Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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3
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1answer
73 views

Was ist die Grundbedeutung des Verbes „kündigen“?

Ich habe viele Verben mit kündigen gesehen. Beispielsweise: ankündigen, kündigen, aufkündigen, erkundigen, verkündigen Aber diese Verben haben keine einander ähnliche Bedeutung, ich verstehe die ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Online resources for German verbs classes: strong, weak, mixed.

I've been searching for a nice complete list showing all the different verb classes (strong, weak, mixed) but couldn't find anything. Can someone point me to a good online resource? They should be ...
3
votes
5answers
521 views

What is the difference between “testen”, “probieren” and “schmecken”?

Der Restaurantkritiker hat meinen Kuchen geschmeckt. The Food critic tasted my cake. Can I use probieren or testen in this context? What is the difference between testen, probieren and ...
6
votes
4answers
119 views

“Sich befassen mit” vs. “sich beschäftigen mit”

Ich befasse mich in letzter Zeit mit Deutsch lernen. Ich beschäftige mich in letzter Zeit mit Deutsch lernen. Kann man diese Verben untereinander austauschen? Was ist der Unterschied?
-3
votes
1answer
93 views

How to say “I don't even want to bother with it”?

I don't even want to use any translators. So, I made up something like this: Ich sogar nicht will, um mit das die Mühe. Is it correct? I couldn't find anything useful enough about to bother on ...
1
vote
3answers
89 views

Sind erwidern und antworten austauschbar?

"Wo gehst du hin? " fragt Klaus "Ich gehe in den Park." erwidert Jana Meine Frage ist : Kann man erwidern anstatt von antworten im Zusammenhang verwenden?
14
votes
3answers
5k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “reden” und “sprechen”?

Ich denke, sie sind Synonyme; aber sind sie es wirklich? "Reden" scheint mehr umgangssprachlich zu sein, während "sprechen" ganz viele verschiedene Bedeutungen hat. Warum gibt es das Wort "reden"? ...
5
votes
3answers
94 views

Sind zusammenbrechen und kaputtgehen austauschbar?

Mein Wagen ist kaputtgegangen und ich muss ihn reparieren lassen. Mein Wagen ist zusammengebrochen und ich muss ihn reparieren lassen. Was ist der Unterschied zwischen den beiden? Kann man ...
7
votes
1answer
124 views

Are the two meanings of “kehren” considered related?

Context It seems there are two main meanings for the verb kehren. Wiktionary lists two separate etymologies (from two or three separate Old High German ancestor words that look very similar): ...
13
votes
4answers
6k views

Wann verwendet man „zu“ mit dem Infinitiv?

Wie kann man wissen, ob man den Infinitiv mit oder ohne „zu“ schreibt? Das darf ich nicht probieren. Das wage ich nicht zu probieren. Ich gehe spazieren. Ich mag es zu spazieren. Bonusfrage: Was ...
13
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4answers
728 views

Are sentences such as “wir waren essen” grammatically correct?

German supposedly has no equivalent of the progressive/continuous tense in English (e.g. "we are going"). However, I sometimes hear sentences such as "wir waren essen" or "er ist telefonieren". Are ...
4
votes
3answers
223 views

Reason for irregular verb conjugation

For some verbs, such as essen, the conjugations for du and er, sie, es are irregular. Instead of following the pattern and becoming esst, the vowel is changed to i, making it isst. Another example is ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Why “hätte” instead of “würde … haben”?

I found these two phrases next to each other in a text, and it made me wonder why they are formulated differently, while in english and any other language I know they are expressed using the same ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Wie konjugiert man “etwas sein lassen”?

Könnte mir jemand sagen, warum in einem deutschen Lehrbuch steht: Ich habe das sein gelassen. Aber ich glaube es muss heißen: Ich habe das sein lassen.
3
votes
2answers
315 views

Usage of the verb “gehen”

Gehen actually means 'to go'. The use of gehen is a semi-auxiliary in colloquial. It expresses a possibility and the infinitive has passive force. Die Uhr geht zu reparieren. which means 'The ...
1
vote
2answers
63 views

How to differentiate wägen und wiegen for Partizip II

I would like to know how Germans differentiate between wägen and wiegen. When it comes to past participle both changes to gewogen (of course, the simple past is also wog) Do Germans just know them by ...
10
votes
2answers
561 views

Is ‘mögen’ plus verb an indication of ‘maybe’?

I have been encountering some of the new concepts that I was not able to grasp. That is, I used to know that the usage of mögen only refers to the concept of to like or want (may be more inclined to ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

“Bis der Tod euch scheide” or “bis der Tod euch scheidet”?

In one of Rammstein’s most famous songs, Du hast, the lyrics go like this: Willst du bis der Tod euch scheide Treu ihr sein für alle Tage? Nein! Now, I am a bit puzzled why there is ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Position of Non-finite verb forms [duplicate]

As I see, when using a verb compound, the helping verb should always be placed in the second position of the sentence while the non-finite verb form (or the main/second verb) usually at the end, but ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Usage of “aussetzen”

I was making fun of someone's funny picture, and as response got a comment of Willst du was aussetzen? The two meanings of the verb are suspend, and expose. Am I right in interpreting the ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Verben mit 2 Akkusativ-Ergänzungen

Heute, während des Unterrichts, lernte ich einige Verben mit 2 Akkusativ-Ergänzungen, diese sind: kosten lehren nennen abfragen abhören Ich frage mich jedoch, ob es auch ...
1
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3answers
1k views

List of Phrasal Verbs

I'm looking for a list of German phrasal verbs and their corresponding cases. The list should be as comprehensive as possible. EDIT Following Takkat's answer. The concept of phrasal verbs apparently ...
4
votes
4answers
116 views

“die Wäsche einfüllen” or “die Wäsche in die Maschine stecken”?

I am looking for the most common way to say to place the laundry in the wasching machine. On my german book "Schritte 6 +" I found this translation die Wäsche einfüllen, unfortunately though I didn´t ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Where is the main verb in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm studying German and in a book I'm reading I have the following sentence: "Florian muss zum Arzt" ( Florian is a name ) Literally it means "Florian must to the doctor" - I do understand that it ...
2
votes
3answers
86 views

What is the difference between “berichten” and “erzählen” in the sense of tell, narrate?

I recently found the verb berichten which, if I am not wrong, mainly is used to express to report something to someone, in a sort of official way. Then I also found that berichten can be used like ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

Can you use a subjunctive mood for verbs after “dulden, dass”?

The question is on the verbs within the daß clauses at the end of this quote. »Du Dingschen«, rief er, lehnte sich zurück und lachte, hochrot im Gesicht, mit der Kraft des Gesättigten. Vergebens ...
2
votes
3answers
103 views

„Gut tun“ oder „guttun“

Ich lerne die Verben mit Dativ-Ergänzung, und ich interessierte mich besonders für das Verb gut tun auf dieser Seite, aber eine Sache kapierte ich nicht: Warum wird das Verb auf Duden online guttun ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Fernsehen verb usage practice in a sentence

During the German class, we studied that the verb fernsehen (to watch TV) should be conjugated as ich sehe fern, du siehst fern, etc. I want to translate the sentence I watch TV on evenings to ...
0
votes
3answers
104 views

Difference between “großziehen” and “aufwachsen”

What is the difference in usage or meaning between the two verbs großziehen and aufwachsen? To me they both are basically the same and I don´t have any idea about what the difference could be. Are ...
2
votes
3answers
76 views

Usage and meaning of “aufzeigen”

What is the difference between aufzeigen and zeigen? Both mean to show, and I guess aufzeigen could be more used in the spoken language maybe. Is it so? Is there a difference in the meaning? Ich ...
24
votes
3answers
3k views

Wieso sprengt man Rasenflächen?

Googles Resultate bezüglich der Herkunft waren mittelprächtig. Es scheint mir, dass es sich mit in die Luft jagen (dem anderen sprengen, das sehr bekannt ist) die Herkunft teilt. Aber wie die genau ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

How can we approach translating complex sentences with multiple verbs or objects?

I am writing a German oral for school and am trying to add the sentence My parents will not allow me to watch TV. However one site said I should write it Meine Eltern werden mich nicht zu ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Über das Verb „gelten“ im Satz „Goethe gilt als das Genie der deutschen Literatur“

Ich habe eine Frage zum Verb gelten im Satz Goethe gilt als das Genie der deutschen Literatur Ich denke, dass das Verb gelten im Satz mit doppelter Nominativ-Ergänzung ist, nämlich Goethe und ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Looking for ALL german verbs database

It could be plain text. I need to have there all verbs with all forms written down. I'm afraid I can't use any web source, 'cause I want to create an application that will "read" sample german book ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Einkaufen gehen + gern, the right word order in the sentence

In German, there are a lot of ways to tell «I like to go shopping». I'm interesting how to say this sentence using the verb einkaufen gehen and the form gern. What is the right word order? Should it ...
12
votes
5answers
1k views

What's the difference between “öffnen” and “aufmachen”?

Meagan opens her car door and gets in. Meagan macht die Wagentür auf und steigt ein. Can I also use öffnen in this context? What's the difference between aufmachen and öffnen?
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Three Verbs in a clause with “zu”

I'm trying to express this idea in German: I would like to try to write it. Since würde doesn't typically require zu in the infinitive, I'm confused about whether I need to have zu in this ...
4
votes
2answers
115 views

“Mitkommen” oder “mit jdm. kommen”?

Supposing we have the following sentence: I cannot speak yet so good German. That's why I came [here] with an interpreter. Which of the following senteces would translate it better? Ich kann ...
3
votes
4answers
223 views

Meaning and usage of “aufarbeiten”

So I was given an example sentence from Baron's 501 German verbs … It goes as follows "Er denkt daran, seine Kriegserlebnisse zu einem Artikel aufzuarbeiten." The translation says "He's thinking of ...
1
vote
1answer
211 views

Difference between “wegfahren”, “fortfahren”, “losfahren” and “abfahren”

Wegfahren, fortfahren, losfahren, abfahren — all these verbs mean to leave by car (e.g. drive away, drive off). But is there any difference between them or are they complete synonyms? In case of ...
6
votes
2answers
368 views

What sort of correlation is there between “Abkommen” as a noun and “abkommen” as a verb?

I am pretty sure that those who are studying German must have encountered the following verb and noun: das Abkommen (Agreement, pact) and abkommen (to deviate) I am pretty sure the above ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How to derive the despective-collective nouns from verbs?

Is there a general rule to derive this sort of colloquial despective nouns: schreiben → das Geschreibe rennen → das Gerenne schreien → das Geschrei I wanted to form that from ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Why isn't “gehen” in the sentence?

Sie müssen durch den Eingang, dann die Treppe hoch und sofort rechts. [You must go through the entrance, then up stairs and immediately to the right]. In English, we have the verb to go. Why ...
5
votes
2answers
218 views

Warum „am Bahnhof ankommen“ anstatt „an den Bahnhof“?

Ankommen ist ein Bewegunsverb. Dementsprechend sollte es allem Anschein nach den Akkustativ verlangen, denn an geht beides mit Akkusativ und Dativ. Wieso denn: am Bahnhof ankommen und nicht ...
0
votes
4answers
163 views

Differences between “fortfahren”, “fortsetzen”, “weitermachen”, “weitergehen ”and “fortführen”

There may be other verbs that might also mean to continue. Whenever I practice my writing, I find these very confusing. What are the difference between these verbs? I initially thought that they are ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

reflexive verb determining whether “sich” should be dative or accusative

I have gathered the following information from the University of Michigan's German course: Normally the reflexive pronoun will be accusative. If the verb already has an accusative object, ...
4
votes
2answers
180 views

Der Unterschied zwischen “festsetzen”, “festlegen” and “feststellen”

These three verbs seem to mean pretty much the same thing (to set, or to determine, establish). I would like to know the precise difference between these verbs with examples if possible.
6
votes
1answer
120 views

“Tempel ein” in Die Zauberflöte

In the libretto of the Magic Flute, the phrase "Tempel ein" is often used. E.g. Sarastro says "Führt diese beiden Fremdlinge in unsern Prüfungstempel ein" and Monostatos says "...bald dringen wir in ...
6
votes
4answers
291 views

Der Fußball steht oder liegt?

I am not sure about which verb to choose between "der Fußball liegt/steht". The shape of the ball makes me confused. With for example Schere I would guess more easily that the right choice is ...
1
vote
1answer
323 views

Different usage of “bin gegangen”

I am looking for a way to say: "Yesterday I went running". I tried to translate it like this: Ich bin gestern laufen gegangen But I am not sure this is correct and right. I am sure I could ...