Pronomen - Questions on words that substitutes for nouns.

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5
votes
3answers
126 views

Pronoun gender for proper nouns

Usually I notice that the gender of the pronoun is determined by the gender of the noun. Das Mädchen weint. Es ist traurig. Die Stadt ist schön. Sie gefällt mir. Is it true that when the ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Is the use of reflexive required when possible?

(a) Er ist stolz auf sich selbst. is a natural translation of "He is proud of himself." My question is whether (b) Er ist stolz auf ihn selbst. is correct or not? That is, when the ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

Use of “deren” as demonstrative pronoun

From Der Spiegel: Als Pfarrer in Rostock war Gauck kein Widerstandskämpfer, aber doch ein Bürgerrechtler. Deren energischen Freiheitsbegriff trägt er in die bundesdeutsche Politik, ... I thought ...
10
votes
6answers
162 views

sich schwer tun

"Er tut sich schwer." - das ist eindeutig. Aber: "Du tust dich schwer." - "Ich tue mich schwer." Oder doch lieber: "Du tust dir schwer." - "Ich tue mir schwer." Mein Sprachgefühl sagt mir, dass ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Etymologie des kölschen “Mer” (1. Person Plural)

Das Pronomen der ersten 1. Person Plural in der kölschen Mundart lautet "Mer", und in einigen angrenzenden Dialekten "Mir". Diese Pronomen können gedeutet werden als variation des deutschen "wir". ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Implicit distances in demonstrative pronouns “das”, “dieses”, “jenes”

[For the following, please assume neutral case always to make it simpler.] I was lucky enough to grow up in a Spanish-German bilingual household, and as such am fluent in both languages. This is ...
4
votes
5answers
182 views

keiner/jeder vs niemand/alle

When I speak or write in German and need to say something with either no one/nobody or everyone/everybody I always translate it to niemand- or alle- respectively, but I spent 4 weeks in Germany this ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Using “Ihr” as a formal singular “you” [duplicate]

I set the video game "Torchlight II" to the German language, and I noticed that the characters use "Ihr" as the singular second-person pronoun (for example, "Ihr habt eine neue Quest"). I read ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

relative clauses and relative pronouns

I want to combine 2 sentences with a relative pronoun. Example: Ich habe einen Hund. Mein Hund hat den Briefträger gebissen. Result: Ich habe einen Hund, der den Briefträger gebissen hat. ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Worauf bezieht sich “es” in “es bleibt noch viel zu…”?

Warum finde ich das Wort "Lippen" mit dem Pronomen "es"? Ist Lippen hier nicht feminin und Plural? Der Kontext ist das Gedicht "Es bleibt noch" von Rose Ausländer. Dort heißt es in der letzten ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Hassling the Hoff - Conjugating sein with two subjects

David Hasselhoff's number Du (featured in the movie Eurotrip) has these lyrics: Ich hab' ein Ziel und dieses Ziel bist du, bist du, bist du. I found the conjugation of sein here interesting ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Warum “niemand” anstelle “niemandem” in der Paraphrase “Ich nehme niemand einen Platz weg” einer Behauptung Lahms [duplicate]

Dank des Hauptitels auf dieser Seite der FIFA, und zwar Lahm: "Ich nehme niemand einen Platz weg", habe ich gerade erfahren, dass man auch niemand anstelle niemandem –und eigentlich auch ...
0
votes
5answers
115 views

Doubt about a sentence translation and word order

I wanted to say I read your profile and I see that you are in America. So in German, I wrongly translated as Ich lese dein Profil und ich kann du bist in Amerika sehen. Someone ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Which pronoun to use in a relative clause?

What is the correct way to refer to the object in a subordinate clause? Haben sie mehr von der blauen Farbe, das/die/der Sie genutzt haben, um die Tür zu malen?
5
votes
2answers
79 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”. Part II: does the dative depend on the gender of the speaker?

Part II (Part I of this question verses on the genitive for man) In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen ...
6
votes
2answers
85 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”? Part I: Finding a substitute for the genitive for “man”

Part I In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen Fällen muss daher auf die Formen des Indefinitpronomens ...
0
votes
2answers
154 views

beide/beiden - what does the ending (-n) depend on

When should it be beide and when beiden? Why is die beide Frauen incorrect? Can somebody post a precise rule here?
3
votes
4answers
162 views

“Dies” or “das” for introducing person

I know that in German "dies" is used not so often as "this" in English. But say, in a situation like, you're introducing your friend to another friend, and you gesture your hand toward that friend, ...
3
votes
5answers
380 views

Techniques to avoid repetition of nouns. (E.g. “The former and the latter”,…)

I'd like to know how to deal with writing texts, where a noun (or a collection of them), should be repetitively written and no synonym helps. Since the question I actually want to ask would be too ...
1
vote
4answers
118 views

Jeder vs Jedermann [closed]

Ich bin Jedermanns Freund. Jeder spricht Deutsch in dieser Stadt. Ist Jedermann altmodisch? Wenn ja, in welchem Jahr ist es altmodisch geworden?
-2
votes
2answers
349 views

What is the difference between Du and Sie [duplicate]

What is the difference between Du and Sie? For example, you are drinking/ you drink translates to Du trinkst Sie trinken other than the difference in conjugation, I do not understand why I would ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Need help with demonstrative pronouns

I have an assignment for German class to write a letter, expressing some kind of problem. I won't go deep into the subject, I just need help with some demonstrative pronouns, the first sentence being: ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

Distinguishing Sie (you) from sie (they) in conversational German

This is a slightly different question from How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?. The major question here is when I am directly speaking with someone whom I address as Sie, how do I go refer ...
6
votes
1answer
81 views

Warum steht in diesem Satz „eines“ statt „eins“?

Im folgenden Stück Satzes, das richtig sein muss, verstehe ich nicht das Wort in fetter Schrift: (…) des 19. Jahrhunderts war eines der wichtigsten Ereignisse in der Musik in dieser Zeit. Ich ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Usage of “jed-”, “jeglich-” and “jedwed-”

What is the difference between jedwed-, jeglich- and jed-? In my dictionary all three mean 'any'. And in what context are they used? Are they interchangeable?
5
votes
2answers
480 views

Reflexive “treffen” when planning to meet someone?

If I'm planning to meet someone (as opposed to simply meeting them), should I use a reflexive pronoun? (a) Ich werde ihn treffen. (b) Ich werde mich mit ihm treffen.
3
votes
1answer
280 views

“es ist/sind” versus “da ist/sind” to mean there is/are

These two questions (1 & 2) are close to what I'm trying to pin down. But I want to know if there is any significant difference between "es ist/sind" and "da ist/sind". For example, I found these ...
4
votes
1answer
351 views

er/sie/es versus das

When you want to refer to a previously mentioned noun, is there any difference whether to use gender/number-specific demonstrative/personal pronouns versus neutral demonstrative 'das'? Wem gehören ...
10
votes
3answers
774 views

Which grammatical gender would I use for a masculine noun with reference to a woman?

Given that "Schatz" is a masculine word, I would use masculine modifiers with it, such as "der". But suppose I were using "Schatz" to refer to a woman I was dating. Would I then refer to "mein ...
7
votes
2answers
622 views

Der/die/das as demonstrative pronouns: intonation, politeness and difference with dieser/diese/dieses

Three related questions: First, I'm interested in knowing if there is any difference in the usage of der, die, das,... and dieser, diese, dieses,.... For instance z.B. Ich habe zwei Hunde. {Der ...
11
votes
1answer
189 views

Mit oder ohne “es”?

Gestern habe ich eine Diskussion gehabt, ob man das Pronomen "es" in folgendem Satz verwendet oder nicht: "Im Vertrag wird es stehen, dass ..." vs "Im Vertrag wird stehen, dass..." ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

“It was him” auf Deutsch

In English, we could answer the question "Who ate the cake?" with It was him. I don't know the reason why we use the accusative "him", even though the person is the subject of eating the cake, ...
3
votes
3answers
300 views

Pronoun “mit dem” or “damit” in relative clause

Which is correct? (a) Auf dem Tisch liegt ein Kugelschreiber, mit dem ich normalerweise schreibe. (b) Auf dem Tisch liegt ein Kugelschreiber, damit schreibe ich normalerweise. I think only ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Meaning of “Was für ein”?

All I know about Was für ein is that it is a type of pronoun (but I don't know what type exactly it is). I also don't know how it translates into English.
4
votes
1answer
446 views

Correct usage of “beide”: does it require the article?

I didn't find any satisfactory reference about the usage of the pronoun "beide". It means "both" and probably comes from the same source too, but I'm confused about the article to use in front of it. ...
10
votes
3answers
738 views

Difference between “ihr” and “dessen”

If I want to say: “He is their son”, which is correct: Er ist ihr Sohn. Er ist deren Sohn. What is the difference (if any) between ihr and deren in the meaning of their?
1
vote
2answers
116 views

What is the relative position of complements when there's a time adverb?

Imagine that your mother tells you a story often. What would you say? Meine Mutter erzählte sie mir oft. Meine Mutter erzählte oft sie mir. I know that the temporal complement should go ...
7
votes
2answers
217 views

Relative pronouns for time (span)

Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10-11 etwas Zeit, 'wann'/'wo'/'in der' ich anrufen könnte? Which relative pronoun do I have to use in the question above?
7
votes
2answers
829 views

The pronoun “derer”

Wiktionary says it's the genitive, plural of "der" (which I thought was "deren"). I'm not only unsure how to use "derer" but also, what does it mean. Duden doesn't say too much either. Can somebody ...
7
votes
1answer
121 views

Possessive pronoun, how to use them as “Stellvertreter” vs. “Begleiter”?

I am learning about Possessivpronomen few days now, but there is one thing confusing me. When I am looking at the table, I see Begleiter possessive pronouns and Stellvertreter possessiv pronouns. I ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Capitalization of “Von diesen/jenen…”

I was wondering which is correct: Von diesen/jenen sind drei lustig. or Von Diesen/Jenen sind drei lustig. My intuition tells me that the second one is correct because diesen is the only ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Verwendung von “dieser” und “jener”

Ich habe bisher nicht oft „dieser“ und „jener“ sinnvoll verwendet, aber oft gelesen, dass „dieser“ auf zeitlich und räumlich Näheres verweist als „jener“. Dies gilt auch für zeitlich näher Erwähntes ...
11
votes
3answers
254 views

Is “ich” a subject or not

I am working on grammar-related exercises in a book from PONS. In one assignment, I must find the subject in some piece of text. I think that in the following sentence, the subject is ich: Was ...
7
votes
1answer
254 views

When to use the pronoun “es”?

I am not a German native speaker. I know that in certain situations the pronoun "es" has a different usage than the English "it", but I am not sure when it should be used and when it shouldn't. Here ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Difference in pronunciation of “Er” vs. “Ihr”

I'm currently learning German with Duolingo. In some of the lessons and daily practices, I have to listen to a recorded voice and type the German words that are spoken. I seem to continually get ...
6
votes
2answers
315 views

In German, is a company plural or singular?

In American English, I would say "the company...it said" but I know in British English they use the plural as in "the company...they said". How is this handled in German? Which of these sentences is ...
7
votes
6answers
545 views

Does using the pronouns “sie” and “er” when refering to objects sound odd to native German speakers?

I was going to write the following sentence in an e-mail, but the "sie" sounds odd to me: Diese Datei ist nicht im Excel-Format, sondern im XML-Format. Bitte schauen Sie sie an. so I changed ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

What does “Sich” mean and how is it used in a sentence? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to use “sich” I realize this is a pretty basic question, but I can't wrap my head around "Sich". I know it technically means "self", but how is it used ...
9
votes
1answer
454 views

When is jen- used?

I've learned that dies- can mean this or that, whereas jen- can also mean that. When should jen- be used in preference to dies-?