Pronomen - Questions on words that substitutes for nouns.

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11
votes
3answers
256 views

Is “ich” a subject or not

I am working on grammar-related exercises in a book from PONS. In one assignment, I must find the subject in some piece of text. I think that in the following sentence, the subject is ich: Was ...
11
votes
1answer
201 views

Mit oder ohne “es”?

Gestern habe ich eine Diskussion gehabt, ob man das Pronomen "es" in folgendem Satz verwendet oder nicht: "Im Vertrag wird es stehen, dass ..." vs "Im Vertrag wird stehen, dass..." ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Which grammatical gender would I use for a masculine noun with reference to a woman?

Given that "Schatz" is a masculine word, I would use masculine modifiers with it, such as "der". But suppose I were using "Schatz" to refer to a woman I was dating. Would I then refer to "mein ...
10
votes
3answers
836 views

Difference between “ihr” and “dessen”

If I want to say: “He is their son”, which is correct: Er ist ihr Sohn. Er ist deren Sohn. What is the difference (if any) between ihr and deren in the meaning of their?
10
votes
6answers
197 views

sich schwer tun

"Er tut sich schwer." - das ist eindeutig. Aber: "Du tust dich schwer." - "Ich tue mich schwer." Oder doch lieber: "Du tust dir schwer." - "Ich tue mir schwer." Mein Sprachgefühl sagt mir, dass ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Difference in pronunciation of “Er” vs. “Ihr”

I'm currently learning German with Duolingo. In some of the lessons and daily practices, I have to listen to a recorded voice and type the German words that are spoken. I seem to continually get ...
9
votes
1answer
492 views

When is jen- used?

I've learned that dies- can mean this or that, whereas jen- can also mean that. When should jen- be used in preference to dies-?
8
votes
2answers
405 views

Book Title Capitalization

At my work we are working on some software involving the capitalization of book titles. Under pronouns it is set to not capitalize, yet "Sie" is always capitalized. I thought pronouns were not ...
7
votes
6answers
615 views

Does using the pronouns “sie” and “er” when refering to objects sound odd to native German speakers?

I was going to write the following sentence in an e-mail, but the "sie" sounds odd to me: Diese Datei ist nicht im Excel-Format, sondern im XML-Format. Bitte schauen Sie sie an. so I changed ...
7
votes
2answers
228 views

Relative pronouns for time (span)

Hätten Sie am Dienstag zwischen 10-11 etwas Zeit, 'wann'/'wo'/'in der' ich anrufen könnte? Which relative pronoun do I have to use in the question above?
7
votes
1answer
284 views

When to use the pronoun “es”?

I am not a German native speaker. I know that in certain situations the pronoun "es" has a different usage than the English "it", but I am not sure when it should be used and when it shouldn't. Here ...
7
votes
2answers
895 views

The pronoun “derer”

Wiktionary says it's the genitive, plural of "der" (which I thought was "deren"). I'm not only unsure how to use "derer" but also, what does it mean. Duden doesn't say too much either. Can somebody ...
7
votes
2answers
682 views

Der/die/das as demonstrative pronouns: intonation, politeness and difference with dieser/diese/dieses

Three related questions: First, I'm interested in knowing if there is any difference in the usage of der, die, das,... and dieser, diese, dieses,.... For instance z.B. Ich habe zwei Hunde. {Der ...
7
votes
1answer
127 views

Possessive pronoun, how to use them as “Stellvertreter” vs. “Begleiter”?

I am learning about Possessivpronomen few days now, but there is one thing confusing me. When I am looking at the table, I see Begleiter possessive pronouns and Stellvertreter possessiv pronouns. I ...
6
votes
2answers
321 views

In German, is a company plural or singular?

In American English, I would say "the company...it said" but I know in British English they use the plural as in "the company...they said". How is this handled in German? Which of these sentences is ...
6
votes
2answers
93 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”? Part I: Finding a substitute for the genitive for “man”

Part I In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen Fällen muss daher auf die Formen des Indefinitpronomens ...
6
votes
1answer
82 views

Warum steht in diesem Satz „eines“ statt „eins“?

Im folgenden Stück Satzes, das richtig sein muss, verstehe ich nicht das Wort in fetter Schrift: (…) des 19. Jahrhunderts war eines der wichtigsten Ereignisse in der Musik in dieser Zeit. Ich ...
6
votes
2answers
65 views

Relativpronomen »welcher« im Genitiv?

Relativpronomen gibt es in zwei Geschmacksrichtungen: Verwandte von »der«: Singular: Nom: der, die, das Gen: dessen, deren, dessen Dat: dem, der, dem Akk: den, die, das Plural: Nom: ...
6
votes
2answers
96 views

Relative pronoun for “heute”

From Spiegel-Magazine: Zudem stellen sich heute, wo mehr als 70 Prozent eines Jahrgangs eine akademische Karriere anstreben, ganz andere Herausforderungen. In this thread, it was pointed out ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?

Sie haben meine Brieftasche. This sentence has 2 different meanings - They have my wallet. or You have my wallet. How can I know which is intended?
5
votes
3answers
169 views

Which is the correct pronoun for “Datei”: “die” or “sie”?

Which one is correct: Vielen Dank für die Datei. Wir haben die angeschaut. Or Vielen Dank für die Datei. Wir haben sie angeschaut.
5
votes
2answers
89 views

On the declensions of the pronoun “man”. Part II: does the dative depend on the gender of the speaker?

Part II (Part I of this question verses on the genitive for man) In Wiktionary reads: Das Indefinitpronomen des Nominativ Singular man hat keine weiteren Formen; bei der Verwendung in anderen ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Verwendung von “dieser” und “jener”

Ich habe bisher nicht oft „dieser“ und „jener“ sinnvoll verwendet, aber oft gelesen, dass „dieser“ auf zeitlich und räumlich Näheres verweist als „jener“. Dies gilt auch für zeitlich näher Erwähntes ...
5
votes
2answers
56 views

“alle” vs “all die”

(a) Ich muss heute Abend alle Hausaufgaben machen. (b) Ich muss heute Abend all die Hausaufgaben machen. Gibt es einen Unterschied zwischen den Bedeutungen von den beiden Sätzen? Drückt "all ...
5
votes
3answers
146 views

Pronoun gender for proper nouns

Usually I notice that the gender of the pronoun is determined by the gender of the noun. Das Mädchen weint. Es ist traurig. Die Stadt ist schön. Sie gefällt mir. Is it true that when the ...
5
votes
2answers
562 views

Reflexive “treffen” when planning to meet someone?

If I'm planning to meet someone (as opposed to simply meeting them), should I use a reflexive pronoun? (a) Ich werde ihn treffen. (b) Ich werde mich mit ihm treffen.
5
votes
1answer
523 views

Correct usage of “beide”: does it require the article?

I didn't find any satisfactory reference about the usage of the pronoun "beide". It means "both" and probably comes from the same source too, but I'm confused about the article to use in front of it. ...
4
votes
5answers
303 views

keiner/jeder vs niemand/alle

When I speak or write in German and need to say something with either no one/nobody or everyone/everybody I always translate it to niemand- or alle- respectively, but I spent 4 weeks in Germany this ...
4
votes
3answers
460 views

How to say “buy a fresh one”

I am trying to say the sentence "This apple is not fresh, but I can buy a fresh one." Here is my attempt based on pure translation: Der Apfel ist nicht frisch, aber ich kann einen frischen einen ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Capitalization of “Von diesen/jenen…”

I was wondering which is correct: Von diesen/jenen sind drei lustig. or Von Diesen/Jenen sind drei lustig. My intuition tells me that the second one is correct because diesen is the only ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

Etymologie des kölschen “Mer” (1. Person Plural)

Das Pronomen der ersten 1. Person Plural in der kölschen Mundart lautet "Mer", und in einigen angrenzenden Dialekten "Mir". Diese Pronomen können gedeutet werden als variation des deutschen "wir". ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Implicit distances in demonstrative pronouns “das”, “dieses”, “jenes”

[For the following, please assume neutral case always to make it simpler.] I was lucky enough to grow up in a Spanish-German bilingual household, and as such am fluent in both languages. This is ...
4
votes
2answers
821 views

How do I decline “jemand” or “niemand”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Beugt man jemand oder niemand mit Endung? The declension of indefinitve pronouns "jemand" or "niemand" seems not to follow strict rules. I can read all of the following: ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

Niveau von “wo” als Relativpronomen für Ortsangaben

(a) Das ist das Lokal, in dem er die Frau trifft. (b) Das ist das Lokal, wo er die Frau trifft. Satz (a) klingt auf jeden Fall formell. Wie formell klingt Satz (b), verglichen mit (a)? Ist ...
4
votes
1answer
408 views

er/sie/es versus das

When you want to refer to a previously mentioned noun, is there any difference whether to use gender/number-specific demonstrative/personal pronouns versus neutral demonstrative 'das'? Wem gehören ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between “ist” and “es”?

I am trying to figure out what is the difference between "ist" and "es"? for example in the phrase "Mein Auto ist blau" vs. "Mir geht es gut", can you say "Mir geht ist gut"?
3
votes
3answers
370 views

Pronoun “mit dem” or “damit” in relative clause

Which is correct? (a) Auf dem Tisch liegt ein Kugelschreiber, mit dem ich normalerweise schreibe. (b) Auf dem Tisch liegt ein Kugelschreiber, damit schreibe ich normalerweise. I think only ...
3
votes
5answers
410 views

Techniques to avoid repetition of nouns. (E.g. “The former and the latter”,…)

I'd like to know how to deal with writing texts, where a noun (or a collection of them), should be repetitively written and no synonym helps. Since the question I actually want to ask would be too ...
3
votes
4answers
171 views

“Dies” or “das” for introducing person

I know that in German "dies" is used not so often as "this" in English. But say, in a situation like, you're introducing your friend to another friend, and you gesture your hand toward that friend, ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Hassling the Hoff - Conjugating sein with two subjects

David Hasselhoff's number Du (featured in the movie Eurotrip) has these lyrics: Ich hab' ein Ziel und dieses Ziel bist du, bist du, bist du. I found the conjugation of sein here interesting ...
3
votes
1answer
201 views

Is the use of reflexive required when possible?

(a) Er ist stolz auf sich selbst. is a natural translation of "He is proud of himself." My question is whether (b) Er ist stolz auf ihn selbst. is correct or not? That is, when the ...
3
votes
2answers
78 views

Use of “deren” as demonstrative pronoun

From Der Spiegel: Als Pfarrer in Rostock war Gauck kein Widerstandskämpfer, aber doch ein Bürgerrechtler. Deren energischen Freiheitsbegriff trägt er in die bundesdeutsche Politik, ... I thought ...
3
votes
1answer
358 views

“es ist/sind” versus “da ist/sind” to mean there is/are

These two questions (1 & 2) are close to what I'm trying to pin down. But I want to know if there is any significant difference between "es ist/sind" and "da ist/sind". For example, I found these ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Grammatik in “wenn es dort welchen gibt”

Aus der Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung: Vom Winter 2018/19 an kann laut Gabriel in der kalten Jahreszeit der größtmögliche Strombedarf nicht mehr aus heimischer Erzeugung gedeckt werden. Dann ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Reference of “es” in “Sie gut zu übersetzen ist schwer, es bleiben zu lassen hilft aber nicht weiter.”

From the Frankfurter Allgemeine: Wer Weltliteratur ernst nimmt, weiß: Sie gut zu übersetzen ist schwer, es bleiben zu lassen hilft aber nicht weiter. What does es refer to here? It cannot refer ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

relative clauses and relative pronouns

I want to combine 2 sentences with a relative pronoun. Example: Ich habe einen Hund. Mein Hund hat den Briefträger gebissen. Result: Ich habe einen Hund, der den Briefträger gebissen hat. ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Distinguishing Sie (you) from sie (they) in conversational German

This is a slightly different question from How to differentiate Sie (they) or Sie (you)?. The major question here is when I am directly speaking with someone whom I address as Sie, how do I go refer ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Meaning of “Was für ein”?

All I know about Was für ein is that it is a type of pronoun (but I don't know what type exactly it is). I also don't know how it translates into English.
2
votes
1answer
135 views

“It was him” auf Deutsch

In English, we could answer the question "Who ate the cake?" with It was him. I don't know the reason why we use the accusative "him", even though the person is the subject of eating the cake, ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Need help with demonstrative pronouns

I have an assignment for German class to write a letter, expressing some kind of problem. I won't go deep into the subject, I just need help with some demonstrative pronouns, the first sentence being: ...