Aussprache - Questions on how to correctly speak a word.

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37
votes
12answers
4k views

How is the ending -ig pronounced, and where?

I've heard the following alternatives for pronouncing the ending -ig of words like fertig and lustig: /ɪç/ (as in mich) /ɪʃ/ (as in Fisch) /ɪg/ /ɪk/ Where are the different pronunciations used? ...
26
votes
8answers
22k views

W → V, V → F. Why do German speakers wrongly transpose rather than shift when speaking English?

If German "W" is pronounced like an English "V" and German "V" is pronounced like an English "F" i.e. W → V V → F Why is it that I continually hear German speakers pronounce their (English) ...
26
votes
1answer
2k views

Pronunciation of “China” in German

In German there is some confusion on how to pronounce the letters 'ch' in "China". I heard all of following variants: [ˈçiːnaː] - as in "ich" [ˈkçiːnaː] - as in "Bäckchen" [ˈkiːnaː] - as in ...
22
votes
3answers
1k views

When is the last sound of a syllable unvoiced?

It is very common to unvoice consonant sounds appearing last in a word. die Hand -- /hant/ -- d → /t/ der Tag -- /taːk/ -- g → /k/ der Staub -- /ʃtaʊp/ -- b → /p/ This sometimes happens with ...
19
votes
5answers
846 views

How should one pronounce “Denglisch” words when one is a native English speaker?

I'm not sure if this question is completely on-topic since I think it's largely a cultural question rather than being strictly about German language, but I noticed a pronunciation tag so I thought it ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

How do you phonetically pronounce all of the German note names?

What is the phonetic pronunciation of every note name in German? So, all three iterations of every letter (flat, natural, and sharp) including E#, Cb, etc. Also, how do you pronounce the German note ...
18
votes
3answers
972 views

Spelling to pronunciation

It is said that German spelling is largely phonetic (unlike English spelling), and that there is a fairly reliable set of rules to convert spelling to pronunciation. (Sure, there are some exceptions, ...
18
votes
4answers
373 views

Where do you place the stress in the word?

Every dictionary I have seen says stress an in angeblich. Yet often, I hear angeblich. Does it matter? Are there rules? Or is it dialect? Similarly, ausführlich or ausführlich? One dictionary says the ...
17
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the difference in pronunciation of “Nichts” and “Nics”?

Often I hear different pronunciations for the word Nichts Some people pronounce it as Nics (Well, it sounds like "Nics".) Does it make any difference? Is this a different dialect? Is it ...
17
votes
7answers
15k views

How is “ch” pronounced correctly?

I'm interested (or rather "re-interested") in learning German. When I looked up some basic lessons to get myself started, I found this on about.com. If you click on any of those words, you can hear ...
16
votes
5answers
3k views

When is “sch” spoken like “sh” and when like “s” “ch”?

Regarding the words like Hose, Dose, Rose the pronunciation of the diminutive (Höschen, Döschen, Röschen) is with an explicit "s" phoneme. Opposite to the usual "sch" pronunciation. Is this a rule? ...
16
votes
3answers
450 views

How are mathematical expressions of this kind read in German (with fraction and root)?

        My guesses are: ein fünfte Wurzel aus a plus c Quadrat-tel / ein Kubikwurzel aus p-tel eins durch fünfte Wurzel aus a plus c Quadrat / eins durch ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Why are “vier” and the beginning of “vierzehn” not pronounced the same?

Why is "vier" in the beginning of "vierzehn" [ˈfɪrʦeːn] not pronounced the same as the standalone "vier" [fiːɐ]?
15
votes
6answers
1k views

Speaking German with accent: a status symbol or a sign of being a foreigner?

I have been living in Germany for almost 10 years now and despite good command of both written and spoken German I have a noticeable accent and my texts are not absolutely perfect. I have noticed many ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Do you always pronounce ST as SHT?

If you have a word like 'Strasse' and it forms part of a street name for example, then I would assume that you still pronounce the word as though it were by itself. But are there examples of when you ...
15
votes
4answers
3k views

Milch? Milsh? Why the pronunciation difference?

I'm working my way through the Pimsleur German series, and I've noticed that one of the speakers has what seems to me a strange pronunciation of the word Milch. He pronounces the ch like the sh sound ...
14
votes
4answers
699 views

The loanwords of which languages are to be faithfully pronounced when speaking German?

I have the impression that – unlike English (where you say Euler as Yuler, or better yet, bruschetta as [/brʊˈʃɛtə/]), European Spanish (where one pronounces Wi-Fi as guifi) or French (Bounty as ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Where to find IPA transcriptions of Hochdeutsch online?

Where can I find a comprehensive online resource for IPA transcriptions of the "official" pronunciation of German words?
13
votes
3answers
509 views

Wie sprechen die Salzburger den Namen ihrer Stadt aus?

Es geht mir um den Buchstaben g in Salzburg. Auf Forvo habe ich mir die Aussprache zweier Österreicher angehört, die /g/ sagen; aber die beiden wohnen nicht in Salzburg. Wie sagen die Salzburger das? ...
13
votes
4answers
5k views

Is there a difference in pronunciation between “ist” and “isst”?

Is there a difference in pronunciation between "ist" -be (3p. sing) and "isst" -eat (3p. sing)? EDIT: I posted the second part as an independent question
13
votes
2answers
486 views

Schreibweise und Aussprache von aus dem Englischen stammenden Akronymen im Plural

Ich bin mir nicht sicher, ob Akronyme, die von der englischen Sprache entlehnt sind, im Plural mit oder ohne "-s" am Ende geschrieben und ausgesprochen werden. Ich selbst verwende in der ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

Difference in pronunciation of “Er” vs. “Ihr”

I'm currently learning German with Duolingo. In some of the lessons and daily practices, I have to listen to a recorded voice and type the German words that are spoken. I seem to continually get ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

A strange greeting! Servos?

Ever since I have arrived in Germany, I have been picking up words I hear often and then going back home to check their meanings. There is one word that still baffles me. It is a form of greeting. ...
12
votes
2answers
930 views

Wann spricht man „ie“ als Diphthong aus?

„ie“ hat die folgende mögliche Aussprachen: /iː/ („Miete“) /i̯ə/ („Familie“, „Petersilie“) /i̯e/ („Karriere“) Wie kann man wissen, ob „ie“ als Diphthong oder Monophthong ausgesprochen ist?
12
votes
3answers
921 views

How to know if a beginning 'v' is pronounced /f/ or /v/?

A 'v' in the beginning of a word can be pronounced in one of two ways: /f/: Vater, verrückt, vier, Vogel. /v/: Vanille, Verb, Villa, Vokal, vulgär. My question: Is there a way to know how a word ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

How to pronounce the German R?

I've tried many methods on the Internet but I still can't vibrate my tongue at all. I've tried gargling, biting a stick, etc. But weeks and months passed, none of them worked! I know German people ...
12
votes
3answers
726 views

Ursprung der stimmhaften Aussprache von <s>

In zahlreichen Büchern über historische Sprachstufen des Deutschen (z. B. Alt- und Mittelhochdeutsch von Bergmann/Pauly/Moulin) wird darauf hingewiesen, dass die beiden Grapheme <s> und <z> ...
11
votes
2answers
467 views

Pronunciation of “gucken”

I've heard the g in gucken pronounced more like a k, but in the Duden dictionary I see no indication that it's pronounced that way. Do most Germans actually pronounce the word with a k, or is it just ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

R's: Trilled R, Uvular Fricative R, and Uvular Trill R

I've read that the Bavarian accent (or the southern regions in general) uses a trilled R -- IPA [r] -- instead of the "standard" voiced uvular fricative -- IPA [ʁ]. I've also read that the uvular ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is “eu” used for spelling the sound “oi”?

My little daughter, allthough not being in school yet, is very keen in writing words - naturally, she writes them as she thinks they are written by translating each sound to a letter. Recently, she ...
10
votes
3answers
404 views

Hatten das runde „s“ und das lange „ſ“ die gleiche Aussprache?

Gab es einen Unterschied in der Aussprache von rundem „s“ und langem „ſ“, oder war der Unterschied nur typographisch?
10
votes
2answers
388 views

Why is the stress of lebendig on the second syllable?

The pronunciation of lebendig lies on the second syllable, which does not follow the stress rules. It has no suffix that would change stress from the root word (that is, -ig), nor such a prefix (the ...
10
votes
1answer
845 views

How much are colloquial reductions of spoken German taught?

Sometimes I ask myself how clear a Non-German can understand spoken German when it comes to reductions like hammer / simmer / gehmer - haben wir / sind wir / gehen wir haste / biste / weißte - hast ...
9
votes
3answers
714 views

How is “Parameter” pronounced?

Is it /paˈraːmetɐ/ or /paraˈmeːtɐ/? In other words, which syllable is stressed?
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Pronunciation of Pommes Frites

When I first saw Pommes Frites I assumed the es would be pronounced, but it mostly seems like speakers say: pohm freet Rather than my initial assumption of something like: pohm-ez freet-z Why are ...
9
votes
3answers
567 views

How to say web addresses and version numbers in German?

In English, for example, "http://german.stackexchange.com/questions/ask" and "Windows 8.1" are read aloud as: H T T P COLON DOUBLE SLASH german DOT stackexchange DOT com SLASH questions SLASH ...
9
votes
2answers
914 views

Wann ß nach Diphthong? „heiß“ aber „Reis“

Wie erklärt sich, dass nach einigen Doppellauten ein ß (heiß, beiß, sch…) steht und nach anderen ein einfaches s (Eis, Mais, Kreis), obwohl es sich ebenso wie ein stimmloses s anhört?
9
votes
1answer
196 views

Wie kam das 'e' in den “Schmied”?

Schon länger frage ich mich, wie es zur Dehnung des "i"-Vokals und zur Bildung eines "-ie-" in der Berufsbezeichnung "Schmied" kam. Im Duden, aber auch in anderen Wörterbüchern ist die Herkunft aus ...
9
votes
3answers
267 views

Pronouncing “chs” as /ks/

"ch" is pronounced as /x/ or /ç/ depending on the vowel in front of it, and "s" is pronounced /z/ before a vowel, how come then that the sequence "chs" in the words wachsen and Wechsel is pronounced ...
8
votes
7answers
381 views

Are “Xylofon” and “xenophob” really pronounced with /ks/?

Pronunciation dictionaries suggest that words beginning with x, such as Xylofon and xenophob, should be pronounced with /ks/. This sounds awkward every time I try. How common is it for real-life ...
8
votes
2answers
344 views

Pronunciation of the surname Ruhle

I live in Australia and I had a big family gathering over the weekend. We know that our ancestors moved to Australia from Germany in the late 1800s. There was a big argument over how to properly ...
8
votes
1answer
425 views

Last name Fahnel pronunciation

Our last name is Fahnel which is German and I wanted to know the correct way to pronounce it. Some relatives believe it is pronounced Fennel like the spice but I believe it is either Fah-nel or ...
8
votes
1answer
274 views

How to pronounce email address in German?

This question also has an answer here (in German): Wie teile ich mündlich eine E-Mail-Adresse mit? I need to tell a German person my email address. They live in Germany. I live in the US. ...
7
votes
3answers
17k views

German shows/movies with German subtitles

I've found resources for German shows with English subtitles and vice versa, but I can't find German shows (either serials or movies) with German subtitles. Are there any online resources for this? ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What pronunciation is more influential, higher status or standard?

I was looking into different pronunciations, I saw there is a difference between regions within Germany and also with other German speaking countries, making me wonder which set of pronunciation rules ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there a practical difference between “e” and “ä”?

The e and ä are considered as different phonemes. In practice, do people make and notice the difference? Which problems, if any, would not bothering to make such difference lead to?
7
votes
2answers
730 views

Pronunciation of 'r' in German

According to the answer of @what to the question Pronunciation of "lernst" there are 3 different ways to pronounce the alphabet r in German: voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] (splattne's sample) ...
7
votes
3answers
413 views

Resources for learning how to pronounce German phonemes?

In reading Fluent Forever. The author makes a point of something I had begun to suspect on my own: Learning to hear and correctly pronounce a language will help you learn much faster, because your ...
7
votes
2answers
314 views

Are there other words that are only partly Germanized, like “Toilette”?

The word Toilette is pronounced /toalɛtə/ in standard German. It retains the original French /toa/, but its end is pronounced as it would be, were it a German word: /ɛtə/ instead of /ɛt/. Are there ...
7
votes
2answers
387 views

Ear-training with Minimal Pairs?

I came across this article on Minimal Pairs that seemed to perfectly describe the issues I have been having: not being able to clearly differentiate between the different sounds and vowels. The ...