Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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2
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2answers
96 views

Three Verbs in a clause with “zu”

I'm trying to express this idea in German: I would like to try to write it. Since würde doesn't typically require zu in the infinitive, I'm confused about whether I need to have zu in this ...
4
votes
2answers
80 views

“Mitkommen” oder “mit jdm. kommen”?

Supposing we have the following sentence: I cannot speak yet so good German. That's why I came [here] with an interpreter. Which of the following senteces would translate it better? Ich kann ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Difference between “wegfahren”, “fortfahren”, “losfahren” and “abfahren”

Wegfahren, fortfahren, losfahren, abfahren — all these verbs mean to leave by car (e.g. drive away, drive off). But is there any difference between them or are they complete synonyms? In case of ...
6
votes
2answers
350 views

What sort of correlation is there between “Abkommen” as a noun and “abkommen” as a verb?

I am pretty sure that those who are studying German must have encountered the following verb and noun: das Abkommen (Agreement, pact) and abkommen (to deviate) I am pretty sure the above ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

How to derive the despective-collective nouns from verbs?

Is there a general rule to derive this sort of colloquial despective nouns: schreiben → das Geschreibe rennen → das Gerenne schreien → das Geschrei I wanted to form that from ...
3
votes
4answers
196 views

Meaning and usage of “aufarbeiten”

So I was given an example sentence from Baron's 501 German verbs … It goes as follows "Er denkt daran, seine Kriegserlebnisse zu einem Artikel aufzuarbeiten." The translation says "He's thinking of ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Why isn't “gehen” in the sentence?

Sie müssen durch den Eingang, dann die Treppe hoch und sofort rechts. [You must go through the entrance, then up stairs and immediately to the right]. In English, we have the verb to go. Why ...
5
votes
2answers
133 views

Warum „am Bahnhof ankommen“ anstatt „an den Bahnhof“?

Ankommen ist ein Bewegunsverb. Dementsprechend sollte es allem Anschein nach den Akkustativ verlangen, denn an geht beides mit Akkusativ und Dativ. Wieso denn: am Bahnhof ankommen und nicht ...
0
votes
4answers
114 views

Differences between “fortfahren”, “fortsetzen”, “weitermachen”, “weitergehen ”and “fortführen”

There may be other verbs that might also mean to continue. Whenever I practice my writing, I find these very confusing. What are the difference between these verbs? I initially thought that they are ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

reflexive verb determining whether “sich” should be dative or accusative

I have gathered the following information from the University of Michigan's German course: Normally the reflexive pronoun will be accusative. If the verb already has an accusative object, ...
4
votes
2answers
128 views

Der Unterschied zwischen “festsetzen”, “festlegen” and “feststellen”

These three verbs seem to mean pretty much the same thing (to set, or to determine, establish). I would like to know the precise difference between these verbs with examples if possible.
6
votes
1answer
112 views

“Tempel ein” in Die Zauberflöte

In the libretto of the Magic Flute, the phrase "Tempel ein" is often used. E.g. Sarastro says "Führt diese beiden Fremdlinge in unsern Prüfungstempel ein" and Monostatos says "...bald dringen wir in ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Is this sentence violating a grammatical rule?

The following sentence appeared in a documentary about Germans settling in Switzerland: Das Schweizbild in Deutschland oszilliert zwischen den bösartigen Cliches von diesem Fluchtgeld-Eldorado und ...
5
votes
4answers
209 views

Der Fußball steht oder liegt?

I am not sure about which verb to choose between "der Fußball liegt/steht". The shape of the ball makes me confused. With for example Schere I would guess more easily that the right choice is ...
1
vote
1answer
286 views

Different usage of “bin gegangen”

I am looking for a way to say: "Yesterday I went running". I tried to translate it like this: Ich bin gestern laufen gegangen But I am not sure this is correct and right. I am sure I could ...
4
votes
4answers
734 views

What is the underlying meaning of 'an'?

According to the following site The prefix "an-" usually carries the meanings "at," "begin," "on," "onward," "to," or "toward". Some of the many possibilities: Yes, I concede but the following verbs ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Why “verschwende” and not “verschwendest” in this song?

I found a Youtube video located here It contains the following lyric "Verschwende deine Zeit nicht an mir, denn Du bist bereits die Stimme in meinem Kopf" I thought since he addressed them with "Du" ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the meaning of the German verb “treiben”?

According to Leo.org, treiben translates to to float, to chase, to drift, to drive and many other various English verbs that seem unalike. What are its possible meanings and how can I tell which one ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

Which verbs tense I should learn after simple present?

I'm studying German for a while, I know I still have a lot to learn. But I'm considering which verbs tense I should learn after Simple Present, like a study guide for verbs tense. Could someone give ...
1
vote
2answers
131 views

What is the correct imperative form of “wiederholen”?

I would like to say repeat frequently! by using the verb wiederholen and the adjective regelmäßig. Which one of these is the correct for du and which one for ihr? du wiederhole; wiederhol; hole ...
1
vote
3answers
76 views

Der Unterschied zwischen “verwehren” und “verbieten”

Diese zwei Verben sind im Duden ganz ähnlich erklärt: Verbieten: etwas für nicht erlaubt erklären; etwas zu unterlassen gebieten; untersagen Verwehren: jemandem etwas nicht zu tun erlauben; ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Difference between “vermuten” and “erraten”

What is the difference between vermuten and erraten? They both mean somehow guessing. I came to think that erraten is actually closer to the meaning "guessing", while vermuten is in reality ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Difference between “nagen” and “annagen”

Is there any difference between nagen and annagen? They both mean to eat away at something., like a mouse or a cat would do. What is it that the prefix an- does to the verb? Does it add any special ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

When should I use the verb ''tropfen'' and ''tröpfeln''?

The two verbs have the same meaning which is to drip. I tried to formulate two examples and I want to verify if I used them correctly. Das Wasser tropft (dauernd) die ganze Zeit. Ich tröpfle ...
1
vote
3answers
68 views

Meaning of “mitentscheiden bei etw” (dat)?

What does mitentscheiden bei etwas (dat) mean? Specifically, I am not sure about the preposition. Does that mean this: to decide something with someone about something (bei) And is it then ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Verwendung von “sich mit etwas erklären”

Aus Spiegel-Online: Wolfgang Schäuble erklärt sich Pegida mit der demografischen Entwicklung Deutschlands: Die Anti-Islam-Bewegung habe auch entstehen können, weil es immer mehr Ältere ohne ...
4
votes
1answer
453 views

Konjunktiv II, du “wärst” or “wärest”?

My german teacher taught us to use "du wärest", but I found some examples in my book in which "du wärst" is used as well. (like this one: Wärst du so nett,..) What do you think about it? Are they ...
3
votes
4answers
110 views

“wurde … Jahre alt” für gestorbene Person

Aus dem Spiegel-Online: Er wurde nur 20 Jahre alt: Junior Malanda ist bei einem Autounfall ums Leben gekommen. Der Bundesligaspieler vom VfL Wolfsburg saß selbst nicht am Steuer des ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

Ist „existieren“ ein doppelnominativfähiges Verb?

Hier wurde der Doppelakkusativ infrage gestellt. Den Antworten gemäß sollte man vielleicht einfach auch nachvollziehen können, dass es einen Doppelnominativ gäbe. In der Tat sind sein, heißen u.ä. ...
8
votes
1answer
69 views

“zusammenschweißen” ohne Objekt verwenden

Aus dem Spiegel-Online: Auch das Team spricht für den Sport. Es springt zwar fast immer nur einer. Die anderen aber stehen um das Gerät, um ihn im Ernstfall aufzufangen. Man muss einander ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Translation of “What type of an animal are you interested in?”

How would one go about translating the sentence: "What type of animal are you interested in?" I read that "to be interested in" is "sich interessieren für". Would it be: "Was für ein Tier ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

On the usage of “beschenken” or “schenken” in this sentence

I want to translate Give yourselves gifts, then [as a result of that] you love yourselves. into German and so far I have: (Be)schenkt euch, dann liebt ihr euch. (Be)schenkt euch ...
7
votes
1answer
370 views

Verb when a bunch of people raise their glasses and swing it sideways while singing out loud

A long time ago I was at a German class and we where discussing "hard to translate words" and our teacher said there was one verb in German that stand for the action when people (usually in an ...
-1
votes
3answers
135 views

Richtig oder falsch: “Kann ich ihr fotografieren?”

"Kann ich ihr fotografieren?" (Can I take your (a girl) photo?) Ist die Frage ist richtig oder falsch?
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Dativ plural usage for Window (der Fenster ?) [closed]

"Kann ich schließen der Fenster?" I want to ask "Can I close the windows (plural) ?"
4
votes
2answers
109 views

Woher stammt das Verb “flacken”

Der Duden sagt Bedeutung [faul] daliegen Herkunft schwäbisch, bayrisch flacken, Herkunft ungeklärt Im thüringischen und fränkischen Raum hat flacken eher die Bedeutung von "schmeißen". ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Translation of “I'm looking forward to…”

I'm writing a short essay and I wonder about how I could express "I'm looking forward to...". I found out that I should use the verb "sich auf etw. freuen". So I tried to write this sentence like ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

unter als Vorsilbe/Präfix des Verbes [duplicate]

Ich habe gemerkt, dass in Verben das Präfix unter- manchmal untrennbar ist (z. B. in unterschreiben, unterlassen) und manchmal trennbar ist (z. B. in untergehen, unterkommen). (1) untrennbar ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

When should I use Perfekt and when Präteritum? [duplicate]

I asked my german teacher this question and what she said is that there is not such a big difference. I am participating in a A2 German course so I am afraid that she doesn´t want to go too much into ...
6
votes
4answers
294 views

Bilden transitive Verben das Perfekt immer mit “haben”?

Beim Duden-Verlag, bei canoo.net, auf Deutsche Grammatik 2.0, wahrscheinlich auch noch in anderen Quellen und neulich sogar hier am Rande einer anderen Frage findet man die Aussage, daß transitive ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

Singular oder Plural für Zeiten

Im Englischen gibt es eine Regel, dass für Zeiten (und Länge, Geldbetrag, usw.) das singuläre Verb verwendet werden soll (z.B. Regel 8 hier). Five years is the maximum sentence for that offense. ...
7
votes
7answers
2k views

Is “Möchte Sie” acceptable?

I've found these sentences in a book: "Möchte Sie Banknoten mit Bildern von Kaninchen?" and a couple of lines later: "Welche möchte Sie lieber - mit Bildern von Kaninchen oder von Hunden?" Is ...
1
vote
3answers
150 views

German equivalent of 'smells good' or similar sentence

In English it can it is normal to walk into somewhere and say "smells good" or "looking good" providing you are in an informal setting. Does German have an equivalent way of saying something like, ...
3
votes
3answers
136 views

Reason for irregular verb conjugation

For some verbs, such as essen, the conjugations for du and er, sie, es are irregular. Instead of following the pattern and becoming esst, the vowel is changed to i, making it isst. Another example is ...
5
votes
4answers
129 views

Regular verbs with irregular participle form as adjective

The verb verwirren is a regular verb, with past and perfect forms verwirrte, hat verwirrt However, the related form verworren is still in use as an adjective. Duden explains the etymology: ...
0
votes
1answer
105 views

Modal verb sentence order

I am learning German and we got our first modal verb today, können. We have to put the sentence in order. The sentence pieces are: Die Schüler/gut/Deutsch/können/? Is the sentence suppose to be ...
1
vote
2answers
732 views

List of Phrasal Verbs

I'm looking for a list of German phrasal verbs and their corresponding cases. The list should be as comprehensive as possible. EDIT Following Takkat's answer. The concept of phrasal verbs apparently ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

Welchen Fall oder welche Präposition verlangt »untersuchen«?

Verlangt untersuchen eine Präposition und falls nicht, welchen Fall verlangt es?
0
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1answer
160 views

German sentence structure

is this correct ? In meiner Freizeit ich gern Bucher lesen or this? In meiner Freizeit lesen ich gern Bucher
7
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3answers
166 views

Regular compound verbs with irregular root verbs

The verb gleiten has past and perfect forms glitt, hat geglitten Entgleiten is also irregular, with the same forms entglitt, ist entglitten But begleiten is regular: begleitete, hat ...