relating to the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences

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9
votes
1answer
2k views

Position of “nicht” in following contexts

I went through the article The Position of Nicht and the question Where is exactly the position of “nicht” in the sentence?. I would like to know if I am correct in the following sentences and if ...
14
votes
3answers
10k views

Wann verwendet man „zu“ mit dem Infinitiv?

Wie kann man wissen, ob man den Infinitiv mit oder ohne „zu“ schreibt? Das darf ich nicht probieren. Das wage ich nicht zu probieren. Ich gehe spazieren. Ich mag es zu spazieren. Bonusfrage: Was ...
12
votes
6answers
855 views

Warum wird “weil” zur nebenordnenden Konjunktion?

Gibt es wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen darüber, warum die Konjunktion weil derzeit einen Sprachwandel erlebt? Mein Eindruck ist, dass die anderen Konjunktionen vergleichsweise statisch sind. ...
0
votes
3answers
200 views

“Ich denke, das ist keine schlechte Idee” or “Ich denke, dass das keine schlechte Idee ist”

This question also has an answer here (in German): Wortstellung mit 'glauben' This is a question for the native speakers. What do you think is mostly used between these two sentences? ...
4
votes
6answers
835 views

Is it possible that a native German speaker doesn't put the verb to the end of the sentence after a “weil”?

As I currently know, the ordering of the words is one of the strongest rules of the German grammar. Although some non-native speakers make such failures, especially if their first language has ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it more common to write longer sentences in German than in English?

From my very personal view it looks like especially in scientific related texts Germans use in average longer sentences than in English literature. This could be wrong perception, as a lot of non ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

“gern” and “nicht gern” position

These three sentences are taken from German learning books. Ich esse gern Gemüse. Ich esse nicht gern Gemüse. Ich mag Gemüse nicht (so) gern. Why is "nicht gern" placed right after the verb in "2" ...
10
votes
1answer
182 views

Wann braucht ein Satzteil ein Pronominaladverb?

Ich weiß nicht, wie man diese Frage mit Worten klar erklären würde, also fange ich mit Beispielen an. (1) Meine Mama hat mich darum gebeten, Dir ihre E-Mail-Adresse zu geben. (2) Ich freue ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What does “denn” mean in this context?

Every so often, I see someone use "denn" in a question, but I do not know why. Some examples: Was hörst du denn für Musik? Was machst du denn? What is the point of this, and what does it ...
6
votes
1answer
108 views

Verberstsatz mit “doch”

Folgendes Beispiel: Angela M. blieb den ganzen Tag im Bett, hatte sie sich doch bei einem Skiunfall verletzt. Welcher Satztyp ist der zweite Teilsatz? Er ist ganz klar abhängig und ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Meaning of the abbrevation “o.g.” and position in context?

I am reading a document for renting an apartment in Germany through a real-estate company, and I stumbled upon the abbreviation, o.g. What does it mean, and what are the original words? The context ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

Can the subject in inverted word order be not right after the verb?

As I have learned when you want to emphasis an element that's not the subject you put it in the first position, then put the object right after the verb. Normally it's the adverbial phrase which is ...
6
votes
4answers
494 views

What kind of sentence structure used in cooking recipe?

I am a beginner and so far I have learned about statement, yes-no question, w- question, command but this kind of text seems very strange though I somehow get what it says. Nudeln kochen, Schinken ...
5
votes
2answers
19k views

Stellungnahme mit “Meiner Meinung nach”

I 'm about to complete B1 (Yay!) and Goethe Institut has changed the examination pattern from this year on. We're supposed to write a Stellungnahme in Teil schreiben and I wish to write my answer in a ...
7
votes
1answer
528 views

Komma vor einem einzelnen Gedankenstrich

Der Zauberberg wimmelt von Sätzen, die einen Gedankenstrich (Halbgeviertstrich) enthalten, dem ein Komma vorangeht: […], – […]. Beispiele: Der gute Joachim hatte einige Blumen in eine kleine ...
7
votes
5answers
614 views

Why “es” exists in “Ihm war es nicht kalt.”?

In this sentence Ihm war es nicht kalt. Why "es" is added there? I found it in a Memrise course, I think it is incorrect.
5
votes
1answer
10k views

What's the grammatical difference between “trotz” und “trotzdem”?

"Trotz" is usually used as "despite", and "trotzdem" is "nevertheless", but: What is the grammatical difference? Where does the verb go for "trotz" and where does it go for "trotzdem"? Do Germans ...
5
votes
4answers
402 views

“Deine Fotos” gegen “Fotos von dir”

Bekanntlich benennt ein berühmtes soziales Netzwerk (meinem ersten Endruck nach dooferweise) zwei unterschiedliche Bilderordner mit den folgenden Namen: deine Fotos und Fotos von dir. Kann man ...
5
votes
2answers
320 views

position of “vergessen” in this sentence

I want to translate the sentence: "I have forgotten to brush my teeth". I thought I should say "Ich habe meine Zähne zu putzen vergessen". I think that when we use the Partizip 2 we put "habe" in ...
5
votes
1answer
184 views

deleted subordinating conjunction - “dass”

In English, it's written: He says (that) he'll come immediately. In German it changes the sentence structure: Er sagt, dass er sofort kommt. The problem is, if I delete "dass" from my ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

When does a verb come second?

I know that if a sentence or a clause starts with some ancillary word, like 'jetzt' or 'heute', then the verb comes second. I'm interested to know all such cases. In particular: Während sie aßen, ...
4
votes
3answers
207 views

When can I use constructions like “wenn du planst teilzunehmen?”

In writing an email to some friends, I was told that it's better to write Bitte gib uns Bescheid, wenn du planst teilzunehmen. instead of Bitte gib uns Bescheid, wenn du teilzunehmen ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Can it be correct to use “sei” instead of “ist” in this sentence?

Could someone please tell me if this sentence is correct? "Es sagt, daß das verboten sei."
3
votes
2answers
275 views

Wie ist die korrekte Deklination eines Adjektivs und der korrekte Satzbau in einer komplex-verschachtelten Struktur?

In einer Antwort zu einer Frage hier, heißt es ursprünglich Der Film fängt mit einem einer Frau gewidmeten Brief schreibenden Mann an. Ich habe spontan die Deklination von gewidmet geändert und ...
2
votes
2answers
568 views

Manner-adverb placement [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the proper position of “gern”? I find sentences with adverbs a bit confusing, as I don't know if the placement of a certain adverb is right or wrong. Consider the ...
2
votes
5answers
462 views

Word Order Within the Satzklammer

I am trying to write someothing close to the English: The film begins with him writing a letter to her. I have the sentence: Der Film fängt mit Er ihn einen Brief schreiben an. Is there a rule ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

The position of a modal verb when not adjacent to the finite verb

Are these grammatically well formed German sentences? A: Er wird{0}* es erledigen{3} können{2} haben{1}. B: Sie sagt, dass er es werde{0} erledigen{3} können{2} haben{1}. (*Bracketed ...