Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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What is the difference between “nachvollziehen” and “verstehen”?

What is the difference between nachvollziehen and verstehen? In my dictionary they both mean “to comprehend”. Do they have a big difference in usage?
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5answers
386 views

Deutscher Konjugator / German conjugation tables

Wo kann ich einen "Deutsch-Konjugator" finden bzw. ihn herunterladen? Where can I find German conjugation tables?
5
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1answer
215 views

If an English verb is regular, its German equivalent is regular as well?

I've found out a rule in which if an English verb is regular, its German translation is regular as well and the other way around: To see: sehen ; to drink: trinken ; to go: gehen ... Seems to be ...
5
votes
1answer
722 views

“bringen” vs “mitbringen”

I want to ask some colleges if I should bring them something from supermarket. Should I use bringen or mitbringen? And why? This is my attempt (improvements are welcome): Ich gehe zum Aldi, ...
5
votes
2answers
251 views

Unterschied zwischen „sich beteiligen“ und „teilnehmen“?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen sich beteiligen und teilnehmen? Die beiden bedeuten participate, aber werden sie in einem Satz unterschiedlich verwendet?
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2answers
2k views

“Abwaschen” vs. “aufwaschen”

Ich habe mir hin und wieder schon die Frage gestellt, woher die unterschiedliche Benutzung von "ab-" und "aufwaschen" für die Tätigkeit des spülens von Geschirr kommt. Im folgenden Ngram kann man ...
5
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1answer
101 views

Having trouble with reflexive verbs

So I'm having trouble determining when a verb must be reflexive and when not, these are two examples from my workbook from the same exercise: Darum habe ich mich für Sport entschieden. Erfolg ...
5
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2answers
424 views

Reflexive “treffen” when planning to meet someone?

If I'm planning to meet someone (as opposed to simply meeting them), should I use a reflexive pronoun? (a) Ich werde ihn treffen. (b) Ich werde mich mit ihm treffen.
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3answers
179 views

Conjunctions in subordinate clauses

I understand that in a subordinate clause, such as with weil the main verb is sent to the end of the sentence. However, if I add a conjunction such as und does that clause also have its main verb sent ...
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4answers
2k views

Why “Ich habe Hunger” and not “Ich bin Hunger”?

The sentence Ich bin Hunger translates to I am hungry, which seems right, whereas Ich habe Hunger translates to I have hunger. Why do Germans own or possess hunger?
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2answers
436 views

verhindern, hindern, behindern - what's the difference?

What's the difference between verhindern, hindern, behindern - in dictionary they seem to have the same or very similar meaning?
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2answers
203 views

Using reflexive verb “vorstellen” in infinitive construction

"I can imagine that." translates to Ich kann mir das vorstellen. If I want to say "It is hard to imagine that he is only 20 years old.", would it be (a) Es ist schwer vorzustellen, dass er ...
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5answers
299 views

What does “laufen” mean other than walking and running?

What does laufen mean in the following context: Also, mit ein Meter sechsundsiebzig ist es nicht so einfach. Hier laufen so viele kleine Männer rum.
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4answers
428 views

Ways to die in German

I want to learn the different shades of meaning and frequency of use of the following verbs that have the meaning of to die: ableben abtreten erlöschen krepieren sterben versterben ...
4
votes
2answers
433 views

German verbs vs English verbs

Why do all English verbs have to start with "to" and German verbs don't? In English we say "to play" but in German we would just say "spielen". why don't we say "zu spielen"? Why don't we do this in ...
4
votes
4answers
108 views

What sort of “recovery” do genesen or erholen represent?

I’ve recently come across the verb genesen and got confused. I had been using erholen, but now I have the suspicion it’s something to do with relaxing? and not actually recovering from an illness? So ...
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2answers
488 views

Nouns and verbs which share the same form

Beside "leben" - to live and "Leben" - life, are there other nouns which have the same form as their verbs?
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3answers
94 views

Comparative with verbs

How do you compare verbs? Netflix is better than buying DVDs or going to the cinema. Would I use zu with the verbs, or convert them to nouns? Netflix ist besser als DVDs zu kaufen oder ins ...
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5answers
184 views

Für Luft gibt es “entlüften”; für Gas, “entgasen”. Was entspricht folgenden Gasen: Stick-, Wasser- und Sauerstoff?

Für Luft existiert das Verb entlüften. Dem Nomen Gas entspricht entgasen. Welche Verben entsprechen den folgenden Gasen? Stickstoff Sauerstoff Wasserstoff. Mein Versuch für Nummer 2, ...
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2answers
1k views

When to use “fahren” and when to use “abfahren”?

I have seen many times these two verbs, for example: Der Zug fährt ab Ich fahre nach Deutschland What are the differences between them and when to use each one? Thanks
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1answer
77 views

»Fahren in der Nähe« oder »fahren in die Nähe«?

Etwas sagt mir, dass »Fahren in der Nähe« die richtige Wahl ist. Zusammenhang: Ich habe Lust, nur in der Nähe zu fahren. Trotztdem kann ich das nicht erklären, da fahren ein Bewegungsverb ist. ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Non-natives using strong verbs as they were weak: would this compromise understanding?

Forgetting for a moment about the stated fact that language evolves, would Germans be annoyed if a strong verb was used as it were weak (that is, with the common -te pattern in the past tense and the ...
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1answer
274 views

How is “lassen” used in the context of this sentence?

Könnten Sie mein Gepäck bitte herunterbringen lassen? How does usage of lassen work here? Can anybody please give more examples of lassen similar to this one. Normally it means leave.
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3answers
766 views

Positions of verbs in clauses

e.g. when we use wenn the verb goes to end. If the sentence starts with wenn, the second clause starts with verb as follows: Wenn es morgen regnet, gehe ich ins Kino. I think it is similar for ...
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4answers
377 views

Welche Verben lassen sich mit ähnlich vielen Verbalpräfix wie “legen” kombinieren?

Auf Wikipedia findet man eine beachtliche Zahl von Präfixen, die sich mit "legen" kombinieren lassen. ab- an- auf- aus be- bei- dar- ein- er- hin- hinter- nach- nieder- über- (unbetont) über- ...
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5answers
274 views

What's the difference between “Meiden” and “Vermeiden”?

I came across these two sentences recently: Ich versuche, Kohlenhydrate zu meiden Wir hatten versucht, den Verkehr zu vermeiden What's the difference between the two verbs in regards to ...
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3answers
137 views

When can I use constructions like “wenn du planst teilzunehmen?”

In writing an email to some friends, I was told that it's better to write Bitte gib uns Bescheid, wenn du planst teilzunehmen. instead of Bitte gib uns Bescheid, wenn du teilzunehmen ...
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2answers
169 views

Differences between “erwachen” and “aufwachen”?

I was trying to read Die Verwandlung in German and in the first lines I encountered this word in this context: Als Gregor Samsa eines Morgens aus unruhigen Träumen erwachte, ... I'd like to know ...
4
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2answers
90 views

Vergessen = “to forget” AND “to forget about”?

Kann man irgendwie auf eine Weise "forget about" sagen, die sich von einfach "vergessen" unterscheidet? z.B.: Mach dir keine Sorgen, Kleines! Wir haben dich nicht vergessen! (gesagt zu einem ...
4
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1answer
299 views

Konjunktiv 2 Plural von kennen

Neulich las ich in der "Zeit" einen Satz, der mich im Lesefluß stocken ließ. Ich kann mich nicht genau an den Satz erinnern, daher hier eine "in etwa-e" Wiedergabe: Die Behauptung vieler ...
4
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1answer
200 views

Is there a pattern in the formation of compound verbs via prefixes?

Compound German verbs are formed as prefix + basic verb So, if you have the verb X you can have its compounds by adding one prefix to it. I'm asking whether a certain prefix carries always the ...
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1answer
110 views

Meaning and grammatical category of “Luftnummer”?

Opposition wirft Friedrich "Luftnummer" vor. wirft ... vor is, I think, the verb vorwerfen, which means to accuse. But I don't know what Luftnummer means. Is it a noun in this context? I'm ...
4
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1answer
211 views

List (exhaustive-ish) of predicates with “quirky subject”? (“Lexikalischer Kasus”)

I’m trying to find an exhaustive-ish list of predicates with quirky subjects (Lexikalischer Kasus) to get a better idea of how many of these there are (a dozen, a hundred?), how common they are, and ...
4
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3answers
89 views

“anschauen” as reflexive or not

The verb anschauen can be used either as a reflexive verb or not jdn/etw anschauen: to look at sb/sth sich dat etw anschauen: to take a look at sth I have trouble understanding the ...
3
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3answers
2k views

What is the difference between “ist” and “es”?

I am trying to figure out what is the difference between "ist" and "es"? for example in the phrase "Mein Auto ist blau" vs. "Mir geht es gut", can you say "Mir geht ist gut"?
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3answers
173 views

“Ich miete eine Wohnung” bedeutet “ich bezahle für eine Wohnung” oder “ich bekomme Geld dafür”? Oder beides?

Vielleicht ist es mit den Objekten einfacher zu verstehen, aber bedeutet der Satz Ich miete eine Wohnung. "Ich bezahle für eine Wohnung" oder "Ich bekomme Geld dafür"? Wenn die Antwort ...
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3answers
125 views

Warum sind “totlachen, kaputtlachen,…” reflexiv, und “lachen” nicht?

Hier auf dieser Seite habe ich einen Kommentar gesehen, in dem es behauptet wird, Komposita mit lachen reflexiv seien bzw. reflexiv sein können. Warum?
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3answers
120 views

Etymology of “stillen” and relation to other languages

Looking on the Leo, the verb stillen means to breastfeed. The English verb contains the word breast. Something similar happens in Italian (allattare, which contains latte-milk). What is the ...
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6answers
144 views

What's the difference between “untersuchen” and “analysieren”?

What is the difference between analysieren and untersuchen? Ich untersuche den Fall Nicole Smith. Ich analysiere den Fall Nicole Smith.
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3answers
178 views

“sehr ernsthaft” vs “sehr ernst”

Why is there a difference between sehr ernsthaft vs sehr ernst? In English it both means very seriously. When do I use which? E.g. from the same document: Und wir halten solches Streben für sehr ...
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2answers
1k views

Sentence structure tips: verb placement

I'm having some trouble getting used to placing the second verb in a phrase at the end. Sie kann sehr gut deutsch sprechen Taking the above sentence as an example, I find it hard to read ...
3
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2answers
218 views

Meaning of “übertragen”

I was reading a German magazine and I came across the verb "übertragen" in this context: Alte Gewohnheiten werden deshalb besser nicht auf die neue Partnerschaft übertragen. As far as I ...
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2answers
272 views

“To know somebody” as in “have knowledge of”

In English, "to know somebody" may have two different meanings: Do you know my neighbor Felix? (acquainted with) Do you know Angela Merkel? (have knowledge of) The first meaning is ...
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5answers
256 views

What is the difference between “abschliessen”, “beenden” and “aufhören”?

Nachdem ich meinen MA an der Universität Oklohoma abgeschlossen habe, werde ich nach Deutschland umziehen. After I am done with my masters at Oklohoma University, I'll move to Germany. Will it ...
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4answers
572 views

Bedeutung von “menscheln”

Seit ungefähr 15 Jahren kenne ich das Wort menscheln und ich dachte immer, es hieße, dass in einer Umgebung (wie zum Beispiel einem Meeting oder einem Parteitag), wo sonst eher Objektivität und Kühle ...
3
votes
4answers
818 views

What is “schlagen” slang for?

I had a German exchange student in my class and he always used "schlagen" in a weird way and it was hard to understand him. I know "schlagen" means "to fight" in English but what does it mean in ...
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2answers
240 views

Difference between “kämpfen um” and “kämpfen für”

What is the difference between: Ich kämpfe für mein Heimatland. and Ich kämpfe um mein Heimatland.
3
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1answer
215 views

Why does one need accusative after the impersonal construct “es gibt”?

I don't understand the reason why you need accusative instead of nominative after the impersonal construct es gibt (or gibt es in the questions). According to the analysis of the parts of speech, ...
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2answers
158 views

Verb order with multiple secondary sentences

Is this sentence correct in terms of verb order? And if not what would be correct and why? Ich wusste nicht, dass wir die Möglichkeit haben, ein Artefakt mit anderen Kollegen mitzubenutzen, die ...
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1answer
463 views

Can we use “wissen lassen”?

I was thinking about how to say "I will let you know". The first sentence that comes to mind is Ich werde dich wissen lassen. Grammatically this looks fine. However, I feel a bit strange about ...