Pronomen - Questions on words that substitutes for nouns.

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4
votes
1answer
531 views

er/sie/es versus das

When you want to refer to a previously mentioned noun, is there any difference whether to use gender/number-specific demonstrative/personal pronouns versus neutral demonstrative 'das'? Wem gehören ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

Which grammatical gender would I use for a masculine noun with reference to a woman?

Given that "Schatz" is a masculine word, I would use masculine modifiers with it, such as "der". But suppose I were using "Schatz" to refer to a woman I was dating. Would I then refer to "mein ...
7
votes
2answers
789 views

Der/die/das as demonstrative pronouns: intonation, politeness and difference with dieser/diese/dieses

Three related questions: First, I'm interested in knowing if there is any difference in the usage of der, die, das,... and dieser, diese, dieses,.... For instance z.B. Ich habe zwei Hunde. {Der ...
12
votes
1answer
230 views

Mit oder ohne »es«?

Gestern habe ich eine Diskussion gehabt, ob man das Pronomen es in folgendem Satz verwendet oder nicht: Im Vertrag wird [es] stehen, dass ... Wahrscheinlich wird kein Deutscher es in dem Satz ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

“It was him” auf Deutsch

In English, we could answer the question "Who ate the cake?" with It was him. I don't know the reason why we use the accusative "him", even though the person is the subject of eating the cake, ...
3
votes
3answers
496 views

Pronoun “mit dem” or “damit” in relative clause

Which is correct? (a) Auf dem Tisch liegt ein Kugelschreiber, mit dem ich normalerweise schreibe. (b) Auf dem Tisch liegt ein Kugelschreiber, damit schreibe ich normalerweise. I think only ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Meaning of “Was für ein”?

All I know about Was für ein is that it is a type of pronoun (but I don't know what type exactly it is). I also don't know how it translates into English.
5
votes
1answer
635 views

Correct usage of “beide”: does it require the article?

I didn't find any satisfactory reference about the usage of the pronoun "beide". It means "both" and probably comes from the same source too, but I'm confused about the article to use in front of it. ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Difference between “ihr” and “dessen”

If I want to say: “He is their son”, which is correct: Er ist ihr Sohn. Er ist deren Sohn. What is the difference (if any) between ihr and deren in the meaning of their?
1
vote
2answers
124 views

What is the relative position of complements when there's a time adverb?

Imagine that your mother tells you a story often. What would you say? Meine Mutter erzählte sie mir oft. Meine Mutter erzählte oft sie mir. I know that the temporal complement should go ...
7
votes
2answers
238 views

Relative pronouns for time (span)

Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10-11 etwas Zeit, 'wann'/'wo'/'in der' ich anrufen könnte? Which relative pronoun do I have to use in the question above?
7
votes
2answers
966 views

The pronoun “derer”

Wiktionary says it's the genitive, plural of "der" (which I thought was "deren"). I'm not only unsure how to use "derer" but also, what does it mean. Duden doesn't say too much either. Can somebody ...
5
votes
2answers
492 views

The use of an infinitive with the pronoun “es”

I have seen a few examples where one uses an infinitive with the pronoun es. Namely, in the movie Downfall (Der Untergang), Hitler says: Es bleiben im Raum: Keitel, Jodl, Krebs und Burgdorf. ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Possessive pronoun, how to use them as “Stellvertreter” vs. “Begleiter”?

I am learning about Possessivpronomen few days now, but there is one thing confusing me. When I am looking at the table, I see Begleiter possessive pronouns and Stellvertreter possessiv pronouns. I ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Capitalization of “Von diesen/jenen…”

I was wondering which is correct: Von diesen/jenen sind drei lustig. or Von Diesen/Jenen sind drei lustig. My intuition tells me that the second one is correct because diesen is the only ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Verwendung von “dieser” und “jener”

Ich habe bisher nicht oft „dieser“ und „jener“ sinnvoll verwendet, aber oft gelesen, dass „dieser“ auf zeitlich und räumlich Näheres verweist als „jener“. Dies gilt auch für zeitlich näher Erwähntes ...
11
votes
3answers
256 views

Is “ich” a subject or not

I am working on grammar-related exercises in a book from PONS. In one assignment, I must find the subject in some piece of text. I think that in the following sentence, the subject is ich: Was ...
8
votes
1answer
345 views

When to use the pronoun “es”?

I am not a German native speaker. I know that in certain situations the pronoun "es" has a different usage than the English "it", but I am not sure when it should be used and when it shouldn't. Here ...
12
votes
4answers
4k views

Difference in pronunciation of “Er” vs. “Ihr”

I'm currently learning German with Duolingo. In some of the lessons and daily practices, I have to listen to a recorded voice and type the German words that are spoken. I seem to continually get ...
7
votes
2answers
339 views

In German, is a company plural or singular?

In American English, I would say "the company...it said" but I know in British English they use the plural as in "the company...they said". How is this handled in German? Which of these sentences is ...
8
votes
6answers
749 views

Does using the pronouns “sie” and “er” when refering to objects sound odd to native German speakers?

I was going to write the following sentence in an e-mail, but the "sie" sounds odd to me: Diese Datei ist nicht im Excel-Format, sondern im XML-Format. Bitte schauen Sie sie an. so I changed ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

What does “Sich” mean and how is it used in a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to use “sich” I realize this is a pretty basic question, but I can't wrap my head around "Sich". I know it technically means "self", but how is it used ...
10
votes
1answer
570 views

When is jen- used?

I've learned that dies- can mean this or that, whereas jen- can also mean that. When should jen- be used in preference to dies-?
5
votes
3answers
201 views

Which is the correct pronoun for “Datei”: “die” or “sie”?

Which one is correct: Vielen Dank für die Datei. Wir haben die angeschaut. Or Vielen Dank für die Datei. Wir haben sie angeschaut.
4
votes
2answers
936 views

How do I decline “jemand” or “niemand”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Beugt man jemand oder niemand mit Endung? The declension of indefinitve pronouns "jemand" or "niemand" seems not to follow strict rules. I can read all of the following: ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between “ist” and “es”?

I am trying to figure out what is the difference between "ist" and "es"? for example in the phrase "Mein Auto ist blau" vs. "Mir geht es gut", can you say "Mir geht ist gut"?
8
votes
2answers
429 views

Book Title Capitalization

At my work we are working on some software involving the capitalization of book titles. Under pronouns it is set to not capitalize, yet "Sie" is always capitalized. I thought pronouns were not ...