Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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3
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3answers
2k views

Looking for ALL german verbs database

It could be plain text. I need to have there all verbs with all forms written down. I'm afraid I can't use any web source, 'cause I want to create an application that will "read" sample german book ...
0
votes
1answer
718 views

Einkaufen gehen + gern, the right word order in the sentence

In German, there are a lot of ways to tell «I like to go shopping». I'm interesting how to say this sentence using the verb einkaufen gehen and the form gern. What is the right word order? Should it ...
14
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5answers
2k views

What's the difference between “öffnen” and “aufmachen”?

Meagan opens her car door and gets in. Meagan macht die Wagentür auf und steigt ein. Can I also use öffnen in this context? What's the difference between aufmachen and öffnen?
2
votes
2answers
164 views

Three Verbs in a clause with “zu”

I'm trying to express this idea in German: I would like to try to write it. Since würde doesn't typically require zu in the infinitive, I'm confused about whether I need to have zu in this ...
4
votes
2answers
240 views

“Mitkommen” oder “mit jdm. kommen”?

Supposing we have the following sentence: I cannot speak yet so good German. That's why I came [here] with an interpreter. Which of the following senteces would translate it better? Ich kann ...
3
votes
4answers
260 views

Meaning and usage of “aufarbeiten”

So I was given an example sentence from Baron's 501 German verbs … It goes as follows "Er denkt daran, seine Kriegserlebnisse zu einem Artikel aufzuarbeiten." The translation says "He's thinking of ...
1
vote
1answer
731 views

Difference between “wegfahren”, “fortfahren”, “losfahren” and “abfahren”

Wegfahren, fortfahren, losfahren, abfahren — all these verbs mean to leave by car (e.g. drive away, drive off). But is there any difference between them or are they complete synonyms? In case of ...
6
votes
2answers
382 views

What sort of correlation is there between “Abkommen” as a noun and “abkommen” as a verb?

I am pretty sure that those who are studying German must have encountered the following verb and noun: das Abkommen (Agreement, pact) and abkommen (to deviate) I am pretty sure the above ...
1
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1answer
71 views

How to derive the despective-collective nouns from verbs?

Is there a general rule to derive this sort of colloquial despective nouns: schreiben → das Geschreibe rennen → das Gerenne schreien → das Geschrei I wanted to form that from ...
10
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4answers
2k views

Why isn't “gehen” in the sentence?

Sie müssen durch den Eingang, dann die Treppe hoch und sofort rechts. [You must go through the entrance, then up stairs and immediately to the right]. In English, we have the verb to go. Why isn't ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Warum „am Bahnhof ankommen“ anstatt „an den Bahnhof“?

Ankommen ist ein Bewegunsverb. Dementsprechend sollte es allem Anschein nach den Akkustativ verlangen, denn an geht beides mit Akkusativ und Dativ. Wieso denn: am Bahnhof ankommen und nicht ...
1
vote
4answers
426 views

Differences between “fortfahren”, “fortsetzen”, “weitermachen”, “weitergehen ”and “fortführen”

There may be other verbs that might also mean to continue. Whenever I practice my writing, I find these very confusing. What are the difference between these verbs? I initially thought that they are ...
4
votes
2answers
557 views

Der Unterschied zwischen “festsetzen”, “festlegen” and “feststellen”

These three verbs seem to mean pretty much the same thing (to set, or to determine, establish). I would like to know the precise difference between these verbs with examples if possible.
6
votes
1answer
133 views

“Tempel ein” in Die Zauberflöte

In the libretto of the Magic Flute, the phrase "Tempel ein" is often used. E.g. Sarastro says "Führt diese beiden Fremdlinge in unsern Prüfungstempel ein" and Monostatos says "...bald dringen wir in ...
6
votes
4answers
589 views

Der Fußball steht oder liegt?

I am not sure about which verb to choose between "der Fußball liegt/steht". The shape of the ball makes me confused. With for example Schere I would guess more easily that the right choice is liegen....
1
vote
1answer
476 views

Different usage of “bin gegangen”

I am looking for a way to say: "Yesterday I went running". I tried to translate it like this: Ich bin gestern laufen gegangen But I am not sure this is correct and right. I am sure I could ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Is this sentence violating a grammatical rule?

The following sentence appeared in a documentary about Germans settling in Switzerland: Das Schweizbild in Deutschland oszilliert zwischen den bösartigen Cliches von diesem Fluchtgeld-Eldorado und ...
4
votes
4answers
886 views

What is the underlying meaning of 'an'?

According to the following site The prefix "an-" usually carries the meanings "at," "begin," "on," "onward," "to," or "toward". Some of the many possibilities: Yes, I concede but the following verbs ...
4
votes
3answers
471 views

“Ich miete eine Wohnung” bedeutet “ich bezahle für eine Wohnung” oder “ich bekomme Geld dafür”? Oder beides?

Vielleicht ist es mit den Objekten einfacher zu verstehen, aber bedeutet der Satz Ich miete eine Wohnung. "Ich bezahle für eine Wohnung" oder "Ich bekomme Geld dafür"? Wenn die Antwort „...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

Why “verschwende” and not “verschwendest” in this song?

I found a Youtube video located here It contains the following lyric "Verschwende deine Zeit nicht an mir, denn Du bist bereits die Stimme in meinem Kopf" I thought since he addressed them with "Du" ...
7
votes
2answers
124 views

“… einiger betriebener …” oder “… einiger betriebenen …”

Ich bin vor einiger Zeit auf folgenden Satz gestoßen und habe mich seitdem immer wieder gefragt, wie es korrekt heißen muss oder was sich besser anhört: Der Datenbestand einiger im Internet ...
8
votes
1answer
28k views

“gäbe” vs. “gebe”

Ich komme hier jedes Mal durcheinander. Wenn ich Konjunktiv I verwende, soll das berichtend, also wertfrei sein. Konjunktiv II dagegen soll die Aussage in Zweifel ziehen. Wenn ich also keine eigene "...
1
vote
2answers
383 views

What is the correct imperative form of “wiederholen”?

I would like to say repeat frequently! by using the verb wiederholen and the adjective regelmäßig. Which one of these is the correct for du and which one for ihr? du wiederhole; wiederhol; hole ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

What is the meaning of the German verb “treiben”?

According to Leo.org, treiben translates to to float, to chase, to drift, to drive and many other various English verbs that seem unalike. What are its possible meanings and how can I tell which one ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

Which verbs tense I should learn after simple present?

I'm studying German for a while, I know I still have a lot to learn. But I'm considering which verbs tense I should learn after Simple Present, like a study guide for verbs tense. Could someone give ...
5
votes
4answers
178 views

Regular verbs with irregular participle form as adjective

The verb verwirren is a regular verb, with past and perfect forms verwirrte, hat verwirrt However, the related form verworren is still in use as an adjective. Duden explains the etymology: ...
1
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2answers
97 views

Difference between “nagen” and “annagen”

Is there any difference between nagen and annagen? They both mean to eat away at something., like a mouse or a cat would do. What is it that the prefix an- does to the verb? Does it add any special ...
13
votes
1answer
668 views

Zweite und dritte Person im gleichen Satz - wonach richtet sich das Verb?

This question also has an answer here (in English): "Paula und ich bin..." or "Paula und ich sind..." Wenn man zwei verschiedene Personen im gleichen Satzteil beschreibt, von denen einer ...
0
votes
2answers
136 views

Difference between “vermuten” and “erraten”

What is the difference between vermuten and erraten? They both mean somehow guessing. I came to think that erraten is actually closer to the meaning "guessing", while vermuten is in reality ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

What verbs require an impersonal “es” object?

I’ve noticed that some verbs require an es as an object to be correct: Ich lasse dich es wissen. (es wissen) while other verbs do not: Ich habe vor, nach Hause zu gehen. (not Ich habe es vor,...
6
votes
2answers
749 views

The use of an infinitive with the pronoun “es”

I have seen a few examples where one uses an infinitive with the pronoun es. Namely, in the movie Downfall (Der Untergang), Hitler says: Es bleiben im Raum: Keitel, Jodl, Krebs und Burgdorf. ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

When should I use the verb ''tropfen'' and ''tröpfeln''?

The two verbs have the same meaning which is to drip. I tried to formulate two examples and I want to verify if I used them correctly. Das Wasser tropft (dauernd) die ganze Zeit. Ich tröpfle ...
1
vote
3answers
106 views

Meaning of “mitentscheiden bei etw” (dat)?

What does mitentscheiden bei etwas (dat) mean? Specifically, I am not sure about the preposition. Does that mean this: to decide something with someone about something (bei) And is it then ...
0
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2answers
67 views

Verwendung von “sich mit etwas erklären”

Aus Spiegel-Online: Wolfgang Schäuble erklärt sich Pegida mit der demografischen Entwicklung Deutschlands: Die Anti-Islam-Bewegung habe auch entstehen können, weil es immer mehr Ältere ohne ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Konjunktiv II, du “wärst” or “wärest”?

My german teacher taught us to use "du wärest", but I found some examples in my book in which "du wärst" is used as well. (like this one: Wärst du so nett,..) What do you think about it? Are they ...
3
votes
4answers
123 views

“wurde … Jahre alt” für gestorbene Person

Aus dem Spiegel-Online: Er wurde nur 20 Jahre alt: Junior Malanda ist bei einem Autounfall ums Leben gekommen. Der Bundesligaspieler vom VfL Wolfsburg saß selbst nicht am Steuer des Unglückswagens....
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Ist „existieren“ ein doppelnominativfähiges Verb?

Hier wurde der Doppelakkusativ infrage gestellt. Den Antworten gemäß sollte man vielleicht einfach auch nachvollziehen können, dass es einen Doppelnominativ gäbe. In der Tat sind sein, heißen u.ä. ...
8
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7answers
2k views

Is “Möchte Sie” acceptable?

I've found these sentences in a book: "Möchte Sie Banknoten mit Bildern von Kaninchen?" and a couple of lines later: "Welche möchte Sie lieber - mit Bildern von Kaninchen oder von Hunden?" Is ...
3
votes
1answer
842 views

Translation of “I'm looking forward to…”

I'm writing a short essay and I wonder about how I could express "I'm looking forward to...". I found out that I should use the verb "sich auf etw. freuen". So I tried to write this sentence like this:...
8
votes
1answer
79 views

“zusammenschweißen” ohne Objekt verwenden

Aus dem Spiegel-Online: Auch das Team spricht für den Sport. Es springt zwar fast immer nur einer. Die anderen aber stehen um das Gerät, um ihn im Ernstfall aufzufangen. Man muss einander ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

Translation of “What type of an animal are you interested in?”

How would one go about translating the sentence: "What type of animal are you interested in?" I read that "to be interested in" is "sich interessieren für". Would it be: "Was für ein Tier ...
3
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3answers
192 views

How many words in “zuzulegen” or “zuzuschreiben”?

I am a native speaker born in Germany and still living here, but I have trouble with words as described in the topic. Do the words zuzulegen and zuzuschreiben consists of 1, 2 or 3 words? ...
8
votes
1answer
430 views

Verb when a bunch of people raise their glasses and swing it sideways while singing out loud

A long time ago I was at a German class and we where discussing "hard to translate words" and our teacher said there was one verb in German that stand for the action when people (usually in an ...
9
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3answers
3k views

“Stem-Changing Verbs” vs “Strong Verbs”

I want to know what is the relation between the two terms "Stem-Changing Verbs" and "Strong Verbs". Form what I understand there is a group of verbs that I called "Stem-Changing Verbs" which change ...
-1
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3answers
173 views

Richtig oder falsch: “Kann ich ihr fotografieren?”

"Kann ich ihr fotografieren?" (Can I take your (a girl) photo?) Ist die Frage ist richtig oder falsch?
10
votes
2answers
234 views

Wie erkärt sich die irreguläre Flexion von “gehen”?

Das unregelmäßige Verb "gehen" wird im Präsens wie folgt gebeugt: ich gehe, du gehst, wir gehen Nur als Partizip und als Nomen findet sich der Wortstamm "-gang-": ich bin gegangen - der Gang,...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Unterschied zwischen “anmachen” und “einschalten”

Ich habe einen Beispiel, um die Unterschied zwischen die zwei Verben zu verstehen. Wenn das Licht ist aus, und du magst das nicht, fragst du: Kannst du bitte das Licht anmachen? oder Kannst ...
5
votes
5answers
290 views

Für Luft gibt es “entlüften”; für Gas, “entgasen”. Was entspricht folgenden Gasen: Stick-, Wasser- und Sauerstoff?

Für Luft existiert das Verb entlüften. Dem Nomen Gas entspricht entgasen. Welche Verben entsprechen den folgenden Gasen? Stickstoff Sauerstoff Wasserstoff. Mein Versuch für Nummer 2, ...
4
votes
2answers
411 views

Woher stammt das Verb “flacken”

Der Duden sagt Bedeutung [faul] daliegen Herkunft schwäbisch, bayrisch flacken, Herkunft ungeklärt Im thüringischen und fränkischen Raum hat flacken eher die Bedeutung von "schmeißen". ...
1
vote
2answers
678 views

What is the difference between “losfahren” and “losgehen”?

The bus driver drove off after picking up passengers at the stop. Der Busfahrer fuhr los, nachdem er Fahrgäste an der Bushaltesstelle aufgenommen hatte. Can I also use losgehen in this context? ...