relating to the supra-regional German used in the written language

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26
votes
1answer
2k views

Pronunciation of “China” in German

In German there is some confusion on how to pronounce the letters 'ch' in "China". I heard all of following variants: [ˈçiːnaː] - as in "ich" [ˈkçiːnaː] - as in "Bäckchen" [ˈkiːnaː] - as in "...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the difference in pronunciation of “Nichts” and “Nics”?

Often I hear different pronunciations for the word Nichts Some people pronounce it as Nics (Well, it sounds like "Nics".) Does it make any difference? Is this a different dialect? Is it ...
13
votes
8answers
5k views

German Accents: Austrian, German, or Swiss Standard German

This is a (very) modified version of my original question, for more context regarding some of the answers you might want to see the edits below. I am learning German for fun, and I do not feel the ...
12
votes
3answers
789 views

Hochdeutsch und Luthers Bibelübersetzung

Ein Deutscher hat mir einen Grund dafür genannt, warum man in Hannover (und in dessen Nähe) Hochdeutsch spricht. Es habe damit zu tun, dass Luther in diesem geographischen Gebiet die Bibel übersetzt ...
11
votes
3answers
821 views

“Nein” vs “nee”, is there any difference?

The only time I've ever seen Germans say nein is in the movies or in textbooks. I've also heard a politician say nein when she wanted to make a strong stand again a comment. I'm guessing nein is more ...
11
votes
3answers
264 views

Is “ich” a subject or not

I am working on grammar-related exercises in a book from PONS. In one assignment, I must find the subject in some piece of text. I think that in the following sentence, the subject is ich: Was ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Correct way to write out a date range in German

What is the best way to write out a date range in German? For example, something takes place on 05. September 2015 which is how I've come accustomed to seeing it in Germany. I'm not sure as to why ...
9
votes
4answers
840 views

Wer bestimmt, welche Regeln in der deutschen Spache gelten?

Wie der Titel schon sagt: Wer (oder was) hat das letzte Wort, wenn es um Regelfragen in der deutschen Sprache geht? Die angesprochenen Regelfragen können sowohl die Grammatik als auch die ...
9
votes
3answers
702 views

How to say web addresses and version numbers in German?

In English, for example, "http://german.stackexchange.com/questions/ask" and "Windows 8.1" are read aloud as: H T T P COLON DOUBLE SLASH german DOT stackexchange DOT com SLASH questions SLASH ...
9
votes
6answers
3k views

Difference between Austrian and German

Die Österreicher haben im Vergleich zu uns (Hoch-)Deutschen ein paar lustige Wörter und eine etwas andere (wie ich finde netter klingende) Aussprache (wobei das natürlich von Person zu Person variiert)...
8
votes
4answers
460 views

Are “wenn” and “falls” really always interchangeable in case of a conditional? [duplicate]

The question is only about the case, when both conjunctions are used as a conditional (leaving the possibility to use "wenn" as temporal aside). Let's start off with an example: "Falls ich ...
7
votes
4answers
235 views

Suche ein geeignetes Wort für umgangssprachlich “unfit”

Oft im Zusammenhang mit Sport oder Gesundheit, aber auch im beruflichen Umfeld und bezüglich der geistigen Leistungsfähigkeit hört man das Wort "unfit", das als Verneinung von "fit sein" gebildet wird....
7
votes
2answers
5k views

In den Bergen vs auf den Bergen

What is the difference between in den Bergen and auf den Bergen? We say in die Berge fahren and in den Bergen sein. What about auf die Berge? Does it only refer to mountain climbing and getting to the ...
7
votes
2answers
812 views

Pronunciation of 'r' in German

According to the answer of @what to the question Pronunciation of "lernst" there are 3 different ways to pronounce the alphabet r in German: voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] (splattne's sample) ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

Gebräuchlichkeit von Wörter mit und ohne “-s” am Ende (Beispiel: “nochmal / nochmals”)

Es gibt einige Wörter im Deutschen, die am Wortende gegebenenfalls mit einem -s geschrieben werden können, wo es aber auch durchaus weggelassen werden kann. Historisch gibt es viele Wörter, die einst ...
6
votes
2answers
969 views

Gibt es eine genormte Aussprache für Standard-Deutsch?

In letzter Zeit erschienen hier mehrere Fragen, die erkennen ließen, dass die Fragesteller von einer bestimmten Annahme ausgingen. Sie gingen davon aus, dass es für jedes Wort der deutschen Sprache ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Was ist “Umgangssprache”?

Immer wieder verwende ich beim Schreiben Ausdrücke aus der Umgangssprache. Auch hier bei uns wurden "Umgangssprache" und "umgangssprachlich" schon mehrfach genannt. Eine klare Definition dessen, was ...
6
votes
2answers
83 views

“Anfang April”, “Ab Anfang April”, “Ab Anfang von April”

I was reading this flyer that said: Anfang April werden ihnen die Fahrausweise nach Hause geschickt. And it got me thinking... Is it gramatically correct to simply say Anfang April? It kinda ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

Endung “für den Autopilot” oder “den Autopiloten”

Ich habe folgende Frage: Ich möchte demnächst meine Bachelorthesis anmelden und habe vom Professor auch eine bereits formulierte Aufgabenstellung bekommen. Das Thema lautet (Ausschnitt): ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Use of “ja” in a sentence

In the following sentence: Na gut, dann kann ich ja ab sofort auf Deutsch schreiben. Why is ja used? What's its function?
5
votes
3answers
105 views

Lernen bei jdm. vs Lernen mit jdm

I want to say that it was very interesting with you(my teacher) to learn German. What is the difference? What's better and right? My option - Es war sehr interessant, (bei dir)/(mit dir) Deutsch zu ...
5
votes
3answers
428 views

Gegenteil von Apotheose?

Apotheose = Erhebung eines Menschen zu einem Gott What is the opposite, where a god would become mortal? / Was ist das Gegenteil, wenn also ein Gott sterblich würde?
5
votes
3answers
527 views

Why is “Zeile” but not “Zeiger” differently pronounced in the south?

For both nouns there is a similar pronunciation of "-ei-" in standard German: Zeile: [ˈʦaɪ̯lə] Zeiger: [ˈʦaɪ̯ɡɐ] When people in some southern German regions try to speak non-dialect German the ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

When is “gehen” properly used?

When is the word "gehen" properly used? Is it only used to indicate walking? For example, are any of these correct: ich gehe nach Moskau (if I live in, say, South America) ich gehe mit dem ...
5
votes
1answer
275 views

“hoch” im Sinn von “hinauf/herauf” - umgangssprachlich oder standard?

Bei Sprechern aus der Bundesrepublik hört man oft "hoch" im Sinn von "hinauf" oder "herauf" (z.B. "Ich gehe die Treppe hoch"), während es in Österreich ausschliesslich im Sinn von engl. "high" ...
5
votes
2answers
210 views

Where can I find streams of German comedies that include subtitles and are in Hochdeutsch?

What are the best sites where I can find German comedy shows with German subtitles? I'm learning German and am quite enthusiastic about it (more than any of my other subjects). I've enjoyed watching ...
4
votes
3answers
222 views

Can we say “se” instead of “sie”?

Can we say instead of Anstatt sich gesund zu ernähren, essen sie Fast-Food. the following? Anstatt sich gesund zu ernähren, essen se Fast-Food. Edit: I had an oral exam in german I ...
4
votes
3answers
469 views

What is the address format I should use for sending a letter/mail?

I'm not familiar with sending postal mails, what is the address syntax/format I should use to send a letter/mail to a friend in Germany? (sending from outside Germany) [First Name] [Last Name] [...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Hochdeutsch only or also regionalisms?

When making a sales call, for example, should you: only speak standard Hochdeutsch with the customer no matter what, use that customer's regional language or dialect if you know it to "get on their ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How is the gender of new words established?

When words are borrowed into German, how is it decided what gender that word should be? I can think of examples with all three genders: der Latte, die Jeans, das Internet. Are there ever ...
3
votes
2answers
13k views

When to use “der” or “den”?

Die Frau isst der Apfel. Die Frau isst den Apfel. Are these both the same?
3
votes
1answer
396 views

Wird das Wort “eins” im folgenden Kontext groß- oder kleingeschrieben?

Ich schreibe gerade meine Seminararbeit und hänge gerade an folgendem Satz: "Beim Event m erhöht […] den Wert […] an Stelle […] um den Wert eins." Muss das "eins" in diesem Kontext groß- oder ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen diesen zwei Sätzen?

Ich kann den Unterschied zwischen diesen beiden Sätze nicht finden: 1) Das Buch wurde 1959 veröffentlicht. 2) Das Buch ist 1959 veröffentlicht worden.
3
votes
2answers
72 views

On the use of “Ad” + section number in a work of German philosophy from the early 1700's

I am trying to get familiar with a work by German philosopher Christian Wolff. The book is called Vernünftige Gedanken von Gott, der Welt und der Seele des Menschen, auch allen Dingen überhaupt. I ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

How to say, “I gave myself away”?

So, like hiding a secret and gave it away, in that sense.
3
votes
1answer
259 views

Why do some dictionaries have Rad fahren and others radfahren? Is Rad a separable prefix?

In Collin's dictionary, when I search for Rad fahren, it comes up with: http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/german-english/radfahren However, radfahren is not on http://de.wiktionary.org . ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Everyday German in conversation

I want to read some conversation in places like a shop, a restaurant, in a class between student and teacher, college and other occasions. It should be something like this English website: Everyday ...
2
votes
3answers
105 views

“Wenn ich dir X sagen möchte” vs. “wenn ich dir sagen möchte X”

Glaubst du mir, wenn ich dir "Mir ist egal was er von mir erzählt" sagen möchte? Glaubst du mir, wenn ich dir sagen möchte "Mir ist egal was er von mir erzählt"? Is either ungrammatical or ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Working in Switzerland. Will my german be enough? [closed]

The past two three days i am searching through forums for differences and difficulties between German and Swiss German. My situation is: I am from Greece and I want to work as physiotherapist in ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

What is “Hochdeutsch”? Which dialect should I learn?

If I want to learn the German language, which dialect should I learn? In other words, I would like to know about the dialect which is most common? (I have just arrived in Germany and living in ...
2
votes
1answer
540 views

What is the DIN standard for a business letter? [closed]

I'm told that there is a DIN standard that specifies the format of a business letter in Germany. What standard is it, and where can I find it?
2
votes
3answers
356 views

Prepare for the German examination

Ich will mich für die Prüfung für das Große Deutsche Sprachdiplom vorbereiten. Wisst ihr wo ich online Prüfungsmodulare finden kann? Kennt jemand das Buch: "Fromme/Guess, Fit fürs Goethe-Zertifikat ...
2
votes
1answer
602 views

Which is the order of words in Doppelkonjunktionen nicht…, sondern?

Doppelkonjunktionen nicht..., sondern... Wie ist die korrekte Wortstellung? Nicht + Hauptsatz, sondern + Hauptsatz oder Nicht + Inversion, sondern + Inversion oder Nicht + Inversion, ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How can I learn German in one week? [closed]

How can I learn German in one week? If there is way to listen and talk that will be better.
1
vote
3answers
85 views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen „Ankleiden“ and „Bekleiden“?

I am having troubles figuring out nuances of the meaning of „Ankleiden“ and „Bekleiden“. Are these words exact synonyms? What are the appropriate situations to use each of them? I tried to go over ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Häufig verwendete Begriffe oder Sätze beim Fußballspiel [closed]

Ich spiele regelmäßig Fußball in einer Fußballhalle in einer Mannschaft von meiner Firma, aber meistens kann ich mich während des Spiels nicht gut ausdrücken. Was sind die häufig verwendeten Begriffe ...
1
vote
3answers
151 views

How to practice spoken German, for non German and asian origin?

Being a mechanical engineer, it would be helpful to learn to speak Deutsch. Will reading newspaper headlines on German papers help, or what should I do?
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Verbs associated with “Kommentar”

What are the german verbs that are used with Kommentar? I mean how do you say: drop a comment, leave a comment? Which verbs are Kommentar restricted to?
1
vote
1answer
73 views

What Does This Expression Mean? [duplicate]

I recently heard someone say "Ich hab eh..." (I'm not sure what "eh" means or how to spell it, but I tried [kind of sounds like "ay" mixed with "eh"]) "...keinen Hunger". Does this convey a different ...
1
vote
1answer
326 views

How to use perfect in this sentence

I have a problem understanding how to use perfect in the following sentence: Ich bin mit dem Bus in das Stadtzentrum gefahren. I know we are supposed to use the auxiliary verb haben in perfect ...