relating to the form of a verb that tells when the action takes place

learn more… | top users | synonyms

30
votes
4answers
22k views

When to use Perfekt and Präteritum?

What's the guideline as to when to use Perfekt and Präteritum? I was always taught that the simplest rule is Präteritum (mostly) for written forms, and Perfekt is most common in spoken language. But ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Usage of Perfekt and Präteritum in the spoken language

I have read the question When to use Perfekt and Präteritum? but it doesn't answer my question. I am looking for a rule for beginner / intermediate level learners which tells when to use Perfekt or ...
10
votes
4answers
706 views

Tense and Aspect

Most linguists recognize two tenses in English, present and past, although other verb forms are often mistakenly described as tenses. I walk is present tense and I walked is past tense. A form such as ...
7
votes
2answers
270 views

Das Futur und Präsens um die Vergangenheit zu beschreiben

In der letzten Gradingperiode dieses Schuljahres musste meine Deutschklasse einen Aufsatz über ein Thema unserer Wahl schreiben. Meiner ging um Anzeichen des Kalten Krieges in Nachkriegsdeutschland. ...
10
votes
2answers
98 views

Conjunctive combined with “als”

In another question recently asked here, there was an als-sentence as a subclause of reported speech. The question was whether to use conjunctive or preterite and the only answer there stated that ...
5
votes
3answers
237 views

Is “Er ist gehend” or “Er ist am gehen” proper German?

Is "Er ist gehend" possible in german? As in "Right now he is going". I realize that adding another word, as in "Er ist gehend nass geworden", makes more sense, but still "Er ist gehend" doesn't ...
2
votes
3answers
197 views

“present continuous” form - have vs having

German doesn't differentiate between present tense and present continuous tense as English language does. For instance, Ich esse Brot means, "I eat/am eating bread". The same applies to the verb ...
6
votes
1answer
149 views

Consecutio temporum in German prepositions

Just wondering if nachdem is the only preposition which induces a change in the tenses: Nachdem wir gegessen hatten, bin ich nach Hause gefahren. As far as I know, here it wouldn't be correct to ...
4
votes
2answers
323 views

Warum Perfekt anstelle von Präteritum und seit wann?

Seit welcher Zeit und warum wird im ge­spro­chenen Deutsch lieber Per­fekt anstatt Präteritum benutzt, z.B. lieber Ich habe gesehen als Ich sah? Warum hat sich die kompliziertere Form eingebürgert?
1
vote
1answer
881 views

Modal verbs: preterite or perfect?

I was told that while speaking people generally use perfect instead of preterite. Is it also common for modal verbs? Which is used in which cases? Ich konnte ... or Ich habe gekonnt ...