relating to the supra-regional German used in the written language

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3
votes
1answer
1k views

How is the gender of new words established?

When words are borrowed into German, how is it decided what gender that word should be? I can think of examples with all three genders: der Latte, die Jeans, das Internet. Are there ever ...
25
votes
1answer
2k views

How do we pronounce “China”?

In German there is some confusion on how to pronounce the letters 'ch' in "China". I heard all of following variants: [ˈçiːnaː] - "ich" [ˈkçiːnaː] - "Bäckchen" [ˈkiːnaː] - "Kino" [ʃiːnaː] - ...
7
votes
2answers
648 views

Pronunciation of 'r' in German

According to the answer of @what to the question Pronunciation of "lernst" there are 3 different ways to pronounce the alphabet r in German: voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] (splattne's sample) ...
3
votes
1answer
160 views

Why do some dictionaries have Rad fahren and others radfahren? Is Rad a separable prefix?

In Collin's dictionary, when I search for Rad fahren, it comes up with: http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/german-english/radfahren However, radfahren is not on http://de.wiktionary.org . ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Correct way to write out a date range in German

What is the best way to write out a date range in German? For example, something takes place on 05. September 2015 which is how I've come accustomed to seeing it in Germany. I'm not sure as to why ...
9
votes
4answers
528 views

Wer bestimmt, welche Regeln in der deutschen Spache gelten?

Wie der Titel schon sagt: Wer (oder was) hat das letzte Wort, wenn es um Regelfragen in der deutschen Sprache geht? Die angesprochenen Regelfragen können sowohl die Grammatik als auch die ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Was ist “Umgangssprache”?

Immer wieder verwende ich beim Schreiben Ausdrücke aus der Umgangssprache. Auch hier bei uns wurden "Umgangssprache" und "umgangssprachlich" schon mehrfach genannt. Eine klare Definition dessen, was ...
4
votes
3answers
461 views

Why is “Zeile” but not “Zeiger” differently pronounced in the south?

For both nouns there is a similar pronunciation of "-ei-" in standard German: Zeile: [ˈʦaɪ̯lə] Zeiger: [ˈʦaɪ̯ɡɐ] When people in some southern German regions try to speak non-dialect German the ...