Verben - Questions on words that describe an action, an occurrence or state of being.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
2answers
102 views

irreale Bedingungssätze in der Vergangenheit – »hätte« vs. »würde«

I am doing some exercises about “irreale Bedingungssätze in der Vergangenheit”. I am struggling with the way I should build the verb, which I find really quiet complicated. Especially, I am never ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Can you use a subjunctive mood for verbs after “dulden, dass”?

The question is on the verbs within the daß clauses at the end of this quote. »Du Dingschen«, rief er, lehnte sich zurück und lachte, hochrot im Gesicht, mit der Kraft des Gesättigten. Vergebens ...
4
votes
2answers
370 views

Woher stammt das Verb “flacken”

Der Duden sagt Bedeutung [faul] daliegen Herkunft schwäbisch, bayrisch flacken, Herkunft ungeklärt Im thüringischen und fränkischen Raum hat flacken eher die Bedeutung von "schmeißen". ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Reflexive “treffen” when planning to meet someone?

If I'm planning to meet someone (as opposed to simply meeting them), should I use a reflexive pronoun? (a) Ich werde ihn treffen. (b) Ich werde mich mit ihm treffen.
4
votes
1answer
302 views

List (exhaustive-ish) of predicates with “quirky subject”? (“Lexikalischer Kasus”)

I’m trying to find an exhaustive-ish list of predicates with quirky subjects (Lexikalischer Kasus) to get a better idea of how many of these there are (a dozen, a hundred?), how common they are, and ...
4
votes
3answers
433 views

“anschauen” as reflexive or not

The verb anschauen can be used either as a reflexive verb or not jdn/etw anschauen: to look at sb/sth sich dat etw anschauen: to take a look at sth I have trouble understanding the ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the difference between “ist” and “es”?

I am trying to figure out what is the difference between "ist" and "es"? for example in the phrase "Mein Auto ist blau" vs. "Mir geht es gut", can you say "Mir geht ist gut"?
3
votes
2answers
129 views

Ist „existieren“ ein doppelnominativfähiges Verb?

Hier wurde der Doppelakkusativ infrage gestellt. Den Antworten gemäß sollte man vielleicht einfach auch nachvollziehen können, dass es einen Doppelnominativ gäbe. In der Tat sind sein, heißen u.ä. ...
3
votes
3answers
157 views

Warum sind “totlachen, kaputtlachen,…” reflexiv, und “lachen” nicht?

Hier auf dieser Seite habe ich einen Kommentar gesehen, in dem es behauptet wird, Komposita mit lachen reflexiv seien bzw. reflexiv sein können. Warum?
3
votes
3answers
152 views

Etymology of “stillen” and relation to other languages

Looking on the Leo, the verb stillen means to breastfeed. The English verb contains the word breast. Something similar happens in Italian (allattare, which contains latte-milk). What is the ...
3
votes
3answers
139 views

Der Unterschied zwischen “In Anspruch nehmen”, “verwenden” und “benutzen”

Ich werde morgen meinen Wagen für die Arbeit in Anspruch nehmen. Ich werde morgen meinen Wagen für die Arbeit verwenden. Ich werde morgen meinen Wagen für die Arbeit benutzen. Was ist ...
3
votes
3answers
574 views

“sehr ernsthaft” vs “sehr ernst”

Why is there a difference between sehr ernsthaft vs sehr ernst? In English it both means very seriously. When do I use which? E.g. from the same document: Und wir halten solches Streben für sehr ...
3
votes
4answers
494 views

What is the difference between “fallen” and “stürzen”?

What is the difference between these two words for "fall"? On a website I read the following: Halten Sie das Baby immer so sicher, daß es auf keinen Fall stürzen kann. Would the word "fallen" ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Sentence structure tips: verb placement

I'm having some trouble getting used to placing the second verb in a phrase at the end. Sie kann sehr gut deutsch sprechen Taking the above sentence as an example, I find it hard to read ...
3
votes
2answers
338 views

Usage of “verhelfen”, “helfen” and “behelfen”

What is the difference between verhelfen, helfen and behelfen? How are they used in a sentence?
3
votes
2answers
421 views

“Darum -— ich mir ein Auto.”

How should I complete the following sentence: Ich mochte nicht mit der Bahn fahren. Darum ---- ich mir ein Auto. Is "mieten" the correct answer? If yes, why "mir"? Is it a reflexive verb? I ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

List of Phrasal Verbs

I'm looking for a list of German phrasal verbs and their corresponding cases. The list should be as comprehensive as possible. EDIT Following Takkat's answer. The concept of phrasal verbs apparently ...
3
votes
2answers
314 views

“To know somebody” as in “have knowledge of”

In English, "to know somebody" may have two different meanings: Do you know my neighbor Felix? (acquainted with) Do you know Angela Merkel? (have knowledge of) The first meaning is ...
3
votes
4answers
5k views

What is “schlagen” slang for?

I had a German exchange student in my class and he always used "schlagen" in a weird way and it was hard to understand him. I know "schlagen" means "to fight" in English but what does it mean in ...
3
votes
5answers
761 views

What is the difference between “testen”, “probieren” and “schmecken”?

Der Restaurantkritiker hat meinen Kuchen geschmeckt. The Food critic tasted my cake. Can I use probieren or testen in this context? What is the difference between testen, probieren and ...
3
votes
4answers
122 views

“wurde … Jahre alt” für gestorbene Person

Aus dem Spiegel-Online: Er wurde nur 20 Jahre alt: Junior Malanda ist bei einem Autounfall ums Leben gekommen. Der Bundesligaspieler vom VfL Wolfsburg saß selbst nicht am Steuer des ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Difference between “kämpfen um” and “kämpfen für”

What is the difference between: Ich kämpfe für mein Heimatland. and Ich kämpfe um mein Heimatland.
3
votes
4answers
257 views

Meaning and usage of “aufarbeiten”

So I was given an example sentence from Baron's 501 German verbs … It goes as follows "Er denkt daran, seine Kriegserlebnisse zu einem Artikel aufzuarbeiten." The translation says "He's thinking of ...
3
votes
2answers
399 views

Verb order with multiple secondary sentences

Is this sentence correct in terms of verb order? And if not what would be correct and why? Ich wusste nicht, dass wir die Möglichkeit haben, ein Artefakt mit anderen Kollegen mitzubenutzen, die ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Can we use “wissen lassen”?

I was thinking about how to say "I will let you know". The first sentence that comes to mind is Ich werde dich wissen lassen. Grammatically this looks fine. However, I feel a bit strange about ...
3
votes
4answers
231 views

Participles of reflexive verbs

Mit der mittlerweile fünften Streikwelle will die Pilotengewerkschaft Vereinigung Cockpit Bewegung in die festgefahrenen Tarifgespräche bringen. The verb festfahren normally needs to be used in ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Hassling the Hoff - Conjugating sein with two subjects

David Hasselhoff's number Du (featured in the movie Eurotrip) has these lyrics: Ich hab' ein Ziel und dieses Ziel bist du, bist du, bist du. I found the conjugation of sein here interesting ...
3
votes
1answer
8k views

“I want to” vs. “I like to” vs. “I have to”

How do you say the following in German? I want to eat an apple. I like to eat apples. I have to eat an apple. Can you apply the same context to all verbs?
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Where do I write the verb at the present tense? [closed]

Should I write, for the verb: Am Morgen hat Lisa Frühdienst or: Am Morgen Lisa hat Frühdienst We are talking of what Lisa usually do in the morning. ("Lisa ist Krankenschwester", by the ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Was bedeutet das Verb “instagrammen”?

Ich lese die folgende Webseite: http://www.bento.de/gadgets/bundeswehr-auf-instagram-09808/ Was bedeutet das im Titel genannte Verb instagrammen?
3
votes
3answers
137 views

Usage and meaning of “aufzeigen”

What is the difference between aufzeigen and zeigen? Both mean to show, and I guess aufzeigen could be more used in the spoken language maybe. Is it so? Is there a difference in the meaning? Ich ...
3
votes
2answers
394 views

Usage of the verb “gehen”

Gehen actually means 'to go'. The use of gehen is a semi-auxiliary in colloquial. It expresses a possibility and the infinitive has passive force. Die Uhr geht zu reparieren. which means 'The ...
3
votes
3answers
530 views

Are the subjunctives of “brauchen” and “verbrauchen” different?

There seems to be a difference when building subjunctives from the verb "brauchen" when used alone, or in the composite verb "verbrauchen". Hätten wir überall Energiesparlampen, verbrauchten wir ...
3
votes
2answers
398 views

„Es ist Zeit zu essen/zum Essen“

Diese Frage hat mich zum Grübeln gebracht. Es ist Essenszeit, also Ist es jetzt Zeit zu essen oder heißt es Ist es jetzt Zeit zum Essen ? Ich hätte ja gedacht, zu essen ist richtig, ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Wann wird die richtige Konjunktiv-II-Form bei schwachen Verben verwendet?

Ich weiß, dass die richtige Konjunktiv-II-Form nur bei einigen starken/gemischten Verben üblich ist, aber wenn sie so benutzt wird, ist klar, dass die im Konjunktiv II stehen: Ich hülfe gerne, ...
3
votes
1answer
204 views

Can “liegen” be used for people?

Can "liegen" be used for people. For instance I am here. - Ich liege hier. or it is wrong? Is Ich bin hier better?
3
votes
1answer
705 views

Verb/noun pairs in German (collocation)

I am a native English speaker, relatively fluent in German - but something I continue to find quite difficult is to get a sense of which verb is appropriate for a given noun. It's possible this is ...
3
votes
2answers
148 views

What verbs require an impersonal “es” object?

I’ve noticed that some verbs require an es as an object to be correct: Ich lasse dich es wissen. (es wissen) while other verbs do not: Ich habe vor, nach Hause zu gehen. (not Ich habe es ...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

What does “Was hat Kim Jong Un mit Texas vor?” mean?

hat... mit... vor According to my dictionary, this is etw mit jdm/etw vorhaben = to intend doing sth with sb/sth. So, the question about Kim should be rendered in English as "What does Kim intend ...
3
votes
1answer
724 views

Most common Präteritum / Imperfekt forms in written German?

I have a German examination in two weeks, which includes two comprehensions of about CEFR-B1 level. (An example of this exam from 2012 can be found here.) I have worked up to over 2000 of the most ...
3
votes
1answer
756 views

“Could” phrases

As far as I know the word could is the subjunctive of "can/to be able to" which translates to "können". However I'm not sure about the subjunctive of "können", and how it affects German sentence ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

What is the frequency of separable prefix verbs (vs. inseparable) in German?

I am just a beginning student of German and recently read about separable and inseparable verb prefixes. It made me curious about the frequency of each in the German language. Does anyone know the ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Sind/Ist bei Aufzählung [duplicate]

Ich habe folgenden Satz und bin mir nicht recht sicher, ob nun ist oder sind hier besser angebracht ist. Wir wollen euch mitteilen, dass das rote und blaue Programm in letzter Zeit gewachsen ...
3
votes
3answers
191 views

How many words in “zuzulegen” or “zuzuschreiben”?

I am a native speaker born in Germany and still living here, but I have trouble with words as described in the topic. Do the words zuzulegen and zuzuschreiben consists of 1, 2 or 3 words? ...
3
votes
1answer
682 views

German phrasal verbs?

I know of German separable prefix verbs and of English phrasal verbs, but these examples seem to be of phrasal verbs on German that do not fall under the definition of separable prefix verbs: weg ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Verb-derived noun and capitalization

Any verb, which is derived to a noun, is written capitalized, like Die Struktur kann genutzt werden, um die Aufgabe zu erleichtern vs. Das Nutzen der Struktur erleichtert die Aufgabe. ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

What is the meaning of the following question? [closed]

Was hast du da alles gemacht? I know that alles means ‘all’ and gemacht means ‘doing’ or ‘making’, and of course Was means ‘what’ and hast means past of haben. And how can one answer this ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Past tenses usage for activities

I am a native Lithuanian and Russian speaker, my English and German are poor. I moved to Germany and then tried to say some phrases in German. In my languages, there is a clear difference, but my ...
3
votes
2answers
183 views

How can we approach translating complex sentences with multiple verbs or objects?

I am writing a German oral for school and am trying to add the sentence My parents will not allow me to watch TV. However one site said I should write it Meine Eltern werden mich nicht zu ...
3
votes
1answer
773 views

Translation of “I'm looking forward to…”

I'm writing a short essay and I wonder about how I could express "I'm looking forward to...". I found out that I should use the verb "sich auf etw. freuen". So I tried to write this sentence like ...