Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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2
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3answers
98 views

Sind erwidern und antworten austauschbar?

"Wo gehst du hin? " fragt Klaus "Ich gehe in den Park." erwidert Jana Meine Frage ist : Kann man erwidern anstatt von antworten im Zusammenhang verwenden?
7
votes
3answers
115 views

Sind zusammenbrechen und kaputtgehen austauschbar?

Mein Wagen ist kaputtgegangen und ich muss ihn reparieren lassen. Mein Wagen ist zusammengebrochen und ich muss ihn reparieren lassen. Was ist der Unterschied zwischen den beiden? Kann man ...
14
votes
3answers
9k views

Wann verwendet man „zu“ mit dem Infinitiv?

Wie kann man wissen, ob man den Infinitiv mit oder ohne „zu“ schreibt? Das darf ich nicht probieren. Das wage ich nicht zu probieren. Ich gehe spazieren. Ich mag es zu spazieren. Bonusfrage: Was ...
14
votes
4answers
833 views

Are sentences such as “wir waren essen” grammatically correct?

German supposedly has no equivalent of the progressive/continuous tense in English (e.g. "we are going"). However, I sometimes hear sentences such as "wir waren essen" or "er ist telefonieren". Are ...
4
votes
3answers
363 views

Reason for irregular verb conjugation

For some verbs, such as essen, the conjugations for du and er, sie, es are irregular. Instead of following the pattern and becoming esst, the vowel is changed to i, making it isst. Another example is ...
5
votes
2answers
7k views

Why “hätte” instead of “würde … haben”?

I found these two phrases next to each other in a text, and it made me wonder why they are formulated differently, while in english and any other language I know they are expressed using the same ...
4
votes
1answer
116 views

Wie konjugiert man “etwas sein lassen”?

Könnte mir jemand sagen, warum in einem deutschen Lehrbuch steht: Ich habe das sein gelassen. Aber ich glaube es muss heißen: Ich habe das sein lassen.
3
votes
2answers
394 views

Usage of the verb “gehen”

Gehen actually means 'to go'. The use of gehen is a semi-auxiliary in colloquial. It expresses a possibility and the infinitive has passive force. Die Uhr geht zu reparieren. which means 'The ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

How to differentiate wägen und wiegen for Partizip II

I would like to know how Germans differentiate between wägen and wiegen. When it comes to past participle both changes to gewogen (of course, the simple past is also wog) Do Germans just know them by ...
11
votes
2answers
611 views

Is ‘mögen’ plus verb an indication of ‘maybe’?

I have been encountering some of the new concepts that I was not able to grasp. That is, I used to know that the usage of mögen only refers to the concept of to like or want (may be more inclined to ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Position of Non-finite verb forms [duplicate]

As I see, when using a verb compound, the helping verb should always be placed in the second position of the sentence while the non-finite verb form (or the main/second verb) usually at the end, but ...
4
votes
1answer
103 views

Usage of “aussetzen”

I was making fun of someone's funny picture, and as response got a comment of Willst du was aussetzen? The two meanings of the verb are suspend, and expose. Am I right in interpreting the ...
4
votes
1answer
407 views

Verben mit 2 Akkusativ-Ergänzungen

Heute, während des Unterrichts, lernte ich einige Verben mit 2 Akkusativ-Ergänzungen, diese sind: kosten lehren nennen abfragen abhören Ich frage mich jedoch, ob es auch ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

List of Phrasal Verbs

I'm looking for a list of German phrasal verbs and their corresponding cases. The list should be as comprehensive as possible. EDIT Following Takkat's answer. The concept of phrasal verbs apparently ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Where is the main verb in this sentence? [duplicate]

I'm studying German and in a book I'm reading I have the following sentence: "Florian muss zum Arzt" ( Florian is a name ) Literally it means "Florian must to the doctor" - I do understand that it ...
2
votes
3answers
137 views

What is the difference between “berichten” and “erzählen” in the sense of tell, narrate?

I recently found the verb berichten which, if I am not wrong, mainly is used to express to report something to someone, in a sort of official way. Then I also found that berichten can be used like ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Can you use a subjunctive mood for verbs after “dulden, dass”?

The question is on the verbs within the daß clauses at the end of this quote. »Du Dingschen«, rief er, lehnte sich zurück und lachte, hochrot im Gesicht, mit der Kraft des Gesättigten. Vergebens ...
2
votes
2answers
677 views

Fernsehen verb usage practice in a sentence

During the German class, we studied that the verb fernsehen (to watch TV) should be conjugated as ich sehe fern, du siehst fern, etc. I want to translate the sentence I watch TV on evenings to ...
-1
votes
3answers
151 views

Difference between “großziehen” and “aufwachsen”

What is the difference in usage or meaning between the two verbs großziehen and aufwachsen? To me they both are basically the same and I don´t have any idea about what the difference could be. Are ...
3
votes
3answers
137 views

Usage and meaning of “aufzeigen”

What is the difference between aufzeigen and zeigen? Both mean to show, and I guess aufzeigen could be more used in the spoken language maybe. Is it so? Is there a difference in the meaning? Ich ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

How can we approach translating complex sentences with multiple verbs or objects?

I am writing a German oral for school and am trying to add the sentence My parents will not allow me to watch TV. However one site said I should write it Meine Eltern werden mich nicht zu ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Über das Verb „gelten“ im Satz „Goethe gilt als das Genie der deutschen Literatur“

Ich habe eine Frage zum Verb gelten im Satz Goethe gilt als das Genie der deutschen Literatur Ich denke, dass das Verb gelten im Satz mit doppelter Nominativ-Ergänzung ist, nämlich Goethe und ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Looking for ALL german verbs database

It could be plain text. I need to have there all verbs with all forms written down. I'm afraid I can't use any web source, 'cause I want to create an application that will "read" sample german book ...
0
votes
1answer
613 views

Einkaufen gehen + gern, the right word order in the sentence

In German, there are a lot of ways to tell «I like to go shopping». I'm interesting how to say this sentence using the verb einkaufen gehen and the form gern. What is the right word order? Should it ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

What's the difference between “öffnen” and “aufmachen”?

Meagan opens her car door and gets in. Meagan macht die Wagentür auf und steigt ein. Can I also use öffnen in this context? What's the difference between aufmachen and öffnen?
2
votes
2answers
157 views

Three Verbs in a clause with “zu”

I'm trying to express this idea in German: I would like to try to write it. Since würde doesn't typically require zu in the infinitive, I'm confused about whether I need to have zu in this ...
4
votes
2answers
219 views

“Mitkommen” oder “mit jdm. kommen”?

Supposing we have the following sentence: I cannot speak yet so good German. That's why I came [here] with an interpreter. Which of the following senteces would translate it better? Ich kann ...
3
votes
4answers
257 views

Meaning and usage of “aufarbeiten”

So I was given an example sentence from Baron's 501 German verbs … It goes as follows "Er denkt daran, seine Kriegserlebnisse zu einem Artikel aufzuarbeiten." The translation says "He's thinking of ...
1
vote
1answer
642 views

Difference between “wegfahren”, “fortfahren”, “losfahren” and “abfahren”

Wegfahren, fortfahren, losfahren, abfahren — all these verbs mean to leave by car (e.g. drive away, drive off). But is there any difference between them or are they complete synonyms? In case of ...
6
votes
2answers
382 views

What sort of correlation is there between “Abkommen” as a noun and “abkommen” as a verb?

I am pretty sure that those who are studying German must have encountered the following verb and noun: das Abkommen (Agreement, pact) and abkommen (to deviate) I am pretty sure the above ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

How to derive the despective-collective nouns from verbs?

Is there a general rule to derive this sort of colloquial despective nouns: schreiben → das Geschreibe rennen → das Gerenne schreien → das Geschrei I wanted to form that from ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Why isn't “gehen” in the sentence?

Sie müssen durch den Eingang, dann die Treppe hoch und sofort rechts. [You must go through the entrance, then up stairs and immediately to the right]. In English, we have the verb to go. Why ...
5
votes
2answers
841 views

Warum „am Bahnhof ankommen“ anstatt „an den Bahnhof“?

Ankommen ist ein Bewegunsverb. Dementsprechend sollte es allem Anschein nach den Akkustativ verlangen, denn an geht beides mit Akkusativ und Dativ. Wieso denn: am Bahnhof ankommen und nicht ...
0
votes
4answers
377 views

Differences between “fortfahren”, “fortsetzen”, “weitermachen”, “weitergehen ”and “fortführen”

There may be other verbs that might also mean to continue. Whenever I practice my writing, I find these very confusing. What are the difference between these verbs? I initially thought that they are ...
4
votes
2answers
482 views

Der Unterschied zwischen “festsetzen”, “festlegen” and “feststellen”

These three verbs seem to mean pretty much the same thing (to set, or to determine, establish). I would like to know the precise difference between these verbs with examples if possible.
6
votes
1answer
130 views

“Tempel ein” in Die Zauberflöte

In the libretto of the Magic Flute, the phrase "Tempel ein" is often used. E.g. Sarastro says "Führt diese beiden Fremdlinge in unsern Prüfungstempel ein" and Monostatos says "...bald dringen wir in ...
6
votes
4answers
528 views

Der Fußball steht oder liegt?

I am not sure about which verb to choose between "der Fußball liegt/steht". The shape of the ball makes me confused. With for example Schere I would guess more easily that the right choice is ...
1
vote
1answer
459 views

Different usage of “bin gegangen”

I am looking for a way to say: "Yesterday I went running". I tried to translate it like this: Ich bin gestern laufen gegangen But I am not sure this is correct and right. I am sure I could ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Is this sentence violating a grammatical rule?

The following sentence appeared in a documentary about Germans settling in Switzerland: Das Schweizbild in Deutschland oszilliert zwischen den bösartigen Cliches von diesem Fluchtgeld-Eldorado und ...
4
votes
4answers
871 views

What is the underlying meaning of 'an'?

According to the following site The prefix "an-" usually carries the meanings "at," "begin," "on," "onward," "to," or "toward". Some of the many possibilities: Yes, I concede but the following verbs ...
4
votes
3answers
445 views

“Ich miete eine Wohnung” bedeutet “ich bezahle für eine Wohnung” oder “ich bekomme Geld dafür”? Oder beides?

Vielleicht ist es mit den Objekten einfacher zu verstehen, aber bedeutet der Satz Ich miete eine Wohnung. "Ich bezahle für eine Wohnung" oder "Ich bekomme Geld dafür"? Wenn die Antwort ...
1
vote
2answers
119 views

Why “verschwende” and not “verschwendest” in this song?

I found a Youtube video located here It contains the following lyric "Verschwende deine Zeit nicht an mir, denn Du bist bereits die Stimme in meinem Kopf" I thought since he addressed them with "Du" ...
7
votes
2answers
122 views

“… einiger betriebener …” oder “… einiger betriebenen …”

Ich bin vor einiger Zeit auf folgenden Satz gestoßen und habe mich seitdem immer wieder gefragt, wie es korrekt heißen muss oder was sich besser anhört: Der Datenbestand einiger im Internet ...
8
votes
1answer
27k views

“gäbe” vs. “gebe”

Ich komme hier jedes Mal durcheinander. Wenn ich Konjunktiv I verwende, soll das berichtend, also wertfrei sein. Konjunktiv II dagegen soll die Aussage in Zweifel ziehen. Wenn ich also keine eigene ...
1
vote
2answers
352 views

What is the correct imperative form of “wiederholen”?

I would like to say repeat frequently! by using the verb wiederholen and the adjective regelmäßig. Which one of these is the correct for du and which one for ihr? du wiederhole; wiederhol; hole ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

What is the meaning of the German verb “treiben”?

According to Leo.org, treiben translates to to float, to chase, to drift, to drive and many other various English verbs that seem unalike. What are its possible meanings and how can I tell which one ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

Which verbs tense I should learn after simple present?

I'm studying German for a while, I know I still have a lot to learn. But I'm considering which verbs tense I should learn after Simple Present, like a study guide for verbs tense. Could someone give ...
5
votes
4answers
175 views

Regular verbs with irregular participle form as adjective

The verb verwirren is a regular verb, with past and perfect forms verwirrte, hat verwirrt However, the related form verworren is still in use as an adjective. Duden explains the etymology: ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Difference between “nagen” and “annagen”

Is there any difference between nagen and annagen? They both mean to eat away at something., like a mouse or a cat would do. What is it that the prefix an- does to the verb? Does it add any special ...
13
votes
1answer
661 views

Zweite und dritte Person im gleichen Satz - wonach richtet sich das Verb?

This question also has an answer here (in English): "Paula und ich bin..." or "Paula und ich sind..." Wenn man zwei verschiedene Personen im gleichen Satzteil beschreibt, von denen einer ...