Sprachgebrauch - Questions about subtle points of usage of German words or phrases.

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3
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2answers
82 views

when should 'jedoch' be used as a conjunction and when as an adverb?

'jedoch' in the sense of 'however' can be used either as a coordinate conjunction which does not affect the word order in a sentence or as an adverb which may affect the word order in a sentence ; I ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

“darüber” vs “über es”, and the “dar”-family

I am having a hard time understanding the usages of darüber, darauf, darin and most of the words in that family. For example, what is the difference between darüber vs über es? Compared to English, ...
2
votes
2answers
486 views

Future perfect tense “haben” vs “sein”

I'm wondering how "haben" and "sein" are used in the future perfect tense. Say Ich werde gegessen haben means "I will have eaten" and it uses "haben". Then Wann werden sie gegangen sein? ...
2
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1answer
126 views

Niveau von Relativsatz “Hier ist die Datei, worauf du wartest”

Hier ist ein typischer Relativsatz: (a) Hier ist die Datei, auf die du wartest. Man kann auch ein wo-Kompositum benutzen: (b) Hier ist die Datei, worauf du wartest. Wie klingt (b), ...
2
votes
3answers
193 views

Difference between “accusative” and “direct object”

I always thought accusative case is used for the direct objects of a verb, until a few minutes ago when I found in German grammar in a nutshell, that Can you please explain the subtle difference ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Which is grammatically correct: „Der Saal war voll Menschen“ or „Der Saal war voll von Menschen“?

Which of the following sentences is grammatically correct: „Der Saal war voll Menschen“ or „Der Saal war voll von Menschen“?
1
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1answer
1k views

Modal verbs: preterite or perfect?

I was told that while speaking people generally use perfect instead of preterite. Is it also common for modal verbs? Which is used in which cases? Ich konnte ... or Ich habe gekonnt ...
0
votes
3answers
660 views

How to say “May your new year be full of happiness”?

It's New Year Day, and you want to wish your friend May your new year be full of happiness and success. Do you say Möge dein neues Jahr voller Glück und Erfolg sein ? I'm not sure if "möge"...