Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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9
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1answer
270 views

Was ist das Präteritum von “darben”?

Was ist das Präteritum von "darben"? Folgendes hört sich irgendwie seltsam an: Ich habe gedarbt.
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3answers
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Why does one say “war” way more often than “bin gewesen”? Why does “sein” prefer “Präteritum” over “Perfekt”?

May be is my wrong perception, but I am pretty sure that for the verb sein one uses Präteritum way more often that Perfekt. In spoken language one says Ich habe dieses Buch gelesen (nicht Ich las ...
9
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5answers
212 views

What about “erschreckt” in addition to “bin erschrocken” and “hat erschrocken”?

I was reading the following explanation: How come there are two ways to conjugate the same verb? (e.g. erschrecken) however I am still confused with the verb "to scare". I gather from the above ...
9
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3answers
2k views

“Stem-Changing Verbs” vs “Strong Verbs”

I want to know what is the relation between the two terms "Stem-Changing Verbs" and "Strong Verbs". Form what I understand there is a group of verbs that I called "Stem-Changing Verbs" which change ...
8
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2answers
621 views

Wie sage ich “used to do” auf Deutsch?

Wie übersetzt man "used to do s.th." ins Deutsche? Ich habe früher etwas regelmäßig getan, was ich jetzt nicht mehr tue. Gibt es eine bestimmte Verbform im Deutschen, die das ausdrückt?
8
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4answers
515 views

Is there a dictionary for verb meanings with different prefixes?

So my problem is that I find it slightly confusing that there are some verbs that change their meaning with different prefixes, and others that have the same meaning but are used in different ...
8
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4answers
358 views

Confused by a sentence using “erleben”

Recently I found the following sentence at the end of a novel which I was reading in translation (i.e. it’s the German translation of an English-language novel). Dann mache ich mir eine Liste im ...
8
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2answers
189 views

Für „gelb werden“ existiert „vergilben“. Gibt es so was für andere Farben?

Für grün habe ich vergrünen gefunden –allerdings nicht in einem Wörterbuch–, das regelmäßiger als vergilben aussieht. Gibt es so was für andere Farben? (Ich erwarte keine lange Liste. Denn es würde ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Zusammenschreiben von Infinitiv mit zu

Eigentlich sollte die Sache recht einfach sein. Laut Duden werden die Erweiterungen mit zu zusammengeschrieben, wenn auch die Grundform zusammengeschrieben wird: ...
8
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1answer
66 views

“zusammenschweißen” ohne Objekt verwenden

Aus dem Spiegel-Online: Auch das Team spricht für den Sport. Es springt zwar fast immer nur einer. Die anderen aber stehen um das Gerät, um ihn im Ernstfall aufzufangen. Man muss einander ...
8
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1answer
11k views

“gäbe” vs. “gebe”

Ich komme hier jedesmal durcheinander. Wenn ich Konjunktiv I verwende, soll das berichtend, also wertfrei sein. Konjunktiv II dagegen soll die Aussage in Zweifel ziehen. Wenn ich also keine eigene ...
7
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2answers
661 views

What's the meaning of “Er hat mit ihr geschäckert”? [closed]

Can someone translate this into English: Er hat mit ihr geschäkert. The verb "schäckern" has no entry in dict.leo.org . UPDATE The correct spelling is schäkern which you can find in most ...
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7answers
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Is “Möchte Sie” acceptable?

I've found these sentences in a book: "Möchte Sie Banknoten mit Bildern von Kaninchen?" and a couple of lines later: "Welche möchte Sie lieber - mit Bildern von Kaninchen oder von Hunden?" Is ...
7
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4answers
275 views

Is it possible to have confusion with different verbs that have some forms in common?

I may be wrong, but, I seem to recall that gehört is both the past participle of "hören" and that of "gehören" (for which it is also the third person present tense), and the two verbs are not ...
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5answers
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Does “wiederhören” really exist?

I know that wiedersehen exists together with its declination, but what about wiederhören? Does that verb really exist?
7
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3answers
392 views

“used to [verb]”

How would one say "used to", as in I used to live in Kiev. Previously, I was told you would use früher: Früher lebte ich in Kiew. But upon looking it up just again, dict.cc says you'd use ...
7
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3answers
550 views

Was bedeutet “buzzern”?

http://www.the-voice-of-germany.de/news/voting-bestes-team-1.2995534 Alle Teams sind voll besetzt. Da stellt sich die Frage aller Fragen: Wer hat sich eurer Meinung nach das beste Team ...
7
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2answers
2k views

The prefix “ver-” and its meaning

I came across an article about the prefix "ver-" and its meaning. Welche Bedeutung hat das Präfix "ver-" in diesen Verben? A – eine Handlung bis zum Ende durchführen B – von einem Ort ...
7
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2answers
485 views

Are sentences such as “wir waren essen” grammatically correct?

German supposedly has no equivalent of the progressive/continuous tense in English (e.g. "we are going"). However, I sometimes hear sentences such as "wir waren essen" or "er ist telefonieren". Are ...
7
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1answer
360 views

Verb when a bunch of people raise their glasses and swing it sideways while singing out loud

A long time ago I was at a German class and we where discussing "hard to translate words" and our teacher said there was one verb in German that stand for the action when people (usually in an ...
7
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1answer
751 views

“Sich freuen auf” oder “über”?

Wann benutzt man auf oder über mit freuen? Zum Beispiel: Meine Tochter freut sich schon _ die Sommerferien.
7
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3answers
351 views

What is the correct form of past tense of “sich ausgehen”

I'm looking for a form of the verb sich ausgehen in the past sense, close to the meaning of We didn't make it (because of time constraints) yesterday anymore. I was wondering if I could say ...
7
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3answers
903 views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Singular Imperativ mit und ohne 'e' am Ende?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen Singular Imperativ mit und ohne 'e' am Ende? Zum Beispiel: „Geh(e) weiter!“ „Hab(e) Geduld!“ Bedeutet „Geh“ etwas anderes als „Gehe“? Darf man „e“ am ...
7
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3answers
232 views

Verbs that are both separable and inseparable [duplicate]

Some verbs have both a separable and an inseparable form, like durchlaufen. In case of "durchlaufen", the separable form is mainly intransitive, while the inseparable form is mainly transitive ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the difference between “versuchen” and “probieren”?

According to my Collins dictionary, both versuchen and probieren mean to try. Are they synonyms?
7
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1answer
204 views

“Ich zieh … und wünsch mir …”: what is the subject?

In the lyrics to the song "Mutter" there is this verse: ich zieh sie auf ein weißes Haar werf in die Luft die nasse Kette und wünsch mir, dass ich eine Mutter hätte What is the subject of ...
7
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1answer
91 views

“… einiger betriebener …” oder “… einiger betriebenen …”

Ich bin vor einiger Zeit auf folgenden Satz gestoßen und habe mich seitdem immer wieder gefragt, wie es korrekt heißen muss oder was sich besser anhört: Der Datenbestand einiger im Internet ...
7
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1answer
214 views

Conjunction of separable verbs?

One can use a conjunction like und to link two (or more) verbs, as in Ich lese und schreibe, but what happens when one or more of the verbs is separable? For the sake of concreteness, here's an ...
7
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3answers
179 views

Difference between “zweifeln”, “anzweifeln” and “bezweifeln”

I was looking at the verb form from the word "Zweifel" and I found 3 different words: zweifeln anzweifeln bezweifeln It probably is subtle, but could someone explain me the difference between ...
7
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4answers
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Verb inversion with adverbs used at the beginning

I know that when adverbs are used in the first position, at the beginning of the sentence, the verb and subject position in German is inverted, such as in these examples with adverbs of place and ...
7
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3answers
138 views

Regular compound verbs with irregular root verbs

The verb gleiten has past and perfect forms glitt, hat geglitten Entgleiten is also irregular, with the same forms entglitt, ist entglitten But begleiten is regular: begleitete, hat ...
7
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2answers
906 views

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces akkusativ or dativ? If there are direct object ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Etwas anschauen vs. ansehen = to look at?

Can anschauen and ansehen both be used to say that you are looking at something? For example, "Ich schaue das Foto an" vs. "Ich sehe mir das Foto an"? I think I have seen these verbs used ...
6
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3answers
132 views

“sagen” in “The news/article/post says …”

"The news/article/post says ..." Is it correct to say (a) Der Spiegel sagt, dass ... (b) Der Artikel sagt, dass ... (c) Die (Facebook-)Post sagt, dass ... or should the verb ...
6
votes
2answers
111 views

Elektronik und der Konjunktiv 1

Wenn ich Apps auf meinem Handy installiere, erscheint «Installiere...» auf dem Bildschirm und heute, als ich versuchte Internet-Radio zu hören, erschien «Verbinde» auf dem Bildschirm. ...
6
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2answers
160 views

German “Man beweise …” for “Prove that …”

I see that in mathematics text, “Prove that” is translated to German as “Man beweise, dass”, and “Determine” is translated as “Man bestimme”. What kind of construction is this? It reminds me of the ...
6
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3answers
405 views

beschränken vs einschränken – is there a difference?

What is the difference between verbs beschränken and einschränken? Do these two words have the same meaning or maybe they mean something different?
6
votes
2answers
457 views

Are “zu-” and “ein-” special prefixes widely used to form new verbs?

Are "zu-" and "ein-" special prefixes widely used to form new verbs in German language? Like the following two examples: schlafen (to sleep) einschlafen (to fall sleep) hören (to hear) ...
6
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4answers
3k views

“telefonieren” vs. “anrufen”

I've read something about the difference between "telefonieren" and "anrufen". But is it correct to use "telefonieren" like "anrufen"? For example: Ich rufe dich an. *Ich telefoniere dich. ...
6
votes
3answers
709 views

Why is the verb not in second position

I studied that the verb is always in second position in a sentence. The I came across this sentence: Insbesondere das zweite Buch ist wichtig. I could not find an answer here, why is the verb in ...
6
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2answers
176 views

What is the difference between 'verwalten' and 'regieren'?

I came across a podcast on Berlin Wall and they said that for Germany post-World War II: "Ein Viertel wurde von den USA verwaltet." I would have imagined to use 'regieren' here. Turns out verwalten ...
6
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4answers
198 views

Bilden transitive Verben das Perfekt immer mit “haben”?

Beim Duden-Verlag, bei canoo.net, auf Deutsche Grammatik 2.0, wahrscheinlich auch noch in anderen Quellen und neulich sogar hier am Rande einer anderen Frage findet man die Aussage, daß transitive ...
6
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3answers
174 views

Why is “berauben” used with genitive noun?

The verb berauben is used with a genitive noun in the format jemanden einer Sache berauben Is there any reason why genitive? The related verb rauben is used with a dative, as is more common with ...
6
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2answers
309 views

Is there a way to form a “one who [verb]s” noun?

In English, I can take just about any verb (for example to crush), and form a noun which means "one who [does that verb]" by adding -er (for example, crusher). Is there a similar formulaic alteration ...
6
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2answers
338 views

Unterschied zwischen „sich beteiligen“ und „teilnehmen“?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen sich beteiligen und teilnehmen? Die beiden bedeuten participate, aber werden sie in einem Satz unterschiedlich verwendet?
6
votes
1answer
332 views

“zustimmen” with pronoun

The verb zustimmen is used with a dative, whether you're agreeing to a person or to a statement. (a) What do we do if we want to say "I agree with that"? Would Ich stimme das zu be correct? ...
6
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2answers
257 views

Do “wuseln” or “wuselig sein” have a negative connotation?

In recent years there is an increased usage of "wuseln" or "wuselig sein" when it comes to describing bustling people or a very lively situation. Is this expression used in a positive sense or does ...
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4answers
3k views

Why “Ich habe Hunger” and not “Ich bin Hunger”?

The sentence Ich bin Hunger translates to I am hungry, which seems right, whereas Ich habe Hunger translates to I have hunger. Why do Germans own or possess hunger?
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5answers
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How to say “Thank you for teaching me that word” in German?

Using the polite form, I expect it to be something like: Vielen Dank für lehren mich dieses Wort. but I can't find any example thereof. What I have seen is "Vater, lehre mich..." translated to ...
5
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5answers
161 views

What does “durchwebt” mean?

I know that weben means to weave or to spin. But no such word as durchwebt. Source: Wie Amazon die Cloud durchwebt