Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

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4
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1answer
405 views

How is “lassen” used in the context of this sentence?

Könnten Sie mein Gepäck bitte herunterbringen lassen? How does usage of lassen work here? Can anybody please give more examples of lassen similar to this one. Normally it means leave.
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Meaning and grammatical category of “Luftnummer”?

Opposition wirft Friedrich "Luftnummer" vor. wirft ... vor is, I think, the verb vorwerfen, which means to accuse. But I don't know what Luftnummer means. Is it a noun in this context? I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
171 views

What does “Was hat Kim Jong Un mit Texas vor?” mean?

hat... mit... vor According to my dictionary, this is etw mit jdm/etw vorhaben = to intend doing sth with sb/sth. So, the question about Kim should be rendered in English as "What does Kim intend ...
5
votes
5answers
161 views

What does “durchwebt” mean?

I know that weben means to weave or to spin. But no such word as durchwebt. Source: Wie Amazon die Cloud durchwebt
7
votes
2answers
996 views

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces akkusativ or dativ? If there are direct object ...
4
votes
1answer
310 views

Is there a pattern in the formation of compound verbs via prefixes?

Compound German verbs are formed as prefix + basic verb So, if you have the verb X you can have its compounds by adding one prefix to it. I'm asking whether a certain prefix carries always the ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

When to use “bezahlen” and when “zahlen”?

Leo shows that both bezahlen and zahlen are translated as "to pay". I noticed that people sometimes use the one, and sometimes the other. So, when to use bezahlen and when zahlen?
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Vergessen = “to forget” AND “to forget about”?

Kann man irgendwie auf eine Weise "forget about" sagen, die sich von einfach "vergessen" unterscheidet? z.B.: Mach dir keine Sorgen, Kleines! Wir haben dich nicht vergessen! (gesagt zu einem ...
3
votes
4answers
311 views

What is the difference between “fallen” and “stürzen”?

What is the difference between these two words for "fall"? On a website I read the following: Halten Sie das Baby immer so sicher, daß es auf keinen Fall stürzen kann. Would the word "fallen" ...
1
vote
2answers
202 views

“Aufheben” vs. “aufnehmen” for picking something up

I want to say, "I pick the baby up off the floor," but I'm having trouble deciding whether aufheben or aufnehmen is the correct word. Ich nehme das Baby vom Boden auf or Ich hebe das Baby ...
3
votes
1answer
490 views

Most common Präteritum / Imperfekt forms in written German?

I have a German examination in two weeks, which includes two comprehensions of about CEFR-B1 level. (An example of this exam from 2012 can be found here.) I have worked up to over 2000 of the most ...
6
votes
3answers
904 views

Why is the verb not in second position

I studied that the verb is always in second position in a sentence. The I came across this sentence: Insbesondere das zweite Buch ist wichtig. I could not find an answer here, why is the verb in ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Etwas anschauen vs. ansehen = to look at?

Can anschauen and ansehen both be used to say that you are looking at something? For example, "Ich schaue das Foto an" vs. "Ich sehe mir das Foto an"? I think I have seen these verbs used ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Can “liegen” be used for people?

Can "liegen" be used for people. For instance I am here. - Ich liege hier. or it is wrong? Is Ich bin hier better?
1
vote
2answers
407 views

Alternate sentence construction using “lassen”

The sentence: "Er hat Reim in seinem Gedicht benutzt." My instructor has suggested that I rewrite the sentence using "a more sophisticated construction, such as one with 'lassen'." How would I do ...
4
votes
4answers
483 views

Ways to die in German

I want to learn the different shades of meaning and frequency of use of the following verbs that have the meaning of to die: ableben abtreten erlöschen krepieren sterben versterben ...
6
votes
3answers
430 views

beschränken vs einschränken – is there a difference?

What is the difference between verbs beschränken and einschränken? Do these two words have the same meaning or maybe they mean something different?
4
votes
2answers
571 views

verhindern, hindern, behindern - what's the difference?

What's the difference between verhindern, hindern, behindern - in dictionary they seem to have the same or very similar meaning?
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Positions of verbs in clauses

e.g. when we use wenn the verb goes to end. If the sentence starts with wenn, the second clause starts with verb as follows: Wenn es morgen regnet, gehe ich ins Kino. I think it is similar for ...
9
votes
2answers
420 views

The use of stand alone prefixes of separable prefix verbs

I've encountered an example of using a prefix of a separable prefix verb by itself, and I was wondering what is the right way to use such prefixes this way: A: Mach die Tür bitte zu! B: Sie ist ...
3
votes
1answer
536 views

German phrasal verbs?

I know of German separable prefix verbs and of English phrasal verbs, but these examples seem to be of phrasal verbs on German that do not fall under the definition of separable prefix verbs: weg ...
6
votes
2answers
516 views

Are “zu-” and “ein-” special prefixes widely used to form new verbs?

Are "zu-" and "ein-" special prefixes widely used to form new verbs in German language? Like the following two examples: schlafen (to sleep) einschlafen (to fall sleep) hören (to hear) ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

What is “schlagen” slang for?

I had a German exchange student in my class and he always used "schlagen" in a weird way and it was hard to understand him. I know "schlagen" means "to fight" in English but what does it mean in ...
8
votes
2answers
708 views

Wie sage ich “used to do” auf Deutsch?

Wie übersetzt man "used to do s.th." ins Deutsche? Ich habe früher etwas regelmäßig getan, was ich jetzt nicht mehr tue. Gibt es eine bestimmte Verbform im Deutschen, die das ausdrückt?
2
votes
2answers
426 views

How to say “You must let me speak.” in German?

It seems that I have three verbs in my sentence. Are must and let verbs? Must turns to to have in its verb form, but let?
7
votes
1answer
208 views

“Ich zieh … und wünsch mir …”: what is the subject?

In the lyrics to the song "Mutter" there is this verse: ich zieh sie auf ein weißes Haar werf in die Luft die nasse Kette und wünsch mir, dass ich eine Mutter hätte What is the subject of ...
9
votes
3answers
271 views

tragen trug getragen but beauftragen beauftragte beauftragt

Could a native German speaker explain to me why the following verbs are irregular tragen trug getragen betragen betrug betragen auftragen trug auf aufgetragen beitragen trug bei beigetragen but ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Schwache Verben und starke Verben

Im Deutschen gibt es bei Verben eine Unterteilung zwischen starken und schwachen Verben. Je nachdem zu welcher Gruppe ein Wort gehört, wird das Partizip II unterschiedlich gebildet. Schwaches Verb: ...
10
votes
3answers
5k views

Wann verwendet man „zu“ mit dem Infinitiv?

Wie kann man wissen, ob man den Infinitiv mit oder ohne „zu“ schreibt? Das darf ich nicht probieren. Das wage ich nicht zu probieren. Ich gehe spazieren. Ich mag es zu spazieren. Bonusfrage: Was ...
3
votes
4answers
907 views

Bedeutung von “menscheln”

Seit ungefähr 15 Jahren kenne ich das Wort menscheln und ich dachte immer, es hieße, dass in einer Umgebung (wie zum Beispiel einem Meeting oder einem Parteitag), wo sonst eher Objektivität und Kühle ...
5
votes
3answers
260 views

Conjunctions in subordinate clauses

I understand that in a subordinate clause, such as with weil the main verb is sent to the end of the sentence. However, if I add a conjunction such as und does that clause also have its main verb sent ...
14
votes
5answers
915 views

Ist “rauf voten” und “runter voten” eine akzeptable Übersetzung für “upvote” und “downvote”?

Was ist eine angemessene deutsche Übersetzung von upvote und downvote? Das deutsche Verb voten findet man in Duden Online. Zur englischen Orthografie siehe EL&U.
7
votes
1answer
225 views

Conjunction of separable verbs?

One can use a conjunction like und to link two (or more) verbs, as in Ich lese und schreibe, but what happens when one or more of the verbs is separable? For the sake of concreteness, here's an ...
6
votes
2answers
258 views

Do “wuseln” or “wuselig sein” have a negative connotation?

In recent years there is an increased usage of "wuseln" or "wuselig sein" when it comes to describing bustling people or a very lively situation. Is this expression used in a positive sense or does ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between “bieten” and “anbieten”

Is there a difference between the verbs "bieten" and "anbieten" in sense "to offer"?
5
votes
1answer
121 views

“küssen” - usage of sharp S (“ß”)

The verb "küssen" is conjugated in second person singular, plural and in the third person with 'ß' du küßt er/sie/es küßt ihr küßt Source Is it incorrect if I use it for the others too? ...
5
votes
5answers
470 views

What does “laufen” mean other than walking and running?

What does laufen mean in the following context: Also, mit ein Meter sechsundsiebzig ist es nicht so einfach. Hier laufen so viele kleine Männer rum.
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between “ist” and “es”?

I am trying to figure out what is the difference between "ist" and "es"? for example in the phrase "Mein Auto ist blau" vs. "Mir geht es gut", can you say "Mir geht ist gut"?
9
votes
4answers
724 views

How to say that someone means a lot to you?

I'm writing an essay for German class and I was wondering how I would say that my friends mean a lot to me. I wrote "Sie (meine Freunde) bedeuten mir viel" but something about it just sounds...wrong. ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

“Abwaschen” vs. “aufwaschen”

Ich habe mir hin und wieder schon die Frage gestellt, woher die unterschiedliche Benutzung von "ab-" und "aufwaschen" für die Tätigkeit des spülens von Geschirr kommt. Im folgenden Ngram kann man ...
9
votes
2answers
351 views

“helfen jmdm.” vs. “helfen zu jmdm.”

I thought that helfen required Dative without any preposition, but in one of my favorite songs by J.S.Bach, the lyrics go like this: Wir eilen mit schwachen, doch emsigen Schritten, O Jesu, o ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

How would you translate “to judge someone” to German?

In English, "to judge someone" often implies a negative opinion, as in "Don't judge me!". Is there a German equivalent for this? How would you translate the example? My dictionary gives "jmdn. ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

“Sich bewerben um” oder “für”?

What is the correct version? sich bewerben um etwas sich bewerben für etwas Are there cases where one or the other is preferable? Please make some examples if there are.
12
votes
1answer
183 views

peculiar verbal sentence opening

"Dennoch ist es tiefgründiger, als man zunächst meinen könnte. Erscheinen doch beide Faktoren zunächst als Antagonisten: Ist die Unsicherheit groß, so ist das Vertrauen gering." The sentence ...
4
votes
2answers
590 views

Nouns and verbs which share the same form

Beside "leben" - to live and "Leben" - life, are there other nouns which have the same form as their verbs?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Position of verbs in clauses

When should you place the verb at the end of a clause? I know that you're supposed to place the main verb at the end of a clause if it follows another clause; such as: Ich werde es nicht kaufen, ...
10
votes
2answers
553 views

“bis der Tod euch scheide” or “bis der Tod euch scheidet”?

In one of Rammstein's most famous songs, "Du hast", the lyrics go like this: Willst du bis der Tod euch scheide Treu ihr sein für alle Tage? Nein! Now, I am a bit puzzled why there is ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

How do synchronous interpreters handle long German split verb sentences?

One of the points where German differs from other languages are the split verb sentences where the two parts of a verb form can be placed quite some distance apart, for example: Ich habe nach ...
7
votes
2answers
687 views

What's the meaning of “Er hat mit ihr geschäckert”? [closed]

Can someone translate this into English: Er hat mit ihr geschäkert. The verb "schäckern" has no entry in dict.leo.org . UPDATE The correct spelling is schäkern which you can find in most ...
4
votes
2answers
481 views

German verbs vs English verbs

Why do all English verbs have to start with "to" and German verbs don't? In English we say "to play" but in German we would just say "spielen". why don't we say "zu spielen"? Why don't we do this in ...