Questions about which German phrase among grammatically correct alternatives is the best stylistic fit for the intended use.

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9
votes
3answers
373 views

“Personen” or “Menschen”

While reading some recent newspaper stories as well as book jacket introductions, I noticed that when describing the characters of the story the writers were often using "Personen" and "Menschen" ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

Sollte der Plural von Status im Schriftlichen vermieden werden?

Es geht um eine Übersicht unfertiger Projekte, die einen Indikator besitzen, der anzeigt in welchem Status sich das Projekt befindet. Wenn ich in der Programmbeschreibung sagen möchte: In diesem ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

When is 'to' translated with “um zu”, when with “zu”

The infinitve marker "to" can not simply be translated with "zu". Apparently in most instances it translates with "um zu", wheras in other instances "zu" alone is used. 1 "Del" is the key to ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

What's the politically correct way to say “mentally retarded” in German?

In a setting where it is important to minimise social offense, which words can be used to denote mentally retarded individuals?
6
votes
3answers
260 views

Wie nennt man eine Wortveredelung durch Komposition?

Immer wieder begegnet man vor allem in der Werbung und bei Produktbezeichnungen einer eigenartigen Wortneuschöpfung durch Bildung von zusammengesetzten Wörtern wie: Edelschokolade Landmilch ...
5
votes
1answer
432 views

Is there a style guide for German similar to The Elements of Style for English?

Is there a German style guide similar to "The Elements of Style" by Strunk and White or "Style: The Basics of Clarity and Grace" which are well known for English?
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Roman Numeral 2 (II) under Bundesadler

I have a west german military greatcoat that I found on ebay. On the shoulder there is a patch with the Bundesadler and a roman number 2 (II) underneath it. What does this mean? I was hoping to ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Are sentences with and without “dass” equally common? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Sind „Ich denke, dass [Nebensatz]“ und „Ich denke, [Hauptsatz]“ auswechselbar? Are these two sentences used equally in informal conversation, or is one form preferred ...
8
votes
2answers
548 views

Continuing situations in German

In English I'm often using the word still to emphasize I'm in a continuing situation. For example I still haven't done my Christmas shopping. It is still raining here. I hope the film will ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Wann wird “Telegrammstil” heute noch benutzt?

"Telegrammstil" ist eine aus Platzgründen eingeführte grammatikalische Verknappung in Telegrammen. Heute gibt es aber keine Telegramme mehr; dennoch ist der Telegrammstil weit verbreitet. "Bin ...
9
votes
5answers
602 views

How to give this kind of sentence more of a German sentence structure?

I often find myself writing sentences like this (a real example) which obviously make sense to my German readers but are obviously written by someone who thinks in an English sentence structure: ...
15
votes
3answers
226 views

To which extent should repetitions of “der”, “die” and “das” be avoided?

When I speak, it often happens that pronoun/article homonyms crop up after each other. So viele Katzen! Ich mag die, die den Hut trägt. Ich mag die, die die Mütze trägt. Welches ...
15
votes
2answers
574 views

Wie verwendet man Bindestriche bei mehrteiligen Eigennamen richtig?

Ich stolpere oft über die Bildung von zusammengesetzten Wörtern mit Hilfe von Bindestrichen, v. a. wenn diese Eigennamen enthalten. Ich bin oft versucht die Wörter durch einfaches ...
15
votes
6answers
7k views

Wann schreibt man Zahlen aus?

Es scheint, dass man (in einem nicht-akademischen Kontext) nur kleine Zahlen mit Buchstaben ausschreibt. Wo liegt die Grenze? Hängt es vom Kontext ab? Ich habe drei Hunde und 24 Spinnen.