Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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0
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1answer
113 views

Usage of “vermögen”

How do I use the verb vermögen? In my dictionary it functions like the modal verb können. Ich vermag es, mit meiner Freundin Jana nach Mallorca zu fliegen. Can I remove the es and still retain ...
3
votes
2answers
918 views

Wann wird die richtige Konjunktiv-II-Form bei schwachen Verben verwendet?

Ich weiß, dass die richtige Konjunktiv-II-Form nur bei einigen starken/gemischten Verben üblich ist, aber wenn sie so benutzt wird, ist klar, dass die im Konjunktiv II stehen: Ich hülfe gerne, ...
8
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2answers
194 views

Für „gelb werden“ existiert „vergilben“. Gibt es so was für andere Farben?

Für grün habe ich vergrünen gefunden –allerdings nicht in einem Wörterbuch–, das regelmäßiger als vergilben aussieht. Gibt es so was für andere Farben? (Ich erwarte keine lange Liste. Denn es würde ...
2
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1answer
644 views

Unterschied zwischen “anmachen” und “einschalten”

Ich habe einen Beispiel, um die Unterschied zwischen die zwei Verben zu verstehen. Wenn das Licht ist aus, und du magst das nicht, fragst du: Kannst du bitte das Licht anmachen? oder Kannst ...
3
votes
6answers
174 views

What's the difference between “untersuchen” and “analysieren”?

What is the difference between analysieren and untersuchen? Ich untersuche den Fall Nicole Smith. Ich analysiere den Fall Nicole Smith.
5
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3answers
434 views

Is it correct to use “ich sehne mich nach…” for inanimate objects?

I've gathered so far that "ich sehne mich nach etwas" can definitely have a romantic connotation. Ich sehne mich nach dir Ich sehne mich nach Liebe But other than that, is it acceptable to use ...
1
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2answers
523 views

Verwendung von “brauchen” als Modalverb und “bräuchte-”

Als ich beim Forschen war, um mehr über den Konjunktiv II zu lernen, um ein Handout zu machen, habe ich in Hammer's German Grammar and Usage gelesen, dass brauchen manchmal als ein starkes Verb ...
6
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2answers
119 views

Elektronik und der Konjunktiv 1

Wenn ich Apps auf meinem Handy installiere, erscheint «Installiere...» auf dem Bildschirm und heute, als ich versuchte Internet-Radio zu hören, erschien «Verbinde» auf dem Bildschirm. ...
4
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1answer
97 views

»Fahren in der Nähe« oder »fahren in die Nähe«?

Etwas sagt mir, dass »Fahren in der Nähe« die richtige Wahl ist. Zusammenhang: Ich habe Lust, nur in der Nähe zu fahren. Trotztdem kann ich das nicht erklären, da fahren ein Bewegungsverb ist. ...
4
votes
3answers
398 views

“sehr ernsthaft” vs “sehr ernst”

Why is there a difference between sehr ernsthaft vs sehr ernst? In English it both means very seriously. When do I use which? E.g. from the same document: Und wir halten solches Streben für sehr ...
4
votes
1answer
388 views

Why does one need accusative after the impersonal construct “es gibt”?

I don't understand the reason why you need accusative instead of nominative after the impersonal construct es gibt (or gibt es in the questions). According to the analysis of the parts of speech, ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Why is the adjective placed before a conjoined verb?

I am using an app called Duolingo to practice learning German through assimilation techniques however I have come across something that is a bit confusing to me in a a way, regarding the way that ...
3
votes
3answers
174 views

How many words in “zuzulegen” or “zuzuschreiben”?

I am a native speaker born in Germany and still living here, but I have trouble with words as described in the topic. Do the words zuzulegen and zuzuschreiben consists of 1, 2 or 3 words? ...
5
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1answer
132 views

Having trouble with reflexive verbs

So I'm having trouble determining when a verb must be reflexive and when not, these are two examples from my workbook from the same exercise: Darum habe ich mich für Sport entschieden. Erfolg ...
3
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2answers
2k views

“Sich handeln um” and “handeln von”

What is the difference between sich handeln um and sich handeln von? Dieses Buch handelt sich um eine schöne Prinzessin. Dieses Buch handelt sich von einer Prinzessin.
5
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2answers
945 views

Reflexive “treffen” when planning to meet someone?

If I'm planning to meet someone (as opposed to simply meeting them), should I use a reflexive pronoun? (a) Ich werde ihn treffen. (b) Ich werde mich mit ihm treffen.
5
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2answers
4k views

Why “hätte” instead of “würde … haben”?

I found these two phrases next to each other in a text, and it made me wonder why they are formulated differently, while in english and any other language I know they are expressed using the same ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

“bringen” vs “mitbringen”

I want to ask some colleges if I should bring them something from supermarket. Should I use bringen or mitbringen? And why? This is my attempt (improvements are welcome): Ich gehe zum Aldi, ...
9
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3answers
3k views

Why does one say “war” way more often than “bin gewesen”? Why does “sein” prefer “Präteritum” over “Perfekt”?

May be is my wrong perception, but I am pretty sure that for the verb sein one uses Präteritum way more often that Perfekt. In spoken language one says Ich habe dieses Buch gelesen (nicht Ich las ...
3
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2answers
315 views

Usage of the verb “gehen”

Gehen actually means 'to go'. The use of gehen is a semi-auxiliary in colloquial. It expresses a possibility and the infinitive has passive force. Die Uhr geht zu reparieren. which means 'The ...
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2answers
183 views

Usage of “verhelfen”, “helfen” and “behelfen”

What is the difference between verhelfen, helfen and behelfen? How are they used in a sentence?
5
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6answers
656 views

What is the difference between “nachvollziehen” and “verstehen”?

What is the difference between nachvollziehen and verstehen? In my dictionary they both mean “to comprehend”. Do they have a big difference in usage?
3
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1answer
1k views

Can we use “wissen lassen”?

I was thinking about how to say "I will let you know". The first sentence that comes to mind is Ich werde dich wissen lassen. Grammatically this looks fine. However, I feel a bit strange about ...
2
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4answers
281 views

Is there any difference in the words “roast” and “fry” in German?

Is there any difference in the words "roast" and "fry" in German? Or are they both just braten? Here are some definitions for them: fry, roast
1
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3answers
137 views

“Aktivieren” and “aufrufen”

Is aufrufen the same as aktivieren? 1.Ich werde morgen mein Gmail-konto aufrufen. 2.Ich werde morgen mein Gmail-konto aktivieren.
6
votes
2answers
480 views

Unterschied zwischen „sich beteiligen“ und „teilnehmen“?

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen sich beteiligen und teilnehmen? Die beiden bedeuten participate, aber werden sie in einem Satz unterschiedlich verwendet?
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Translation of “entscheidend auf die Reihenfolge”

I came across this sentence Bei den "für alle" und "es gibt" kommt es in der Mathematik, anders als in der weniger präzisen Umgangssprache, entscheidend auf die Reihenfolge an. I looked up ...
6
votes
1answer
439 views

“zustimmen” with pronoun

The verb zustimmen is used with a dative, whether you're agreeing to a person or to a statement. (a) What do we do if we want to say "I agree with that"? Would Ich stimme das zu be correct? ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

Usage of present participle with include

In order to say My job must involve using computers, how would I use the present participle of use? Is this correct? Mein Beruf muss Computer benutzen einschließen.
9
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3answers
3k views

“Hang out with friends” in German

How do I say I like hanging out with friends in German? I'm having trouble with the verb "hang out" in this meaning. From the dictionary, there are meanings of shirts/tongue hanging out, ...
8
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4answers
425 views

Confused by a sentence using “erleben”

Recently I found the following sentence at the end of a novel which I was reading in translation (i.e. it’s the German translation of an English-language novel). Dann mache ich mir eine Liste im ...
4
votes
1answer
378 views

Konjunktiv 2 Plural von kennen

Neulich las ich in der "Zeit" einen Satz, der mich im Lesefluß stocken ließ. Ich kann mich nicht genau an den Satz erinnern, daher hier eine "in etwa-e" Wiedergabe: Die Behauptung vieler ...
1
vote
1answer
306 views

How to translate “Do you miss him”?

I would like to translate this simple sentence into German. Are the following translations correct? Fehlt er Dir? Vermisst er Dich? Vermisst Du ihn? Is there a different usage of fehlen or ...
6
votes
2answers
171 views

German “Man beweise …” for “Prove that …”

I see that in mathematics text, “Prove that” is translated to German as “Man beweise, dass”, and “Determine” is translated as “Man bestimme”. What kind of construction is this? It reminds me of the ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

“machen anzufangen” vs. “anfangen zu machen”

I was sure that Ich habe vor, die Hausaufgabe machen anzufangen. was right. Nevertheless I've heard Ich habe vor, die Hausaufgabe anfangen zu machen. from a good source. Assuming that ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Why “Ich habe Hunger” and not “Ich bin Hunger”?

The sentence Ich bin Hunger translates to I am hungry, which seems right, whereas Ich habe Hunger translates to I have hunger. Why do Germans own or possess hunger?
5
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2answers
1k views

Why isn't the verb separated in “Wenn du aufstehst”?

I thought the translation for What do you do when you get up? would be: Was machst du, wenn du stehst auf? But I've read it is: Was machst du, wenn du aufstehst?
9
votes
3answers
347 views

How come there are two ways to conjugate the same verb? (e.g. erschrecken)

Take, for sake of concreteness, the verb erschrecken: Du erschrickst vor Kakerlaken (du gerätst in Panik, wenn du Kakerlaken siehst) to be compared with Du erschreckst sie, wenn du trinkst. ...
1
vote
3answers
292 views

“schmecken lassen”: Tuck in?

I am familiar with "Das schmeckt" to say you like the taste of something and I was working on a lesson in DuoLingo.com and used it in context a couple of times. I was looking up how to spell it, and ...
2
votes
1answer
512 views

“Verb” or “verb + lassen”? How to know when does a verb need “lassen”?

I thought I understood what a Verb and a Verb + lassen mean (somehow influenced by this question), but I don't. My previous idea was that one writes Verb + lassen when the action is not performed by ...
1
vote
1answer
257 views

Passive sentence as a subordinate clause in Perfekt: arranging the verbal parts

Given the sentence: Everybody knows that money has always been loved too much by people, would you translate it in German as: Jeder weiß, dass das Geld von der Leute immer zu sehr worden ...
2
votes
1answer
369 views

Composite verbs with prefix zu: how to deal with infinitives

Suppose I want to write a sentence with the verb zumachen. It is composite, so in past participles and in constructs as zu + infinitive the added particles go between the prefix and the main verb. ...
3
votes
3answers
139 views

Etymology of “stillen” and relation to other languages

Looking on the Leo, the verb stillen means to breastfeed. The English verb contains the word breast. Something similar happens in Italian (allattare, which contains latte-milk). What is the ...
13
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1answer
320 views

“Ja, verb ich.” - which verbs work?

In spoken German, it is very common to answer basic mundane yes-or-no question with an elliptical construction like this: "Willst du noch ein Bier?" "Ja, will ich." This works for haben, ...
4
votes
3answers
322 views

“Ich miete eine Wohnung” bedeutet “ich bezahle für eine Wohnung” oder “ich bekomme Geld dafür”? Oder beides?

Vielleicht ist es mit den Objekten einfacher zu verstehen, aber bedeutet der Satz Ich miete eine Wohnung. "Ich bezahle für eine Wohnung" oder "Ich bekomme Geld dafür"? Wenn die Antwort ...
5
votes
3answers
509 views

Modal verbs: correspondence German - English

Coming across the six modal verbs in the German language, I've put them in correspondence (1:1) with English ones (or similar English verbs used in conjunction with main verbs): 1a. müssen --> ...
7
votes
4answers
327 views

Is it possible to have confusion with different verbs that have some forms in common?

I may be wrong, but, I seem to recall that gehört is both the past participle of "hören" and that of "gehören" (for which it is also the third person present tense), and the two verbs are not ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Non-natives using strong verbs as they were weak: would this compromise understanding?

Forgetting for a moment about the stated fact that language evolves, would Germans be annoyed if a strong verb was used as it were weak (that is, with the common -te pattern in the past tense and the ...
5
votes
1answer
490 views

How is “lassen” used in the context of this sentence?

Könnten Sie mein Gepäck bitte herunterbringen lassen? How does usage of lassen work here? Can anybody please give more examples of lassen similar to this one. Normally it means leave.
5
votes
1answer
126 views

Meaning and grammatical category of “Luftnummer”?

Opposition wirft Friedrich "Luftnummer" vor. wirft ... vor is, I think, the verb vorwerfen, which means to accuse. But I don't know what Luftnummer means. Is it a noun in this context? I'm ...