Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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6
votes
1answer
232 views

“zustimmen” with pronoun

The verb zustimmen is used with a dative, whether you're agreeing to a person or to a statement. (a) What do we do if we want to say "I agree with that"? Would Ich stimme das zu be correct? ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Usage of present participle with include

In order to say My job must involve using computers, how would I use the present participle of use? Is this correct? Mein Beruf muss Computer benutzen einschließen.
9
votes
3answers
2k views

“Hang out with friends” in German

How do I say I like hanging out with friends in German? I'm having trouble with the verb "hang out" in this meaning. From the dictionary, there are meanings of shirts/tongue hanging out, ...
7
votes
4answers
316 views

Confused by a sentence using “erleben”

Recently I found the following sentence at the end of a novel which I was reading in translation (i.e. it’s the German translation of an English-language novel). Dann mache ich mir eine Liste im ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

Konjunktiv 2 Plural von kennen

Neulich las ich in der "Zeit" einen Satz, der mich im Lesefluß stocken ließ. Ich kann mich nicht genau an den Satz erinnern, daher hier eine "in etwa-e" Wiedergabe: Die Behauptung vieler ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

How to translate “Do you miss him”?

I would like to translate this simple sentence into German. Are the following translations correct? Fehlt er Dir? Vermisst er Dich? Vermisst Du ihn? Is there a different usage of fehlen or ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

German “Man beweise …” for “Prove that …”

I see that in mathematics text, “Prove that” is translated to German as “Man beweise, dass”, and “Determine” is translated as “Man bestimme”. What kind of construction is this? It reminds me of the ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

“machen anzufangen” vs. “anfangen zu machen”

I was sure that Ich habe vor, die Hausaufgabe machen anzufangen. was right. Nevertheless I've heard Ich habe vor, die Hausaufgabe anfangen zu machen. from a good source. Assuming that ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Why “Ich habe Hunger” and not “Ich bin Hunger”?

The sentence Ich bin Hunger translates to I am hungry, which seems right, whereas Ich habe Hunger translates to I have hunger. Why do Germans own or possess hunger?
5
votes
2answers
383 views

Why isn't the verb separated in “Wenn du aufstehst”?

I thought the translation for What do you do when you get up? would be: Was machst du, wenn du stehst auf? But I've read it is: Was machst du, wenn du aufstehst?
9
votes
3answers
285 views

How come there are two ways to conjugate the same verb? (e.g. erschrecken)

Take, for sake of concreteness, the verb erschrecken: Du erschrickst vor Kakerlaken (du gerätst in Panik, wenn du Kakerlaken siehst) to be compared with Du erschreckst sie, wenn du trinkst. ...
1
vote
3answers
228 views

“schmecken lassen”: Tuck in?

I am familiar with "Das schmeckt" to say you like the taste of something and I was working on a lesson in DuoLingo.com and used it in context a couple of times. I was looking up how to spell it, and ...
1
vote
1answer
317 views

“Verb” or “verb + lassen”? How to know when does a verb need “lassen”?

I thought I understood what a Verb and a Verb + lassen mean (somehow influenced by this question), but I don't. My previous idea was that one writes Verb + lassen when the action is not performed by ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Passive sentence as a subordinate clause in Perfekt: arranging the verbal parts

Given the sentence: Everybody knows that money has always been loved too much by people, would you translate it in German as: Jeder weiß, dass das Geld von der Leute immer zu sehr worden ...
2
votes
1answer
273 views

Composite verbs with prefix zu: how to deal with infinitives

Suppose I want to write a sentence with the verb zumachen. It is composite, so in past participles and in constructs as zu + infinitive the added particles go between the prefix and the main verb. ...
3
votes
3answers
120 views

Etymology of “stillen” and relation to other languages

Looking on the Leo, the verb stillen means to breastfeed. The English verb contains the word breast. Something similar happens in Italian (allattare, which contains latte-milk). What is the ...
12
votes
1answer
255 views

“Ja, verb ich.” - which verbs work?

In spoken German, it is very common to answer basic mundane yes-or-no question with an elliptical construction like this: "Willst du noch ein Bier?" "Ja, will ich." This works for haben, ...
3
votes
3answers
173 views

“Ich miete eine Wohnung” bedeutet “ich bezahle für eine Wohnung” oder “ich bekomme Geld dafür”? Oder beides?

Vielleicht ist es mit den Objekten einfacher zu verstehen, aber bedeutet der Satz Ich miete eine Wohnung. "Ich bezahle für eine Wohnung" oder "Ich bekomme Geld dafür"? Wenn die Antwort ...
5
votes
3answers
309 views

Modal verbs: correspondence German - English

Coming across the six modal verbs in the German language, I've put them in correspondence (1:1) with English ones (or similar English verbs used in conjunction with main verbs): 1a. müssen --> ...
7
votes
4answers
252 views

Is it possible to have confusion with different verbs that have some forms in common?

I may be wrong, but, I seem to recall that gehört is both the past participle of "hören" and that of "gehören" (for which it is also the third person present tense), and the two verbs are not ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Non-natives using strong verbs as they were weak: would this compromise understanding?

Forgetting for a moment about the stated fact that language evolves, would Germans be annoyed if a strong verb was used as it were weak (that is, with the common -te pattern in the past tense and the ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

How is “lassen” used in the context of this sentence?

Könnten Sie mein Gepäck bitte herunterbringen lassen? How does usage of lassen work here? Can anybody please give more examples of lassen similar to this one. Normally it means leave.
4
votes
1answer
110 views

Meaning and grammatical category of “Luftnummer”?

Opposition wirft Friedrich "Luftnummer" vor. wirft ... vor is, I think, the verb vorwerfen, which means to accuse. But I don't know what Luftnummer means. Is it a noun in this context? I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

What does “Was hat Kim Jong Un mit Texas vor?” mean?

hat... mit... vor According to my dictionary, this is etw mit jdm/etw vorhaben = to intend doing sth with sb/sth. So, the question about Kim should be rendered in English as "What does Kim intend ...
5
votes
5answers
158 views

What does “durchwebt” mean?

I know that weben means to weave or to spin. But no such word as durchwebt. Source: Wie Amazon die Cloud durchwebt
6
votes
2answers
738 views

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces akkusativ or dativ? If there are direct object ...
4
votes
1answer
200 views

Is there a pattern in the formation of compound verbs via prefixes?

Compound German verbs are formed as prefix + basic verb So, if you have the verb X you can have its compounds by adding one prefix to it. I'm asking whether a certain prefix carries always the ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

When to use “bezahlen” and when “zahlen”?

Leo shows that both bezahlen and zahlen are translated as "to pay". I noticed that people sometimes use the one, and sometimes the other. So, when to use bezahlen and when zahlen?
4
votes
2answers
90 views

Vergessen = “to forget” AND “to forget about”?

Kann man irgendwie auf eine Weise "forget about" sagen, die sich von einfach "vergessen" unterscheidet? z.B.: Mach dir keine Sorgen, Kleines! Wir haben dich nicht vergessen! (gesagt zu einem ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the difference between “versuchen” and “probieren”?

According to my Collins dictionary, both versuchen and probieren mean to try. Are they synonyms?
5
votes
3answers
259 views

Hinfallen, hinunterfallen vs. herunterfallen

Diese Frage wurde von einer Frage inspiriert, die ich vor kurzem zu den Verben fallen und stürzen gestellt habe. Jemand hat erwähnt, dass in einem gewissen Zusammenhang herunterfallen besser passt ...
2
votes
4answers
236 views

What is the difference between “fallen” and “stürzen”?

What is the difference between these two words for "fall"? On a website I read the following: Halten Sie das Baby immer so sicher, daß es auf keinen Fall stürzen kann. Would the word "fallen" ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

“Aufheben” vs. “aufnehmen” for picking something up

I want to say, "I pick the baby up off the floor," but I'm having trouble deciding whether aufheben or aufnehmen is the correct word. Ich nehme das Baby vom Boden auf or Ich hebe das Baby ...
3
votes
1answer
358 views

Most common Präteritum / Imperfekt forms in written German?

I have a German examination in two weeks, which includes two comprehensions of about CEFR-B1 level. (An example of this exam from 2012 can be found here.) I have worked up to over 2000 of the most ...
5
votes
2answers
359 views

The use of an infinitive with the pronoun “es”

I have seen a few examples where one uses an infinitive with the pronoun "es." Namely, in the movie Downfall (Der Untergang), Hitler says: Es bleiben im Raum: Keitel, Jodl, Krebs und Burgdorf. ...
6
votes
3answers
478 views

Why is the verb not in second position

I studied that the verb is always in second position in a sentence. The I came across this sentence: Insbesondere das zweite Buch ist wichtig. I could not find an answer here, why is the verb in ...
6
votes
3answers
902 views

Etwas anschauen vs. ansehen = to look at?

Can anschauen and ansehen both be used to say that you are looking at something? For example, "Ich schaue das Foto an" vs. "Ich sehe mir das Foto an"? I think I have seen these verbs used ...
1
vote
2answers
333 views

Alternate sentence construction using “lassen”

The sentence: "Er hat Reim in seinem Gedicht benutzt." My instructor has suggested that I rewrite the sentence using "a more sophisticated construction, such as one with 'lassen'." How would I do ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Can “liegen” be used for people?

Can "liegen" be used for people. For instance I am here. - Ich liege hier. or it is wrong? Is Ich bin hier better?
2
votes
1answer
2k views

“I want to” vs. “I like to” vs. “I have to”

How do you say the following in German? I want to eat an apple. I like to eat apples. I have to eat an apple. Can you apply the same context to all verbs?
4
votes
4answers
428 views

Ways to die in German

I want to learn the different shades of meaning and frequency of use of the following verbs that have the meaning of to die: ableben abtreten erlöschen krepieren sterben versterben ...
2
votes
1answer
610 views

Looking for ALL german verbs database

It could be plain text. I need to have there all verbs with all forms written down. I'm afraid I can't use any web source, 'cause I want to create an application that will "read" sample german book ...
5
votes
3answers
355 views

beschränken vs einschränken – is there a difference?

What is the difference between verbs beschränken and einschränken? Do these two words have the same meaning or maybe they mean something different?
4
votes
2answers
436 views

verhindern, hindern, behindern - what's the difference?

What's the difference between verhindern, hindern, behindern - in dictionary they seem to have the same or very similar meaning?
3
votes
1answer
453 views

German phrasal verbs?

I know of German separable prefix verbs and of English phrasal verbs, but these examples seem to be of phrasal verbs on German that do not fall under the definition of separable prefix verbs: weg ...
8
votes
2answers
352 views

The use of stand alone prefixes of separable prefix verbs

I've encountered an example of using a prefix of a separable prefix verb by itself, and I was wondering what is the right way to use such prefixes this way: A: Mach die Tür bitte zu! B: Sie ist ...
6
votes
2answers
321 views

Are “zu-” and “ein-” special prefixes widely used to form new verbs?

Are "zu-" and "ein-" special prefixes widely used to form new verbs in German language? Like the following two examples: schlafen (to sleep) einschlafen (to fall sleep) hören (to hear) ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

“Stem-Changing Verbs” vs “Strong Verbs”

I want to know what is the relation between the two terms "Stem-Changing Verbs" and "Strong Verbs". Form what I understand there is a group of verbs that I called "Stem-Changing Verbs" which change ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Zusammenschreiben von Infinitiv mit zu

Eigentlich sollte die Sache recht einfach sein. Laut Duden werden die Erweiterungen mit zu zusammen geschrieben, wenn auch die Grundform zusammen geschrieben wird: ...
4
votes
3answers
766 views

Positions of verbs in clauses

e.g. when we use wenn the verb goes to end. If the sentence starts with wenn, the second clause starts with verb as follows: Wenn es morgen regnet, gehe ich ins Kino. I think it is similar for ...