it seems as though the "be" in belehren doesn't ...
8
votes
2answers
221 views

“Hin” und “her”: Von wessen Standpunkt?

Wenn jemand Deutsch zu lernen anfängt, erklärt man ihm den Unterschied zwischen hin- und her- : Sitze ich in meinem Büro, so rufe ich Kommen sie bitte herein! Stehe ich aber außerhalb des ...
9
votes
2answers
287 views

Regeln für bestimmte Artikel bei Staaten, Bundesländern und Bezirken

+ Explanation (English) I'm writing a piece of software. This software outputs a list. Each list item has meta data like the date, the author of and entry and as well the location. The location can ...
8
votes
1answer
472 views

Prefix “emp–” (assimilated from “ent–”) in “empfinden” and “empfehlen” – etymology, explanation?

Eine schwer zu googlende Frage: Woher kommt das Präfix „emp–” [„em-“]? Kann man sich die Bedeutungen von „empfehlen“ und „empfinden“ herleiten, indem man diese Verben als aus deren Stamm mit diesem ...
12
votes
3answers
415 views

Wo leitet sich das verstärkende Präfix “stink-” her?

Erst in neuerer Zeit findet man das verstärkende Präfix "stink-" zu verschiedenen Adjektiven: stinksauer stinkreich stinknormal ...und noch viele mehr. Ist etwas darüber bekannt, woher dieses ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

“Abwaschen” vs. “aufwaschen”

Ich habe mir hin und wieder schon die Frage gestellt, woher die unterschiedliche Benutzung von "ab-" und "aufwaschen" für die Tätigkeit des spülens von Geschirr kommt. Im folgenden Ngram kann man ...
5
votes
3answers
389 views

What is the relationship between “Hochzeit” and “Hochmut?”

As I understand it, Hochzeit means "wedding", and Hochmut means "pride", while hoch means "high". Often, words with a common shared prefix are at least somewhat similar in meaning. But I can't relate ...
6
votes
3answers
363 views

Verb form of the adjective mild?

A coworker (whose native language is not English) asked me to "mild" a letter. He meant to "soften" or "tone down" the message. There really isn't such a construct in English. But is it true that in ...
16
votes
4answers
409 views

What's so bad about dogs?

In colloquial German we often use the prefix "hunds-" or "hunde-" to aggravate a negative attribute from various adjectives, e.g. hundsgemein hundeelend hundemüde This painting by ...
12
votes
2answers
169 views

What is the original meaning of the augmentative “stock-”?

For several adjectives we can build an augmentative by adding the prefix "stock-" Gestern Nacht war es hier stockfinster. Stocksteif bleib er stehen und bewegte sich nicht von der Stelle. Hans ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

The prefix “ver-” and its meaning

I came across an article about the prefix "ver-" and its meaning. Welche Bedeutung hat das Präfix "ver-" in diesen Verben? A – eine Handlung bis zum Ende durchführen B – von einem Ort ...
8
votes
3answers
460 views

When is using “sau-” for emphasis inappropriate?

How would you explain at what point using "sau-" for emphasis (z.B.: "Das ist saustark!") becomes somewhat offensive or vulgar with some word combinations?
4
votes
4answers
412 views

Welche Verben lassen sich mit ähnlich vielen Verbalpräfix wie “legen” kombinieren?

Auf Wikipedia findet man eine beachtliche Zahl von Präfixen, die sich mit "legen" kombinieren lassen. ab- an- auf- aus be- bei- dar- ein- er- hin- hinter- nach- nieder- über- (unbetont) über- ...
9
votes
5answers
194 views

Gab es früher mal ein Verb “untergeben”?

Irgendwie hat mich der Brotaufstrich darauf gebracht, dass folgende Vorsilben ab an auf unter über sich gut mit folgenden Verben kombinieren lassen geben gehen laufen schreiben streichen also ...
7
votes
2answers
173 views

What is the origin of the prefix “Mords-”?

In colloquial German we hear sayings like: Ich habe einen Mordshunger und muß erstmal was essen. Wir haben auf unserere Reise mordsviel gesehen. Dieser Mordstyp macht einfach geile Musik. ...
13
votes
1answer
346 views

What is the origin of the prefix “schwarz-”?

In German the prefix "schwarz-" is often used to depict something illegal like: Schwarzfahrer Schwarzarbeit Schwarzgeld Is there any specific origin for using black in this context?
12
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the origin & possible meanings of the ver- prefix?

There is not really an english counterpart to the often used german prefix "ver-", IMO. It has many functions (verbification) & meanings (e.g. verstärken vs. verschollen). Often it doesn't seem to ...
7
votes
2answers
299 views

What defines the use of the “in-/un-” prefix for building the inversion?

inexakt, but ungenau. Is this pure convention or are there any rules of thumb what prefix to choose when building a inversion of a adjective (for example pronounciation)?
9
votes
2answers
874 views

How is the prefix “uber-” differently used in German vs. English?

In English usage the prefix "über" (loaned from German) has the meaning of: über-, uber-: denoting an outstanding or supreme example of a particular kind of person or thing. Oxford Dictionaries ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

What's the “more correct” term — “achronologisch” or “antichronologisch”?

Which of the two is the "correct" form, or are both correct? Do they mean the same? Or is there a subtle distinction between anti- and a-? Edit: replaced the English terms by the German ones, sorry.