Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
90 views

Why is the adjective placed before a conjoined verb?

I am using an app called Duolingo to practice learning German through assimilation techniques however I have come across something that is a bit confusing to me in a a way, regarding the way that ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Having trouble with reflexive verbs

So I'm having trouble determining when a verb must be reflexive and when not, these are two examples from my workbook from the same exercise: Darum habe ich mich für Sport entschieden. Erfolg ...
5
votes
2answers
383 views

Reflexive “treffen” when planning to meet someone?

If I'm planning to meet someone (as opposed to simply meeting them), should I use a reflexive pronoun? (a) Ich werde ihn treffen. (b) Ich werde mich mit ihm treffen.
8
votes
3answers
938 views

Why does one say “war” way more often than “bin gewesen”? Why does “sein” prefer “Präteritum” over “Perfekt”?

May be is my wrong perception, but I am pretty sure that for the verb sein one uses Präteritum way more often that Perfekt. In spoken language one says Ich habe dieses Buch gelesen (nicht Ich las ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Why “hätte” instead of “würde … haben”?

I found these two phrases next to each other in a text, and it made me wonder why they are formulated differently, while in english and any other language I know they are expressed using the same ...
5
votes
1answer
651 views

“bringen” vs “mitbringen”

I want to ask some colleges if I should bring them something from supermarket. Should I use bringen or mitbringen? And why? This is my attempt (improvements are welcome): Ich gehe zum Aldi, ...
7
votes
4answers
913 views

What is the difference between “versuchen” and “probieren”?

According to my Collins dictionary, both versuchen and probieren mean to try. Are they synonyms?
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Usage of “verhelfen”, “helfen” and “behelfen”

What is the difference between verhelfen, helfen and behelfen? How are they used in a sentence?
3
votes
1answer
403 views

Can we use “wissen lassen”?

I was thinking about how to say "I will let you know". The first sentence that comes to mind is Ich werde dich wissen lassen. Grammatically this looks fine. However, I feel a bit strange about ...
6
votes
1answer
205 views

“zustimmen” with pronoun

The verb zustimmen is used with a dative, whether you're agreeing to a person or to a statement. (a) What do we do if we want to say "I agree with that"? Would Ich stimme das zu be correct? ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Translation of “entscheidend auf die Reihenfolge”

I came across this sentence Bei den "für alle" und "es gibt" kommt es in der Mathematik, anders als in der weniger präzisen Umgangssprache, entscheidend auf die Reihenfolge an. I looked up ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Usage of present participle with include

In order to say My job must involve using computers, how would I use the present participle of use? Is this correct? Mein Beruf muss Computer benutzen einschließen.
9
votes
3answers
1k views

“Hang out with friends” in German

How do I say I like hanging out with friends in German? I'm having trouble with the verb "hang out" in this meaning. From the dictionary, there are meanings of shirts/tongue hanging out, ...
7
votes
4answers
311 views

Confused by a sentence using “erleben”

Recently I found the following sentence at the end of a novel which I was reading in translation (i.e. it’s the German translation of an English-language novel). Dann mache ich mir eine Liste im ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Does “sollen” imply an external agent?

I spent three weeks at a German high school right after I graduated from my own high school. One day I said to my host (a student at the school): "Ich soll mehr Deutsch sprechen." His response? (He ...
4
votes
1answer
290 views

Konjunktiv 2 Plural von kennen

Neulich las ich in der "Zeit" einen Satz, der mich im Lesefluß stocken ließ. Ich kann mich nicht genau an den Satz erinnern, daher hier eine "in etwa-e" Wiedergabe: Die Behauptung vieler ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

How to translate “Do you miss him”?

I would like to translate this simple sentence into German. Are the following translations correct? Fehlt er Dir? Vermisst er Dich? Vermisst Du ihn? Is there a different usage of fehlen or ...
6
votes
2answers
155 views

German “Man beweise …” for “Prove that …”

I see that in mathematics text, “Prove that” is translated to German as “Man beweise, dass”, and “Determine” is translated as “Man bestimme”. What kind of construction is this? It reminds me of the ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

“machen anzufangen” vs. “anfangen zu machen”

I was sure that Ich habe vor, die Hausaufgabe machen anzufangen. was right. Nevertheless I've heard Ich habe vor, die Hausaufgabe anfangen zu machen. from a good source. Assuming that ...
5
votes
2answers
341 views

Why isn't the verb separated in “Wenn du aufstehst”?

I thought the translation for What do you do when you get up? would be: Was machst du, wenn du stehst auf? But I've read it is: Was machst du, wenn du aufstehst?
1
vote
3answers
221 views

“schmecken lassen”: Tuck in?

I am familiar with "Das schmeckt" to say you like the taste of something and I was working on a lesson in DuoLingo.com and used it in context a couple of times. I was looking up how to spell it, and ...
5
votes
3answers
298 views

Modal verbs: correspondence German - English

Coming across the six modal verbs in the German language, I've put them in correspondence (1:1) with English ones (or similar English verbs used in conjunction with main verbs): 1a. müssen --> ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Passive sentence as a subordinate clause in Perfekt: arranging the verbal parts

Given the sentence: Everybody knows that money has always been loved too much by people, would you translate it in German as: Jeder weiß, dass das Geld von der Leute immer zu sehr worden ...
1
vote
1answer
307 views

“Verb” or “verb + lassen”? How to know when does a verb need “lassen”?

I thought I understood what a Verb and a Verb + lassen mean (somehow influenced by this question), but I don't. My previous idea was that one writes Verb + lassen when the action is not performed by ...
2
votes
1answer
264 views

Composite verbs with prefix zu: how to deal with infinitives

Suppose I want to write a sentence with the verb zumachen. It is composite, so in past participles and in constructs as zu + infinitive the added particles go between the prefix and the main verb. ...
3
votes
3answers
117 views

Etymology of “stillen” and relation to other languages

Looking on the Leo, the verb stillen means to breastfeed. The English verb contains the word breast. Something similar happens in Italian (allattare, which contains latte-milk). What is the ...
12
votes
1answer
252 views

“Ja, verb ich.” - which verbs work?

In spoken German, it is very common to answer basic mundane yes-or-no question with an elliptical construction like this: "Willst du noch ein Bier?" "Ja, will ich." This works for haben, ...
3
votes
3answers
166 views

“Ich miete eine Wohnung” bedeutet “ich bezahle für eine Wohnung” oder “ich bekomme Geld dafür”? Oder beides?

Vielleicht ist es mit den Objekten einfacher zu verstehen, aber bedeutet der Satz Ich miete eine Wohnung. "Ich bezahle für eine Wohnung" oder "Ich bekomme Geld dafür"? Wenn die Antwort ...
7
votes
4answers
249 views

Is it possible to have confusion with different verbs that have some forms in common?

I may be wrong, but, I seem to recall that gehört is both the past participle of "hören" and that of "gehören" (for which it is also the third person present tense), and the two verbs are not ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Non-natives using strong verbs as they were weak: would this compromise understanding?

Forgetting for a moment about the stated fact that language evolves, would Germans be annoyed if a strong verb was used as it were weak (that is, with the common -te pattern in the past tense and the ...
4
votes
1answer
251 views

How is “lassen” used in the context of this sentence?

Könnten Sie mein Gepäck bitte herunterbringen lassen? How does usage of lassen work here? Can anybody please give more examples of lassen similar to this one. Normally it means leave.
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Meaning and grammatical category of “Luftnummer”?

Opposition wirft Friedrich "Luftnummer" vor. wirft ... vor is, I think, the verb vorwerfen, which means to accuse. But I don't know what Luftnummer means. Is it a noun in this context? I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

What does “Was hat Kim Jong Un mit Texas vor?” mean?

hat... mit... vor According to my dictionary, this is etw mit jdm/etw vorhaben = to intend doing sth with sb/sth. So, the question about Kim should be rendered in English as "What does Kim intend ...
5
votes
5answers
158 views

What does “durchwebt” mean?

I know that weben means to weave or to spin. But no such word as durchwebt. Source: Wie Amazon die Cloud durchwebt
6
votes
2answers
699 views

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces akkusativ or dativ? If there are direct object ...
5
votes
3answers
253 views

Hinfallen, hinunterfallen vs. herunterfallen

Diese Frage wurde von einer Frage inspiriert, die ich vor kurzem zu den Verben fallen und stürzen gestellt habe. Jemand hat erwähnt, dass in einem gewissen Zusammenhang herunterfallen besser passt ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

Is there a pattern in the formation of compound verbs via prefixes?

Compound German verbs are formed as prefix + basic verb So, if you have the verb X you can have its compounds by adding one prefix to it. I'm asking whether a certain prefix carries always the ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

When to use “bezahlen” and when “zahlen”?

Leo shows that both bezahlen and zahlen are translated as "to pay". I noticed that people sometimes use the one, and sometimes the other. So, when to use bezahlen and when zahlen?
4
votes
2answers
90 views

Vergessen = “to forget” AND “to forget about”?

Kann man irgendwie auf eine Weise "forget about" sagen, die sich von einfach "vergessen" unterscheidet? z.B.: Mach dir keine Sorgen, Kleines! Wir haben dich nicht vergessen! (gesagt zu einem ...
2
votes
4answers
217 views

What is the difference between “fallen” and “stürzen”?

What is the difference between these two words for "fall"? On a website I read the following: Halten Sie das Baby immer so sicher, daß es auf keinen Fall stürzen kann. Would the word "fallen" ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

“Aufheben” vs. “aufnehmen” for picking something up

I want to say, "I pick the baby up off the floor," but I'm having trouble deciding whether aufheben or aufnehmen is the correct word. Ich nehme das Baby vom Boden auf or Ich hebe das Baby ...
3
votes
1answer
339 views

Most common Präteritum / Imperfekt forms in written German?

I have a German examination in two weeks, which includes two comprehensions of about CEFR-B1 level. (An example of this exam from 2012 can be found here.) I have worked up to over 2000 of the most ...
5
votes
2answers
349 views

The use of an infinitive with the pronoun “es”

I have seen a few examples where one uses an infinitive with the pronoun "es." Namely, in the movie Downfall (Der Untergang), Hitler says: Es bleiben im Raum: Keitel, Jodl, Krebs und Burgdorf. ...
6
votes
3answers
438 views

Why is the verb not in second position

I studied that the verb is always in second position in a sentence. The I came across this sentence: Insbesondere das zweite Buch ist wichtig. I could not find an answer here, why is the verb in ...
6
votes
3answers
843 views

Etwas anschauen vs. ansehen = to look at?

Can anschauen and ansehen both be used to say that you are looking at something? For example, "Ich schaue das Foto an" vs. "Ich sehe mir das Foto an"? I think I have seen these verbs used ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Can “liegen” be used for people?

Can "liegen" be used for people. For instance I am here. - Ich liege hier. or it is wrong? Is Ich bin hier better?
1
vote
2answers
326 views

Alternate sentence construction using “lassen”

The sentence: "Er hat Reim in seinem Gedicht benutzt." My instructor has suggested that I rewrite the sentence using "a more sophisticated construction, such as one with 'lassen'." How would I do ...
4
votes
4answers
399 views

Ways to die in German

I want to learn the different shades of meaning and frequency of use of the following verbs that have the meaning of to die: ableben abtreten erlöschen krepieren sterben versterben ...
5
votes
3answers
346 views

beschränken vs einschränken – is there a difference?

What is the difference between verbs beschränken and einschränken? Do these two words have the same meaning or maybe they mean something different?
4
votes
2answers
426 views

verhindern, hindern, behindern - what's the difference?

What's the difference between verhindern, hindern, behindern - in dictionary they seem to have the same or very similar meaning?