Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
3answers
517 views

Modal verbs: correspondence German - English

Coming across the six modal verbs in the German language, I've put them in correspondence (1:1) with English ones (or similar English verbs used in conjunction with main verbs): 1a. müssen --> ...
7
votes
4answers
328 views

Is it possible to have confusion with different verbs that have some forms in common?

I may be wrong, but, I seem to recall that gehört is both the past participle of "hören" and that of "gehören" (for which it is also the third person present tense), and the two verbs are not ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

Non-natives using strong verbs as they were weak: would this compromise understanding?

Forgetting for a moment about the stated fact that language evolves, would Germans be annoyed if a strong verb was used as it were weak (that is, with the common -te pattern in the past tense and the ...
5
votes
1answer
503 views

How is “lassen” used in the context of this sentence?

Könnten Sie mein Gepäck bitte herunterbringen lassen? How does usage of lassen work here? Can anybody please give more examples of lassen similar to this one. Normally it means leave.
5
votes
1answer
126 views

Meaning and grammatical category of “Luftnummer”?

Opposition wirft Friedrich "Luftnummer" vor. wirft ... vor is, I think, the verb vorwerfen, which means to accuse. But I don't know what Luftnummer means. Is it a noun in this context? I'm ...
3
votes
2answers
179 views

What does “Was hat Kim Jong Un mit Texas vor?” mean?

hat... mit... vor According to my dictionary, this is etw mit jdm/etw vorhaben = to intend doing sth with sb/sth. So, the question about Kim should be rendered in English as "What does Kim intend ...
5
votes
5answers
167 views

What does “durchwebt” mean?

I know that weben means to weave or to spin. But no such word as durchwebt. Source: Wie Amazon die Cloud durchwebt
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ?

Should one necessarily learn, when a verb goes with Dativ and when with Akkusativ, or can it be deduced? How to determine if a verb in question induces akkusativ or dativ? If there are direct object ...
4
votes
1answer
403 views

Is there a pattern in the formation of compound verbs via prefixes?

Compound German verbs are formed as prefix + basic verb So, if you have the verb X you can have its compounds by adding one prefix to it. I'm asking whether a certain prefix carries always the ...
11
votes
3answers
8k views

When to use “bezahlen” and when “zahlen”?

Leo shows that both bezahlen and zahlen are translated as "to pay". I noticed that people sometimes use the one, and sometimes the other. So, when to use bezahlen and when zahlen?
4
votes
2answers
100 views

Vergessen = “to forget” AND “to forget about”?

Kann man irgendwie auf eine Weise "forget about" sagen, die sich von einfach "vergessen" unterscheidet? z.B.: Mach dir keine Sorgen, Kleines! Wir haben dich nicht vergessen! (gesagt zu einem ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the difference between “versuchen” and “probieren”?

According to my Collins dictionary, both versuchen and probieren mean to try. Are they synonyms?
5
votes
3answers
425 views

Hinfallen, hinunterfallen vs. herunterfallen

Diese Frage wurde von einer Frage inspiriert, die ich vor kurzem zu den Verben fallen und stürzen gestellt habe. Jemand hat erwähnt, dass in einem gewissen Zusammenhang herunterfallen besser passt ...
3
votes
4answers
396 views

What is the difference between “fallen” and “stürzen”?

What is the difference between these two words for "fall"? On a website I read the following: Halten Sie das Baby immer so sicher, daß es auf keinen Fall stürzen kann. Would the word "fallen" ...
1
vote
2answers
231 views

“Aufheben” vs. “aufnehmen” for picking something up

I want to say, "I pick the baby up off the floor," but I'm having trouble deciding whether aufheben or aufnehmen is the correct word. Ich nehme das Baby vom Boden auf or Ich hebe das Baby ...
3
votes
1answer
564 views

Most common Präteritum / Imperfekt forms in written German?

I have a German examination in two weeks, which includes two comprehensions of about CEFR-B1 level. (An example of this exam from 2012 can be found here.) I have worked up to over 2000 of the most ...
5
votes
2answers
583 views

The use of an infinitive with the pronoun “es”

I have seen a few examples where one uses an infinitive with the pronoun es. Namely, in the movie Downfall (Der Untergang), Hitler says: Es bleiben im Raum: Keitel, Jodl, Krebs und Burgdorf. ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is the verb not in second position

I studied that the verb is always in second position in a sentence. The I came across this sentence: Insbesondere das zweite Buch ist wichtig. I could not find an answer here, why is the verb in ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Etwas anschauen vs. ansehen = to look at?

Can anschauen and ansehen both be used to say that you are looking at something? For example, "Ich schaue das Foto an" vs. "Ich sehe mir das Foto an"? I think I have seen these verbs used ...
1
vote
2answers
449 views

Alternate sentence construction using “lassen”

The sentence: "Er hat Reim in seinem Gedicht benutzt." My instructor has suggested that I rewrite the sentence using "a more sophisticated construction, such as one with 'lassen'." How would I do ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Can “liegen” be used for people?

Can "liegen" be used for people. For instance I am here. - Ich liege hier. or it is wrong? Is Ich bin hier better?
3
votes
1answer
5k views

“I want to” vs. “I like to” vs. “I have to”

How do you say the following in German? I want to eat an apple. I like to eat apples. I have to eat an apple. Can you apply the same context to all verbs?
4
votes
4answers
545 views

Ways to die in German

I want to learn the different shades of meaning and frequency of use of the following verbs that have the meaning of to die: ableben abtreten erlöschen krepieren sterben versterben ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Looking for ALL german verbs database

It could be plain text. I need to have there all verbs with all forms written down. I'm afraid I can't use any web source, 'cause I want to create an application that will "read" sample german book ...
7
votes
3answers
513 views

beschränken vs einschränken – is there a difference?

What is the difference between verbs beschränken and einschränken? Do these two words have the same meaning or maybe they mean something different?
4
votes
2answers
672 views

verhindern, hindern, behindern - what's the difference?

What's the difference between verhindern, hindern, behindern - in dictionary they seem to have the same or very similar meaning?
3
votes
1answer
625 views

German phrasal verbs?

I know of German separable prefix verbs and of English phrasal verbs, but these examples seem to be of phrasal verbs on German that do not fall under the definition of separable prefix verbs: weg ...
10
votes
2answers
457 views

The use of stand alone prefixes of separable prefix verbs

I've encountered an example of using a prefix of a separable prefix verb by itself, and I was wondering what is the right way to use such prefixes this way: A: Mach die Tür bitte zu! B: Sie ist ...
6
votes
2answers
684 views

Are “zu-” and “ein-” special prefixes widely used to form new verbs?

Are "zu-" and "ein-" special prefixes widely used to form new verbs in German language? Like the following two examples: schlafen (to sleep) einschlafen (to fall sleep) hören (to hear) ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

“Stem-Changing Verbs” vs “Strong Verbs”

I want to know what is the relation between the two terms "Stem-Changing Verbs" and "Strong Verbs". Form what I understand there is a group of verbs that I called "Stem-Changing Verbs" which change ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Zusammenschreiben von Infinitiv mit zu

Eigentlich sollte die Sache recht einfach sein. Laut Duden werden die Erweiterungen mit zu zusammengeschrieben, wenn auch die Grundform zusammengeschrieben wird: ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Positions of verbs in clauses

e.g. when we use wenn the verb goes to end. If the sentence starts with wenn, the second clause starts with verb as follows: Wenn es morgen regnet, gehe ich ins Kino. I think it is similar for ...
8
votes
2answers
935 views

Wie sage ich “used to do” auf Deutsch?

Wie übersetzt man "used to do s.th." ins Deutsche? Ich habe früher etwas regelmäßig getan, was ich jetzt nicht mehr tue. Gibt es eine bestimmte Verbform im Deutschen, die das ausdrückt?
2
votes
2answers
517 views

How to say “You must let me speak.” in German?

It seems that I have three verbs in my sentence. Are must and let verbs? Must turns to to have in its verb form, but let?
7
votes
1answer
223 views

“Ich zieh … und wünsch mir …”: what is the subject?

In the lyrics to the song "Mutter" there is this verse: ich zieh sie auf ein weißes Haar werf in die Luft die nasse Kette und wünsch mir, dass ich eine Mutter hätte What is the subject of ...
9
votes
3answers
281 views

tragen trug getragen but beauftragen beauftragte beauftragt

Could a native German speaker explain to me why the following verbs are irregular tragen trug getragen betragen betrug betragen auftragen trug auf aufgetragen beitragen trug bei beigetragen but ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Bedeutung von “menscheln”

Seit ungefähr 15 Jahren kenne ich das Wort menscheln und ich dachte immer, es hieße, dass in einer Umgebung (wie zum Beispiel einem Meeting oder einem Parteitag), wo sonst eher Objektivität und Kühle ...
7
votes
1answer
286 views

Conjunction of separable verbs?

One can use a conjunction like und to link two (or more) verbs, as in Ich lese und schreibe, but what happens when one or more of the verbs is separable? For the sake of concreteness, here's an ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Difference between “bieten” and “anbieten”

Is there a difference between the verbs "bieten" and "anbieten" in sense "to offer"?
5
votes
1answer
140 views

“küssen” - usage of sharp S (“ß”)

The verb "küssen" is conjugated in second person singular, plural and in the third person with 'ß' du küßt er/sie/es küßt ihr küßt Source Is it incorrect if I use it for the others too? ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

Difference between “antworten” and “beantworten”

Is there any difference between "antworten" and "beantworten"? In which situations should I use one and in which another?
5
votes
3answers
335 views

Conjunctions in subordinate clauses

I understand that in a subordinate clause, such as with weil the main verb is sent to the end of the sentence. However, if I add a conjunction such as und does that clause also have its main verb sent ...
0
votes
3answers
177 views

How the verb works in an imperative

I want to say: Yes, get water please in German, but I think my attempt is wrong. I'm speaking to one other person informally: Ja, bitte Wasser kriegt. Is this right? Do I conjugate like ...
10
votes
2answers
206 views

Wie erkärt sich die irreguläre Flexion von “gehen”?

Das unregelmäßige Verb "gehen" wird im Präsens wie folgt gebeugt: ich gehe, du gehst, wir gehen Nur als Partizip und als Nomen findet sich der Wortstamm "-gang-": ich bin gegangen - der ...
5
votes
5answers
640 views

What does “laufen” mean other than walking and running?

What does laufen mean in the following context: Also, mit ein Meter sechsundsiebzig ist es nicht so einfach. Hier laufen so viele kleine Männer rum.
4
votes
2answers
4k views

“Abwaschen” vs. “aufwaschen”

Ich habe mir hin und wieder schon die Frage gestellt, woher die unterschiedliche Benutzung von "ab-" und "aufwaschen" für die Tätigkeit des spülens von Geschirr kommt. Im folgenden Ngram kann man ...
9
votes
4answers
863 views

How to say that someone means a lot to you?

I'm writing an essay for German class and I was wondering how I would say that my friends mean a lot to me. I wrote "Sie (meine Freunde) bedeuten mir viel" but something about it just sounds...wrong. ...
8
votes
1answer
18k views

“gäbe” vs. “gebe”

Ich komme hier jedes Mal durcheinander. Wenn ich Konjunktiv I verwende, soll das berichtend, also wertfrei sein. Konjunktiv II dagegen soll die Aussage in Zweifel ziehen. Wenn ich also keine eigene ...
7
votes
2answers
112 views

“… einiger betriebener …” oder “… einiger betriebenen …”

Ich bin vor einiger Zeit auf folgenden Satz gestoßen und habe mich seitdem immer wieder gefragt, wie es korrekt heißen muss oder was sich besser anhört: Der Datenbestand einiger im Internet ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

Was ist der Unterschied zwischen “reden” und “sprechen”?

Ich denke, sie sind Synonyme; aber sind sie es wirklich? "Reden" scheint mehr umgangssprachlich zu sein, während "sprechen" ganz viele verschiedene Bedeutungen hat. Warum gibt es das Wort "reden"? ...