Pronomen - Questions on words that substitutes for nouns.

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9
votes
3answers
5k views

How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
12
votes
1answer
346 views

Mit oder ohne »es«?

Gestern habe ich eine Diskussion gehabt, ob man das Pronomen es in folgendem Satz verwendet oder nicht: Im Vertrag wird [es] stehen, dass ... Wahrscheinlich wird kein Deutscher es in dem Satz ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

Which grammatical gender would I use for a masculine noun with reference to a woman?

Given that "Schatz" is a masculine word, I would use masculine modifiers with it, such as "der". But suppose I were using "Schatz" to refer to a woman I was dating. Would I then refer to "mein ...
6
votes
2answers
279 views

What is the particle “irgend” used for, or what concept/sentiment does it convey?

I wonder what irgend means? I’ve seen so many words with it as a prefix, like irgendein, irgendwas and irgendwo. What do they have in common that irgend expresses? The explanations in the Duden ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How to say “one of them”?

Following this question I am now unsure about the way the concept "one of them" can be expressed. Let's use the sample phrase "one of them is big" as an example. My understanding so far was that if ...
10
votes
1answer
152 views

Why isn't plural ihr used for Formal instead of Sie?

In most of the Indo-European languages that I know of, The T-V distinction applies, that the second plural form (referring to many people, vous, Bы, and you in English) is used in the singular as a ...
7
votes
2answers
272 views

Relative pronouns for time (span)

Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10-11 etwas Zeit, 'wann'/'wo'/'in der' ich anrufen könnte? Which relative pronoun do I have to use in the question above?
2
votes
1answer
444 views

Usage of “jed-”, “jeglich-” and “jedwed-”

What is the difference between jedwed-, jeglich- and jed-? In my dictionary all three mean 'any'. And in what context are they used? Are they interchangeable?
3
votes
1answer
10k views

Meaning of “Was für ein”?

All I know about Was für ein is that it is a type of pronoun (but I don't know what type exactly it is). I also don't know how it translates into English.
11
votes
2answers
272 views

Warum benutzt man „es“?

Diese Frage wurde auch hier (auf Englisch) beantwortet: Is it correct to say “Das ist meine Schwester” and not “Sie ist meine Schwester”? Warum benutzt man in folgendem Satz es für die Zeitung? ...
7
votes
2answers
252 views

Abgrenzung zwischen “was” als Relativ- und als Fragepronomen

In einer anderen Frage ging es kürzlich darum, ob sich an ein Pronominaladverb (davon, darauf, dafür) ein Relativsatz anschließen kann. Daraus ergab sich schließlich für mich diese Frage: Was kann ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I decline “jemand” or “niemand”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Beugt man jemand oder niemand mit Endung? The declension of indefinitve pronouns "jemand" or "niemand" seems not to follow strict rules. I can read all of the following: ...
14
votes
3answers
397 views

Woher kommt die Redewendung „Hast du sie noch alle“?

Die Bedeutung ist hier „Bist du verrückt?“, aber worauf bezieht sich das Pronomen sie in diesem Satz? Ich bin mir nicht sicher, ob das Pronomen etwas mit dem Satz „Du hast wohl einen Vogel“ zu tun ...
6
votes
2answers
233 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”? Part I: Finding a substitute for the genitive for “man”

Part I In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen Fällen muss daher auf die Formen des Indefinitpronomens einer,...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Correct usage of “beide”: does it require the article?

I didn't find any satisfactory reference about the usage of the pronoun "beide". It means "both" and probably comes from the same source too, but I'm confused about the article to use in front of it. ...
6
votes
2answers
134 views

Relativpronomen »welcher« im Genitiv?

Relativpronomen gibt es in zwei Geschmacksrichtungen: Verwandte von »der«: Singular: Nom: der, die, das Gen: dessen, deren, dessen Dat: dem, der, dem Akk: den, die, das Plural: Nom: ...
6
votes
2answers
749 views

The use of an infinitive with the pronoun “es”

I have seen a few examples where one uses an infinitive with the pronoun es. Namely, in the movie Downfall (Der Untergang), Hitler says: Es bleiben im Raum: Keitel, Jodl, Krebs und Burgdorf. ...
6
votes
2answers
139 views

Relative pronoun for “heute”

From Spiegel-Magazine: Zudem stellen sich heute, wo mehr als 70 Prozent eines Jahrgangs eine akademische Karriere anstreben, ganz andere Herausforderungen. In this thread, it was pointed out ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Der/die/das as demonstrative pronouns: intonation, politeness and difference with dieser/diese/dieses

Three related questions: First, I'm interested in knowing if there is any difference in the usage of der, die, das,... and dieser, diese, dieses,.... For instance z.B. Ich habe zwei Hunde. {Der |...
6
votes
4answers
997 views

Gender-neutral singular third-person pronoun

I’m writing a German locale for a project/game I’m developing, and some messages require a gender-neutral pronoun to refer to a person. For example, one of the messages is: They were a detective. ...
5
votes
2answers
269 views

Is it correct to say “Das ist meine Schwester” and not “Sie ist meine Schwester”?

This question also has an answer here (in German): Warum benutzt man „es“? If it is valid to say Das ist meine Mutter. can I say this, too? Das ist meine Schwester. I was taught that ...
5
votes
4answers
545 views

Why are accusative personal pronouns added into sentences that already have nominative personal pronouns?

I am having some trouble understanding why accusative personal pronouns are added into a sentence that already has a nominative personal pronoun, for example. Wie fühlst du dich? Könnt ihr ...
5
votes
2answers
219 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”. Part II: does the dative depend on the gender of the speaker?

Part II (Part I of this question verses on the genitive for man) In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

“es ist/sind” versus “da ist/sind” to mean there is/are

These two questions (1, 2) are close to what I’m trying to pin down. But I want to know if there is any significant difference between “es ist/sind” and “da ist/sind”. For example, I found these two ...
3
votes
2answers
35 views

Genitive relative pronoun vs. personal pronoun in this Kafka sentence

The question is on this sentence from Kafka's Der Prozess. »Was wäre denn zu sagen?«, antwortete K., der dessen müde war, die Augen des Fräulein Montag fortwährend auf seine Lippe gerichtet zu ...
3
votes
1answer
232 views

Is the use of reflexive required when possible?

(a) Er ist stolz auf sich selbst. is a natural translation of "He is proud of himself." My question is whether (b) Er ist stolz auf ihn selbst. is correct or not? That is, when the sentence ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Platzhalter vs. Stellvertreter

I see some sentences in German, where some say that es is a Platzhalter, while some say it is a Stellvertreter. Now I wonder, are these words interchangeable? For example, in the following sentence ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

“doch es gelang ihm nicht” vs. “doch gelang es ihm nicht” and similar

Below I quote two groups of similar sentences. I’d like to ask for evaluation of these alternatives in terms of their power of expression and style; i.e. in each group, which one is more expressive ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

beide/beiden - what does the ending (-n) depend on

When should it be beide and when beiden? Why is die beide Frauen incorrect? Can somebody post a precise rule here?
2
votes
1answer
183 views

How to modify “einer” in “einer von ihnen”

In a previous post " How to say “one of them”? " there was a discussion on the difference between einer von ihnen and einer davon. My question focuses on the einer / eine / eines and what gender to ...