Sprachgebrauch - Questions about subtle points of usage of German words or phrases.

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0
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1answer
70 views

How to say “try to”? [on hold]

How do you say in German "try to"? I know that to try is translated as versuchen, but I don't know how to say, for example, "I'm trying to do that.". Would it be "Ich versuche das machen.", or perhaps ...
7
votes
4answers
434 views

“Ich werde” vs “ich bin”

I am currently going through the Assimil German Language course, and on Lesson 18. There is a part in the dialog that is causing me much confusion. The dialog states: Oh, das tut mir leid; aber ...
6
votes
2answers
82 views

What’s the difference between the three ‘rechtlich’, ‘rechtmäßig’ and ‘gesetzlich’?

The English term legal may be roughly interpreted in the following senses: supported by the law (legal rights) required by the law (legal obligation) of the administration of justice (such as in ...
3
votes
2answers
99 views

When to use “nachher noch”?

What is implied by the expression nachher noch? In which cases is such term used? e.g Hast du nacher noch Lust mit uns zu kochen? Could the term "nachher noch" have been replaced by später?
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Is there any difference in the usage of ‘Samstag’ and ‘Sonnabend’, besides a geographical one?

This is what dict.cc says about the usage of Samstag and Sonnabend: Samstag [bes. westd., südd.] [österr.] [schweiz.] Sonnabend [bes. nordd. und ostmitteld.]
3
votes
3answers
167 views

Must one use ‘wir haben’ to express the date rather than ‘es ist’?

In my exercises I’m reading through it says: Wir haben den dritten Oktober — It is the third of October Is this the common way to express the date in German? would no one say: Es ist der ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

Question regarding the irregularity of “bekommen”

Why does the second and third person singular and second person plural of bekommen not follow the convention of adding an -e- before the personal endings in the Simple Present tense? Does it have to ...
0
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1answer
50 views

How to restore the following elliptical constructions into a complete sentence?

Here is a dictionary example : Er arbeitet langsam, dafür aber gründlich. I think the second part dafür aber gründlich is an ellipsis of a complete clause and I'd like to know what the complete clause ...
5
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2answers
95 views

Which one is more appropiate: Chatroom vs Chatraum

When referring for example to the chats of these network of sites (Stack), which one is more appropiate: Chatroom vs Chatraum? Chatraum is German, but it seems more popular the term chatroom (loanword)...
3
votes
3answers
105 views

Benutzung von „es“ im Satz: „Das Ziel ist es, …“

Das Ziel ist es, etwas zu tun. Soll bei dieser Formulierung »es« verwendet werden? Und wenn ja, warum?
1
vote
3answers
91 views

Which of the following notion does „ein Saal voll Menschen“ really denote?

ein Saal voll Menschen Which of the following does the sentence exactly denote? a hall which is full of people a full hall of people, i.e. a crowd of people as many as fill a hall Apart from ...
-1
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1answer
73 views

Which of the following phrases is grammatically correct?

Which of the phrases is grammatically correct: ,,ein Saal voll von Menschen'' or ,,ein Saal voll Menschen''? If ein Saal voll Menschen be acceptable, of which grammatical case is Menschen here, the ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Which is grammatically correct: „Der Saal war voll Menschen“ or „Der Saal war voll von Menschen“?

Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct: „Der Saal war voll Menschen“ or „Der Saal war voll von Menschen“?
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Is *trotz + dative* avoided in academic writing (for the sake of style)?

I checked out the case-government issue of trotz in Duden's Richtige-und-Gutes-Deutsch and Langenscheidt-Großwörterbuch-Deutsch-als-Fremdsprache; both references mark its dative government as ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Does the content introduced with ‘aber’/‘doch’ carry more or less significance than the foregoing content?

Of the following sentences or structures, is the ensuing or the foregoing content to aber/doch attached with more significance? Er ist zwar nicht reich, dafür aber gesund; (quoted from ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Which part is emphasised via ‘aber’?

Which part is emphasised with aber in the following sentences? Sie schreibt gern Romane, baut aber ungern Betten. Is it ungern or Betten bauen, or the entire verbal bracket ungern Betten bauen?...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

„Freude über etwas“ or „Freude auf etwas“

It is said that sich freuen über etwas applies to something that has come to existence while sich freuen auf etwas applies to something that is yet to become ; I am wondering whether this division ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

Should ‘allein’, used as a conjunction, introduce an adversative ground or result?

By adversative result I mean a real result that is adversative to the inference from foregoing contextual information. By adversative ground I mean a ground which induces an real result that is ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What type of information structure does “dann aber” signal in this sentence?

Das gelingt ihm auch anfangs; dann aber wird er in einen regelrechten Kampf verwickelt. I cannot decide whether aber denotes a turn of event development or a direct contrast between the situations ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

What’s the difference between ‘melden’ and ‘anmelden’ in the sense of ‘register’?

I read from Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache the following entries for melden and anmelden: melden: sagen oder auf andere Weise mitteilen, dass jemand an etwas teilnehmen ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Usage of “sich zu etwas melden” and “sich für etwas melden” in the sense of “volunteering”?

In standard dictionaries, such as Duden and Langenscheidt, the preposition zu is mentioned in sich zu etwas melden, which means to volunteer for something; e.g. "Wer meldet sich freiwillig zum ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What's the difference between “streiten” and “sich streiten”?

In Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache, I read the following usages of streiten in the sense of quarrel: As an intransitive verb: "Er stritt mit seinem Bruder um das Spielzeug." (...
5
votes
3answers
92 views

Differences between “weit” and “weit entfernt”

What is the difference between weit and weit entfernt? Which (if any) is the correct version? Er wohnt weit von mir. Er wohnt weit entfernt von mir.
2
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3answers
75 views

Difference between “auf Kosten anderer” and “auf Kosten von anderen”

What is the difference between the two phrases? When do you need to use the preposition?
2
votes
2answers
70 views

what difference in the effect of expression that adversative words make with varying positions in a clause?

I read from Hammer's Grammar that such adversative particles as 'aber', 'doch', 'jedoch' will produce different effects of expression with varying positions in a clause; for example: (i) er ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

is the pragmatic usage of 'jedoch' restricted to qualification?

I read from Farrell's Dictionary of German Synonyms that jedoch is only used to qualify a preceding absolute statement; however, this seems unsupported by the following example I read in Duden: ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

when should 'jedoch' be used as a conjunction and when as an adverb?

'jedoch' in the sense of 'however' can be used either as a coordinate conjunction which does not affect the word order in a sentence or as an adverb which may affect the word order in a sentence ; I ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

»Vergleichen« vs. »sich vergleichen«

What is the difference between "vergleichen" and "sich vergleichen"? There are two meanings of the word which are "compare" and "arrange and settle". I want to know about both the differences.
6
votes
1answer
127 views

“Platz” vs “Ort” when used in the sense of “place”?

What’s the difference between Platz and Ort when they are used in the sense of place? I know each can have different meanings on their own (e.g. Platz can mean city square and Ort can mean village), ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

“um weitere praktische Erfahrungen zu sammeln”

Kann man am Ende des folgenden Satzes um weitere praktische Erfahrungen zu sammeln sagen? Denn ich bin Berufseinsteiger ohne praktische Erfahrungen. Aufgrund meines Interesses an der ...
4
votes
3answers
145 views

Liter/100 km or km/Liter

In America we say the fuel economy of car as miles/gallon (miles per gallon). I know in some countries people use Liter/100 km (liter per 100 km). Some countries use km/Liter (km per liter). My ...
6
votes
2answers
206 views

For cars, what verb has to be used? Stehen oder liegen?

I'm highly confused with what verb should be used with automobiles. If I consider the car "stands" then stehen but it's in a horizontal position, so I suppose it could be liegen as well.
3
votes
1answer
87 views

“Sorglich” im allgemeinen Sprachgebrauch

Gesehen heute Morgen auf einem LKW: Spedition xxx: Sorglich und sanft Ist denn sorglich noch ein akzeptiertes Wort im allgemeinen Sprachgebrauch? Benutzt das jemand? Oder hatte die Spedition nur ...
1
vote
3answers
150 views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “außer wenn” und “außer dass / es sei denn”?

Welche der unten genannten Sätze sind korrekt? Ich mache einen Strandurlaub, außer dass es keine Strandkörbe gibt. Ich mache einen Strandurlaub, außer wenn es keine Strandkörbe gibt. Ich ...
14
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do we still use “Sie” even if the context is disrespectful?

One thing about German language bothers me since ever. As far as I know you still use "Sie" even if the context is disrespectful. For example: "Sie sind ein Arschloch!" ("You are an asshole!") ...
2
votes
3answers
183 views

Difference between “accusative” and “direct object”

I always thought accusative case is used for the direct objects of a verb, until a few minutes ago when I found in German grammar in a nutshell, that Can you please explain the subtle difference ...
7
votes
2answers
177 views

What is difference between “mir gegenüber” and “gegen mich”?

In following sample, I'm not sure if I could also use "gegen mich"? Are gegenüber mir and gegen mich equivalent? Mir gegenüber war er immer sehr höflich.
1
vote
6answers
191 views

Ist es möglich, “aus wessen Schuld” zu fragen?

Ich möchte wissen, ob folgende Sätze auf Deutsch richtig sind: Aus wessen Schuld tun Sie es dann? Ich weiß nicht, aus wessen Schuld. Aus wessen Schuld bist du nicht gekommen? Es gäbe ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

Unterschied zwischen den Indefinitivartikeln „manch-“ und „einig-“

Ich lerne Deutsch und ich helfe mir oft mit Italienisch, aber ich kann nicht verstehen, ob es Unterschiede zwischen den Indefinitivartikeln manch- und einig- gibt oder nicht. Kann mir jemand helfen?
3
votes
2answers
172 views

Auf oder in verschiedener Weise?

Da ich Deutsch als dritte Sprache lerne, versuche ich, Wege und Mittel zu finden, um auf verschiedener Weise zu schreiben. Da ich Deutsch als dritte Sprache lerne, versuche ich, Wege und Mittel ...
8
votes
2answers
447 views

Common Self-Introduction in German

Darf ich mich vorstellen? It is written in many textbooks as a first phrase to learn. However, since I came to Germany a while ago. I have never heard anyone uses such a phrase on a daily basis. ...
14
votes
8answers
3k views

Is the genitive used at all in everyday German?

I called my cousin, because he’s German and he lived some years in Germany, about a doubt concerning the genitive. But he said that I don’t need to learn it because 90 % of the Germans don’t use it. ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Usage of “der ein oder andere”

I've seen this expression starting with {das eine, das ein, der ein, die eine, etc}. I can't wrap my head around this phrase, I understand that it means one or two, but why does the article and the ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Types of adjectives/adverbs

As is said here, there are three types of adjectives/adverbs in German: Predicative adjectives: Der Clown ist lustig. Adverbial adjectives/adverbs: Der Clown springt lustig herum. Attributive ...
6
votes
3answers
182 views

Difference between merkwürdig and seltsam

I was wondering if there is a difference in the usage between merkwürdig and seltsam. My German to English dictionary translates both to peculiar or odd. Can I use them interchangably?
8
votes
2answers
173 views

Difference between “gemein” and “gemeinsam”

I know that gemein also means nasty or mean, but if we keep that aside for the time being, and consider only the meaning common, what's the difference between the two? Are they perfectly ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

“Zusammenhalt zwischen” or “zusammenhalt unter”?

I have seen both: Zusammenhalt zwischen xxx and Zusammenhalt unter xxx I can’t work out whether there is any difference in meaning/usage. Please explain.
0
votes
1answer
90 views

What is the difference between “Lagenzahl” and “Lagenanzahl”? [duplicate]

In Electronics, what is the difference between Lagenzahl and Lagenanzahl? Lagenzahl has been seen in proposals and Lagenanzahl in product descriptions. Such terms are used by people in the industry.
3
votes
3answers
166 views

Verwendung von „bald“ um eine „kurze Zeitspanne zum letzten Mal“ auszudrücken

Ich bin in einer Antwort zu einer anderen Frage über den folgenden Satz gestolpert: Schon wieder sagt darüber hinaus, dass die Wiederholung ungewöhnlich bald passiert. Mir geht’s hier um das ...
2
votes
2answers
120 views

Difference between “jmdm. helfen” and “behilflich sein”

Are these two expressions equal synonyms? Is there any difference in the usage/meaning? In the following example they are interchangeable: Könnt ihr mir bitte behilflich sein? Könnt ihr mir ...